Oral Pathology - Systemic Diseases

34 Questions | Total Attempts: 724

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Oral Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

Oral pathology - oral manifestations of systemic diseases


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most severe result of infection with HIV is called
    • A. 

      Candidiasis

    • B. 

      AIDS

    • C. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D. 

      DiGeorge syndrome

  • 2. 
    The most commonly used test to determine HIV infection is a test for
    • A. 

      Viral antigen

    • B. 

      T-lymphocyte function

    • C. 

      B-lymphocyte function

    • D. 

      Antibodies

  • 3. 
    The initial infection with HIV can be
    • A. 

      Asymptomatic

    • B. 

      Accompanied by lymphadenopathy

    • C. 

      Accompanied by acute illness

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Oral candidiasis
    • A. 

      May be an early sign of underlying immunodeficciency

    • B. 

      Is always a white lesion

    • C. 

      Occurs only on the tongue

    • D. 

      Is rarely associated with HIV infection

  • 5. 
    In immuniodeficiency patients herpes simplex infection
    • A. 

      Occurs only on keratinized mucosa

    • B. 

      Is diagnosed on the basis of the clinical appearance

    • C. 

      Is painless

    • D. 

      May meet the criteria for the diagnosis of AIDS

  • 6. 
    Hairy leukoplakia is associated with the
    • A. 

      Human papillomavirus

    • B. 

      Herpes simplex virus

    • C. 

      Coxsackievirus

    • D. 

      Epstein Barr virus

  • 7. 
    In patients infected with HIV the most common intraoral location of Kaposi sarcoma is the
    • A. 

      Buccal mucosa and tongue

    • B. 

      Floor of the mouth

    • C. 

      Palate and gingiva

    • D. 

      Lower lip

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Minimal bone loss

    • C. 

      Spontaneous bleeding

    • D. 

      Interproximal necrosis

  • 9. 
    Hyperpituitarism result from an excessive production of growth hormone.  It is most often caused by one of the following which is benign tumor
    • A. 

      Pituitary adenoma

    • B. 

      Pituitary sarcoma

    • C. 

      Carcinoma in situ

    • D. 

      Ameloblastoma

  • 10. 
    Hyperthyroidism in children can lead to
    • A. 

      Partial anodontia

    • B. 

      Amelogenesis imperfecta

    • C. 

      Ankylosis

    • D. 

      Early exfoliation of the deciduous dentition and early eruptionof the permanent teeth

  • 11. 
    Hypercalcemia hypophosphatemia and abnormal bone metabolism are charateristic of whcih of the following?
    • A. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • B. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • C. 

      Hyperparathyroidism

    • D. 

      Hyperpituitarism

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Lack of insulin

    • C. 

      Vascular changes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia are all characteristic of which one of the following?
    • A. 

      Fibrous dysplasia

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

    • D. 

      Addisons disease

  • 14. 
    Which one of the following is characterised by precocious puberty in females?
    • A. 

      Monostotic fibrous dysplasia

    • B. 

      Albright syndrome

    • C. 

      Jaffe-lichtenstein-type polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

    • D. 

      Paget disease of the bone

  • 15. 
    Bone resorption osteoblastic repair loss of the lamiina dura hyoer cementosis and cottonwool radiopacities are all charateristic of
    • A. 

      Albright syndrome

    • B. 

      Letterer-siwe disease

    • C. 

      Paget disease of bone

    • D. 

      Polyostic fibrous dysplasia

  • 16. 
    Which one of the following is not a charateristic of type II diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Increased insulin resistance

    • B. 

      Occurs ar 40yrs of age or older

    • C. 

      Autoimmunity is the key to its development

    • D. 

      Glucose control can usually be achieved without daily insulin injection

  • 17. 
    Which of the following oral complications can occur in diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Candidiasis

    • B. 

      Xerostomia

    • C. 

      Excessive periodontal disease

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    Achlorhydria failure to absorb vit B12 and megaloblastic anemia are characteristic features of which one of the following?
    • A. 

