2015 -- First Aid/CPR/AED Scenario

7 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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2015 -- First Aid/CPR/AED Scenario

Each year, nearly 800,000 people have their first heart attack and an additional 470,000 have another heart attack. The most common signal of a heart attack is persistent chest pain, discomfort or pressure that lasts longer than 3–5 minutes. Other signals include pain, discomfort or pressure felt in or spreading to the other parts of the body, such as the shoulder, arm or jaw; trouble breathing; pale or ashen skin; heavy sweating; dizziness; nausea or vomiting. The quicker you recognize a cardiac emergency and take action, the better the chance of survival. Your response can help save a life.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     You are working out at the gym with your friend, Randy. Before hitting the cardio machine, he had been complaining of indigestion. Now, you look over and he is clutching his chest and grimacing in pain. You run over and check the scene. It is safe. Randy describes crushing pain in his chest, dizziness and trouble breathing, which you know are signals of heart attack. What should you do next? 
    • A. 

      Ask a bystander to call 9-1-1, then help Randy rest comfortably

    • B. 

      Monitor Randy’s condition and call 9-1-1 if his condition worsens.

  • 2. 
    You ask a gym attendant to call 9-1-1 and help Randy rest comfortably. Another attendant brings a first aid kit; you put on disposable gloves. But before EMS arrives, Randy collapses to the ground. Do you know what to do next? 
    • A. 

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B. 

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C. 

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D. 

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    • E. 

      Since EMS has already been called and are on the way, the next step is to tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    • F. 

      Since EMS has already been called and are on the way, the next step is to tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

  • 3. 
    There is no response. Randy is unconscious. What is your next step?
    • A. 

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B. 

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C. 

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D. 

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

  • 4. 
    There is no breathing and no bleeding. What is your next step?
    • A. 

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B. 

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C. 

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D. 

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

  • 5. 
    You’ve completed 30 chest compressions. What is your next step?
    • A. 

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B. 

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C. 

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D. 

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?

  • 6. 
    The chest clearly rises. What are your next 2 steps? (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B. 

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C. 

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D. 

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

  • 7. 
    You have performed a few cycles of CPR. Randy still does not show any obvious signs of life. The health club trainer, who is also trained in First Aid/CPR/AED, has just arrived with an AED. Should you stop CPR to apply the AED pads?
    • A. 

      No

    • B. 

      Yes

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