Store Management Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,768
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 706

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Are you running a company or a store or just a management student? Take this Store management quiz and see how much you know about handling a company. The quiz is designed in such a way that it will test your management knowledge and contains many situation-based questions that will help you make the best decision. The quiz contains easy, medium to hard-level questions. So if you are willing to be a good manager, then take this quiz and assess your level. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A business that has inventory items that are ordinarily interchangeable is required to use the specific identification method of assigning costs to inventory.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A business that has inventory items that are ordinarily interchangeable is not required to use the specific identification method of assigning costs to inventory. The specific identification method is used when inventory items are unique or have specific attributes that make them distinguishable from each other. In cases where inventory items are interchangeable, businesses can use other cost flow assumptions such as FIFO (first-in, first-out) or LIFO (last-in, first-out) methods to assign costs to inventory. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 2. 

    The cost of an inventory item includes its invoice price plus any added or incidental costs necessary to put it in a place and condition for sale

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. When calculating the cost of an inventory item, it is important to consider not only the invoice price but also any additional costs that are necessary to prepare the item for sale. These additional costs can include transportation fees, storage costs, packaging expenses, and any other incidental costs incurred in order to make the item ready for sale. Therefore, the cost of an inventory item is not limited to just its invoice price, but also includes these added or incidental costs.

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  • 3. 

    Cost of goods sold represents the cost of buying and preparing merchandise for sale.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The cost of goods sold does not include the cost of preparing merchandise for sale. It only represents the cost of buying the merchandise. The cost of preparing the merchandise, such as packaging or assembling, is considered a part of operating expenses. Therefore, the statement that the cost of goods sold represents the cost of buying and preparing merchandise for sale is false.

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  • 4. 

    Z-Mart had net sales of $545,000. Its cost of goods was $345,000. Its gross margin was $200,000.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. The gross margin is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold from the net sales. In this case, $545,000 - $345,000 equals $200,000, which matches the given gross margin. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 5. 

    When the ______________ cost flow assumption is used with a periodic system, cost of goods sold is assigned costs from the earliest purchases for the period.

    • A.

      FIFO

    • B.

      VIVO

    • C.

      IMHO

    • D.

      FOMO

    Correct Answer
    A. FIFO
    Explanation
    In a periodic system, the FIFO (First-In, First-Out) cost flow assumption means that the cost of goods sold is assigned costs from the earliest purchases for the period. This means that the inventory that was purchased first is assumed to be sold first. This assumption is commonly used in accounting to calculate the cost of goods sold and determine the value of ending inventory. It is based on the idea that the items that were purchased first should be sold first, which is often a reasonable assumption in many industries.

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  • 6. 

    Cost of goods sold is reported on both the income statement and the balance sheet.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the cost of goods sold is only reported on the income statement. It represents the direct costs incurred in producing the goods or services that a company sells. It is subtracted from the revenue to calculate the gross profit. The balance sheet, on the other hand, reports the assets, liabilities, and equity of a company at a specific point in time, and does not include the cost of goods sold.

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  • 7. 

    An advantage of the _____________________ method of inventory valuation is that it tends to smooth out price changes

    • A.

      Moving weighted average

    • B.

      Weighted multiples

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    A. Moving weighted average
    Explanation
    The moving weighted average method of inventory valuation is advantageous because it takes into account the prices of goods over a specific period of time, rather than just the current price. This helps to smooth out any sudden price changes and provides a more accurate representation of the overall value of the inventory. By using a weighted average, the method gives higher importance to the most recent prices, which reflects the current market conditions while still considering historical data. This can be beneficial in industries where prices fluctuate frequently, as it provides a more stable and reliable inventory valuation.

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  • 8. 

    The terms 2/10, n/30 means that the seller offers the purchaser a 2% cash discount if the amount is paid in full within 10 days. Otherwise, the full amount is due in 30 days.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true because the terms 2/10, n/30 indicate that the seller is offering a 2% cash discount to the purchaser if the payment is made within 10 days. This means that if the purchaser pays the full amount within the specified time frame, they will receive a discount. However, if the payment is not made within 10 days, the full amount becomes due and must be paid within 30 days.

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  • 9. 

    A debit to Sales Returns and Allowances and a credit to Accounts Receivable mean that a customer returned merchandise.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A debit to Sales Returns and Allowances and a credit to Accounts Receivable indicate that a customer returned merchandise. This is because Sales Returns and Allowances is a contra revenue account that is used to record the reduction in sales due to returned merchandise, while Accounts Receivable is a liability account that represents the amount owed by customers for goods or services purchased on credit. Therefore, when a customer returns merchandise, the sales revenue is reduced (debit to Sales Returns and Allowances) and the amount owed by the customer is also reduced (credit to Accounts Receivable).

