Introduction To Early Childhood Education & Services Mid-term Fall 2014

75 Questions

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Introduction To Early Childhood Education & Services Mid-term Fall 2014


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The following are all factors that have led to the rise in the need for quality early childhood educators except ____.
    • A. 

      Rise in single parent homes

    • B. 

      Parents going back to college

    • C. 

      Families are moving to find employment

    • D. 

      Grandparents are still in the workforce

  • 2. 
    Check all the options below that are characteristics of a successful childhood educator.
    • A. 

      Empathic

    • B. 

      Quick Tempered

    • C. 

      Compassionate

    • D. 

      Understanding

    • E. 

      Skilled Problem Solver

    • F. 

      Impatient

    • G. 

      Sensitive

  • 3. 
    Submitting to a Criminal Background check is required by all professionals working with children.  They are looking specifically for crimes against _______.
  • 4. 
    Another legal responsibility is privacy and confidentiality.  Under the ________ law, I can not share a child's information without written consent from the parent/guardian.
  • 5. 
    My last responsibility as a childcare professional is to become a ______ reporter, which means I must report all suspected child abuse to Child Protective Services.
  • 6. 
    Select all of the Communication Skills below.  Remember the Employability Skills chart.
    • A. 

      Speaking Skills

    • B. 

      Responsibility & Commitment

    • C. 

      Writing Skills

    • D. 

      Reading Skills

    • E. 

      Using reliable resources

    • F. 

      Listening Skills

    • G. 

      Work Ethic

    • H. 

      Body Language

  • 7. 
    Check all the circumstances in which having math skills on the job would be beneficial.
    • A. 

      Paycheck errors

    • B. 

      Accrued days off

    • C. 

      Preparing a presentation

    • D. 

      Giving a speech

    • E. 

      Maintaining a budget

  • 8. 
    Which of the following describe the characteristic Team Oriented?
    • A. 

      Good leaders are persistent even when faced with difficult challenges. They keep focused and find/use resources to achieve desired goals.

    • B. 

      Good leaders are honest and trustworthy. They are dependable and straightforward in communicating with others.

    • C. 

      Good leaders are committed to the team effort. They collaborate, or work well with others, to achieve a common goal.

    • D. 

      Good leaders are open minded and future oriented. They look to the future for opportunities and challenges.

    • E. 

      Good leaders are aware and considerate of the feelings of others. They take the time to listen to others.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following describe the characteristic Consideration?
    • A. 

      Good leaders are honest and trustworthy. They are dependable and straightforward in communicating with others.

    • B. 

      Good leaders are committed to the team effort. They collaborate, or work well with others, to achieve a common goal.

    • C. 

      Good leaders are open minded and future oriented. They look to the future for opportunities and challenges.

    • D. 

      Good leaders are aware and considerate of the feelings of others. They take the time to listen to others.

    • E. 

      Good leaders are persistent even when faced with difficult challenges. They keep focused and find/use resources to achieve desired goals.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following describe the characteristic Vision?
    • A. 

      Good leaders are persistent even when faced with difficult challenges. They keep focused and find/use resources to achieve desired goals.

    • B. 

      Good leaders are honest and trustworthy. They are dependable and straightforward in communicating with others.

    • C. 

      Good leaders are committed to the team effort. They collaborate, or work well with others, to achieve a common goal.

    • D. 

      Good leaders are open minded and future oriented. They look to the future for opportunities and challenges.

    • E. 

      Good leaders are aware and considerate of the feelings of others. They take the time to listen to others.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following describe the characteristic Integrity?
    • A. 

      Good leaders are persistent even when faced with difficult challenges. They keep focused and find/use resources to achieve desired goals.

    • B. 

      Good leaders are honest and trustworthy. They are dependable and straightforward in communicating with others.

    • C. 

      Good leaders are committed to the team effort. They collaborate, or work well with others, to achieve a common goal.

    • D. 

      Good leaders are open minded and future oriented. They look to the future for opportunities and challenges.

    • E. 

      Good leaders are aware and considerate of the feelings of others. They take the time to listen to others.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following describe the characteristic Perseverance?
    • A. 

      Good leaders are honest and trustworthy. They are dependable and straightforward in communicating with others.

    • B. 

      Good leaders are committed to the team effort. They collaborate, or work well with others, to achieve a common goal.

    • C. 

      Good leaders are open minded and future oriented. They look to the future for opportunities and challenges.

    • D. 

      Good leaders are aware and considerate of the feelings of others. They take the time to listen to others.

    • E. 

      Good leaders are persistent even when faced with difficult challenges. They keep focused and find/use resources to achieve desired goals.

