Atma February 2013: Analytical Reasoning Solved Question Paper

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Atma February 2013: Analytical Reasoning Solved Question Paper - Quiz

Find here Solved ATMA February 2013 Question Paper on Analytical Reasoning Skills. It has 30 questions in it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Every year during monsoon condition of most of the roads in the city deteriorates causing immense problem to the commuters. Courses of Action: (1) The civic body should include a heavy Penalty clause while awarding future contracts for road repairs. (2) The civic officials in charge of maintenance of city roads should be asked to explain why the condition of the roads worsens every year. (3) General public should avoid taking their vehicles out during monsoon.

    • A.

      Only (1) follows

    • B.

      Only (2) follows

    • C.

      Only (1) and (2) follow

    • D.

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

    Correct Answer
    C. Only (1) and (2) follow
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the condition of the roads deteriorates every year during the monsoon season, causing problems for commuters. Based on this information, it can be logically concluded that courses of action (1) and (2) follow.
    Course of action (1) suggests that the civic body should include a heavy penalty clause while awarding future contracts for road repairs. This would ensure that the contractors are held accountable for the quality of their work and would incentivize them to perform better.
    Course of action (2) proposes that the civic officials in charge of road maintenance should be asked to explain why the condition of the roads worsens every year. This would help identify any underlying issues or shortcomings in the maintenance process, allowing for improvements to be made.

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  • 2. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Many shops in the local market have extended their shops and occupied most part of the footpath in front of their shops. Courses of Action: (1) The civic authority should immediately activate a task force to clear all the footpath encroached by the shop owners. (2) The civic authority should charge hefty penalty to the shop owners for occupying footpath. (3) The civic authority should set up a monitoring system so that such encroachments do not recur in future.

    • A.

      None follows

    • B.

      Only (1) and (2) follow

    • C.

      Only (2) and (3) follow

    • D.

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

    Correct Answer
    D. All (1), (2) and (3) follow
    Explanation
    The statement indicates that many shops in the local market have extended their shops and occupied most part of the footpath. Based on this information, it can be inferred that all three courses of action would logically follow. Course of action 1 suggests activating a task force to clear the footpath encroachments, which would address the immediate problem. Course of action 2 proposes charging a hefty penalty to discourage shop owners from occupying the footpath in the future. Course of action 3 suggests setting up a monitoring system to prevent such encroachments from happening again. Together, these actions would help address the current issue and prevent its recurrence.

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  • 3. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: During the past few days more and more number of indoor patients of the local Govt. hospital are diagnosed to be suffering from malaria. Courses of Action: (1) All such patients who are suffering from malaria should immediately be discharged from the hospital. (2) The hospital authority should immediately put a ban on admitting new patients into the hospital. (3) All such patients who are suffering from malaria should be kept in an isolated ward.

    • A.

      Only (1) follows

    • B.

      Only (2) follows

    • C.

      Only (3) follows

    • D.

      None follows

    Correct Answer
    C. Only (3) follows
    Explanation
    The statement mentions that more and more indoor patients of the local Govt. hospital are diagnosed with malaria. Therefore, it is logical to assume that the hospital needs to take action to prevent the spread of malaria within the hospital premises. Course of Action 3 suggests keeping all patients with malaria in an isolated ward, which would help prevent the transmission of the disease to other patients. This is a logical step to take in order to control the spread of malaria within the hospital. Course of Action 1, discharging all patients with malaria immediately, may not be practical or necessary in all cases. Course of Action 2, putting a ban on admitting new patients, is not directly related to preventing the spread of malaria within the hospital. Therefore, only Course of Action 3 follows logically.

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  • 4. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: There has been a continuous increase in the number of dropout of students of Govt.-run primary schools in the state. Courses of Action: (1) Govt. should immediately set up a committee to review the situation and suggest measures to reverse the trend. (2) Govt. should conduct orientation programs for parents of the students emphasising on the need for educating their children. (3) Govt. should close down such state-run primary schools where dropout rates are more than fifty percent.

    • A.

      Only (1) follows

    • B.

      Only (2) follows

    • C.

      Only (3) follows

    • D.