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  • 10. 

    The adjustment to reflect shrinkage is a debit to Income Summary and a credit to Shrinkage  Expense.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. The adjustment to reflect shrinkage is a debit to Shrinkage Expense and a credit to Inventory. This is because shrinkage represents a loss of inventory, so it is recorded as an expense and decreases the value of the inventory account.

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  • 11. 

    Toys "R" Us had cost of goods sold of $6,000 million, ending inventory of $2,500 million, and average inventory of $2,000 million.  The merchandise turnover is:

    • A.

      2.40

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      .33

    • D.

      .42

    • E.

      12

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    The merchandise turnover is calculated by dividing the cost of goods sold by the average inventory. In this case, the cost of goods sold is $6,000 million and the average inventory is $2,000 million. Dividing $6,000 million by $2,000 million gives us a merchandise turnover of 3. This means that Toys "R" Us sells its entire inventory three times in a given period.

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  • 12. 

    A merchandising company:

    • A.

      All of these answers are correct

    • B.

      Earns net income from buying and selling merchandise

    • C.

      Buys products from manufacturers and sells to retailers

    • D.

      Buys products from manufacturers and sells them to consumers

    • E.

      Reports cost of goods sold on the income statement

    Correct Answer
    A. All of these answers are correct
    Explanation
    A merchandising company earns net income from buying and selling merchandise, buys products from manufacturers and sells to retailers, buys products from manufacturers and sells them to consumers, and reports cost of goods sold on the income statement. Therefore, all of these answers are correct.

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  • 13. 

    The merchandise turnover ratio:

    • A.

      Is used to analyze profitability

    • B.

      Is used to measure solvency

    • C.

      Measures how quickly a firm sells its merchandise inventory

    • D.

      Validates the acid-test ratio

    • E.

      Depends on the type of inventory valuation method

    Correct Answer
    C. Measures how quickly a firm sells its merchandise inventory
    Explanation
    The merchandise turnover ratio measures how quickly a firm sells its merchandise inventory. It is a financial metric that helps analyze the efficiency of inventory management and sales. A higher merchandise turnover ratio indicates that the company is selling its inventory quickly, which is generally favorable as it minimizes holding costs and maximizes cash flow. On the other hand, a lower ratio suggests slower inventory turnover, which could indicate potential issues such as overstocking or slow sales. Therefore, this ratio is an important tool for assessing the effectiveness of a firm's inventory management and sales strategy.

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  • 14. 

    A perpetual inventory system:

    • A.

      Gives a continuous record of the amount of inventory on hand

    • B.

      Uses a Purchases account for the cost of new merchandise purchased

    • C.

      Was historically used by companies that sold large quantities of low-balance items

    • D.

      Is not widely used in practice

    • E.

      All of these answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    A. Gives a continuous record of the amount of inventory on hand
    Explanation
    A perpetual inventory system gives a continuous record of the amount of inventory on hand. This means that the system constantly updates the inventory records to reflect the current stock levels. It allows businesses to have real-time information about their inventory, which helps in managing and controlling stock levels more efficiently. This system is widely used by companies as it provides accurate and up-to-date information, enabling better decision-making regarding inventory management and purchasing.

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  • 15. 

    106.  Trekking Company had the following purchases during the year: January 1: 10 units at $120 February 1: 20 units at $130 May 1: 15 units at $140 September 1: 12 units at $150 November 1: 10 units at $160 On December 31, there were 26 units in ending inventory.  These 26 units consisted of 2 from January, 4 from February, 6 from May, 4 from September, and 10 from November.  Using the specific identification method, what is the cost of the ending inventory?

    • A.

      $3,500

    • B.

      $3,800

    • C.

      $3,960

    • D.

      $3,280

    • E.

      $3,640

    Correct Answer
    B. $3,800
    Explanation
    The specific identification method assigns the actual cost of each specific unit to the ending inventory. According to the information given, there were 2 units purchased in January at $120 each, 4 units purchased in February at $130 each, 6 units purchased in May at $140 each, 4 units purchased in September at $150 each, and 10 units purchased in November at $160 each. Therefore, the cost of the ending inventory can be calculated as follows: (2 * $120) + (4 * $130) + (6 * $140) + (4 * $150) + (10 * $160) = $3,800.

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  • 16. 