  • 13. 
    The first step in finding a job is to research what's available based on your qualifications.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    It is ok to stop by and ask for a job application in your sweatpants as long as you are dressed to impress at the interview.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Be sure to read the instructions carefully before completing each section.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Print neatly using blue or pink ink.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    If you don't have the address for a reference, it's still ok to list them as long as the phone number is correct.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Even if your resume goes onto multiple pages, make sure you provide detail about all your education and work experience.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    On a resume you should always list education and work experience in reverse chronological order.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    A cover letter should include highlights from your resume.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    As long as you have typed your name, signing it isn't necessary.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Be sure to arrive on time to give yourself plenty of time to prepare.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    It's helpful to drive to your location the day prior so you know how to get there and can plan accordingly the day of.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Check the boxes below that would suggest appropriate attire for a female attending an interview.  
    • A. 

      Black, 5 inch heels

    • B. 

      Business suit

    • C. 

      Brightly patterned blouse

    • D. 

      Loose hair pulled back out of face

    • E. 

      Closed toe flats, or small heel

    • F. 

      Large purse to accommodate all materials

    • G. 

      Minimal make up and perfume

    • H. 

      Solid color button up

    • I. 

      Pantyhose

    • J. 

      Briefcase with at least 3 copies of your resume

    • K. 

      Lots of jewelry

  • 25. 
    Check the boxes below that would suggest appropriate attire for a male attending an interview.  
    • A. 

      White socks with black shoes

    • B. 

      Business suit

    • C. 

      Solid colored tie

    • D. 

      Rugged facial hair

    • E. 

      Nice jeans with a jacket

    • F. 

      Bookbag

    • G. 

      Minimal cologne

    • H. 

      Solid color button up

    • I. 

      Briefcase with at least 3 copies of your resume

    • J. 

      Lots of jewelry

  • 26. 
    At the beginning of an interview, you should ____ hands prior to sitting down.
  • 27. 
    To show that you are engaged in the conversation, you must always maintain ___ contact.
  • 28. 
    It's ok to ____ questions if you are unsure of what the interviewer is asking.
  • 29. 
    Following up with a ___________ letter is a great way to set yourself aside from the others.
  • 30. 
    Large and small motor skills as well as balance and coordination are all examples of which area of child development?
    • A. 

      Physical

    • B. 

      Intellectual

    • C. 

      Emotional

    • D. 

      Social

  • 31. 
    Check all of the items that fall under the areas of Intellectual Development.
    • A. 

      Cognitive Development

    • B. 

      Family Relationships

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor

    • D. 

      Concepts and Language

    • E. 

      Self-Esteem

    • F. 

      Temperament

    • G. 

      Thinking Skills

  • 32. 
    All of the following are examples of emotional development except one.
    • A. 

      Identity and Self Esteem

    • B. 

      Trust and Attachment

    • C. 

      Family Relationships

    • D. 

      Temperament

  • 33. 
    According to Social and Ethical Development basics, peer relationships must be established prior to maintaining successful family relationships.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Development follows a similar ____  for each child.  All children will go through the same stages, in about the same order. 
  • 35. 
    Development rate depends on the ______.  While most children go through the development stages in the same order, they will set their own pace. 
  • 36. 
    Development is _____.  Children will follow the same order of steps as they develop.  They build on the skills they have already mastered to learn new skills.
  • 37. 
    Development is _______.  Children are constantly changing.  Toddlers will improve motor skills as they practice language skills.
  • 38. 
    Development is a ______ process.  Development doesn't end with childhood.
  • 39. 
    Heredity, or a child's surroundings, plays a factor in their development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    A child's environment remains consistent after birth, which is why it is a huge factor that affects a child's development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    All of the following are prenatal development factors that can affect a child's development except which one?
    • A. 

      Maternal health before birth

    • B. 

      Prenatal drug use

    • C. 

      The child's potential home environment

    • D. 

      The birth process

  • 42. 
    Early childhood educators need to ensure that a child has plenty of exercise and rest in order to maintain their health and prevent the possibility of becoming at-risk due to health factors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    Developing routines- such as bathing, feeding, diapering, and dressing- help nurture a child's overall development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Check all of the indicators listed below that would cause a child to be at risk physically
    • A. 

      Behavior problems such as aggression

    • B. 

      Drug exposure prior to birth

    • C. 

      Physical disabilities

    • D. 

      Inability to listen and concentrate

    • E. 

      Early Isolation from others

    • F. 

      Premature birth, low birth weight, or delivery problems

    • G. 