      Only (1) and (2) follow

    Correct Answer
    D. Only (1) and (2) follow
    Explanation
    The statement highlights the issue of increasing dropout rates in government-run primary schools. Course of action (1) suggests setting up a committee to review the situation and suggest measures to reverse the trend. This is a logical step as it will help in understanding the reasons behind the high dropout rates and finding effective solutions. Course of action (2) proposes conducting orientation programs for parents to emphasize the importance of education for their children. This is also a valid course of action as parental involvement and awareness can contribute to reducing dropout rates. However, course of action (3) of closing down schools with high dropout rates may not be the most appropriate solution as it does not address the underlying causes of the issue.

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  • 5. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Many public sector undertakings have been making losses for the past few years and the situation is equally bad in the current year. Courses of Action: (1) These loss making public sector companies should immediately be closed down. (2) The Govt. should scout for potential buyers in the private sector to sell these companies to get back part of the investments made by the Govt. (3) All the employees of these companies should be retrenched with adequate compensation and the fixed assets may be put up for sale.

    • A.

      Only (2) follows

    • B.

      Only (3) follows

    • C.

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

    • D.

      Other than those given as options

    Correct Answer
    A. Only (2) follows
    Explanation
    The statement mentions that many public sector undertakings have been making losses for the past few years and the situation is equally bad in the current year. Based on this information, it is logical to assume that the government should take action to address the issue. Course of Action (1) suggesting the immediate closure of the loss-making public sector companies may not be the best solution as it would lead to job losses and potential negative impacts on the economy. However, Course of Action (2) suggesting that the government should scout for potential buyers in the private sector to sell these companies and recover part of the investments made by the government seems like a viable option. Therefore, Only (2) follows.

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  • 6. 

    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should at least one member from each household in India be provided with a Govt. job? Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to eradicate poverty in India. II. Yes, this will significantly improve the economic condition of the less privileged class. III. No, the incomes of many households are otherwise quite high and these households should be kept out of such scheme.

    • A.

      Only I is strong

    • B.

      Only II is strong

    • C.

      Only III is strong

    • D.

      Only II and III are strong

    Correct Answer
    B. Only II is strong
    Explanation
    Argument II is a strong argument because providing government jobs to at least one member from each household in India can indeed significantly improve the economic condition of the less privileged class. This can lead to increased income and better opportunities for those who are currently struggling financially. Argument I is not a strong argument because eradicating poverty cannot solely depend on providing government jobs to one member from each household. There are various other factors that contribute to poverty and need to be addressed. Argument III is not a strong argument because even if the incomes of many households are high, there may still be individuals within those households who are in need of government jobs to improve their economic condition.

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  • 7. 

    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should there be a complete ban on constructing housing projects on farm lands? Arguments: I. No, the demands for housing is ever increasing and hence construction of such projects on farm lands should be allowed on selective basis. II. Yes, farm lands are to be protected against any such encroachments as demand for food is increasing every year. III. Yes, the poor farmers are exploited by the big builders.

    • A.

      Only I and II are strong

    • B.

      Only either I or II is strong

    • C.

      Only III is strong

    • D.

      Only I and III are strong

    Correct Answer
    D. Only I and III are strong
    Explanation
    Argument I is a strong argument because it acknowledges the increasing demand for housing and suggests allowing construction on farm lands on a selective basis to meet this demand. This argument directly addresses the question and considers the importance of meeting the housing needs.

    Argument II is a weak argument because it focuses on the protection of farm lands against encroachments due to the increasing demand for food. While this is a valid concern, it is not directly related to the question of whether there should be a complete ban on constructing housing projects on farm lands.

    Argument III is a strong argument because it highlights the potential exploitation of poor farmers by big builders. This argument addresses the social and economic implications of constructing housing projects on farm lands and is directly related to the question.

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  • 8. 

    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should there be a uniform eligibility criteria for admission to all the engineering colleges in the country? Arguments: I. No, each college should be given freedom to decide the eligibility criteria for admissions. II. Yes, this will largely ensure comparability among engineers passing out of different colleges. III. Yes, many colleges admit large number of students who are not capable of completing their engineering degree.

    • A.

      All are strong

    • B.

      Only I and II are strong

    • C.

      Only II and III are strong

    • D.

      Other than those given as options

    Correct Answer
    C. Only II and III are strong
    Explanation
    The argument "Yes, this will largely ensure comparability among engineers passing out of different colleges" is a strong argument because having a uniform eligibility criteria for admission to all engineering colleges would ensure that all students have a similar level of knowledge and skills upon graduation, making it easier to compare and evaluate their qualifications.

    The argument "Yes, many colleges admit a large number of students who are not capable of completing their engineering degree" is also a strong argument because having a uniform eligibility criteria would help filter out students who may not have the necessary abilities or qualifications to successfully complete an engineering degree, ensuring that only capable students are admitted.

