First Aid 101 Trivia Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 709
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 709

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First Aid 101 Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which has the patient priorities in the right order

    • A.

      Bleeding, Breathing, Bones, Burns

    • B.

      Burns, Bleeding, Breathing, Burns

    • C.

      Breathing, Bleeding, Burns, Bones

    • D.

      Breathing, Burns, Bleeding, Bones

    Correct Answer
    C. Breathing, Bleeding, Burns, Bones
    Explanation
    The correct order of patient priorities is determined by the severity and potential impact on the patient's life. Breathing is the most critical as it is necessary for survival. Bleeding is next in priority as excessive blood loss can lead to shock and further complications. Burns are then addressed as they can cause significant pain, infection, and damage to the skin. Finally, bones are considered as fractures can be painful and limit mobility, but they are generally less life-threatening compared to the other conditions listed.

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  • 2. 

    Which has the patient assessment steps in the right order?

    • A.

      Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, CPR

    • B.

      Airway, Breathing, CPR, Danger, Response, Send for help

    • C.

      Send for help, Dangers, Airway, Breathing, Response, CPR

    • D.

      Response, CPR, Breathing, Airway, Danger, Send for help

    Correct Answer
    A. Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, CPR
    Explanation
    It is in this order because Danger is most important, as you need to make sure that you aren't putting yourself in danger by entering the scene of an accident. Response is next because to determine what to do next, you need to see how responsive the patient is. Sending for help is next so that you would've determined what kind of help you need. Airway is after this because you need to make sure that their airway isn't obstructed so that the patient can breathe freely. Breathing is after as you are monitoring the patient's breathing and making sure they don't stop. CPR is last as it is only necessary if the patient isn't breathing at all.

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  • 3. 

    When is an appropriate time to put somebody into the recovery position? (Laying the patient sideways)

    • A.

      When the patient is semi-conscious

    • B.

      When the patient feels like it

    • C.

      When there is no breathing detected

    • D.

      When the patient is unresponsive and unconscious

    Correct Answer
    D. When the patient is unresponsive and unconscious
    Explanation
    This is so their tongue doesn't obstruct their airway, and so they don't choke on their vomit, as they are unconscious and can't control their gag reflex.

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  • 4. 

    When is an appropriate time to perform CPR?

    • A.

      When the patient is unresponsive and unconscious

    • B.

      When the patient is unresponsive and no breathing is detected

    • C.

      When the patient is semi-conscious and faintly responds to your voice

    • D.

      When the patient is alive and fine

    Correct Answer
    B. When the patient is unresponsive and no breathing is detected
    Explanation
    This is because CPR is only necessary when the patient is not breathing on their own. If the patient has even a weak heartbeat, you should not perform CPR. In that case, you need to put them in the recovery position, monitor their breathing, and call an ambulance.

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  • 5. 

    How do you treat burns?

    • A.

      Run the burn under only cold water for 10 minutes. If their is no cold water, go get some and don't use any other liquid

    • B.

      Wrap the burn in glad wrap

    • C.

      Run the burn under a cold liquid for 20 minutes, then wrap the burn in glad wrap.

    • D.

      Rub anti-inflammatory cream on the burn

    Correct Answer
    C. Run the burn under a cold liquid for 20 minutes, then wrap the burn in glad wrap.
    Explanation
    You can use any cold liquid as all you need is the cold, not specifically water. You should put glad wrap to stop infection.

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  • 6. 

    Which sorts of burn patients should you take to the hospital?

    • A.

      If the patient cannot feel the pain or if the burn is leaking a white substance

    • B.

      Take all burn patients to the hospital

    • C.

      Take no burn patients to the hospital

    • D.

      Take a burn patient to the hospital only if the burn is black.

    Correct Answer
    A. If the patient cannot feel the pain or if the burn is leaking a white substance
    Explanation
    If they patient can't feel pain, then the burn is very deep and has destroyed the nerves. The white substance is plasma, and the burn is bad if this is happening.

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  • 7. 

    What do you do if you have a fracture?

    • A.

      Elevate the injured area

    • B.

      Ice the area then call ambulance

    • C.

      Walk it off and then sleep on it

    • D.

      You put padding around the injured area and do not move it unless the area is dangerous to be in. Call an ambulance.

    Correct Answer
    D. You put padding around the injured area and do not move it unless the area is dangerous to be in. Call an ambulance.
    Explanation
    When you have a fracture, it is important to put padding around the injured area to provide support and prevent further damage. It is advised not to move the injured area unless it is absolutely necessary, especially if the area is dangerous to be in. Calling an ambulance is crucial as they can provide professional medical care and transport you to the hospital safely.

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  • 8. 

    How do you treat heavy bleeding?

    • A.

      Keep pressure on the area and bandage the area, then elevate the area

    • B.

      Bandage the area and leave it

    • C.

