Earth Science Vocabulary Exam Quiz!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 433

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Earth Science Vocabulary Exam Quiz!

Earth history is a way in which we get to learn about the physical constitution of the earth. There is a lot of vocabulary that we have come across in our classes, and the quiz mentioned below is designed to test your understanding of the ones we covered in the second semester. If you believe you can tackle it all you have to do is prove it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The movement of rock and particles by wind, water, ice or gravity.
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Weathering

    • C. 

      Deposition

  • 2. 
    Chemical change caused by a chemical reaction. One substance changes into another. 
    • A. 

      Mechanical Weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical Weathering

    • C. 

      Physically Weathering

  • 3. 
    A type of weathering in which rocks are physically broken into smaller pieces. A physical change includes change in size and shape. 
    • A. 

      Mechanical Weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical Weathering

  • 4. 
    All sediment picked up by wind eventually falls to the ground. When particles carried by wind, water, or ice, are deposited (dropped) in another location.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Deposition

  • 5. 
    A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice buildup in a mountain valley.
    • A. 

      Valley Glacier

    • B. 

      Continental Glacier

  • 6. 
    A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island.
    • A. 

      Valley Glacier

    • B. 

      Continental Glacier

  • 7. 
    The sediments deposited directly by a glacier.
    • A. 

      Till

    • B. 

      Moraine

    • C. 

      Rock Sediment

  • 8. 
    The process of scraping or wearing away.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Deposition

  • 9. 
    A ridge formed by the till deposited at the edge of a glacier.
    • A. 

      Till

    • B. 

      Moraine

  • 10. 
    The process by which wind removes surface materials.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Deflation

    • C. 

      Deposition

  • 11. 
    Water that moves over Earth’s surface
    • A. 

      Snow

    • B. 

      River

    • C. 

      Runoff

  • 12. 
    Wide area of land along a river.
    • A. 

      Walking Space

    • B. 

      Bridge

    • C. 

      Flood Plain

  • 13. 
    The preserved remains or traces of living things.
    • A. 

      Skull

    • B. 

      Fossil

    • C. 

      Preserved Remains

  • 14. 
    A scientist who studies fossils to learn about organisms that lived long ago.
    • A. 

      Astronomer

    • B. 

      Geologist

    • C. 

      Paleontologist

  • 15. 
    A record of the geologic events and life forms in Earth’s history.
    • A. 

      Fossil

    • B. 

      Geological Time Scale

    • C. 

      Timeline

  • 16. 
    The age of a rock compared to the ages of rock layers.
    • A. 

      Absolute Age

    • B. 

      Relative Age

  • 17. 
    The age of a rock given as the number of years since the rock formed.
    • A. 

      Absolute Age

    • B. 

      Relative Age

  • 18. 
    One of the three long units of geologic time between the Precambrian and the present.
    • A. 

      Era

    • B. 

      Period

    • C. 

      Column

  • 19. 
    The process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over time.
    • A. 

      Extincion

    • B. 

      Evolution

  • 20. 
    Describes a type of organism that no longer exists anywhere on Earth.
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Extinction

    • C. 

      Die-off

  • 21. 
    Mixture that forms when one substance dissolves in another.
    • A. 

      Universal Solvent

    • B. 

      Mixture

    • C. 

      Solution

  • 22. 
    The continuous process by which water moves from the Earth’s surface to the atmosphere and back.
    • A. 

      Precipitation

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Water Cycle

  • 23. 
    Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers.
    • A. 

      Ground Water

    • B. 

      Well Water

    • C. 

      City Water

  • 24. 
     Water that falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail, or sleet.
    • A. 

      Precipitation

    • B. 

      Condensation

    • C. 

      Evaporation

  • 25. 
    The degree of purity of water, determined by measuring the substances in water besides water molecules.
    • A. 

      Water Pollution

    • B. 

      Water Quality

    • C. 

      Purified Water