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  • 9. 

    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should the rate of income tax be much higher for those who earn more than one crore each year? Arguments: I. No, every tax paying citizen should be treated on par irrespective of their annual Income. II. No, a small percentage of tax paying individuals earns more than one crore and hence it will not have any significant impact on Govt. earnings. III. Yes, imposing higher rate is justified for high earners as they can afford to pay more tax to the Govt. after taking care of their own requirements.

    • A.

      Only III is strong

    • B.

      Only II is strong

    • C.

      All I, II and III are strong

    • D.

      Other than those given as options

    Correct Answer
    B. Only II is strong
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Only II is strong." This argument states that a small percentage of tax-paying individuals earns more than one crore, so imposing a higher tax rate on them will not have a significant impact on government earnings. This argument is strong because it considers the practicality and effectiveness of implementing a higher tax rate for high earners. It acknowledges that targeting a small group may not yield substantial financial benefits for the government.

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  • 10. 

    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should the retirement age of teachers of all Govt. schools be increased to 65 years? Arguments: I. Yes, there is an acute shortage of quality teachers. II. No, young educated youth will be deprived of their job opportunity. III. Yes, Govt. can defer payment towards retirement of these teachers.

    • A.

      Only I is strong

    • B.

      Only II is strong

    • C.

      Only I and II are strong

    • D.

      None is strong

    Correct Answer
    B. Only II is strong
    Explanation
    Argument II is a strong argument because increasing the retirement age of teachers may limit job opportunities for young educated individuals who are looking to enter the teaching profession. This argument directly relates to the question and highlights a potential negative consequence of increasing the retirement age. Argument I is not strong because it does not directly address the question of whether the retirement age should be increased, but rather focuses on the shortage of quality teachers. Argument III is not strong because it suggests a financial benefit for the government, but does not provide a strong reason for increasing the retirement age.

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  • 11. 

    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Investors need to critically evaluate the risk of each investment option.

    • A.

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B.

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C.

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D.

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

    Correct Answer
    B. If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given
    Explanation
    The passage states that investors need to define their objectives and identify possible options. It also mentions the need to regularly monitor objectives and investment outcomes. Therefore, it can be inferred that investors need to critically evaluate the risk of each investment option in order to align their objectives and outcomes. While it is not explicitly stated that this evaluation is necessary, it can be implied based on the information provided.

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  • 12. 

    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Present day investors need to use their judgement more critically before investing.

    • A.

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B.

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C.

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D.

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

    Correct Answer
    A. If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given
    Explanation
    The passage states that investors today have more investment options than before and that choice in decision making can be beneficial but also lead to clutter. It further emphasizes the importance of defining objectives, selecting options, and regularly monitoring outcomes. Given this information, it can be inferred that present day investors need to use their judgment more critically before investing. This inference aligns with the passage's emphasis on the complexity of investment decision making and the need for careful consideration of options.

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  • 13. 

    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Investment of higher amount is relatively simpler than smaller amounts.

    • A.

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B.

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C.

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D.

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

    Correct Answer
    D. If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts
  • 14. 

    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Multiple investment options of similar type helps in making better investment decisions.

    • A.

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B.

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C.

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D.

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

    Correct Answer
    C. If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given
    Explanation
    Multiple investment options of similar type may not necessarily help in making better investment decisions. The passage mentions that having too many similar and undifferentiated options can lead to clutter and "noise". Therefore, it is possible that having multiple investment options of similar type could actually create confusion and make it more difficult for investors to make informed decisions. Hence, the inference is 'probably false' as it contradicts the idea presented in the passage.

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  • 15. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: Many shops in the locality increased the prices of food-grains due to short supply from the wholesale market. Assumptions: I. People may still buy food-grains from these shops with higher prices. II. People may not buy food-grains for few days and wait for the prices to drop.

    • A.

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B.

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C.

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D.

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

    Correct Answer
    A. If only Assumption I is implicit
    Explanation
    Assumption I is implicit because it suggests that people are willing to pay higher prices for food-grains, despite the increase. This assumption is based on the fact that the shops in the locality increased the prices due to short supply, indicating that there is still demand for food-grains. Assumption II, on the other hand, is not implicit because it assumes that people will choose not to buy food-grains and wait for the prices to drop, which is not stated or implied in the given statement.

