The Art Of Public Speaking - Quiz

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The Art Of Public Speaking - Quiz - Quiz

Ever wondered how good are you in the art of public speaking? Public speaking is giving a speech right in front of a live audience, face to face. But, due to the evolution of this art, public speaking is modernly seen as any form of speaking between audience and a speaker. Public Speaking is an important skill to conquer and you have to take this quiz to understand it better. Go for it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Features that Public Speaking is Grounded in

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Free Speech

    • C.

      Personal Opinions

    • D.

      Right to Dialogue

    • E.

      Government Policy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Democracy
    B. Free Speech
    D. Right to Dialogue
    Explanation
    Public speaking is grounded in democracy because it allows individuals to freely express their opinions and engage in open dialogue. Democracy values the right to free speech, which is another feature that public speaking is grounded in. Public speaking also allows individuals to share their personal opinions and perspectives, encouraging a diversity of ideas and viewpoints. The right to dialogue is essential in public speaking as it promotes the exchange of ideas and the development of informed discussions. Government policy, although important in shaping public speaking regulations, is not a fundamental feature that public speaking is grounded in.

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  • 2. 

    Select the reasons why one public speaks?

    • A.

      Announce Truth and Sincerity

    • B.

      Celebrate

    • C.

      Persuade

    • D.

      Manipulate

    • E.

      Inform

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Announce Truth and Sincerity
    B. Celebrate
    C. Persuade
    E. Inform
    Explanation
    Public speaking serves various purposes, including announcing truth and sincerity, celebrating, persuading, and informing. When someone speaks publicly, they may aim to convey honest and genuine information, making announcements and sharing sincere thoughts. Public speaking is also used to celebrate special occasions, where speakers address the audience to express joy and commemorate important events. Additionally, persuasive speeches are delivered to influence opinions, attitudes, or behaviors of the listeners. Informative speeches provide knowledge and educate the audience about specific topics. Manipulation, however, is not a valid reason for public speaking as it involves deceitful tactics and goes against ethical communication.

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  • 3. 

    The anxiety or fear related to speaking in public

    • A.

      Talking Phobia

    • B.

      Stress related Anxiety

    • C.

      Speech Anxiety

    • D.

      Public Speaking Scaries

    Correct Answer
    C. Speech Anxiety
    Explanation
    Speech anxiety refers to the anxiety or fear that individuals experience when speaking in public. It is a common phenomenon and can manifest in various ways, such as nervousness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, or even panic attacks. People with speech anxiety may feel self-conscious, worry about being judged, or fear embarrassing themselves in front of others. This fear can be debilitating and may affect a person's ability to effectively communicate or present their ideas. Therefore, the term "Speech Anxiety" accurately describes the anxiety or fear related to speaking in public.

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  • 4. 

    Imagining yourself succeeding in a public speaking situation is an example of what?

    • A.

      Reframing

    • B.

      Preparation

    • C.

      Breathing techniques

    • D.

      Visualization

    Correct Answer
    D. Visualization
    Explanation
    Visualization is the act of creating a mental image or scenario in one's mind. Imagining oneself succeeding in a public speaking situation involves visualizing oneself confidently delivering a speech, engaging with the audience, and receiving positive feedback. This technique helps individuals mentally prepare for the situation, boosts their confidence, and allows them to focus on achieving their goals. Visualization can be a powerful tool in enhancing performance and reducing anxiety in public speaking or any other challenging situation.

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  • 5. 

    T or F: Example of Selective Listening -  When someone absorbs only some of the information from a speech due to personal interests and social categories

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Selective listening refers to the tendency of individuals to focus only on certain parts of a conversation or speech while disregarding others. In this case, the statement correctly identifies an example of selective listening as absorbing only some information from a speech based on personal interests and social categories. This behavior is common when individuals pay attention only to what aligns with their own preferences or beliefs, ignoring the rest. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

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  • 6. 

    ________ refers to use listening techniques to engage the speakers and respond in verbal & non-verbal ways

    Correct Answer
    Active Listening
    Explanation
    Active listening refers to the practice of using various techniques to fully engage with speakers and respond in both verbal and non-verbal ways. It involves giving one's full attention, maintaining eye contact, nodding or using other non-verbal cues to show understanding, and providing feedback or asking clarifying questions. Active listening is important for effective communication as it helps to build rapport, understand the speaker's perspective, and ensure that the message is accurately received and interpreted.

