Nutrition And Nutrients

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Nutrition And Nutrients - Quiz

IDENTIFY FUNCTIONS OF NUTRIENTS


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This  nutrient is considered a building block of the body 

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is considered a building block of the body because it is essential for the growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks that our body uses to build and repair muscles, organs, skin, hair, and nails. They also play a vital role in the production of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies, which are necessary for various body functions. Therefore, protein is crucial for the overall development and functioning of the body.

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  • 2. 

    This nutrient is considered the body’s primary fuel source 

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Carb
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are considered the body's primary fuel source because they are easily broken down into glucose, which is used by cells to produce energy. When we consume carbohydrates, they are converted into glucose and stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen. When the body needs energy, it breaks down glycogen back into glucose to fuel various bodily functions. Carbohydrates provide a quick and readily available source of energy, making them essential for the body's functioning.

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  • 3. 

    This nutrient is a stored form of energy 

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that serves as a stored form of energy in the body. When the body is in need of energy, it can break down and utilize the stored fat for fuel. Fat is a concentrated source of energy, providing more than twice the amount of energy per gram compared to carbohydrates and proteins. It is stored in adipose tissue and can be used as a long-term energy reserve.

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  • 4. 

    This nutrient is composed of amino acids

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that is composed of amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein molecules, and they are essential for various biological processes in the body. Proteins play a crucial role in muscle growth and repair, hormone production, immune function, and many other functions. Therefore, it is important to include protein-rich foods in our diet to ensure an adequate intake of amino acids and maintain overall health.

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  • 5. 

     This nutrient transports Vitamins A,D, E K.

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that transports vitamins A, D, E, and K. These vitamins are fat-soluble, meaning they need to be combined with fat in order to be absorbed and transported throughout the body. Fat acts as a carrier for these vitamins, allowing them to be properly utilized by the body. Carbohydrates and proteins do not play a role in the transportation of these vitamins.

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  • 6. 

     By fulfilling the major energy needs of the body, this nutrient spares protein

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Carb
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are the nutrient that fulfills the major energy needs of the body. When carbohydrates are consumed, they are broken down into glucose, which is used by the body as its primary source of energy. By providing this energy, carbohydrates spare protein from being used as an energy source. This is important because protein is needed for other essential functions in the body, such as building and repairing tissues, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting the immune system. Therefore, consuming an adequate amount of carbohydrates helps to preserve protein for these important roles.

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  • 7. 

     This nutrient protects vital organs against trauma

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that provides a protective layer around vital organs, acting as a cushion against trauma. Fat also plays a crucial role in insulating and regulating body temperature, as well as aiding in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Additionally, fat is an important source of energy and helps in the production of hormones. Therefore, consuming an adequate amount of healthy fats is essential for overall health and protection of vital organs.

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  • 8. 

    Water balance, nutrient transport, and muscle contractions require this nutrient

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is essential for maintaining water balance, transporting nutrients, and facilitating muscle contractions. Proteins are involved in maintaining osmotic balance within cells, regulating fluid levels in the body, and transporting important molecules such as vitamins and minerals. Additionally, proteins are necessary for muscle contractions as they make up the contractile proteins actin and myosin. Overall, protein plays a crucial role in various physiological processes that require water balance, nutrient transport, and muscle contractions.

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  • 9. 

    This nutrient helps you tolerate exposure to the cold

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is the correct answer because it provides insulation and acts as a protective layer for the body against the cold. When exposed to low temperatures, the body uses fat as a source of energy to generate heat and maintain body temperature. Fat also helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, which are essential for overall health and immune function, further aiding in cold tolerance. Additionally, fat provides a long-lasting and sustained source of energy, which is beneficial in cold weather conditions where the body needs to work harder to stay warm.

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  • 10. 

      This nutrient is a source of fiber

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Carb
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates, or carbs, are a source of fiber. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that cannot be fully digested by the body. It adds bulk to the diet, helps regulate bowel movements, and can contribute to feelings of fullness. Therefore, the correct answer is "Carb."

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  • 11. 

    This nutrient keeps skin, hair, nails healthy

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that plays a crucial role in maintaining the health of skin, hair, and nails. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are essential for the production of collagen, a protein that provides structure and elasticity to the skin. Additionally, proteins are necessary for the growth and repair of hair and nails. They also help in maintaining the overall health and strength of these tissues. Carbs and fats are important for energy production and other bodily functions, but they do not directly contribute to the health of the skin, hair, and nails.

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  • 12. 

    This nutrient provides twice the energy of the other two macronutrients

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is the correct answer because it provides twice the amount of energy compared to carbohydrates and proteins. While carbohydrates and proteins provide 4 calories per gram, fats provide 9 calories per gram. This makes fat a more concentrated source of energy, making it an essential macronutrient for the body.