      Malnutrition, low energy level

  • 45. 
    Check all the boxes below that indicate a at-risk factor intellectually.
    • A. 

      Inability to listen, concentrate, or participate according to age and ability.

    • B. 

      Lack of safety and security

    • C. 

      Mental disabilities or other special needs

    • D. 

      Significant delayed language for child's age and experiences

    • E. 

      Toileting problems

  • 46. 
    Select all the indicators below that would identify an at-risk child emotionally.
    • A. 

      Signs of childhood depression, such as sleep or toileting problems

    • B. 

      Untreated illness of a family member

    • C. 

      Behavior problems, especially aggression toward self and others

    • D. 

      Significantly delayed language for child's age and experiences

  • 47. 
    Select the indicators below that would match an at risk student socially.
    • A. 

      Signs of neglect or abuse

    • B. 

      Early isolation from others

    • C. 

      Family moves often

    • D. 

      Exposure to domestic or community voilence

  • 48. 
    Check all the indicators below that would identify a student as at-risk based on environmental factors.
    • A. 

      Lack of safety and security

    • B. 

      Premature birth, low birth weight, delivery problems

    • C. 

      Signs of neglect and abuse

    • D. 

      Untreated mental illness of a family member

    • E. 

      Exposure to domestic violence

  • 49. 
    Which of the following theorists created the "versus" stages which included Trust vs. Mistrust?
    • A. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • B. 

      Lev Vygotsky

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • D. 

      Erik Erikson

  • 50. 
    Which of the following theorists created a hierarchy of needs?
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget

    • B. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • C. 

      Lev Vygotsky

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 51. 
    Which of the following theorist created the 4 stages of cognitive development which included the sensorimotor stage?
    • A. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • B. 

      Erik Erikson

    • C. 

      Jean Piaget

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 52. 
    Check all the items that would you find in a health record for a child in preschool.
    • A. 

      Doctor's report of overall health

    • B. 

      Copy of the center's safety policy

    • C. 

      List of immunizations

    • D. 

      Information about known conditions, diseases, and other problems.

    • E. 

      Parent handbook

  • 53. 
    Two types of pathogens are _______ and viruses.
  • 54. 
    Check the contagious diseases from the options below.
    • A. 

      Influenza

    • B. 

      Diaper Rash

    • C. 

      Ear infections

    • D. 

      Strep Throat

    • E. 

      Colds

  • 55. 
    Check the non-contagious diseases out options below.
    • A. 

      Influenza

    • B. 

      Diaper Rash

    • C. 

      Ear infections

    • D. 

      Strep Throat

    • E. 

      Colds

  • 56. 
    Universal Precautions are infection-control guidelines staff must follow to protect themselves about infectious disease and to _____ its spread.
  • 57. 
    Out of the options below, select all of the terms that are considered "Universal Precautions".
    • A. 

      Handwashing

    • B. 

      Disposal of Bio hazardous Material

    • C. 

      Health Checks and Screenings

    • D. 

      Wearing Gloves

    • E. 

      Sanitizing Surfaces

    • F. 

      Proper Immunizations

    • G. 

      Environmental Disinfection

  • 58. 
    When treating a child that is choking using CPR is recommended.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    If a child stops breathing but still has a heartbeat a staff member must breathe for the child.  This is called rescue breathing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    CPR is used when a heartbeat or pulse is not detected for 10 minutes.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    An AED must only be used to administer electrical shock if the person is still conscious.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    Accidental poisoning is not a very serious medical emergency if you know what the child ingested.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    911 as well as the local poison control must always be posted next to the telephone for easy access.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Which of the following is described as an extreme sensitivity to a  common substance?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 65. 
    Which of the following is described as a virus that attacks and slowly weakens the immune system?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 66. 
    Which of the following is described as a condition in which the body doesn't make enough of a chemical called insulin?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 67. 
    Which of the following describes small insects that live on the scalp in human hair?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 68. 
    Which of the following describes a lung condition that makes it difficult to breathe?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 69. 
    Which of the following can severely impact a child's development during prenatal development and breastfeeding?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Drug Exposure

    • E. 

      Head Lice

    • F. 

      HIV

  • 70. 
    A broad term that describes the supervision and care of children that are outside your immediate family is called ___.
  • 71. 
    _____, or required by law.
  • 72. 
    ______ describes how a person reacts to different situations and is usually set at birth.
  • 73. 
    __________ are the nerve cells in your brain.
  • 74. 
    The electrical connections in your brain are called ____.
  • 75. 
    _____ are vaccinations that children get in order to help fight off various diseases.