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  • 7. 

    Select the Contextual Considerations of Public Speaking

    • A.

      Culture

    • B.

      Climate

    • C.

      Technology

    • D.

      Timing

    • E.

      Natural Environment

    • F.

      Diversity

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Culture
    C. Technology
    D. Timing
    F. Diversity
    Explanation
    The contextual considerations of public speaking include culture, technology, timing, and diversity. Culture plays a crucial role in public speaking as it influences the language, customs, and values of the audience. Technology is important because it can enhance the delivery of the speech through visual aids, audio equipment, and online platforms. Timing is crucial as it determines the appropriateness and effectiveness of the message. Diversity is significant as it requires speakers to be sensitive to different perspectives and adapt their communication accordingly. The natural environment and climate, although important in other contexts, are not directly related to the considerations of public speaking.

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  • 8. 

    T or F: Ethics should not consider how individuals will respond because the speech is about what the speaker wants to share

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ethics should consider how individuals will respond because ethical behavior involves taking into account the impact of our actions on others. It is important for speakers to be mindful of the potential consequences of their speech and to act responsibly to avoid causing harm or offense. By considering how individuals will respond, speakers can make informed choices about what they want to share while also respecting the rights and well-being of others.

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  • 9. 

    T or F: Speakers have a responsibility to the listeners to be honest

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Speakers have a responsibility to the listeners to be honest because honesty is an important ethical principle in communication. When speakers are honest, they build trust with their audience and ensure that the information they provide is accurate and reliable. This responsibility is particularly important in situations where the speaker has influence or authority over the listeners, as dishonesty can lead to misinformation, manipulation, and harm. By being honest, speakers uphold their duty to respect the rights and interests of their listeners and contribute to effective and ethical communication.

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  • 10. 

    When asking the host about the space, visiting it, and incorporating the space into the speech what part of speech analysis is happening?

    • A.

      Audience Size

    • B.

      Physical location

    • C.

      Technological capacity

    • D.

      Speech Length

    Correct Answer
    B. Physical location
    Explanation
    The question is asking about the part of speech analysis that occurs when asking the host about the space, visiting it, and incorporating it into the speech. The correct answer, "Physical location," refers to analyzing the physical characteristics and features of the space, such as its size, layout, and amenities, in order to determine its suitability for the speech. This analysis helps the speaker understand how the physical location will impact their delivery and presentation.

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  • 11. 

    "The process of studying an audience before, during, and after a speech" 

    • A.

      Speech Preparation

    • B.

      Audience Analysis

    • C.

      Contextual Considerations

    • D.

      Speech Situation Analysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Audience Analysis
    Explanation
    Audience analysis refers to the process of studying an audience before, during, and after a speech. This involves gathering information about the audience's demographics, interests, knowledge, and attitudes in order to tailor the speech to their needs and preferences. By understanding the audience, the speaker can effectively engage and communicate with them, ensuring that the message is clear and impactful. This analysis helps in adapting the speech content, language, and delivery style to make it more relatable and persuasive for the audience.

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  • 12. 

    Points to consider when selecting a speech topic

    • A.

      Controversy

    • B.

      Speech Situation

    • C.

      Interests

    • D.

      Audiences

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Speech Situation
    C. Interests
    D. Audiences
    Explanation
    When selecting a speech topic, it is important to consider the speech situation, interests, and audiences. The speech situation refers to the context in which the speech will be delivered, such as a formal presentation or an informal gathering. Interests refer to the speaker's own passions and knowledge, as it is easier to engage the audience when the speaker is genuinely interested in the topic. Audiences play a crucial role in determining the topic, as the speech should be tailored to their needs and preferences. By considering these factors, the speaker can ensure that the topic is relevant, engaging, and suitable for the specific speech situation and audience.

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  • 13. 

    Select the important components of Research

    • A.

      Build credibility and trust

    • B.

      Improves speech quality

    • C.

      It is a requirement for any kind of speech

    • D.

