Life is suffering, and suffering is caused by desire.
Life is mystical and ephemeral.
The meaning of life can be understood by worshiping a plethora of gods and deities.
Humanity is sinful by nature.
The worship of God is the highest calling of man.
Social service and humanism.
Marriage and parenthood.
Fealty, loyalty, and knighthood.
Extravagance and epicurianism.
Celibacy, nonviolence, and poverty.
Everlasting life in heaven.
Union with the ancestors.
Union with the gods.
It adapted its notions of eternal time to be closer to those of Buddhism and therefore attract more followers.
It focused on fewer gods and became a more organized religion.
It was based on the Vedas, but these were finally written down in an orthodox form with prescribed formats.
It combined Aryan and Dravidian elements.
Unlike Buddhism, Hinduism argues that the atman evolves into an enlightened spirit that retains the self.
The Deccan plain.
Shiva's temple in Bengal
The Khyber pass
The top of the Himalayas.
The Ganges River.
The death of Alexander the Great.
The assassination of Maurya.
The introduction of Buddhism.
An outbreak of the bubonic plague.
The Indo-European invasion.
Of his visions and revelations.
Of his lifetime dedication to nonviolence, morality, and moderation.
Of Buddhist support for his government policies.
He was overwhelmed by the brutality of his early conquests.
Of his abdication in favor of Siddhartha Gautama.
It used actors as administrative officials
It hired foreign armies to enforce policies
It shared the wealth of the empire with all equally
The splendor and ceremonies of court advertised the benefits of empire
They sacrificed their enemies in an open theater
Silk, spices, and porcelain
Cotton cloth, ivory, and metalwork
Slaves, sugar, and lapis lazuli
Cattle, blue dye, and sandalwood
Religious implements, incense, and paraffin
When Emperor Gupta was charged with corruption.
When the Mandate of Heaven signaled the end of the dynasty.
After invasions by the Huns of Central Asia.
When popular sovereignty became the will of the people.
Due to overspending on temple construction.