Module 2: Kingdom Monera

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Module 2: Kingdom Monera - Quiz

Kingdom Monera consists of unicellular organisms with prokaryotic cell organization. Bacterium is one of the organisms in this kingdom. The quiz below tests and advances your knowledge on the subject. All the best and enjoy the challenge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An organism that causes disease is called a ___________________                                         _

    Correct Answer
    pathogen
    Explanation
    An organism that causes disease is called a pathogen. Pathogens are microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that can invade the body and cause illness. They have the ability to multiply and spread, leading to various symptoms and health problems. Understanding and identifying pathogens is essential for diagnosing and treating infectious diseases.

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  • 2. 

    In aerobic respiration, ____________ is required for respiration to occur.

    Correct Answer
    oxygen
    Explanation
    In aerobic respiration, oxygen is required for respiration to occur. This is because oxygen acts as the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain, which is a crucial step in the production of ATP (energy) in cells. Without oxygen, the electron transport chain cannot function properly, leading to a decrease in ATP production and ultimately hindering the process of respiration.

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  • 3. 

    Steady state of population growth occurs when members __________ as quickly as they are born.

    Correct Answer
    die
    Explanation
    In the context of population growth, the steady state is reached when the number of individuals dying is equal to the number of individuals being born. This means that the population size remains relatively constant over time, as the rate of deaths balances out the rate of births. Therefore, the correct answer is "die."

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  • 4. 

    During transformation, a "naked" segment of __________ is transferred from a nonfunctional donor to a functional recipient cell

    Correct Answer
    DNA
    Explanation
    During transformation, a "naked" segment of DNA is transferred from a nonfunctional donor to a functional recipient cell. This process allows the recipient cell to acquire new genetic material and potentially gain new traits or functions. The transfer of DNA is essential for genetic diversity and adaptation in many organisms.

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  • 5. 

    If a bacterium is parasitic, is it heterotrophic or autotrophic?                                                  

    Correct Answer
    heterotrophic
    Explanation
    A bacterium that is parasitic obtains its energy and nutrients by feeding on a host organism, which makes it heterotrophic. Heterotrophic organisms rely on external sources for their energy and nutrients, as opposed to autotrophic organisms which can produce their own energy through processes like photosynthesis.

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  • 6. 

    Members of the Kingdom Monera are all composed of ___________________ cells.

    Correct Answer
    prokaryotic
    Explanation
    Members of the Kingdom Monera are all composed of prokaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are characterized by the absence of a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. They are typically smaller and simpler in structure compared to eukaryotic cells. Kingdom Monera includes bacteria and archaea, both of which are single-celled organisms with prokaryotic cells. This classification is based on their cellular structure and organization, distinguishing them from organisms in other kingdoms such as Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.

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  • 7. 

    The semi-fluid substance found inside the plasma membrane is called the  ________________.

    Correct Answer
    cytoplasm
    Explanation
    The semi-fluid substance found inside the plasma membrane is called cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that fills the cell and surrounds the organelles. It contains various molecules, such as proteins, ions, and nutrients, that are necessary for cellular processes. The cytoplasm also serves as a medium for biochemical reactions and provides structural support to the cell.

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  • 8. 

    A saprophyte is an organism that feeds on ______________ matter.

    Correct Answer
    dead
    Explanation
    A saprophyte is an organism that feeds on dead matter. This means that it obtains its nutrients and energy by breaking down and consuming organic material that is no longer alive. Saprophytes play an important role in the decomposition process, as they help to break down dead organisms and recycle nutrients back into the ecosystem. By feeding on dead matter, saprophytes help to clean up and recycle organic material, contributing to the overall balance and health of the environment.

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  • 9. 

    The filament, hook, and basal body comprise the part of the cell known as the  ____________.

    Correct Answer
    flagellum
    Explanation
    The filament, hook, and basal body make up the flagellum. The flagellum is a whip-like structure that helps the cell in movement. The filament is the long, helical structure that extends from the cell surface, while the hook connects the filament to the basal body. The basal body is embedded in the cell membrane and acts as a motor, providing the necessary energy for the flagellum to move. Together, these components form the flagellum, which enables the cell to swim or propel itself through its environment.

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  • 10. 

    Organisms which grow in the mud at the bottom of a pond do so because they carry on __________________ respiration.

    Correct Answer
    anaerobic
    Explanation
    Organisms that grow in the mud at the bottom of a pond do so because they carry on anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration is a type of cellular respiration that occurs in the absence of oxygen. In the muddy environment of the pond bottom, there is limited oxygen available. Therefore, these organisms have adapted to survive and obtain energy through anaerobic respiration, which allows them to break down organic matter and release energy without the need for oxygen.

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  • 11. 

