Nurs 212a- pHarm (pH) - Chapter 29: Introduction To The Autonomic Nervous System

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 65

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Autonomic Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

Focus on Nursing Pharmacology Fourth Edition by Amy M. Karch, RN, MS. Published by Lippincott Williams& WilkinsISBN-13: 978-0-7817-9047-5ISBN-10: 0-7817-9047-6


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not one of the main nerve centers for the ANS?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Medulla

    • D. 

      Spinal Cord

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The autonomic nervous system is immediately divided into the
    • A. 

      Sensory system and Somatic system

    • B. 

      Alpha receptors and Beta receptors

    • C. 

      Muscarinic receptors and Nicotinic receptors

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic system and Sympathetic system

    • E. 

      Peripheral system and Somatic system

  • 3. 
    What is the action of aldosterone release?
    • A. 

      Stimulation of parasympathetic NS

    • B. 

      Stimulates the "rest and digest"

    • C. 

      Increases blood pressure

    • D. 

      Decreases blood pressure

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is fully true of the autonomic nervous system?
    • A. 

      Occurs without any conscious awareness of its activity

    • B. 

      Is also known as the visceral or voluntary nervous systems

    • C. 

      Integrates part of the CNS and PNS to react to changes in the internal and external environments

    • D. 

      Regulates and integrates the body's external functions

    • E. 

      All of the above are fully or partially false

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is true of the sympathetic nervous system?
    • A. 

      Releases epinephrine or norepinephrine from the preganglionic fiber to the ganglion

    • B. 

      Utilizes acetylcholinersterase as the nerutransmitter terminator

    • C. 

      Galgia location is within or near the effector organ

    • D. 

      It has a short preganglionic axon

    • E. 

      All of the above are true

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is false of the PNS?
    • A. 

      It has a long preganglionic axon

    • B. 

      Utilizes MAO and COMT as neurotransmitter terminators

    • C. 

      Utilizes acetylcholine as its postganglionic neutrostransmitter

    • D. 

      Ganglia location are within or near effector organs

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is located in blood vessels and causes vasoconstriction?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both alpha receptors

    • E. 

      Both beta receptors

  • 8. 
    Adrenergenic receptors respond to which neurotransmitter?
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is located in the urinary bladder and causes the increased closure of the internal sphincter?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is located in cardiac tissue anc casues increased heart rate?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is responsible for increasig the breakdown of fat?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 12. 
    Which of the following are found in blood vessels an causes a decrease in blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 13. 
    Which of the following causes vasodilation when stimulated?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 14. 
    Which of the following causes increased respiratory efficiency?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is located in the bronchi and causes bronchi dilation?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 16. 
    Which of the following causes muscle and liver breakdown of glycogen?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptor

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptor

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptor

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 17. 
    Which fo the following is located in the pancreas and causes an increased release from glucagon?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptor

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptor

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptor

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is located in the uterus and results in relaxed uterine smooth muscle?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is false of MAO?
    • A. 

      Causes the reuptake of most of the free norepinephrine molecules

    • B. 

      Relates to adrenergenic neurotransmitter termination

    • C. 

      Is an idirect action

    • D. 

      Avoids continuing stimulation of the synaptic cleft

    • E. 

      Is the terminating mechanism of the parasympathetic nervous system

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is false of COMT?
    • A. 

      Is the terminating mechanism of the sympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      Is an enzyme

    • C. 

      Metabolizes/biotransforms remaining norepinperhine into an inactive form

    • D. 

      Is located in the area (synaptic cleft) and in the kidneys

    • E. 

      Is a mechanisms of adrenergenic receptors

  • 21. 
    Which of the following causes bronchoconstriction?Choose the BEST answer
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 22. 
    Which of thye following would cause pupillary constriction?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 receptors

    • B. 

      Beta 1 receptors

    • C. 

      Beta 2 receptors

    • D. 

      Both beta receptors

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

  • 23. 
    Which division of the autonomic nervous system utilizes muscarinic receptors?
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      Sympathetic nervous system

    • C. 

      Both

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholinesterase is an enzyme tha treacts with ACh to form an inactive compound.

    • B. 

      If dopamine is given IV it increases norepineprhine in the synaptic cleft of the sympathetic nervous system receptors

    • C. 

      Dopamine vasodilates in high doses and vasosconstricts in low doses

    • D. 

      Dopamine's mechanisms is dose dependent

    • E. 

      Acetylcholinsterase is part of the parasympathetic nervous system