Oral Pathology - Inflammation And Repair

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 326

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Oral Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

Inflammation is where a part of the body becomes reddened and swollen due to infection and injury. The oral pathology quiz below tests on inflammation and repair as a result of the diagnosis. Find out more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The initial response of the body to injury is always the process of
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Repair

    • D. 

      Hyperplasia

  • 2. 
    What type of inflammation occurs if the injury is minimal and brief and the source is removed from the tissue
    • A. 

      Fatal

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Chronic

    • D. 

      Subacute

  • 3. 
    The first microscopic event of inflammatory response involving the microcirculation is
    • A. 

      Dilation

    • B. 

      Increased permeability

    • C. 

      Formation of exudate

    • D. 

      Constriction

  • 4. 
    Which one of the following is an example of chronic inflammation?
    • A. 

      Necrotizing sialometaplasia

    • B. 

      Periapical granuloma

    • C. 

      Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

    • D. 

      Aspirin burn

  • 5. 
    The directed movement of wbc to the area of injury is called
    • A. 

      Pavementing

    • B. 

      Margination

    • C. 

      Phagocytosis

    • D. 

      Chemotaxis

  • 6. 
    Which cells are most common in chronic inflammation?
    • A. 

      Neutrophils

    • B. 

      Macrophages and lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Neutrophils and macrophages

    • D. 

      Neutrophils and lymphocytes

  • 7. 
    The macrophage has many functions. which is not a function of the macrophage?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Removal of large foreign matter

    • C. 

      Removal of inhaled particles

    • D. 

      Formation of antibodies

  • 8. 
    What term is used to describe blood plasma and proteins which leave the blood vessels and enter the surrounding tissues?
    • A. 

      Hyperemia

    • B. 

      Exudate

    • C. 

      Margination

    • D. 

      Erythema

  • 9. 
    The process of phagocytosis directly involves the
    • A. 

      Ingestion of foreign substance by wbc

    • B. 

      Plasma fluids and proteins entering the surrounding tissues

    • C. 

      Wbcdisplaced to the blood vessel walls

    • D. 

      Wbc attaching to the blood vessel walls

  • 10. 
    The neutrophil or PMN leukocytes is a cell that
    • A. 

      Is derived from the precursor rbcs

    • B. 

      Contains lysosomal enzymes

    • C. 

      Has an agranular cytop;lasm

    • D. 

      Is produced only in infancy

  • 11. 
    During inflammation the second type of ebc to emigrate from the blood vessel into the injured tissue
    • A. 

      Neutrophil

    • B. 

      Rbc

    • C. 

      Lymphocyte

    • D. 

      Monocyte

  • 12. 
    Components of the complement system mediate the inflammatory process by
    • A. 

      Decreasing vascular permeability

    • B. 

      Releasing the neutrophil's histamine granules

    • C. 

      Causing cytolysis

    • D. 

      Decreasing phagocytosis

  • 13. 
    Granulation tissue can be described as
    • A. 

      Immature connective tissue

    • B. 

      Exudate formation

    • C. 

      Keloid formation

    • D. 

      Healing by tertiary intention

  • 14. 
    Enlarged superficial lymph nodes noted during systemic involvement with inflammation are
    • A. 

      Termed leukocytes

    • B. 

      Regulated by the hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Due to changes in their lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Palpated along blood vessel drainage routes

  • 15. 
    Which statement concerning repair in the body is true?
    • A. 

      Repair can be completed with the injurious agents present

    • B. 

      Functioning cells and tissue components are always replaced by functioning scar tissue

    • C. 

      Repair is the body's final defense mechanism

    • D. 

      Replacement by live cells and new tissue components is a perfect process

  • 16. 
    It is important for the clot to remain in place during repair because it
    • A. 

      Later becomes granulation tissue

    • B. 

      Serves as a guide for migrating epithelial cells

    • C. 

      Produces collagen fibers

    • D. 

      Remodels later to become scar tissue

  • 17. 
    Healing by secondary intention refers to healing of an injury when there is
    • A. 

      An incision with clean edges joined by sutures

    • B. 

      Formation of only a small clot

    • C. 

      Increased formulation of granulation tissue

    • D. 

      Decreased formulation of scar tissue

  • 18. 
    An increase in the size of an organ of tissue resulting from an increase in the number of its cells is termed
    • A. 

      Hyperemia

    • B. 

      Hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Hypertrophy

  • 19. 
    Normal bone tissue repair can be delayed by
    • A. 

      Maintenance of osteoblast-producing tissues

    • B. 

      Inadequate movement of bone tissue

    • C. 

      Removal of an area of edema

    • D. 

      Reduction in the amount of tissue infection

  • 20. 
    Which one of the following would appear as a pigmented lesion?
    • A. 

      Amalgam tattoo

    • B. 

      Traumatic ulcer

    • C. 

      Frictional keratosis

    • D. 

      Aspirin burn

  • 21. 
    Which statement is false?
    • A. 

      Attrition is the wearing away of tooth structure during mastication

    • B. 

      Bruxism is the same as mastication

    • C. 

      Erosion is the loss of tooth structure resulting from chemical actions

    • D. 

