Nurs 260 - Pmh - Chapter 2: Relevant Theories And Therapies For Nursing Practice

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 155

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: A clinical approach (5th Edition) by Elizabeth M. Varcarolis (ISBN: 1-4160-0088-7). Chapter 2: Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Who is considered the "father of psychoanalysis"?
    • A. 

      Erik Erikson

    • B. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      B.F. Skinner

  • 2. 
    Freud's cathartic method is
    • A. 

      Hypnosis

    • B. 

      Talk therapy

    • C. 

      Free association

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 3. 
    How many levels of awareness were presented by Freud?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      5

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the pleasure principle that works to discharge tension?
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Superego

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    The reflex action
    • A. 

      Discharges tension

    • B. 

      Regards the id

    • C. 

      E.g. gagging, laughing

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Freud's definition of the Ego
    • A. 

      Is irrational

    • B. 

      Utilizes primary processses

    • C. 

      Involves wish fulfillment

    • D. 

      Negotiates a solution

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    The superego
    • A. 

      Involves the conscious and ego ideal

    • B. 

      Is internalized by parents

    • C. 

      Is the moral component

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    The secondary processes presented by Freud:
    • A. 

      Plans and tests a course of action

    • B. 

      Is known as reality testing

    • C. 

      Is part of the Id

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 9. 
    Brian Grififn always begins an arguement when someone criticises him, this is a
    • A. 

      Defense mechanism

    • B. 

      Secrutiry operation

    • C. 

      Both

  • 10. 
    Who developed the concept of "self-actualized personality"?
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • C. 

      Erik Erikson

    • D. 

      Ivan Pavlov

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    According to Maslow:
    • A. 

      Human are active participants in life

    • B. 

      Human are passive participants in life

  • 12. 
    Food and water are
    • A. 

      B-motives

    • B. 

      Being needs

    • C. 

      D-motives

    • D. 

      A-motives

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    True or False:Pavlov's work was primarily focused on humanistic needs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    John B. Watson believed that ______ was a strong factor in shaping behaviour.
    • A. 

      Ego

    • B. 

      Environment

    • C. 

      Psychosis

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Which theorist belived in conditioning via reinforcers?
    • A. 

      John B. Watson

    • B. 

      Ivan Pavlov

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • D. 

      Hildegard Peplau

    • E. 

      B.F. Skinner

  • 16. 
    Which decade is considered the "Decaded of the Brain"?
    • A. 

      1960s

    • B. 

      1970s

    • C. 

      1980s

    • D. 

      1990s

    • E. 

      2000s

  • 17. 
    Positive transference is:
    • A. 

      When the client experiences feelings toward the nurse or therapist that were originally held toward significant others in his/her life

    • B. 

      Health care worker's unconscious and personal response to the client

    • C. 

      Something that underscores the importance of maintaining self-awareness and seeking supervision regarding the progress of therapeutic relationships

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 18. 
    Define countertransference
    • A. 

      Oriented more to the here and now, and less of an attempt is made to reconstruct the developmental origins and conflicts

    • B. 

      When a client experiences feelings toward the nurse or therapist that were originally held toward significant others in his or her life

    • C. 

      The health care worker's unconscious and personal response to the client

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    What is the difference between psychodynamic psychotherapy and classical psychoanalysis
    • A. 

      Classical psychoanalysis is more often used today than psychodynamic psychotherapy

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic psychotherapy involves pairing a behaviour with a condition that reinforces or diminishes the behaviour's occurrence

    • C. 

      Classical psyschoanalysis is strictly to treat hysteria and schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic psychotherapy is oriented more the the here and now than classical psychotherapy

    • E. 

      Psychodynamic psychotherapy focuses on an individual's conscious awareness

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is false about short-term dynamic psychotherapy?
    • A. 

      Short-term dynamic psychotherapy involves: assessment, expectations, and goals

    • B. 

      The client is permitted to express his/her own complete train of thought without interruption from the therapist

    • C. 

      The best candidates are relatively healthy and well-functioning individuals

    • D. 

      Duration of therapy is usually 10 sessions or fewer

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not a focus of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)?
    • A. 

      Reassurance

    • B. 

      Improvement of interpersonal communication

    • C. 

      Clarification of feeling states

    • D. 

      Modeling

    • E. 

      Identifying problems such as grief, role dispute,s role transition, and/or interpersonal deficit

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Involves theorists such as Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis

    • B. 

      Verbal or pictorial events in one's stream of consciousness are baed on schemata

    • C. 

      Cognitions are attitudes or assumptions

    • D. 

      B and C

    • E. 

      All of the above are true

  • 23. 
    Behavioural therapy does not include which of the following:
    • A. 

      Modeling

    • B. 

      Cognitive therapy

    • C. 

      Operant conditioning

    • D. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • E. 

      Biofeedback

  • 24. 
    Operant conditioning does not involve which of the following:
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcements

    • B. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • C. 

      Token economy

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 25. 
    Which is not true of avoidance training:
    • A. 

      The patient avoids punishment by resisting/performing an action within a certain time limit

    • B. 

      Is a type of aversion therapy

    • C. 

      Is preferred if other therapies fail

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      None of the above