      Don’t do anything

    • D.

      Call an ambulance and tell the person that you will avenge them

    Correct Answer
    A. Keep pressure on the area and bandage the area, then elevate the area
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to keep pressure on the area and bandage it, then elevate the area. This is the appropriate treatment for heavy bleeding as it helps to control and reduce the bleeding. Applying pressure on the wound helps to stem the flow of blood, while bandaging the area helps to secure the dressing and provide additional pressure. Elevating the area above the heart helps to reduce blood flow to the area, further aiding in the control of bleeding. This combination of actions can help to prevent excessive blood loss and promote healing.

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  • 9. 

    How do you bandage a heavily bleeding wound?

    • A.

      Pour alcohol on it to sterilize it and wrap any cloth around it

    • B.

      Apply a sterile dressing to the area and wrap it tightly with bandages.

    • C.

      Hold under water and don’t bandage

    • D.

      Wrap loosely in bandages

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply a sterile dressing to the area and wrap it tightly with bandages.
    Explanation
    When dealing with a heavily bleeding wound, it is important to first apply a sterile dressing to the area in order to prevent any further contamination. This helps to protect the wound from infection. Wrapping the dressing tightly with bandages helps to apply pressure on the wound, which can help to control the bleeding. This method is commonly recommended in first aid guidelines for managing bleeding wounds.

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  • 10. 

    What do you do if the bandage soaks through with blood?

    • A.

      Take it off and run the wound under water

    • B.

      Take it off and leave just keep pressure on it

    • C.

      Leave it on and wait for the patient to get better

    • D.

      Replace it. If this also soaks through, replace and call an ambulance.

    Correct Answer
    D. Replace it. If this also soaks through, replace and call an ambulance.
    Explanation
    If the bandage soaks through with blood, it indicates that the bleeding is not under control. By replacing the bandage, it allows for a fresh and clean dressing to be applied to the wound. If the new bandage also soaks through, it suggests that the bleeding is severe and immediate medical attention is required. Calling an ambulance ensures that the patient receives the necessary medical care in a timely manner.

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  • 11. 

    What method do you use to save a choking adult or child who can’t breathe or talk, in New Zealand?

    • A.

      Slap them between the shoulder blades 5 times, then do 5 chest thrusts

    • B.

      Heimlich manoeuvre

    • C.

      Pat them on the back

    • D.

      Tell them to cough

    Correct Answer
    A. Slap them between the shoulder blades 5 times, then do 5 chest thrusts
    Explanation
    In America, the Heimlich Manoeuvre is used for choking, but in NZ, we use chest thrusts and shoulder blows

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  • 12. 

    Which option best describes how to do the chest thrusts?

    • A.

      Embrace the patient in a hugging position, thrust, slam and pull their chest towards your own

    • B.

      Slap the patient's chest

    • C.

      Wrap both arms around the patient, at chest level. Place one fist with the thumb side against the centre of the chest. Grasp your fist with your other hand and do 5 upward and inward thrusts. If they stop breathing commence CPR.

    • D.

      Violently thrust your chest forward while the patient quietly observes from the corner

    Correct Answer
    C. Wrap both arms around the patient, at chest level. Place one fist with the thumb side against the centre of the chest. Grasp your fist with your other hand and do 5 upward and inward thrusts. If they stop breathing commence CPR.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains the proper technique for performing chest thrusts in a first aid situation. It advises wrapping both arms around the patient at chest level and placing one fist with the thumb side against the center of the chest. The other hand should grasp the fist, and then 5 upward and inward thrusts should be performed. If the person stops breathing, CPR should be commenced. This explanation provides clear and accurate instructions for performing chest thrusts to assist someone in need of immediate medical attention.

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  • 13. 

    What do you do when someone starts choking and is coughing and making noise/loud breathing?

    • A.

      Proceed to give them 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts

    • B.

      Support the person to cough up the foreign body and stay and monitor the patient and until they recover fullly

    • C.

      Panic and start choking along with them for moral support

    • D.

      Do the Heimlich manoeuvre

    Correct Answer
    B. Support the person to cough up the foreign body and stay and monitor the patient and until they recover fullly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to support the person to cough up the foreign body and stay and monitor the patient until they fully recover. This is the appropriate response when someone is choking and coughing, as it indicates that their airway is partially blocked but not completely obstructed. By encouraging them to cough, you are assisting in the removal of the foreign object. It is important to stay with the person and monitor their condition until they have fully recovered to ensure their safety.

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  • 14. 

    We use RICE to treat sprains and strains. What is RICE?

    • A.

      Resuscitate, Ice, Cover, Elongate

    • B.

      Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

    • C.

      Relieve, Inject, Cut, Evacuate

    • D.

