Both were organized into city-states.
Both were ruled by a military dictatorship.
In both, writing systems were used.
Both had monotheistic belief systems.
Mummification was important in both.
Belief in one god
A hierarchal organization
An emphasis on missionary activities
De-emphasis on rituals
The effects of a decline in trade were more severe in Rome than in Han
Only Rome suffered from major issues with government corruption
While the Han had difficulty collecting taxes, the roman Empire maintained an efficient tax collection system
The spread of Buddhism had a large impact of the decline of Han, while Christianity had little impact on the decline of Rome
Nomadic invasions impacted the Han more than the Roman Empire
Judaism and Buddhism
Daoism and Confucianism
Hinduism and Islam
Buddhism and Hinduism
Christianity and Judaism
Use of iron tools
Cultivation of bananas
Spread of agriculture
Citizens are obligated to participate in the institution of government.
The emperor is to the state as the father is to family.
The leader with the strongest army will wield the power.
The emperor should be questioned by his people.
The leader is chosen by the wisest in the community.
Native animist beliefs disappeared.
The economy slowed.
A decentralized government developed.
Civil war broke out.
Help decide who would rule the nation
Found universities for teaching the young.
Create a large bureaucracy.
Rewrite the civil service exam every year.
Promote harmony through the administration of the state.
Daoism and Buddhism
Shinto and Buddhism
Animism and Hinduism
Christianity and Confucianism
Judaism and Daoism
Oasis towns of the Silk Road.
Political capitals in East Africa.
Economic centers on the Mediterranean Sea.
Religious pilgrimage sites in South Asia.
Port cities along the Indian Ocean.
Only Rome lost political control of the empire.
Continual waves of nomadic invasions made recovery difficult.
The increase in Rome's population made feeding the population difficult.
The Han dynasty in China was able to recover power
The eastern Mediterranean developed feudalism, which restored order.
Mohammed was the messenger of God
All are equal under the eyes of God
Muslims should pray five times a day
A clear line of succession was established after Mohammed's death
The hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca
First use of the compass
Invention of gunpowder
Printing press with movable type
Areas that share a common Muslim culture as a basis for society
Lands that are enemies of the Muslim religion
Religious leaders influential in the community
Conquered areas that refuse to convert to Islam
Trade routes that link the Islamic world to the non-Muslim world