Biology 30 Nervous System Practice Test

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Biology 30 Nervous System Practice Test - Quiz

How much do you know about the nervous system? Think you can pass a quiz? We have brought this Biology 30 nervous system practice test for you. Material for the quiz is taken from the Biology 30 Unit. There are some questions in the quiz that helps you in better learning as well as testing your current knowledge at the same time. Give your best and try as hard as you can to get a high score. Good luck to you with this test!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The threshold level of a neuron to the minimum stimulus requires to

    • A.

      Open potassium gates

    • B.

      Release acetylcholinesterase

    • C.

      Open sodium gates

    • D.

      Both a & b

    Correct Answer
    C. Open sodium gates
    Explanation
    The threshold level is the point at which the membrane potential of a neuron becomes sufficiently depolarized to trigger the opening of voltage-gated sodium channels. This opening of sodium channels allows for the influx of sodium ions and leads to the initiation of an action potential.
    The options "Open potassium gates" and "Release acetylcholinesterase" are not directly related to the threshold level of a neuron. The opening of potassium channels and the release of acetylcholinesterase are involved in other processes within a neuron or

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  • 2. 

    Repolarization of a neuron involves the charge reversal in its membrane from -70mv to -40mv.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because repolarization of a neuron involves the restoration of its membrane potential back to its resting state, which is around -70mV. It does not involve a charge reversal to -40mV.

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  • 3. 

    Nerves are bundles of neurons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nerves are indeed bundles of neurons. Neurons are the basic building blocks of the nervous system, and they transmit signals in the form of electrical impulses. These neurons are bundled together to form nerves, which allow for the transmission of these signals throughout the body. Therefore, the statement that nerves are bundles of neurons is correct.

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  • 4. 

    Neurons are joined by spaces.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Neurons are not physically joined together, but they communicate with each other through small gaps called synapses. These synapses allow electrical and chemical signals to pass from one neuron to another, enabling the transmission of information throughout the nervous system. Therefore, it is correct to say that neurons are joined by spaces.

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  • 5. 

    Motor neurons handle skeletal muscle movement and internal organs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Motor neurons are a type of nerve cells that transmit signals from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and organs throughout the body. These neurons play a crucial role in controlling skeletal muscle movement, allowing us to perform voluntary actions such as walking or picking up objects. Additionally, motor neurons also innervate internal organs, regulating their activity and ensuring proper functioning. Therefore, the statement that motor neurons handle both skeletal muscle movement and internal organs is true.

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  • 6. 

    Action potentials are able to flow in one direction across a synapse.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Action potentials are able to flow in one direction across a synapse because of the presence of specialized structures called neurotransmitter receptors. These receptors are located on the postsynaptic membrane and are designed to bind specifically with neurotransmitters released from the presynaptic neuron. This binding triggers a series of events that allow the action potential to be propagated in a unidirectional manner, ensuring that signals are transmitted efficiently and accurately within the nervous system.

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  • 7. 

    The resting membrane potential of a neuron gets determined by the active diffusion of sodium as well as potassium ions across the outer membrane.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The resting membrane potential of a neuron is determined by the active diffusion of sodium and potassium ions across the outer membrane. This means that the movement of these ions across the membrane creates an electrical potential difference, resulting in a negative charge inside the neuron compared to the outside. This is essential for the proper functioning of the neuron, as it allows for the generation and transmission of electrical impulses. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 8. 

    The difference in positive charges across the neural membrane decides the negative voltage value of a neuron.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The difference in positive charges across the neural membrane refers to the separation of positive ions, such as sodium and potassium, on either side of the membrane. This separation creates an electrical potential difference, resulting in a negative voltage value inside the neuron. This is known as the resting membrane potential and is essential for the proper functioning of neurons in transmitting electrical signals. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 9. 

    Blocking the release of acetylcholinesterase would: 

    • A.

      Increase synaptic transmission.

    • B.

      Decrease synaptic transmission.

    • C.

      Cause receptor sites to be blocked.

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Increase synaptic transmission.
    Explanation
    Acetylcholinesterase is an enzyme responsible for breaking down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft (the small gap between nerve cells, or neurons) after it has transmitted its signal. When acetylcholinesterase is blocked, acetylcholine remains in the synaptic cleft for a longer period of time. This prolonged presence of acetylcholine leads to increased stimulation of the postsynaptic neuron, which results in an enhanced and prolonged synaptic transmission. In other words, blocking acetylcholinesterase would lead to more acetylcholine being available to bind to receptors on the postsynaptic neuron, increasing the strength and duration of the signal.

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  • 10. 

    Voluntary muscle control, muscle movements, basic intelligence, personality

    • A.

      Frontal Lobe

    • B.

      Temporal Lobe

    • C.

      Occipital Lobe

    • D.

      Parietal Lobe

    Correct Answer
    A. Frontal Lobe
    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is responsible for voluntary muscle control, muscle movements, basic intelligence, and personality. It is located at the front of the brain and plays a crucial role in decision-making, problem-solving, and social behavior. Damage to the frontal lobe can result in changes in personality, impaired judgment, and difficulties with motor skills.

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  • 11. 

    Hearing

    • A.

      Frontal Lobe

    • B.

      Temporal Lobe

    • C.

      Occipital Lobe

    • D.

      Parietal Lobe

    Correct Answer
    B. Temporal Lobe
    Explanation
    The temporal lobe is responsible for processing auditory information, including hearing. It is located on the sides of the brain, near the temples. This lobe plays a crucial role in the perception and interpretation of sound, as well as in language comprehension and memory formation. Damage to the temporal lobe can result in various hearing-related issues, such as difficulty understanding speech or recognizing sounds.

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  • 12. 

    Vision

    • A.

      Frontal Lobe

    • B.

      Temporal Lobe

    • C.

      Occipital Lobe

    • D.

      Parietal Lobe

    Correct Answer
    C. Occipital Lobe
    Explanation
    The occipital lobe is responsible for processing visual information and is primarily involved in vision. It contains the primary visual cortex, which receives and interprets visual stimuli from the eyes. This lobe helps in recognizing shapes, colors, and objects, as well as in perceiving depth and motion. It plays a crucial role in our ability to see and understand the world around us.

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  • 13. 

    Skin and sensory information about body position

    • A.

      Frontal Lobe

    • B.

      Temporal Lobe

    • C.

      Occipital Lobe

    • D.

      Parietal Lobe

    Correct Answer
    D. Parietal Lobe
    Explanation
    The parietal lobe is responsible for processing sensory information related to touch, temperature, pain, and body position. It receives input from the skin and other sensory receptors, allowing us to perceive and interpret these sensations. This lobe also plays a role in spatial awareness, perception of objects, and coordination of movements. Therefore, it is the most suitable option for processing skin and sensory information about body position.

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