      Enriches the speech

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Build credibility and trust
    B. Improves speech quality
    D. Enriches the speech
    Explanation
    The important components of research include building credibility and trust, improving speech quality, and enriching the speech. Research helps to build credibility and trust by providing evidence and supporting facts. It also improves speech quality by ensuring that the information presented is accurate and well-researched. Additionally, research enriches the speech by adding depth and complexity to the content, making it more informative and engaging for the audience.

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  • 14. 

    Credibility, Accuracy, Reliability, and Support (CARS) is an acronym that explains what?

    • A.

      Understanding the constraints of research

    • B.

      How to evaluate a source

    • C.

      How to reference sources

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. How to evaluate a source
    Explanation
    The acronym CARS stands for Credibility, Accuracy, Reliability, and Support. These four factors are essential in evaluating the quality and trustworthiness of a source. When evaluating a source, one must consider its credibility, ensuring that it comes from a reputable and authoritative source. Accuracy refers to the correctness and truthfulness of the information provided. Reliability assesses the consistency and dependability of the source, while support examines the evidence and reasoning provided to back up the claims. Therefore, CARS provides a framework for assessing the reliability and trustworthiness of a source, making it the correct answer.

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  • 15. 

    T or F: References are not required for speeches because they're auditory

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because references are indeed required for speeches, regardless of whether they are auditory or not. References provide evidence and support for the claims and arguments made in a speech, helping to establish credibility and enhance the persuasiveness of the message. Without references, a speech may lack credibility and be seen as opinion-based rather than fact-based. Therefore, it is important to include references in speeches to back up the information presented.

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  • 16. 

    T or F: Use reliable sources during the speech to prove credibility

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Using reliable sources during a speech is important to prove credibility. Reliable sources provide accurate and trustworthy information, which helps to establish the speaker as knowledgeable and trustworthy. By citing reliable sources, the speaker shows that they have done their research and are not simply making unsupported claims. This enhances the credibility of the speech and increases the likelihood that the audience will trust and believe the information being presented.

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  • 17. 

    "Explicit preference for certain characteristics, beliefs, ideas, etc." 

    • A.

      Bias

    • B.

      Prejudice

    • C.

      Discrimination

    • D.

      Preference

    Correct Answer
    A. Bias
    Explanation
    Bias refers to the tendency to favor or have a preference for certain characteristics, beliefs, ideas, etc. It involves a subjective judgment or inclination towards something, which may influence one's decisions, actions, or opinions. Bias can be conscious or unconscious and can occur in various contexts, such as in personal relationships, media, or decision-making processes. It is important to be aware of bias and strive for objectivity in order to make fair and informed judgments or decisions.

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  • 18. 

    T or F: All sources are of equal value

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "All sources are of equal value" is false. In research or gathering information, not all sources are equally reliable or credible. Some sources may have a higher level of expertise, accuracy, or reputation compared to others. It is important to evaluate and critically analyze sources to determine their reliability and relevance to the topic being researched.

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  • 19. 

    The rule of ________ explains how many points one should make and remember from a speech 

    Correct Answer
    3
    Explanation
    The rule of 3 is a principle that suggests that information is more easily understood, remembered, and persuasive when presented in groups of three. This rule is based on the idea that three is the smallest number of elements required to create a pattern, and our brains are wired to recognize and remember patterns. By organizing information into three main points, it becomes more concise, memorable, and impactful for the audience.

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  • 20. 

    T or F: The audience often remembers the mood or tone 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The audience often remembers the mood or tone of a performance because it plays a significant role in creating an emotional connection and impact. The mood or tone sets the atmosphere and influences the audience's perception and interpretation of the content. It can evoke specific emotions, enhance storytelling, and leave a lasting impression on the audience's memory. Therefore, it is true that the audience often remembers the mood or tone of a performance.

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  • 21. 

    T or F: Using personal stories is an unprofessional way to connect with the audience

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that using personal stories is an unprofessional way to connect with the audience is false. Personal stories can be a powerful tool to engage and connect with the audience on a deeper level. Sharing personal experiences can make the speaker more relatable, build trust, and create an emotional connection with the audience. It adds authenticity and helps to convey the message in a more memorable and impactful way. Therefore, using personal stories is a professional and effective technique to connect with the audience.

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  • 22. 

    What is the purpose of an introduction

    • A.