    During conjugation, two organisms form a/an ______________   union  for the purpose of DNA transfer. (2 words)

    Correct Answer
    temporary
    Explanation
    During conjugation, two organisms form a temporary union for the purpose of DNA transfer. Conjugation is a process in which genetic material is exchanged between two organisms, typically bacteria. This temporary union allows for the transfer of genetic material, such as plasmids, from one organism to another. This exchange of genetic material can lead to the acquisition of new traits or the spread of antibiotic resistance genes.

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  • 12. 

    A ______________ is a small circular section of extra DNA that confers one or more traits to a bacterium.

    Correct Answer
    plasmid
    Explanation
    A plasmid is a small circular section of extra DNA that can be found in bacteria. Plasmids are separate from the bacterial chromosome and can replicate independently. They often contain genes that provide advantages to the bacterium, such as antibiotic resistance or the ability to produce certain proteins. This allows the bacterium to adapt and survive in different environments. Plasmids can also be transferred between bacteria through a process called conjugation, allowing the spread of beneficial traits.

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  • 13. 

    Another newer name for blue-green algae is ____________________.

    Correct Answer
    cyanobacteria
    Explanation
    Blue-green algae is a common term used to refer to a group of photosynthetic bacteria called cyanobacteria. These bacteria are capable of photosynthesis and can produce oxygen, similar to plants. The term "cyanobacteria" is a more accurate and scientific name for these organisms, as it reflects their blue-green color and bacterial nature. Therefore, cyanobacteria is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 14. 

    Louis Pasteur developed the process called ___________________, which keeps milk and wine from souring.

    Correct Answer
    pasteurization
    Explanation
    Louis Pasteur developed the process of pasteurization, which is used to prevent milk and wine from souring. Pasteurization involves heating the liquid to a specific temperature for a certain period of time to kill harmful bacteria and pathogens, while still preserving its taste and nutritional value. This process has been widely adopted in the food and beverage industry to ensure the safety and quality of perishable products.

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  • 15. 

    In order to survive extreme conditions, some bacteria will form a/an ____________________, which protects the DNA with several hard layers.

    Correct Answer
    endospore
    Explanation
    Some bacteria have the ability to form endospores, which are protective structures consisting of several hard layers. These endospores help bacteria to survive in extreme conditions by protecting their DNA. The hard layers of the endospore provide resistance against heat, radiation, chemicals, and other harsh environmental factors. This allows the bacteria to remain dormant and survive until conditions become favorable for growth and reproduction again.

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  • 16. 

    A bacterium suddenly cannot manufacture proteins.  What component(s) of the cell is (are) not working?                                                                 

    Correct Answer
    ribosome, ribosomes
    Explanation
    The ribosome is responsible for protein synthesis in a cell. If a bacterium suddenly cannot manufacture proteins, it suggests that the ribosome or ribosomes in the cell are not working properly.

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  • 17. 

    What shape is a bacterium from the genus Streptobacillus?

    Correct Answer
    rod
    rod shape
    rod shaped
    rod-shaped
    Explanation
    A bacterium from the genus Streptobacillus is in the shape of a rod. This means that it has a cylindrical shape, elongated and narrow, resembling a tiny rod or cylinder. The term "rod shape" or "rod-shaped" is used to describe this specific morphology of the bacterium, emphasizing its elongated and cylindrical appearance.

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  • 18. 

    An organism is said to be Gram-negative if it stains red.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gram-negative organisms stain red because they have a thinner peptidoglycan layer in their cell walls, which allows the crystal violet stain to wash out more easily during the staining process. This results in the counterstain (usually safranin) binding to the organism and causing it to appear red under a microscope. Gram-negative bacteria include many common pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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  • 19. 

    Two rod-shaped bacteria joined at the ends is termed streptobacillus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because two rod-shaped bacteria joined at the ends is actually termed diplobacillus, not streptobacillus. Streptobacillus refers to a chain of rod-shaped bacteria, while diplobacillus refers to two rod-shaped bacteria joined together.

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  • 20. 

    Sexual reproduction is, by far, the most common form of bacterial                                   replication.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because bacterial replication primarily occurs through a process called binary fission, which is a form of asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction is not common in bacteria.

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  • 21. 

    An organism that feeds on a living host is termed a parasite.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A parasite is an organism that obtains nutrients and shelter from a living host, often causing harm to the host in the process. It relies on the host for survival and reproduction. Therefore, the statement that an organism that feeds on a living host is termed a parasite is true.

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  • 22. 

    The capsule is the sticky, protective layer of a bacterium.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The capsule is a sticky, protective layer that surrounds some bacteria. It helps the bacteria to adhere to surfaces and provides protection against the immune system and environmental factors. This layer is made up of polysaccharides or proteins and can vary in thickness and composition between different bacterial species. Therefore, the statement that the capsule is the sticky, protective layer of a bacterium is true.

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  • 23. 

    Organisms that feed on living matter are called saprophytes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because organisms that feed on living matter are actually called parasites, not saprophytes. Saprophytes are organisms that obtain nutrients by decomposing dead organic matter.

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  • 24. 

