Cover cuts and grazes on your hands with waterproof dressings
Try not to breathe, cough or sneeze over a wound while you are treating the casualty
If gloves are unavailable, enclose your hands in clean plastic bags
If you prick yourself with any needle found on or near a casualty, continue treating the casualty before treating yourself.
Check whether casualty is conscious
Check whether there are risks to yourself
Check whether there are any risks to the casualty
Shout for help and dial for ambulance
Dialing of ambulance
Finding out what happened
Performing a physical examination
Look for external clues
Falling from a height
Crushed by a heavy object for more than 15 minutes
Sudden forces on the body in a car crash
Stepping on something sharp
Seek medical help
Get the same medication from passers-by
Leave casualty alone to search for medication
To make sure the casualty is safe, even if it means putting yourself at risk
To identify injury and nature of illness affecting casualty
To access a situation quickly and safely, and summon appropriate help
To give casualty early and appropriate treatment, starting with the most serious conditions first.
If possible, treat casualties in the position in which you find them; move them only if they are in danger or to provide life-saving treatment (such as CPR)
Always assume that that there is a neck (spinal) injury in any casualty who has been injured in a traffic accident.
For traffic accidents, place warning triangles at least 5m away from the incident site to alert other road-users.
The first-aider should always make sure that the car engine is switched off and the handbrakes are pulled up.