2015 -- First Aid/CPR/AED Scenario

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2015 -- First Aid/CPR/AED Scenario - Quiz

Each year, nearly 800,000 people have their first heart attack and an additional 470,000 have another heart attack. The most common signal of a heart attack is persistent chest pain, discomfort or pressure that lasts longer than 3–5 minutes. Other signals include pain, discomfort or pressure felt in or spreading to the other parts of the body, such as the shoulder, arm or jaw; trouble breathing; pale or ashen skin; heavy sweating; dizziness; nausea or vomiting.
The quicker you recognize a cardiac emergency and take action, the better the chance of survival. Your response can help save a life.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     You are working out at the gym with your friend, Randy. Before hitting the cardio machine, he had been complaining of indigestion. Now, you look over and he is clutching his chest and grimacing in pain. You run over and check the scene. It is safe. Randy describes crushing pain in his chest, dizziness and trouble breathing, which you know are signals of heart attack. What should you do next? 

    • A.

      Ask a bystander to call 9-1-1, then help Randy rest comfortably

    • B.

      Monitor Randy’s condition and call 9-1-1 if his condition worsens.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ask a bystander to call 9-1-1, then help Randy rest comfortably
    Explanation
    If you think someone is having a heart attack, act quickly. Call 9-1-1 and help the person rest comfortably. The quicker you recognize a cardiac emergency and take action, the better the chance of survival.

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  • 2. 

    You ask a gym attendant to call 9-1-1 and help Randy rest comfortably. Another attendant brings a first aid kit; you put on disposable gloves. But before EMS arrives, Randy collapses to the ground. Do you know what to do next? 

    • A.

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B.

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D.

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    • E.

      Since EMS has already been called and are on the way, the next step is to tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    • F.

      Since EMS has already been called and are on the way, the next step is to tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    Correct Answer
    D. Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to tap and shout, "Are you okay?" because the situation has changed with Randy collapsing to the ground. By tapping and shouting, you are trying to assess his responsiveness and determine if he is conscious or not. This step is important in order to provide the appropriate care and relay accurate information to the EMS when they arrive.

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  • 3. 

    There is no response. Randy is unconscious. What is your next step?

    • A.

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B.

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D.

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    Correct Answer
    B. Check for breathing and severe bleeding.
    Explanation
    Open the airway and check for breathing for no more than 10 seconds, and quickly scan for severe bleeding

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  • 4. 

    There is no breathing and no bleeding. What is your next step?

    • A.

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B.

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D.

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    Correct Answer
    C. Give 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    To give chest compressions, push hard and fast in the center of the chest at least 2 inches deep and at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.

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  • 5. 

    You’ve completed 30 chest compressions. What is your next step?

    • A.

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B.

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D.

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?

    Correct Answer
    A. Give 2 rescue breaths.
    Explanation
    Open the airway and give 2 rescue breaths, one after the other. To give a rescue breath, tilt the head back and lift the chin up. Pinch the nose shut then make a complete seal over the person’s mouth. Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise.Note: Use protective CPR breathing barriers to prevent disease transmission when giving care.

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  • 6. 

    The chest clearly rises. What are your next 2 steps? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Give 2 rescue breaths.

    • B.

      Check for breathing and severe bleeding.

    • C.

      Give 30 chest compressions.

    • D.

      Tap and shout, “Are you okay?”

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Give 2 rescue breaths.
    C. Give 30 chest compressions.
    Explanation
    Continue cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths.

    Do not stop except in one of these situations:

    -You find an obvious sign of life, such as normal breathing.

    -An AED is ready to use.

    -Another trained responder or EMS personnel take over.

    -You are too exhausted to continue.

    -The scene becomes unsafe.

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  • 7. 

    You have performed a few cycles of CPR. Randy still does not show any obvious signs of life. The health club trainer, who is also trained in First Aid/CPR/AED, has just arrived with an AED. Should you stop CPR to apply the AED pads?

    • A.

      No

    • B.

      Yes

    Correct Answer
    A. No
    Explanation
    While using the AED as quickly as possible is key, so is minimizing interruptions to chest compressions. Therefore, you should continue to provide CPR while the second responder places the AED pads on Randy and gets the machine ready to use. Once on, the AED machine will prompt you as to what to do next.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 22, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Jdtraining
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