    On December 5, Z-Mart purchased $1,800 worth of merchandise. On December 7, Z-Mart returned $200 worth of merchandise. On December 8, the company paid the balance in full, taking a 2% discount. The amount of the payment was:

    • A.

      $ 200

    • B.

      $1,564

    • C.

      $1,568

    • D.

      $1,600

    • E.

      $1,800

    Correct Answer
    C. $1,568
    Explanation
    Z-Mart purchased $1,800 worth of merchandise on December 5. They returned $200 worth of merchandise on December 7, which reduces the total amount owed to $1,600. On December 8, the company paid the balance in full, taking a 2% discount. To calculate the discounted amount, we multiply $1,600 by 2% (0.02), which gives us $32. This discount is subtracted from the total amount owed, resulting in a payment of $1,600 - $32 = $1,568. Therefore, the correct answer is $1,568.

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  • 17. 

    An inventory error carried forward into the next period causes misstatements in:  

    • A.

      Cost of goods sold

    • B.

      Gross profit

    • C.

      Net income

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct

    • E.

      Gross profit and net income

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these answers are correct
    Explanation
    An inventory error carried forward into the next period can cause misstatements in various financial statements. It can affect the cost of goods sold by either overstating or understating it, leading to inaccurate calculations of gross profit. This, in turn, can impact net income, as gross profit is a component of net income. Therefore, all of the given answers are correct as an inventory error can have implications on cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income.

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  • 18. 

    During a period of steadily falling prices, which inventory cost flow assumption results in reporting the lowest net income?

    • A.

      Specific identification

    • B.

      Average cost

    • C.

      Weighted-average

    • D.

      Retail Cost

    Correct Answer
    D. Retail Cost
    Explanation
    During a period of steadily falling prices, the inventory cost flow assumption that results in reporting the lowest net income is the "Retail Cost" method. This is because the retail cost method values inventory at its current selling price, which is generally higher than the cost price during a period of falling prices. As a result, the cost of goods sold is higher, leading to lower net income.

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  • 19. 

    The full disclosure principle

    • A.

      Requires that when a change in inventory cost flow assumption is made, the notes to the statements report the type of change

    • B.

      Requires that when a change in inventory cost flow assumption is made, the notes to the statements report the justification for the change

    • C.

      Requires that any change in net income due to changes in the inventory cost assumption be disclosed

    • D.

      Does not require a company to use one cost flow assumption exclusively

    • E.

      All of these answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these answers are correct
    Explanation
    The full disclosure principle requires that when a change in inventory cost flow assumption is made, the notes to the statements report the type of change, the justification for the change, and any change in net income due to changes in the inventory cost assumption. Additionally, the full disclosure principle does not require a company to use one cost flow assumption exclusively. Therefore, all of the given answers are correct.

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  • 20. 

    82.  Trekking Company markets a climbing kit and uses a perpetual inventory system to account for its merchandise.  The beginning balance of the inventory and transactions during January were as follows: January 1: Balance:  18 units at $13 January 12: Purchased 30 units at $14 January 19: Sold 24 units at $17 January 20: Purchased 24 units at $17 January 27: Sold 27 units If the ending inventory is valued at $357, what inventory cost flow assumption was used?  

    • A.

      Weighted-average

    • B.

      Specific identification

    • C.

      Retail

    • D.

      Average costing

    • E.

      FIFO

    Correct Answer
    E. FIFO
    Explanation
    The ending inventory value of $357 suggests that the company used the FIFO (First-In, First-Out) inventory cost flow assumption. This assumption assumes that the first units purchased or produced are the first ones sold, and the ending inventory consists of the most recent purchases. In this case, the 27 units sold on January 27 were likely from the 24 units purchased on January 20 and 3 units from the beginning balance, resulting in an ending inventory value of $357.

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  • 21. 

    Errors in inventory valuation only affect the current period's records and financial statements

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Errors in inventory valuation can have a significant impact on both current and future periods. If there are errors in valuing inventory, it can lead to incorrect calculations of cost of goods sold, gross profit, and net income for the current period. Additionally, if these errors are not corrected, they can carry forward to future periods, resulting in continued inaccuracies in financial statements. Therefore, errors in inventory valuation can have a lasting effect on records and financial statements beyond just the current period.

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  • 22. 

    The advantage of FIFO is that it assigns the most recent costs to cost of goods sold, and better matches current costs with revenues on the income statement.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the advantage of FIFO (First-In-First-Out) is that it assigns the oldest costs to cost of goods sold, not the most recent costs. This means that the inventory that remains on the balance sheet is valued at the most recent costs, which may better match current market prices.

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