    A Gram-positive spirillum would belong to the class Thallobacteria.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A Gram-positive spirillum would belong to the class Thallobacteria because Thallobacteria is a class of bacteria that includes Gram-positive bacteria with a spiral shape. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell walls, which retains the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining technique. Spirillum bacteria are characterized by their spiral shape, and when a Gram-positive bacterium exhibits this shape, it would be classified as a Gram-positive spirillum and therefore belong to the class Thallobacteria.

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  • 25. 

    Bacteria colonies that contain spherical, grape-like clusters of cells are called staphylococcus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bacteria colonies that contain spherical, grape-like clusters of cells are called staphylococcus. This means that the statement "Bacteria colonies that contain spherical, grape-like clusters of cells are called staphylococcus" is true. Staphylococcus is a genus of bacteria that are characterized by their grape-like clusters of cells when observed under a microscope.

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  • 26. 

    The pili are the chemical production factories of the cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The pili are not the chemical production factories of the cell. Pili are short, hair-like structures on the surface of some bacteria that are involved in cell adhesion and transfer of genetic material. They are not responsible for chemical production. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 27. 

    Most bacteria prefer temperatures between 20-30 degrees C. (68-86 degrees F.). 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Most bacteria prefer temperatures between 20-30 degrees C (68-86 degrees F). This statement is true. Bacteria are classified into different groups based on their preferred temperature ranges for growth. The temperature range of 20-30 degrees C is considered optimal for the growth and reproduction of many bacteria. Temperatures outside of this range can either slow down or inhibit bacterial growth. Therefore, it can be concluded that most bacteria do prefer temperatures between 20-30 degrees C, making the answer "False" incorrect.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is not an effective form of food preservation?

    • A.

      Dehydration

    • B.

      Pasteurization

    • C.

      Homogenization

    • D.

      Freezing

    Correct Answer
    C. Homogenization
    Explanation
    Homogenization is not an effective form of food preservation because it is a process that breaks down fat globules to prevent separation, making the texture of food more uniform. It does not have any direct effect on preserving the food or increasing its shelf life. On the other hand, dehydration, pasteurization, and freezing are all effective methods of food preservation. Dehydration removes water from the food, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms. Pasteurization involves heating the food to kill harmful bacteria and extend its shelf life. Freezing slows down the growth of microorganisms and preserves the quality of the food.

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  • 29. 

    A cell in Kingdom Monera would not contain which of the following? 

    • A.

      Plasma membrane

    • B.

      Organelles

    • C.

      DNA

    • D.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    B. Organelles
    Explanation
    A cell in Kingdom Monera would not contain organelles because Kingdom Monera consists of prokaryotic organisms, which are characterized by the absence of membrane-bound organelles. Instead, the DNA is located in the cytoplasm, and essential cellular functions are carried out by ribosomes.

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  • 30. 

    Organisms from the same species that have markedly different traits are called

    • A.

      Strains

    • B.

      Diplococcus

    • C.

      Autotrophs

    • D.

      Endospores

    Correct Answer
    A. Strains
    Explanation
    Organisms from the same species that have markedly different traits are called strains. This term is used to describe variations within a species that can arise due to genetic differences, environmental factors, or other influences. These variations can include differences in physical characteristics, behavior, or biochemical properties. Strains are often used in scientific research to study the effects of specific traits or to understand the genetic diversity within a species.

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  • 31. 

    Gram-negative, non-photosynthetic bacteria belong to the Class

    • A.

      Mollicutes

    • B.

      Firmibacteria

    • C.

      Thallobacteria

    • D.

      Scotobacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Scotobacteria
    Explanation
    Gram-negative, non-photosynthetic bacteria are classified under the Class Scotobacteria. This class includes bacteria that do not possess the ability to carry out photosynthesis and have a Gram-negative cell wall structure. Scotobacteria encompass various bacterial species that exhibit diverse physiological and morphological characteristics, making them distinct from other classes such as Mollicutes, Firmibacteria, and Thallobacteria.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following is not an important consideration in bacterial growth?

    • A.

      Moisture

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Nutrition

    • D.

      Pressure

    Correct Answer
    D. Pressure
    Explanation
    Pressure is not an important consideration in bacterial growth because bacteria can grow under a wide range of pressures, including both high and low pressures. Bacterial growth is primarily influenced by factors such as moisture, temperature, and nutrition, which provide the necessary conditions for bacterial replication and metabolism. However, pressure does not play a significant role in determining the ability of bacteria to grow and reproduce.

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  • 33. 

    What bacterial process does the schematic represent?                                                                                                                                        

    Correct Answer
    asexual reproduction
    asexual reproduction in bacteria
    Explanation
    The schematic represents the process of asexual reproduction in bacteria. Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that does not involve the fusion of gametes or the involvement of another organism. In bacteria, this process typically involves cell division, where a single bacterial cell divides into two identical daughter cells. This allows bacteria to rapidly increase their population size and colonize new environments.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 14, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Corrys
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