      Provide closure to the audience

    • B.

      Build trust, goodwill and credibility

    • C.

      Challenge preconceived ideas

    • D.

      Connect and move fluidly between points

    Correct Answer
    B. Build trust, goodwill and credibility
    Explanation
    The purpose of an introduction is to build trust, goodwill, and credibility with the audience. By presenting oneself as knowledgeable and trustworthy, the speaker can establish a positive rapport with the audience, making them more receptive to the message. This can be achieved through various techniques such as sharing relevant credentials, demonstrating expertise on the topic, or using persuasive language. Building trust, goodwill, and credibility in the introduction sets the stage for a successful and impactful presentation.

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  • 23. 

    What strategies are used in Transitions?

    • A.

      Share the thesis statement

    • B.

      Use attention getters

    • C.

      Use a call to action

    • D.

      Using mental signposts and provide internal previews

    Correct Answer
    D. Using mental signposts and provide internal previews
    Explanation
    Transitions are strategies used to smoothly move from one idea to another in a speech or piece of writing. Using mental signposts involves using words or phrases that signal a shift in topic or direction, helping the audience or reader follow along. Providing internal previews involves giving a brief overview of what will be discussed next, preparing the audience for the upcoming information. Both of these strategies help to create a clear and organized flow of ideas, enhancing understanding and engagement.

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  • 24. 

    What is the purpose of a conclusion?

    • A.

      Provide closure to the audience and reinforce the thesis

    • B.

      Use attention getters

    • C.

      Connect the main points

    • D.

      Provide a preview of the points

    Correct Answer
    A. Provide closure to the audience and reinforce the thesis
    Explanation
    The purpose of a conclusion is to provide closure to the audience and reinforce the thesis. It allows the speaker to summarize the main points and arguments made throughout the presentation, leaving the audience with a sense of completion and understanding. By restating the thesis and highlighting its significance, the conclusion helps to solidify the overall message and leave a lasting impression on the audience.

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  • 25. 

    Select the options of crafting words that would produce a positive interaction

    • A.

      Avoid slangs

    • B.

      Using complex language to appear intelligent

    • C.

      Using concrete imagery

    • D.

      Be accurate

    • E.

      Use biases if it seems justified

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Avoid slangs
    C. Using concrete imagery
    D. Be accurate
    Explanation
    Crafting words that would produce a positive interaction involves avoiding slangs as they can be offensive or inappropriate. Using concrete imagery helps to create a clear and vivid picture in the listener's mind, making the interaction more engaging. Being accurate ensures that the information conveyed is correct and reliable, enhancing the credibility of the interaction. Using biases, even if they seem justified, can create a negative or biased environment, which goes against the goal of a positive interaction.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is NOT a Presentation Aids

    • A.

      Props

    • B.

      Ethics

    • C.

      Pictures

    • D.

      Data & Statistics

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics is not considered a presentation aid because it refers to a set of moral principles and values that guide human behavior, rather than a visual or auditory tool used to enhance a presentation. Presentation aids are typically visual or auditory elements that support and enhance the delivery of information, such as props, pictures, and data & statistics. Ethics, on the other hand, pertains to the principles of right and wrong conduct and does not fall under the category of presentation aids.

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  • 27. 

    T or F: One should give handouts at the start of the presentation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    One should not give handouts at the start of the presentation because it can distract the audience from listening and engaging with the speaker. Handouts can be a useful tool for providing additional information or resources after the presentation, but distributing them at the beginning may cause the audience to focus more on reading the handouts rather than paying attention to the speaker's message. It is generally recommended to wait until the end or a specific point in the presentation to distribute handouts.

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  • 28. 

    Select the functions of presentation aids

    • A.

      Assists with thinking

    • B.

      Distracts audience from the main points

    • C.

      Simplifies the speech

    • D.

      Engages multiple senses

    • E.

      Provides the basis of the speech

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Assists with thinking
    C. Simplifies the speech
    D. Engages multiple senses
    Explanation
    Presentation aids, such as visual aids or props, can assist with thinking by helping the audience to better understand and process information. They simplify the speech by condensing complex ideas into visual or tangible representations. Additionally, presentation aids engage multiple senses, making the presentation more interactive and memorable.

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  • 29. 