      The starchy seeds/grains cultivated in warm climates and used for food

    Correct Answer
    B. Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
    Explanation
    RICE is an acronym that stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. This treatment is commonly used for sprains and strains to help reduce pain, swelling, and promote healing. Resting the injured area helps prevent further damage, applying ice helps reduce swelling and pain, compression with a bandage or wrap helps control swelling, and elevating the injured area above the heart helps reduce swelling by promoting fluid drainage.

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  • 15. 

    How do you perform CPR on an adult?

    • A.

      Follow DRSAB then remove any clothing that will get in the way of conducting CPR. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two hands placed firmly on top of each other. Tilt the patient’s head back and open the airway then blow into the patient’s mouth while pinching their nose.

    • B.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two hand pumping on the left side of the chest

    • C.

      Follow DRSAB then remove any clothing that will get in the way of conducting CPR. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into 1/2 of the chest using two hands placed firmly on top of each other. Tilt the patient’s head back and open the airway then blow into the patient’s mouth while pinching their nose.

    Correct Answer
    A. Follow DRSAB then remove any clothing that will get in the way of conducting CPR. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two hands placed firmly on top of each other. Tilt the patient’s head back and open the airway then blow into the patient’s mouth while pinching their nose.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains the proper steps to perform CPR on an adult. It advises following the DRSAB protocol, which stands for Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, and Breathing. It also emphasizes the importance of removing any obstructive clothing. The correct chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 is mentioned, along with the technique of using two hands placed firmly on top of each other to pump into ⅓ of the chest. The answer also includes tilting the patient's head back, opening the airway, and blowing into the patient's mouth while pinching their nose.

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  • 16. 

    How do you conduct CPR on a child?

    • A.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into 1/3 of the chest using one hand, then blow into the child's mouth, while pinching their nose shut.

    • B.

      Follow DRSAB the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two hands

    • C.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into 1/4 of the chest using one hand

    • D.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two fingers

    Correct Answer
    A. Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into 1/3 of the chest using one hand, then blow into the child's mouth, while pinching their nose shut.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to follow DRSAB, which stands for Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, and Breathing. After ensuring the child's safety and checking for a response, the responder should call for help and open the child's airway. The chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 should be followed, with the responder using one hand to pump into 1/3 of the child's chest. Additionally, the responder should blow into the child's mouth while pinching their nose shut to provide rescue breaths. This approach ensures proper CPR technique for a child.

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  • 17. 

    How do you conduct CPR on a baby?

    • A.

      Never conduct CPR on a baby

    • B.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into 1/5 of the chest using two fingers. Position the patient’s head flat and looking towards the ceiling then blow into the patient’s mouth and nose gently like you are blowing into a straw.

    • C.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 15:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two fingers. Position the patient’s head flat and looking towards the ceiling then blow into the patient’s mouth and nose gently like you are blowing into a straw.

    • D.

      Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two fingers. Position the patient’s head flat and looking towards the ceiling then blow into the patient’s mouth and nose gently like you are blowing into a straw.

    Correct Answer
    D. Follow DRSAB. Follow the chest pump and breathing ratio of 30:2 and pump into ⅓ of the chest using two fingers. Position the patient’s head flat and looking towards the ceiling then blow into the patient’s mouth and nose gently like you are blowing into a straw.
    Explanation
    This is because more pressure than two fingers can crush the baby's ribs or lungs, while blowing harder can hurt the lungs.

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  • 18. 

    What do you do when you suspect someone has been poisoned?

    • A.

      Call 0800-POISON and follow their instructions

    • B.

      Make patient throw up

    • C.

      Encourage the patient to drink water to dilute the poison

    • D.

      Sleep and ignore them

    Correct Answer
    A. Call 0800-POISON and follow their instructions
    Explanation
    When someone suspects that someone has been poisoned, the correct course of action is to call 0800-POISON and follow their instructions. This is the appropriate response because poisonings can be serious and potentially life-threatening, so it is important to seek immediate professional help. By calling the designated poison control hotline, trained experts can provide specific guidance on how to handle the situation and provide necessary medical advice. This ensures the best possible outcome for the affected individual.

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  • 19. 

    What do you do if you think someone is experiencing a medical condition you know they have medication for?

    • A.

      Just stand there and wait for someone else to reactbulance

    • B.

      Give them their medication even if they have notgiven their permission

    • C.

      Call the ambulance

    • D.

      Give them their medication if they have requested it but look like they couldn't make the right judgement

    Correct Answer
    C. Call the ambulance
    Explanation
    If you think someone is experiencing a medical condition they have medication for, the best course of action is to call an ambulance. This is because a medical professional is needed to assess the situation and provide appropriate care. Giving them their medication without proper guidance or permission may not be safe, as you may not have all the necessary information about their condition or the dosage required. It is important to prioritize their well-being and let trained professionals handle the situation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    FirstAidASHS
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