Biology: Take The Practice Questions On Bacteria! Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Heidi
H
Heidi
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,075
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 2,077

SettingsSettingsSettings
Biology: Take The Practice Questions On Bacteria! Quiz - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which two types of medically important bacteria are acid fast?

    • A.

      Clostridium and bacillus

    • B.

      Mycobacterium and nocardia

    • C.

      Hepatitis B and hepatitis c

    • D.

      Salmonella and legionella

    Correct Answer
    B. Mycobacterium and nocardia
    Explanation
    Mycobacterium and Nocardia are the correct answer because they are both acid-fast bacteria. Acid-fast bacteria have a unique cell wall structure that makes them resistant to decolorization by acid-alcohol solutions. This property allows them to retain the primary stain, such as carbol fuchsin, even when exposed to acid. Clostridium, Bacillus, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Salmonella, and Legionella are not acid-fast bacteria and do not possess this unique cell wall structure.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Biofilm can take as little as 12 minutes to form.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Biofilm is a slimy layer of microorganisms that can form on various surfaces, such as teeth, pipes, or medical devices. It is formed when microorganisms attach to a surface and produce a protective matrix. The formation of biofilm can occur rapidly, with studies showing that it can start to form within minutes to hours after initial attachment. Therefore, it is possible for biofilm to take as little as 12 minutes to form.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Viruses are 100-1000 times smaller than bacteria.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Viruses are indeed much smaller than bacteria, with a size range of 100-1000 times smaller. While bacteria are considered microscopic organisms, viruses are even smaller and can only be observed under an electron microscope. This size difference is due to the fact that viruses are essentially genetic material (DNA or RNA) enclosed in a protein coat, whereas bacteria are complete cells with various structures and organelles.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Nonenveloped viruses are easier to kill than enveloped viruses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Enveloped viruses have an outer lipid membrane layer, which makes them more susceptible to disinfectants and environmental factors. Nonenveloped viruses, on the other hand, have a more robust protein coat that protects them from harsh conditions and makes them harder to kill. Therefore, the statement that nonenveloped viruses are easier to kill than enveloped viruses is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    This staining method stains the bacteria either red or purple.

    • A.

      Gram stain

    • B.

      Acid fast (Ziehl-Neelsen) stain

    • C.

      Endospore stain

    • D.

      Capsule stain

    Correct Answer
    A. Gram stain
    Explanation
    The gram stain is a staining method that can be used to differentiate bacteria into two groups: gram-positive and gram-negative. It stains the bacteria either red or purple, depending on the composition of their cell walls. Gram-positive bacteria retain the purple stain, while gram-negative bacteria retain the red stain. This staining method is widely used in microbiology to identify and classify bacteria based on their cell wall characteristics.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Bacteria are basically divided into groups based on...

    • A.

      The color they turn when stained

    • B.

      Their shape

    • C.

      How they cluster or form groups

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Bacteria are divided into groups based on multiple factors. Firstly, the color they turn when stained is used to differentiate between different types of bacteria, as staining techniques help in visualizing their structures. Secondly, their shape is another characteristic used for classification, as bacteria can be spherical, rod-shaped, spiral, or filamentous. Lastly, bacteria can also be grouped based on how they cluster or form groups, such as in pairs, chains, or clusters. Therefore, all of the above factors are considered when categorizing bacteria into different groups.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A pathogen is a disease causing bacteria, fungi, protozoa or helminth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A pathogen refers to any microorganism, such as bacteria, fungi, protozoa, or helminths, that can cause disease in a host organism. These pathogens have the ability to invade the host's tissues, reproduce, and cause harmful effects. Therefore, the statement that a pathogen is a disease-causing bacteria, fungi, protozoa, or helminth is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The ability of a microorganism to overcome a person's immune defense and cause disease is called..

    • A.

      Aggressiveness

    • B.

      Antibiotic-resistant

    • C.

      Virulence

    • D.

      Pathogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Virulence
    Explanation
    Virulence refers to the ability of a microorganism to overcome a person's immune defense and cause disease. It is a measure of the severity or harmfulness of the disease that the microorganism can cause. Microorganisms with high virulence are more likely to cause severe infections and have the ability to evade or suppress the immune system, allowing them to establish an infection and cause damage to the host.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Antibiotic resistance is the ability of pathogens to resist the effects of antibiotics that would normally be used to kill the microorganism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Antibiotic resistance refers to the ability of pathogens, such as bacteria, to withstand the effects of antibiotics that are typically used to eliminate them. This means that the antibiotics are no longer effective in killing the microorganism, allowing it to continue to thrive and cause infections. Therefore, the statement "Antibiotic resistance is the ability of pathogens to resist the effects of antibiotics that would normally be used to kill the microorganism" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Organisms that live off or in another organism are called...

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Pathogens

    • D.

      Parasites

    Correct Answer
    D. Parasites
    Explanation
    Parasites are organisms that live off or in another organism. They rely on the host for their nourishment and survival, often causing harm or disease to the host in the process. Unlike viruses, fungi, and pathogens, parasites have a direct physical interaction with their host and depend on them for their life cycle.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 25, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Heidi
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.