      Abrasion is due to a mechanical repetitive habit

  • 22. 
    Loss of tooth structure associated with bulimia is due to
    • A. 

      Attrition

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Bruxism

    • D. 

      Abrasion

  • 23. 
    The primary and most common cause of a mucocele is
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Tumor formation

    • C. 

      Severing of or trauma to aminor salivary gland duct

    • D. 

      Obstruction of a salivary gland duct

  • 24. 
    A ranula is located on the
    • A. 

      Lower lip

    • B. 

      Buccal mucosa

    • C. 

      Retromolar pad

    • D. 

      Floor of the mouth

  • 25. 
    Which one of the following would not occur on the gingiva?
    • A. 

      Irritation fibroma

    • B. 

      Pyogenic granuloma

    • C. 

      Giant cell granuloma

    • D. 

      Epulis fissuratum

  • 26. 
    Generalized loss of tooth structure primarily on the lingual surfaces of teeth is associated with
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Attrition

    • C. 

      Abrasion

    • D. 

      Bruxism

  • 27. 
    External tooth resroption occurs as a result
    • A. 

      Caries

    • B. 

      Salivary gland dysfunction

    • C. 

      Chronic inflammation

    • D. 

      Medication

  • 28. 
    Which one of the following is considered to be most likelycause of necrotizing sialometaplasia?
    • A. 

      Blocked salivary gland ducts

    • B. 

      Radiation therapy

    • C. 

      Loss of blood supply

    • D. 

      A sialolith

  • 29. 
    The most common site for a mucocele to occur is the
    • A. 

      Floor of the mouth

    • B. 

      Lower lip

    • C. 

      Buccal mucosa

    • D. 

      Retromolar area

  • 30. 
    The peripheral giant cell granuloma occurs on the
    • A. 

      Gingiva

    • B. 

      Hard palate

    • C. 

      Buccal mucosa

    • D. 

      Floor of the month

  • 31. 
    A sialolith is
    • A. 

      Chronic inflammatioln of a salivary gland

    • B. 

      Acute inflammation of a salivary gland

    • C. 

      A pooling of saliva in the connective tissue

    • D. 

      A salivary gland stone

  • 32. 
    Which statement is false?
    • A. 

      A periapical cyst develops from a periapical granuloma

    • B. 

      A periapical abcess always causes radiographic periapical changes

    • C. 

      A periapical granuloma is a circumscribed area of chronically inflamed tissue

    • D. 

      A periapical cyst is also called a radicular cyst

  • 33. 
    Epulis fissuratum results from irritation caused by
    • A. 

      A denture flange

    • B. 

      Denture adhesive

    • C. 

      Poor suction from the denture in the palatal vault

    • D. 

      An allergic reaction to the acrylic in the denture

  • 34. 
    Which statement is true?
    • A. 

      A traumatic neuroma is never painful

    • B. 

      Necrotizing sialometaplasia is considered denture related lesion

    • C. 

      Chronic hyperplastic pulpitis is the same as gingival hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Gingival hyperplasia may be caused by medication

  • 35. 
    Loss of tooth structure caused by chemical action describes
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Drug allergy

    • C. 

      Erosion

    • D. 

      Attrition

  • 36. 
    Which of the following cysts is characteristically associated with a tooth which is nonvital upon pulp testing?
    • A. 

      Residual

    • B. 

      Radicular

    • C. 

      Dentigerous

    • D. 

      Dermoid

  • 37. 
    Which cyst results from extracting a tooth without removing the cystic sac?
    • A. 

      Radicular

    • B. 

      Primordial

    • C. 

      Residual

    • D. 

      Periodontal

  • 38. 
    The most common cause of the radicular cyst is
    • A. 

      Deep restorations without a base

    • B. 

      Caries

    • C. 

      Occlusal trauma

    • D. 

      Toothbrush abrasion at the cej

  • 39. 
    The wearing away of tooth structure through an abnormal mechanical action defines
    • A. 

      Attrition

    • B. 

      Abrasion

    • C. 

      Erosion

    • D. 

      Gemination

  • 40. 
    Heavy plaque and calculus, mouth breathing, orthodontic appliance and overhang restorations best describes some of the etiologic factors for
    • A. 

      Phenytoin (dilantin) hyperplasia

    • B. 

      A reasction from nifedipine (procardia)

    • C. 

      Irritation fibromatosis

    • D. 

      Chemical fibromatosis

  • 41. 
    The giant cell granuloma
    • A. 

      May occur on the tongue

    • B. 

      May present as a multiocular radiolucency

    • C. 

      Is histologically the same as a pyogenic granuloma

    • D. 

      Occurs primarily in men older than 60 years

  • 42. 
    During examination of the dentition, the dental hygienist notes the presence of active wear facets.  This indicates that the patient is
    • A. 

      A bruxer

    • B. 

      Bulimic

    • C. 

      A vegetarian

    • D. 

      Lip biting

  • 43. 
    The amalgam tattoo represents amalgam particles in the tissue and is most commonly observes in the oral cavity on the
    • A. 

      Lateral borders of the tongue

    • B. 

      Anterior palate near the rugae

    • C. 

      Floor of the mouth

    • D. 

      Posterior gingiva and edentulous ridge