Clinical Organ System Exam 4 (Final): Nervous System Quiz

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

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Clinical Organ System Exam 4 (Final): Nervous System Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which part of the eye translates light waves into nerve impulses?
    • A. 

      Retina

    • B. 

      Cornea

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      Lens

    • E. 

      Vitreous humour

  • 2. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain controls personality and speech?
    • A. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • B. 

      Frontal Lobe

    • C. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • D. 

      Parietal Lobe

  • 3. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain receives sensory inputs of temperature, pressure, touch, and muscle control, and is responsible for interpretation of language? 
    • A. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • B. 

      Frontal Lobe

    • C. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • D. 

      Parietal Lobe

  • 4. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is the center for hearing, smell, and language input?
    • A. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • B. 

      Frontal Lobe

    • C. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • D. 

      Parietal Lobe

  • 5. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is the primary area for interpretation of visual stimuli?
    • A. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • B. 

      Frontal Lobe

    • C. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • D. 

      Parietal Lobe

  • 6. 
    The peripheral nervous system is arranged into which of the following?
    • A. 

      12 cranial nerves only

    • B. 

      31 cranial nerves only

    • C. 

      12 spinal nerves only

    • D. 

      31 spinal nerves only

    • E. 

      31 cranial nerves and 12 spinal nerves

    • F. 

      12 cranial nerves and 31 spinal nerves

  • 7. 
    The central nervous system (CNS) includes the ___.
    • A. 

      Sensory organs only

    • B. 

      Brain only

    • C. 

      Spinal cord only

    • D. 

      Brain and spinal cord only

    • E. 

      Brain, spinal cord, and sensory organs

  • 8. 
    The thalamus and hypothalamus can be found in which region of the brain?
    • A. 

      Diencephalon

    • B. 

      Cerebrum

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Brain stem

  • 9. 
    Otitis media, tinnitus, and Meniere's disease are all disorders that affect the ___.
    • A. 

      Ear

    • B. 

      Eye

    • C. 

      Brain

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

    • E. 

      CNS

    • F. 

      PNS

  • 10. 
    The brain stem includes which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata

    • B. 

      Cerebrum and cerebellum

    • C. 

      Corpus callosum septum, and fornix

    • D. 

      Thalamus and hypothalamus

  • 11. 
    The primary function of the nervous system is to ___.
    • A. 

      Maintain balance and receive sounds

    • B. 

      Receive visual images by interpreting light

    • C. 

      Cushion the brain and spinal cord

    • D. 

      Receive and interpret stimuli in order to coordinate the body's response

  • 12. 
    The autonomic nervous system is ___.
    • A. 

      Responsible for controlling voluntary actions

    • B. 

      Responsible for controlling involuntary actions

    • C. 

      Part of the CNS

    • D. 

      Unnecessary

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is a disorder of the nervous system that is characterized by inflammation of the myelin sheath of neurons within the brain and spinal cord resulting in decreased nerve function?
    • A. 

      Epilepsy

    • B. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C. 

      Parkinson's disease

    • D. 

      Meniere's disease

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is a disorder of the nervous system that is characterized by a deficiency in a neurotransmitter called dopamine and a progressive degeneration of nerve cells that control movement?
    • A. 

      Epilepsy

    • B. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C. 

      Parkinson's disease

    • D. 

      Meniere's disease

  • 15. 
    A nerve impulse is a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Electrical signal, characterized by an action potential only

    • B. 

      Chemical signal, characterized by the release of neurotransmitters only

    • C. 

      Electrochemical signal, characterized by both an action potential and the release of neurotransmitters

    • D. 

      Reflexive signal, characterized by a resting potential

  • 16. 
    The peripheral nervous system does NOT include the ___.
    • A. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Somatic nervous system

    • C. 

      Sensory organs

    • D. 

      Peripheral nerves

    • E. 

      Brain and spinal cord

  • 17. 
    Sensory neurons carry impulses from ___.
    • A. 

      The sense organs to the spinal cord and brain

    • B. 

      The brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands

    • C. 

      The brain only

    • D. 

      The spinal cord only

    • E. 

      Sense organs, brain, and spinal cord

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is divided into the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems?
    • A. 

      Peripheral nervous system (PNS)

    • B. 

      Central nervous system (CNS)

    • C. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • D. 

      Somatic nervous system

    • E. 

      None of the answer choices are correct

  • 19. 
    The majority of the brain is referred to as the ___.
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Diencephalon

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Brain stem

  • 20. 
    In addition to hearing, the ear is responsible for ___.
    • A. 

      Maintaining balance

    • B. 

      Maintaining homeostasis

    • C. 

      Maintaining motor control

    • D. 

      Interpreting auditory signals

  • 21. 
    These are also referred to as effectors because they carry signals away from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands.
    • A. 

      Sensory receptors

    • B. 

      Motor neurons

    • C. 

      Sensory neurons

    • D. 

      Interneurons

    • E. 

      Glia

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is the correct pathway of a nerve impulse?
    • A. 

      Dendrite -> cell body -> axon -> axon terminal -> release of neurotransmitters -> synapse -> dendrite of receiving cell

    • B. 

      Axon -> axon terminal -> cell body -> dendrite -> release of neurotransmitters -> synapse -> axon of receiving cell

    • C. 

      Cell body -> dendrite -> axon -> axon terminal -> release of neurotransmitters -> synapse -> cell body of receiving cell

    • D. 

      Cell body -> axon terminal -> axon -> dendrite -> release of neurotransmitters -> synapse -> cell body of receiving cell

  • 23. 
    The junction between two neurons, a neuron and a muscle fiber, or a neuron and a gland is called a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Axon terminal

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Neurotransmitter

    • D. 

      Sensory receptor

    • E. 

      Synapse

  • 24. 
    The chemical that is released into the gap between neurons is called a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Axon terminal

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Neurotransmitter

    • D. 

      Sensory receptor

    • E. 

      Synapse

  • 25. 
    Which of the following cranial nerves does NOT contribute to movement of the eye?
    • A. 

      Trochlear

    • B. 

      Occulomotor

    • C. 

      Abducens

    • D. 

      Trigeminal

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