Kingdom Monera Trivia Quiz!

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| By Dpatrick012
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Kingdom Monera Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where could you find members of the Kingdom Monera that are autotrophs?

    • A.

      In the human intestine

    • B.

      Near cracks in the ocean floor

    • C.

      Inside your mouth

    • D.

      In a bottle of vinegar

    Correct Answer
    B. Near cracks in the ocean floor
    Explanation
    Autotrophs are organisms that can produce their own food using sunlight or inorganic substances, such as bacteria. The Kingdom Monera includes bacteria, which can be found near cracks in the ocean floor. These cracks, also known as hydrothermal vents, release hot, mineral-rich water into the ocean. The bacteria in this environment can perform chemosynthesis, using the minerals and chemicals from the vents to produce their own food. Therefore, the correct answer is near cracks in the ocean floor.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these monerans are NOT autotrophs?

    • A.

      Cyanobacteria

    • B.

      Archaebacteria

    • C.

      Nitrogen-fixing bacteria

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
    Explanation
    Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are not autotrophs because they cannot produce their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. Instead, they obtain their energy by converting atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form for other organisms. Autotrophs, such as cyanobacteria and some archaebacteria, can produce their own food using sunlight or inorganic compounds.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is NOT a disease caused by harmful bacteria?

    • A.

      Botulism

    • B.

      Erythromycin

    • C.

      Tetanus

    • D.

      Lyme disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Erythromycin
    Explanation
    Erythromycin is not a disease caused by harmful bacteria, but rather a type of antibiotic medication used to treat bacterial infections. Botulism is caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, tetanus is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, and Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.

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  • 4. 

    The only kingdom of organisms to include____________is the Kingdom Monera.

    Correct Answer
    prokaryotes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "prokaryotes". The question is asking for the only kingdom of organisms that includes a specific characteristic, which is not stated in the question. However, based on the answer "prokaryotes", we can infer that the characteristic being referred to is the absence of a nucleus in their cells. Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a membrane-bound nucleus, and they are classified in the Kingdom Monera.

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  • 5. 

    In what way are monerans and eukaryotes the same:

    • A.

      Neither have a true nucleus

    • B.

      Both contain cytoplasm

    • C.

      Both have cell walls

    Correct Answer
    C. Both have cell walls
    Explanation
    Both monerans and eukaryotes have cell walls. This is a similarity between the two groups of organisms. The presence of cell walls provides structural support and protection to the cells. While monerans are prokaryotic organisms and lack a true nucleus, eukaryotes are organisms with a true nucleus. However, despite this difference, both groups share the common characteristic of having cell walls.

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  • 6. 

    Which kingdom?

    • A.

      Monera

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Plantae

    Correct Answer
    A. Monera
    Explanation
    The correct answer is monera. Monera is a kingdom that includes single-celled organisms such as bacteria. It is characterized by the absence of a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Monera organisms are prokaryotic, meaning their genetic material is not enclosed within a nucleus. This kingdom also includes some forms of blue-green algae. Fungi and plantae are separate kingdoms that consist of multicellular organisms with distinct characteristics and structures.

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  • 7. 

    A heterotroph with a cell wall made of chitin would be in which kingdom?

    • A.

      Protista

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Animalia

    • D.

      Plantae

    Correct Answer
    B. Fungi
    Explanation
    A heterotroph with a cell wall made of chitin would belong to the kingdom Fungi. This is because fungi are the only kingdom that have organisms with chitin cell walls. Chitin is a tough, flexible polysaccharide that provides structural support to the cell wall. Fungi are heterotrophic organisms that obtain nutrients by decomposing organic matter, and they play a vital role in the ecosystem as decomposers.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following characteristics do all protista have in common?

    • A.

      They are all eukaryotic

    • B.

      They are all unicellular

    • C.

      They are all autotrophs

    Correct Answer
    A. They are all eukaryotic
    Explanation
    All protista have in common the characteristic of being eukaryotic. This means that their cells have a true nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. This distinguishes them from prokaryotes, which do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. The other characteristics listed, such as being unicellular or autotrophs, are not shared by all protista. Some protista are multicellular, and while many are autotrophs, there are also heterotrophic protista that obtain their nutrients from other organisms.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all plants?

    • A.

      Are multicellular

    • B.

      Are eukaryotic

    • C.

      Contain vascular structures to transport materials

    Correct Answer
    C. Contain vascular structures to transport materials
    Explanation
    Plants have several characteristics in common, including being multicellular and eukaryotic. These traits are found in all plants. However, not all plants have vascular structures to transport materials. Vascular structures, such as xylem and phloem, are specialized tissues found in some plants that allow them to efficiently transport water, nutrients, and sugars. Some plants, like mosses and liverworts, lack these vascular structures and rely on other means of material transport. Therefore, the absence of vascular structures is not a characteristic of all plants.

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  • 10. 

    The cell walls of plant cells are made of:

    • A.

      Cellulite

    • B.

      Chitin

    • C.

      Cellulose

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellulose
    Explanation
    The cell walls of plant cells are made of cellulose. Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate that provides structural support and rigidity to plant cells. It forms a network of fibers that make up the cell wall, giving it strength and allowing plants to maintain their shape. Cellulose is not found in animal cells, making it a unique characteristic of plant cells.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these is NOT a non-vascular plant?

    • A.

      Hornwort

    • B.

      Fern

    • C.

      Moss

    • D.

      Liverwort

    Correct Answer
    B. Fern
    Explanation
    Fern is the correct answer because it is a vascular plant, meaning it has specialized tissues for transporting water and nutrients. Non-vascular plants, on the other hand, do not have these specialized tissues and rely on other means, such as diffusion, to transport water and nutrients. Hornwort, moss, and liverwort are all examples of non-vascular plants.

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  • 12. 

    Ferns are vascular plants that reproduce by:

    • A.

      Spores

    • B.

      Cones

    • C.

      Flowers

    Correct Answer
    A. Spores
    Explanation
    Ferns are vascular plants that reproduce by spores. Unlike flowering plants that reproduce through the production of flowers and seeds, ferns produce spores as their reproductive structures. Spores are small, single-celled structures that are released from the fern and can develop into new fern plants under favorable conditions. This method of reproduction allows ferns to colonize new areas and adapt to different environments. Cones are reproductive structures found in gymnosperms, while flowers are characteristic of angiosperms. Therefore, the correct answer is spores.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following organisms do NOTbelong to phylum Chordata?

    • A.

      Whale

    • B.

      Earthworm

    • C.

      Lizard

    • D.

      Snake

    Correct Answer
    B. Earthworm
    Explanation
    The earthworm does not belong to the phylum Chordata because it lacks a backbone or vertebral column, which is a defining characteristic of organisms in the phylum Chordata. The other three options, whale, lizard, and snake, all have a backbone and are classified as chordates.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 09, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Dpatrick012
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