    T or F: One should use presentation aids sparingly to avoid overwhelming the audience

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Using presentation aids sparingly is a recommended practice to prevent overwhelming the audience. Overuse of presentation aids can distract the audience from the main message and make it difficult for them to focus on the speaker. By using presentation aids sparingly, the speaker can ensure that the audience remains engaged and can easily comprehend the information being presented. This approach allows the audience to effectively process the information without feeling overwhelmed or distracted.

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  • 30. 

    Which colours should one avoid using due to its impact on the colourblind?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Yellow

    • C.

      Blue

    • D.

      Green

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Red
    D. Green
    Explanation
    People with color blindness often have difficulty distinguishing between red and green colors. This is because they have a deficiency in the red and green cone cells in their eyes. Therefore, using red and green colors in designs or objects can make it challenging for colorblind individuals to perceive and differentiate between them. It is important to consider this when creating visuals, signs, or any other materials that need to be easily understood by everyone, including those with color vision deficiencies.

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  • 31. 

    T or F: One always use presentation software because it is expected

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "One always use presentation software because it is expected" is false. While it is true that presentation software is commonly used for presentations, it is not an absolute requirement. There may be situations where alternative methods of presenting information are preferred or necessary, such as live demonstrations, physical props, or interactive activities. Therefore, the use of presentation software is not always expected.

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  • 32. 

    Select the Speeches of Recognition

    • A.

      Commemorative

    • B.

      Acceptance

    • C.

      Roast

    • D.

      Sermon

    • E.

      Jeremiad

    • F.

      Lecture

    • G.

      Introductory

    • H.

      Eulogies

    • I.

      Wedding

    • J.

      After Dinner

    • K.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Acceptance
    G. Introductory
    K. Presentation
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the speeches of recognition that are typically given in different contexts or events. The introductory speech is given at the beginning of an event to introduce the main speaker or the purpose of the event. The presentation speech is given to present an award or honor to someone. The acceptance speech is given by the recipient of the award or honor to express gratitude and acknowledge the recognition. Therefore, the speeches of recognition in this answer are Introductory, Presentation, and Acceptance.

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  • 33. 

    Select the Speeches of Inspiration/Encouragement

    • A.

      Commemorative

    • B.

      Acceptance

    • C.

      Roast

    • D.

      Sermon

    • E.

      Lecture

    • F.

      Introductory

    • G.

      Eulogies

    • H.

      Jeremiad

    • I.

      Wedding

    • J.

      After Dinner

    • K.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Commemorative
    D. Sermon
    E. Lecture
    H. Jeremiad
    J. After Dinner
    Explanation
    The given answer includes speeches that are meant to inspire and encourage the audience. Commemorative speeches are delivered to honor and remember someone or something, while sermons are religious speeches that aim to inspire and provide guidance. Jeremiads are speeches that express lamentation and warning, often calling for change and improvement. Lectures are informative speeches that educate and inspire the listeners. After dinner speeches are typically light-hearted and entertaining, meant to uplift and entertain the audience. Therefore, these types of speeches can be considered as speeches of inspiration and encouragement.

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  • 34. 

    T or F: Informative speeches are easier than persuasive because you aren't challenging someone's identity

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Informative speeches are indeed easier than persuasive speeches because they do not involve challenging someone's identity. Informative speeches aim to provide information and educate the audience about a specific topic, without trying to change their beliefs or opinions. On the other hand, persuasive speeches require the speaker to convince the audience to adopt a particular viewpoint or take action, which can be more challenging as it may involve challenging their existing beliefs or values. Therefore, the statement that informative speeches are easier than persuasive speeches is true.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following is an example of topic of informative speaking?

    • A.

      Object

    • B.

      Events

    • C.

      Processes

    • D.

      Issues

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because informative speaking can cover a wide range of topics, including objects, events, processes, and issues. Informative speeches aim to educate and provide information to the audience, so any of these topics can be suitable for informative speaking.

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  • 36. 

    A request made to another person with the intent of influencing them

    • A.

      Persuasion

    • B.

      Demand

    • C.

      Argument

    • D.

