Chapter 5: Defining, Measuring, & Managing Stress

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1192

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Stress Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The peripheral nervous system is divided into two parts:
    • A. 

      The afferent & efferent branches

    • B. 

      The spinal cord & brain

    • C. 

      The spinal cord and parasympathetic nervous system

    • D. 

      The somatic and autonomic nervous systems

  • 2. 
    Activation of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system produces ___ in heart rate, and activation of the parasympathetic division produces ___.
    • A. 

      Increases...additional increases in heart rate

    • B. 

      Increases...decreases in heart rate

    • C. 

      Decreases...increases in blood pressure

    • D. 

      Decreases...additional decresases in heart rate

  • 3. 
    The two principal neurotransmitters of the autonomic nervous system are
    • A. 

      Serotonin and dopamine

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine and norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Epinephrine and dopamine

    • D. 

      The same as the principle neurotransmitters of the central nervous system

  • 4. 
    The endocrine system consists of
    • A. 

      A system of ductless glands within the brain & spinal cord

    • B. 

      A system of ducted glands in the digestive system

    • C. 

      A system of both ducted and ductless glands oriented towards reproduction

    • D. 

      A system of ductless glands distributed throughout the body

  • 5. 
    Which chemical substances of the endocrine system serve functions similar to the neurotransmitters of the nervous system?
    • A. 

      Lymph nodes

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      Efferents

  • 6. 
    The adrenal glands are an important part of the ___ system.
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular

    • B. 

      Nervous

    • C. 

      Endocrine

    • D. 

      Digestive

  • 7. 
    During periods of extreme stress, the ___ helps mobilize the body's resources for the "fight or flight" response.
    • A. 

      Somatic nervous system

    • B. 

      Sympathetic nervous system

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • D. 

      Digestive system

  • 8. 
    The person(s) who proposed the view of stress as a nonspecific response was
    • A. 

      Selye

    • B. 

      Lazarus

    • C. 

      Meichenbaum

    • D. 

      Dohrenwend

  • 9. 
    Which of these is NOT a stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome?
    • A. 

      Resistance stage

    • B. 

      Illness stage

    • C. 

      Exhaustion stage

    • D. 

      Alarm stage

  • 10. 
    One criticism of Selye's theory of stress is that it emphasizes the ___ factors but largely ignores the influence of ___ factors.
    • A. 

      External...internal

    • B. 

      Physical...psychological

    • C. 

      Psychological...physical

    • D. 

      Retrograde...proactive

  • 11. 
    Lazaru's view of stress emphasizes
    • A. 

      Emotional factors

    • B. 

      Cognitive mediation

    • C. 

      The General Adaptation Syndrome

    • D. 

      The physiological bases of stress

  • 12. 
    Lazarus and Folkman viewed life events as
    • A. 

      Benign-positive

    • B. 

      Threatening

    • C. 

      Challenging

    • D. 

      Any of these

  • 13. 
    According to Lazarus, a person who loses her job but seees the prospect of finding a new job as a challenge would be
    • A. 

      More vulnerable to stress than someone who saw the event as a threat

    • B. 

      More likely to reappraise the situation than someone who saw the event as a threat

    • C. 

      Less vulnerable to stress than someone who saw the event as a threat

    • D. 

      Unrealistic and less capable of coping with the sitution than someone who saw the situation more realistically.

  • 14. 
    Several methods have been used to measure stress, but the approach taken by most health psychologists is
    • A. 

      Self-report scales

    • B. 

      Performance tests

    • C. 

      Physiological tests

    • D. 

      Estimates by close associaties

  • 15. 
    The Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) assumes that
    • A. 

      Daily events are more crucial than major life events

    • B. 

      Change in life adjustment is the key factor in measuring stress

    • C. 

      Only desirable events are valid predictors of stress

    • D. 

      Positive life events tend to reduce stress

  • 16. 
    The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)
    • A. 

      Consists of 105 items that people have experienced during the past week

    • B. 

      Measures changes in coping responses, as well as daily hassles and major life events

    • C. 

      Measures events in people's lives that they perceive as unpredictable and uncontrollable

    • D. 

      Measures events in people's lives that they see as being controllabe

  • 17. 
    The revised Hassles and Uplifts Scale  
    • A. 

      Asks people to rate everyday events either positively or negatively

    • B. 

      Is longer and more complex than the original Hassles Scale

    • C. 

      Is less able to predict headaches than the SRRS

    • D. 

      Shows that the number of hassles is more important than the severity of hassles

  • 18. 
    Stressful events that are so powerful that they affect large numbers of people fit into the category of
    • A. 

      Life events

    • B. 

      Cataclysmic events

    • C. 

      Daily hassles

    • D. 

      Unintentional events

  • 19. 
    Eric Graig used the term ___ to refer to the many sources of environmental stressors that affect city living.
    • A. 

      Congestion

    • B. 

      Urban press

    • C. 

      Urban stress

    • D. 

      Meta-stress

  • 20. 
    The "environment of poverty"
    • A. 

      Is more common for members of ethnic minorities than for Whites

    • B. 

      Combines crowding, pollution, and fear of crime

    • C. 

      Affects fewer people now than 15 years ogo

    • D. 

      Both a & b

  • 21. 
    The experience of discrimination
    • A. 

      Has been linked to health problems, including cardiovascular disease

    • B. 

      Creates stress but has little ability to harm physical health

    • C. 

      Creates stress, which harms physical health but has little ability to produce psychological distress

    • D. 

      Occurs mostly in the workplace rather than in the community

  • 22. 
    The benefits of marriage ___ in terms of health; ___.
    • A. 

      Are not equal...women benefit more than men

    • B. 

      Are not equal...men benefit more than women

    • C. 

      Are almost equal...college-educated women have an advantage, but other women do no

    • D. 

      Are equal...men and women benefit equally

  • 23. 
    Erin is worried about her grade in a psychology class. To receive her best grade, Erin has decided to make and follow a study schedule. Folkman and Lazarus would call this appraoch
    • A. 

      Danger control

    • B. 

      Emotion-focused coping

    • C. 

      Problem-focused coping

    • D. 

      Reappraisal

  • 24. 
    Stress inoculation
    • A. 

      Attempts to train people to control nervous system functioning

    • B. 

      Views stress as part of the external environment

    • C. 

      Uses a combination of cognitive and behavioral techniques to cope with stress

    • D. 

      Teaches a variety of relaxation techniques

  • 25. 
    Emotional expression such as crying, throwing objects, and yelling has
    • A. 

      Reduced the rate of asthma

    • B. 

      Lowered blood pressure

    • C. 

      Produced fewer visits to the doctor's office

    • D. 

      None of these

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