      Pernicious anemia

    • B. 

      Thalassemia

    • C. 

      Sickle cell anemia

    • D. 

      Thrombocytopenic purpura

  • 19. 
    Which of the following are characteristic of sickle cell anemia
    • A. 

      Inherited blood disorder found predominately in blacks

    • B. 

      Occurs as a reuslt of abnormal hemoglobin and decreased oxygen in the rbc

    • C. 

      Patient can experience weakness fatigue and joint pain

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    Which one of the following is characterized by a decrease in platelets?
    • A. 

      Celiac sprue

    • B. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Mediteranean anemia

    • D. 

      Plummer-vinson syndrome

  • 21. 
    Secondary aplastic anemia can be caused by
    • A. 

      Chemotherapy

    • B. 

      Dental radiographs

    • C. 

      A genetic disorder

    • D. 

      An autoimmune factor

  • 22. 
    Leukopenia most often involves which cell type?
    • A. 

      Eosinophils

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Basophils

    • D. 

      Erythrocytes

  • 23. 
    Which one the following is characterized by abnormal increase in the circulating rbc?
    • A. 

      Leukopenia

    • B. 

      Polydipsia

    • C. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D. 

      Polycythemia

  • 24. 
    If a patient wbc count is 1000/mm3 one might suspect
    • A. 

      Leukopenia

    • B. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Hemophilia

    • D. 

      Cyclic neutropenia

  • 25. 
    Excessive numbers of abnormal wbc are charateristic of
    • A. 

      Agranulocytosis

    • B. 

      Leukopenia

    • C. 

      Cyclic neutropenia

    • D. 

      Leukemia

  • 26. 
    Normal bleeding time is usually between
    • A. 

      1-6 min

    • B. 

      2-3 min

    • C. 

      15-45 sec

    • D. 

      15-30min

  • 27. 
    The normal prothrombin time is
    • A. 

      2-5min

    • B. 

      11-16sec

    • C. 

      10-15 min

    • D. 

      1-6 sec

  • 28. 
    Antibody testing to determine if a person has been infeted with HIV includes which of the following specific tests?
    • A. 

      Schilling

    • B. 

      Cbc

    • C. 

      Pt and ptt

    • D. 

      Elisa and western blot

  • 29. 
    Which one of the following oral conditions is an early sign of deficiency in the immune system and is commonly found in patients with HIV infection?
    • A. 

      Geographic tongue

    • B. 

      Advanced periodontitis

    • C. 

      Oral candidiasis

    • D. 

      Histoplasmosis

  • 30. 
    Which one of the following oral conditions is not specifically chracteristic of patients with HIV or AIDS?
    • A. 

      Herpes simplex

    • B. 

      Hairy leukoplakia

    • C. 

      Karposi syndrome

    • D. 

      Leukoedema

  • 31. 
    Linear gingival erythema has specific characteristics that include spontaneous bleeding petechiae on the attached gingiva and alveolar mucosa and a band of erythema at the gingival margin which one of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      These tissues respond well to scaling and root planing

    • B. 

      Excellent oral hygiene and home care techniques will eliminate these gingival conditionsq

    • C. 

      This condition will automatiocally developinto advance periodontal disease in all HIV patients

    • D. 

      LGE patients do not respond to scaling or oral hygiene techniques the gingival condition exists independently

  • 32. 
    Symptoms of leukemia can be similar to those found in
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Amelogenisis imperfecta

    • C. 

      Nothrombocytopenia purpura

    • D. 

      Mononucleosis

  • 33. 
    In treating fibrous dysplasia which one of the following modalities is the only one recommended
    • A. 

      Surgery

    • B. 

      Radiation therapy

    • C. 

      CHEMOTHERAPY

    • D. 

      BONE MARROW DEPRESSANTS

  • 34. 
    Which one of the following is not a characteristic of primary hyperparathyroidism?
    • A. 

      Osteoclastic resorption

    • B. 

      Excessive production of parathyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Cottonwool radiographic appearance

    • D. 

      Increased serum calcium