      Appeal

    Correct Answer
    D. Appeal
    Explanation
    An appeal refers to a request made to another person with the intent of influencing them. It involves presenting a case or argument in a persuasive manner in order to gain their support or agreement. Appeals often rely on emotional or logical reasoning to convince the other person to take a particular action or adopt a specific viewpoint. Unlike a demand, which implies a sense of authority or obligation, an appeal seeks to persuade through reasoning and appeal to the other person's values or interests.

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  • 37. 

    Influencing others through conscious choices and empowering audiences to make choices about what you're asking them to do, think or believe

    • A.

      Coercion

    • B.

      Persuasive speaking

    • C.

      Argumentation

    • D.

      Ethical Persuasion

    Correct Answer
    D. Ethical Persuasion
    Explanation
    Ethical persuasion refers to the practice of influencing others by making conscious choices and empowering audiences to make their own decisions regarding what they are being asked to do, think, or believe. Unlike coercion, which involves using force or manipulation to make others comply, ethical persuasion respects the autonomy and free will of individuals. It involves presenting logical and compelling arguments, appealing to emotions, and using credible evidence to persuade others in a morally responsible manner. Ethical persuasion aims to create a win-win situation where both parties benefit and make informed choices based on their own values and beliefs.

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  • 38. 

    Select the tactics of coercion

    • A.

      Distortion

    • B.

      Providing full information

    • C.

      Preventing conscious choices

    • D.

      Applying ethical considerations

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Distortion
    C. Preventing conscious choices
    Explanation
    The tactics of coercion involve using distortion to manipulate information and prevent conscious choices. Distortion refers to the act of misrepresenting or manipulating information in order to deceive or confuse someone. By distorting information, the coercer can control the narrative and influence the decision-making process, ultimately preventing the target from making conscious choices.

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  • 39. 

    Out of BAV, which is the easiest to change?

    • A.

      Beliefs

    • B.

      Attitudes

    • C.

      Values

    • D.

      They're all easy to change

    • E.

      They're all hard to change

    Correct Answer
    A. Beliefs
    Explanation
    Beliefs are the easiest to change out of BAV. Beliefs are ideas or opinions that individuals hold to be true. They are formed based on personal experiences, upbringing, and cultural influences. Unlike attitudes and values, which are more deeply ingrained and influenced by long-term factors, beliefs can be more easily influenced and altered through new information, experiences, or persuasion. Changing beliefs requires open-mindedness and willingness to consider alternative perspectives.

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  • 40. 

    T or F: Psychological persuasion has to involve reasoning and feelings

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Psychological persuasion involves both reasoning and feelings because it aims to influence someone's thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors by appealing to their emotions and logical thinking. By using logical arguments and appealing to emotions, psychological persuasion can be more effective in convincing and influencing individuals. Therefore, it is true that psychological persuasion requires a combination of reasoning and feelings to be successful.

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  • 41. 

    The study of how speaking and writing influence people to do or think something they wouldn't do

    • A.

      Rhetoric

    • B.

      Appeals

    • C.

      Argument

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    A. Rhetoric
    Explanation
    Rhetoric is the study of how speaking and writing can influence individuals to take certain actions or think in a particular way that they wouldn't have otherwise. It focuses on the art of persuasion and the effective use of language and communication techniques to sway an audience. Rhetoric involves understanding the audience's emotions, beliefs, and values, and tailoring the message to appeal to them. By mastering rhetoric, individuals can become skilled in crafting persuasive arguments and influencing others to adopt their viewpoints or take specific actions.

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  • 42. 

    T or F: Maslow's Hierarchy shows the same needs for every audience

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs does not show the same needs for every audience. The hierarchy suggests that individuals have different levels of needs, starting from basic physiological needs and progressing to higher-level needs such as self-esteem and self-actualization. However, the specific needs and their prioritization may vary between individuals and different cultures. Therefore, the statement that Maslow's Hierarchy shows the same needs for every audience is false.

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  • 43. 

    Attacking someone's use of nicotine in a health debate is an example of what?

    • A.

      Ad Hominem

    • B.

      Ad Misericodiam

    • C.

      Non Sequitur

    • D.

      Slippery Slope

    • E.