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  • 13. 

    This  nutrient helps repair body tissues 

    • A.

      Carb

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is a nutrient that plays a crucial role in repairing and building body tissues. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of cells and tissues. When the body undergoes physical stress or injury, protein is needed to repair and rebuild damaged tissues. It also helps in the production of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies, which are essential for various bodily functions. Therefore, protein is essential for tissue repair and maintenance.

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  • 14. 

    What sentence is not correct about vitamin?

    • A.

      Can help to maintain eyesight to better.

    • B.

      Can protect from illness and flu.

    • C.

      Help to build the blood cell.

    • D.

      Help to make us are clever and smart.

    Correct Answer
    D. Help to make us are clever and smart.
    Explanation
    The sentence "Help to make us are clever and smart" is not correct. The correct form should be "Help to make us clever and smart."

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  • 15. 

    Which arrangement of  the food in pyramid is correct? 

    • A.

      Carbohydrates, Vitamin, Mineral, fat, Protein.

    • B.

      Carbohydrates, Protein, Mineral, fat, Vitamin.

    • C.

      Protein, fat, Mineral, Vitamin, Carbohydrates.

    • D.

      Carbohydrates, Protein, Vitamin, Mineral, fat.

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbohydrates, Protein, Vitamin, Mineral, fat.
  • 16. 

    1. A breakfast of bacon and eggs, fruit and milk are based on which food groups?

    • A.

      A. Protein and Dairy

    • B.

      B. Protein, dairy, and fruit

    • C.

      C. Protein, fruit, and vegtable

    • D.

      D. Protein, fat, and carbohydrate

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Protein, dairy, and fruit
    Explanation
    A breakfast of bacon and eggs provides protein, which is found in the protein food group. Milk is a dairy product, belonging to the dairy food group. Fruit is a separate food group, providing essential vitamins and minerals. Therefore, a breakfast of bacon and eggs, fruit, and milk is based on the protein, dairy, and fruit food groups.

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  • 17. 

    2. Cholesterol:

    • A.

      A. has no function in the body

    • B.

      B. is made in the body

    • C.

      C. is not important in any disease

    • D.

      D. should not be included in the body

    Correct Answer
    B. B. is made in the body
    Explanation
    Cholesterol is a type of fat that is produced in the body and is essential for various functions. It is a key component of cell membranes, plays a role in hormone production, and helps in the digestion of fats. While it is true that cholesterol can also be obtained from dietary sources, the majority of cholesterol is actually synthesized by the liver. Therefore, option b, "is made in the body," is the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    3. In order for the body to function efficiently and effectively,

    • A.

      A. the body must have water only.

    • B.

      B. the body must have water, carbohydrates, and protein.

    • C.

      C. the body must have water, carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

    • D.

      D. the body must have vitamins and minerals.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. the body must have water, carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
    Explanation
    The body requires a variety of nutrients in order to function efficiently and effectively. Water is essential for hydration and maintaining bodily functions. Carbohydrates provide energy, while proteins are necessary for growth and repair of tissues. Fats are needed for insulation and protection of organs. Vitamins and minerals play crucial roles in various bodily processes, such as metabolism and immune function. Therefore, option c, which includes all of these essential nutrients, is the correct answer.

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  • 19. 

    3. It is important for an individual to drink adequate fluids:

    • A.

      A. because all bodily functions require water

    • B.

      B.because digestion requires water

    • C.

      C. in order to cool the body

    • D.

      D. because of environmental factors

    Correct Answer
    A. A. because all bodily functions require water
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. because all bodily functions require water. Water is essential for the proper functioning of all bodily systems and processes. It is involved in digestion, absorption, and transportation of nutrients, regulation of body temperature, lubrication of joints, and removal of waste products. Without adequate fluid intake, these functions can be compromised, leading to dehydration and various health issues.

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  • 20. 

    4. The Food Guide Pyramid was established to:

    • A.

      A. define the different kinds of foods

    • B.

      B. help people know the kind of vitamins to eat

    • C.

      C. to promote proper nutrition

    • D.

      D. direct choices for different cultures

    Correct Answer
    C. C. to promote proper nutrition
    Explanation
    The Food Guide Pyramid was established to promote proper nutrition. It provides a visual representation of the different food groups and their recommended proportions in a healthy diet. By following the Food Guide Pyramid, individuals can ensure they are consuming a balanced diet that includes all the necessary nutrients for optimal health.

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  • 21. 

    8. A special diet for a client that has Diabetes will usually consist of:

    • A.

      A. low to no added sugar

    • B.

