Effective Speaking Chapter 2 Lhs

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| By Debi Slutz
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Debi Slutz
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Effective Speaking Chapter 2 Lhs - Quiz

Selecting you topic and Purpose.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The unrestricted aim of your speech is called the 

    • A.

      Specific purpose.

    • B.

      General purpose.

    • C.

      Thesis.

    • D.

      Goal.​

    Correct Answer
    B. General purpose.
    Explanation
    The unrestricted aim of a speech refers to the overall objective or intention of the speech, without any specific limitations or constraints. This is known as the general purpose of the speech. The general purpose provides a broad direction for the speech, allowing the speaker to focus on the overall goal they want to achieve, such as informing, persuading, entertaining, or inspiring the audience. The specific purpose, on the other hand, refers to the specific outcome or result the speaker wants to achieve with the speech. The thesis is a statement or main idea that summarizes the central argument or message of the speech.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following does NOT have the general purpose of “to inform”? 

    • A.

      a speech on the symptoms of bipolar disorder

    • B.

      A speech on the steps to iron a dress shirt

    • C.

      A speech honoring veterans on Veteran’s Day

    • D.

      A speech given to the class on the types of scholarships available on campus​

    Correct Answer
    C. A speech honoring veterans on Veteran’s Day
    Explanation
    A speech honoring veterans on Veteran's Day does not have the general purpose of "to inform." The purpose of this speech is to pay tribute and show respect to veterans, rather than providing information or educating the audience about a specific topic.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is NOT an ethical guideline for selecting a topic? 

    • A.

      Select a topic that fits the audience and occasion

    • B.

      Persuasive topics should focus on individuals, not on issues

    • C.

      Your topic should not be harmful to you or to your audience

    • D.

      Select a topic that is worth the audience’s time

    Correct Answer
    B. Persuasive topics should focus on individuals, not on issues
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "persuasive topics should focus on individuals, not on issues." This is not an ethical guideline for selecting a topic because ethical guidelines suggest that topics should focus on issues rather than individuals. Ethical guidelines prioritize addressing societal problems and providing a balanced perspective on various issues rather than focusing solely on individuals.

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  • 4. 

    Another term for the central idea is 

    • A.

      preview.

    • B.

      Thesis statement.

    • C.

      Specific purpose.

    • D.

      Objective.​

    Correct Answer
    B. Thesis statement.
    Explanation
    The central idea refers to the main point or focus of a piece of writing or speech. It is the overarching message that the author or speaker wants to convey. A thesis statement, on the other hand, is a specific sentence or two that clearly states the main argument or point of an essay or research paper. It serves as a roadmap for the reader and guides the direction of the entire piece. Therefore, the term "thesis statement" is a more accurate synonym for the central idea.

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  • 5. 

    When taking steps to narrow your topic, the objective refers toa. a single sentence summarizing your speech.b. the particular outcome or behavior you want your audience to experience after hearing your speech.c. the backbone that makes up the body of the speech.d. a single statement combining your general purpose and your audience.

    • A.

      A single sentence summarizing your speech.

    • B.

      The particular outcome or behavior you want your audience to experience after hearing your speech.

    • C.

      the backbone that makes up the body of the speech.

    • D.

      A single statement combining your general purpose and your audience.​

    Correct Answer
    B. The particular outcome or behavior you want your audience to experience after hearing your speech.
    Explanation
    The objective of narrowing your topic is to determine the particular outcome or behavior you want your audience to experience after hearing your speech. This means that you should have a clear goal in mind when selecting and refining your topic, aiming to achieve a specific impact on your audience. This objective helps you focus your speech and ensure that it is effective in achieving the desired result.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following shows the steps to narrowing your topic in the correct order? 

    • A.

      Identify central idea, identify specific purpose, evaluate central idea, and construct a working outline

    • B.

      Identify central idea, evaluate central idea, identify the specific purpose, and construct a working outline

    • C.

      Identify specific purpose, identify central idea, evaluate central idea, and construct a working outline

    • D.

      Identify specific purpose, identify central idea, construct working outline, and evaluate central idea​

    Correct Answer
    C. Identify specific purpose, identify central idea, evaluate central idea, and construct a working outline
    Explanation
    The correct order for narrowing your topic is to first identify the specific purpose, then identify the central idea, evaluate the central idea, and finally construct a working outline. This order allows you to first determine the specific goal or objective of your topic, then identify the main focus or theme, evaluate its relevance and feasibility, and finally organize your thoughts and ideas into a structured outline.

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  • 7. 

    In the following specific purpose, “To persuade my classmates to eat a low-carb diet,” “to eat a low-carb diet” is called the 

    • A.

      General purpose.

    • B.

      Objective.

    • C.

      Ultimate goal.

    • D.

      Central idea.​

    Correct Answer
    B. Objective.
    Explanation
    The phrase "to eat a low-carb diet" in the specific purpose "To persuade my classmates to eat a low-carb diet" is referred to as the objective because it represents the specific action or outcome that the speaker wants to achieve through their persuasive speech. The objective is the intended result or goal that the speaker aims to accomplish by persuading their classmates to adopt a low-carb diet.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an effective central idea? 

    • A.

      What are the benefits of weight training?O

    • B.

      Training with free weights has physical, emotional, and cognitive benefits.

    • C.

      The benefits of weight training.

    • D.

      Weight training and walking are two very important activities for our physical health.​

    Correct Answer
    B. Training with free weights has physical, emotional, and cognitive benefits.
    Explanation
    The central idea of a passage is the main point or theme that the author wants to convey. In this case, the central idea is that training with free weights has physical, emotional, and cognitive benefits. This is supported by the statement in the answer choice, which clearly states the benefits of weight training with free weights. The other answer choices either do not mention the specific benefits or include unrelated information about walking. Therefore, the answer choice "Training with free weights has physical, emotional, and cognitive benefits" is the most effective central idea.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT true in regard to the working outline? 

    • A.

      It contains your topic, general purpose, specific purpose, and central idea.

    • B.

      It contains your working main points.

    • C.

      It is often handwritten.

    • D.

      It should be detailed and comprehensive.​

    Correct Answer
    D. It should be detailed and comprehensive.​
    Explanation
    The working outline should be detailed and comprehensive. This means that it should include all the necessary information such as the topic, general purpose, specific purpose, central idea, and working main points. It is often handwritten, but this does not mean that it should be less detailed or comprehensive.

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  • 10. 

    What is NOT a guideline for evaluating your working main points? 

    • A.

      Relate them back to the central idea

    • B.

      Make sure each point covers only one key idea

    • C.

      Construct each main point in different ways

    • D.

      Spend roughly the same amount of time on each point​

    Correct Answer
    C. Construct each main point in different ways
    Explanation
    The guideline for evaluating working main points is to construct each main point in different ways. This means that the main points should be presented in a variety of formats or structures to keep the audience engaged and to provide a well-rounded perspective on the topic. By presenting the main points in different ways, it helps to ensure that the information is clear, concise, and effectively communicated to the audience.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 08, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Debi Slutz

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