      Straw-Person

    Correct Answer
    A. Ad Hominem
    Explanation
    Attacking someone's use of nicotine in a health debate is an example of an ad hominem fallacy. This fallacy occurs when the arguer attacks the person making the argument rather than addressing the argument itself. In this case, instead of discussing the health effects of nicotine, the arguer focuses on the individual's personal use of nicotine as a means to discredit their argument. This type of attack is irrelevant to the actual debate and does not address the validity of the argument being made.

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  • 44. 

    Saying that trees are being cut down so we may as well pollute the ocean is an example of what?

    • A.

      Ad Hominem

    • B.

      Ad Misericodiam

    • C.

      Non Sequitur

    • D.

      Slippery Slope

    • E.

      Straw-Person

    Correct Answer
    C. Non Sequitur
    Explanation
    The statement "Saying that trees are being cut down so we may as well pollute the ocean" is an example of a non sequitur. This is because the conclusion of polluting the ocean does not logically follow from the premise of trees being cut down. There is no logical connection between these two ideas, making the argument flawed and invalid.

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  • 45. 

    Saying that providing one person with an extension would lead to no one doing their work on their time is an example of what? 

    • A.

      Ad Hominem

    • B.

      Ad Misericodiam

    • C.

      Non Sequitur

    • D.

      Slippery Slope

    • E.

      Straw-Person

    Correct Answer
    D. Slippery Slope
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, Slippery Slope, is that it refers to a fallacy where it is claimed that one event will inevitably lead to a series of negative consequences, without sufficient evidence to support this claim. In this case, the statement suggests that if one person is given an extension, it will result in no one doing their work on time. This is an example of a slippery slope because it assumes a chain reaction of negative outcomes without providing any logical reasoning or evidence to support this claim.

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  • 46. 

    Saying that if the audience doesn't vote for them, they'll steal their pets is an example of what?

    • A.

      Ad Baculum

    • B.

      Ad Populum

    • C.

      Bandwagon

    • D.

      Either-Or

    • E.

      Red Herring

    Correct Answer
    A. Ad Baculum
    Explanation
    The statement "if the audience doesn't vote for them, they'll steal their pets" is an example of Ad Baculum. Ad Baculum is a fallacy where the speaker uses threats or coercion to persuade the audience to accept their argument. In this case, the speaker is using the threat of stealing pets to manipulate the audience into voting for them. This fallacy is based on fear rather than logical reasoning.

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  • 47. 

    Saying that students can either be top achievers or fail every class is an example of what?

    • A.

      Ad Baculum

    • B.

      Ad Populum

    • C.

      Bandwagon

    • D.

      Either-Or

    • E.

      Red Herring

    Correct Answer
    D. Either-Or
    Explanation
    The statement that students can either be top achievers or fail every class is an example of the fallacy of Either-Or. This fallacy presents a false dilemma by suggesting that there are only two extreme options or outcomes, ignoring the possibility of other alternatives or middle grounds. In reality, students can have a range of academic performance levels between being a top achiever and failing every class.

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  • 48. 

    When a politician is talking about the economy after they just began a war that isn't supported by the public is an example of what?

    • A.

      Ad Baculum

    • B.

      Ad Populum

    • C.

      Bandwagon

    • D.

      Red Herring

    • E.

      Either-Or

    Correct Answer
    D. Red Herring
    Explanation
    When a politician is talking about the economy after they just began a war that isn't supported by the public, it is an example of a red herring. A red herring is a logical fallacy where irrelevant or misleading information is presented in order to distract from the main issue or divert attention. In this case, the politician is bringing up the economy to divert attention from the controversial war they started, which is unrelated to the economic discussion.

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  • 49. 

    T or F: Vocational speaking is solely for professional purposes

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Vocational speaking refers to speaking skills that are specifically related to a particular profession or occupation. It involves using language and communication techniques that are relevant to the workplace and professional settings. Therefore, vocational speaking is indeed solely for professional purposes, making the statement "True" accurate.

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  • 50. 

    Offices, meeting rooms, online interaction and public forums are examples of speaking for what?

    • A.

      Celebration

    • B.

      Vocation

    • C.

      Online

    • D.

      Persuasion

    Correct Answer
    B. Vocation
    Explanation
    The examples provided, such as offices, meeting rooms, online interaction, and public forums, all relate to speaking in a professional or work-related context. Therefore, the correct answer is "Vocation," which refers to a person's occupation or profession.

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