      B. only protein and fats

    • C.

      C. foods from the four food groups and low to no added sugar

    • D.

      D. meat and potatoes

    Correct Answer
    C. C. foods from the four food groups and low to no added sugar
    Explanation
    A special diet for a client with Diabetes will usually consist of foods from the four food groups and low to no added sugar. This is because a balanced diet that includes foods from all food groups is important for overall health and well-being. However, since diabetes affects the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels, it is important to limit the intake of added sugars, as they can cause spikes in blood sugar levels. Therefore, a diet consisting of foods from the four food groups and low to no added sugar is the most appropriate choice for a client with Diabetes.

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  • 22. 

    9. Nutrition is influenced by:

    • A.

      A. culture only

    • B.

      B. culture, health, and age

    • C.

      C. culture, religion, and socioeconomics

    • D.

      D. how much money you have to spend for food

    Correct Answer
    C. C. culture, religion, and socioeconomics
    Explanation
    Nutrition is influenced by various factors including culture, religion, and socioeconomics. Culture plays a significant role in determining the types of foods consumed and the way they are prepared. Religion can also influence dietary choices and restrictions, such as in the case of certain religious practices or beliefs that dictate certain foods to be avoided or consumed. Socioeconomic status can impact access to nutritious foods, as individuals with lower incomes may have limited resources to purchase healthy options. Therefore, the correct answer is c. culture, religion, and socioeconomics.

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  • 23. 

    Which type of fat is the least harmful to your body?

    • A.

      Unsaturated Fat

    • B.

      Trans Fat

    • C.

      Saturated Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Unsaturated Fat
    Explanation
    Unsaturated fats are the least harmful to the body compared to trans fats and saturated fats. Unsaturated fats, such as those found in avocados, nuts, and olive oil, can help lower bad cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. On the other hand, trans fats and saturated fats, which are commonly found in processed foods and animal products, can raise bad cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease and other health problems. Therefore, consuming unsaturated fats in moderation is recommended for maintaining a healthy body.

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  • 24. 

    The food group that contains nuts, pecans, cashews and eggs.

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Grains

    • C.

      Proteins

    • D.

      Oils

    Correct Answer
    C. Proteins
    Explanation
    The food group that contains nuts, pecans, cashews, and eggs is proteins. Nuts and eggs are both excellent sources of protein, making them an important part of this food group. Cashews, pecans, and other nuts are also high in healthy fats, which further contribute to their classification as proteins.

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  • 25. 

    Why do our bodies need proteins?

    • A.

      To help with our eyesight.

    • B.

      To help repair muscle and tissue.

    • C.

      To build stronger bones.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. To help repair muscle and tissue.
    Explanation
    Proteins are essential for repairing and building muscle and tissue in our bodies. They play a crucial role in the growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and tissues. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of our body. When we engage in physical activities or experience injuries, our muscles and tissues can get damaged. Protein intake helps in repairing these damaged tissues and promoting muscle growth. Therefore, the correct answer is to help repair muscle and tissue.

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  • 26. 

    A calorie is a ....................for the energy value of food
    1. substance
    2. nutrient
    3. unit of measurement

    Correct Answer
    unit of measurement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "unit of measurement." A calorie is a unit of measurement used to quantify the energy value of food. It represents the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius. By measuring the calories in food, we can understand the energy content and make informed decisions about our diet and overall health.

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  • 27. 

    The food pyramid shows the way nutrients should be absorbed

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The food pyramid does not show the way nutrients should be absorbed. Instead, it is a visual representation of the different food groups and their recommended proportions for a healthy diet. It helps individuals understand the types of foods they should consume in order to maintain a balanced diet, but it does not provide information on how nutrients are absorbed by the body.

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  • 28. 

    According to nutritionists fats are harmful

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. According to nutritionists, not all fats are harmful. There are different types of fats, such as saturated fats and trans fats, which are considered unhealthy and should be limited in the diet. However, there are also healthy fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are beneficial for the body and should be included in a balanced diet. It is important to differentiate between the different types of fats and make informed choices about their consumption.

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  • 29. 

    Starches are amino acids

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Starches are not amino acids. Starches are complex carbohydrates made up of long chains of glucose molecules, while amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. They are two different types of molecules with distinct structures and functions in the body.

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  • 30. 

    Saturated fats are harmful

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Saturated fats are harmful because they can increase the levels of bad cholesterol in the body, leading to an increased risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular problems. Consuming too much saturated fat can also contribute to weight gain and obesity. It is recommended to limit the intake of saturated fats and replace them with healthier fats, such as unsaturated fats found in foods like avocados, nuts, and olive oil.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 05, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Giudibla64
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