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  • 16. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: Municipal authority requested people to move out of their houses only if extremely necessary as heavy rains are predicted during the next twenty- four hours. Assumptions: I. People may prefer to stay indoor during the next twenty-four hours. II. People may venture out in large number on the streets to enjoy heavy showers.

    • A.

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B.

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C.

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D.

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

    Correct Answer
    C. If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that heavy rains are predicted and the municipal authority has requested people to move out of their houses only if extremely necessary. Assumption I, that people may prefer to stay indoors during the next twenty-four hours, is not implicit because the statement does not mention anything about people's preferences. Assumption II, that people may venture out in large numbers on the streets to enjoy heavy showers, is also not implicit because the statement does not suggest anything about people's intentions to enjoy the rain. Therefore, neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit in the statement.

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  • 17. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: The civic authority has advised that people should boil drinking water before consumption during monsoon season to avoid suffering from water borne diseases.  Assumptions: I. People may still consume drinking water without boiling. II. People generally ignore such advices issued by the civic authority.

    • A.

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B.

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C.

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D.

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

    Correct Answer
    D. If both the assumptions I and II are implicit
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the civic authority has advised people to boil drinking water during the monsoon season to avoid waterborne diseases. Assumption I is implicit because it assumes that some people may still consume drinking water without boiling it, despite the advisory. Assumption II is implicit because it assumes that people generally ignore such advice given by the civic authority. Therefore, both assumptions I and II are implicit in the statement.

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  • 18. 

    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: The Govt. has recently withdrawn recognition from few secondary schools in the city citing that these schools do not adhere to the Govt. rules and guidelines. Assumptions: I. The parents of the students of these school may approach the Govt. for re-recognising these schools. II. The parents of the students of these schools may force the school authorities to adhere to the Govt. rules and guidelines.

    • A.

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B.

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C.

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D.

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

    Correct Answer
    B. If only Assumption II is implicit
    Explanation
    Assumption II is implicit because it suggests that the parents have the power to influence the school authorities to adhere to the government rules and guidelines. This assumption implies that the parents have a strong influence and can potentially force the school authorities to comply with the government's requirements. However, Assumption I is not implicit as there is no indication in the statement that the parents would approach the government for re-recognizing these schools.

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  • 19. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which of the following represents the students studying in standard VIII?

    • A.

      X, Y

    • B.

      Z, T

    • C.

      X, Z

    • D.

      U, Y

    Correct Answer
    C. X, Z
    Explanation
    The information given in the question states that the student who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. Since X likes Table Tennis and does not study in standard VI, it can be concluded that X studies in standard VIII. Additionally, it is mentioned that U and Y study in the same standard, and U does not like Cards. Therefore, U cannot study in standard VIII because the student who likes Chess is in that standard. This means that U and Y must study in standard VII. Since V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as W and T, and W does not like Basketball, it can be concluded that V, W, and T study in standard VI. This leaves Z as the only remaining student, and since X and Z are the only two students left, it can be concluded that Z studies in standard VIII. Therefore, the students studying in standard VIII are X and Z.

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  • 20. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Who likes to play Scrabble?

    • A.

      W

    • B.

      U

    • C.

      T

    • D.

      Z

    Correct Answer
    A. W
    Explanation
    W likes to play Scrabble. This can be determined from the given information that W likes Carom and studies in the same standard as T. Since T does not like Scrabble, it can be concluded that W is the one who likes to play Scrabble.

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  • 21. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which of the following combinations of student-standard- sport is correct?

    • A.

      W - VIII – Scrabble

    • B.

      U - VI – Badminton

    • C.

      T - VI – Cards

    • D.

      Z - VIII – Chess

    Correct Answer
    D. Z - VIII – Chess
    Explanation
    Z - VIII - Chess is the correct combination because according to the given information, the person who likes Chess studies in standard VIII.

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  • 22. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which sport does Y like?

    • A.

      Scrabble

    • B.

      Cards

    • C.

      Badminton

    • D.

      Chess

    Correct Answer
    B. Cards
    Explanation
    Y likes Cards because according to the given information, X likes Table Tennis and does not study in standard VI. The person who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y. V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as W and T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Therefore, Y must like Cards.

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  • 23. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which sport does U like?

    • A.

      Table Tennis

    • B.

      Badminton

    • C.

      Basketball

    • D.

      Carom

    Correct Answer
    B. Badminton
    Explanation
    U likes Badminton. From the given information, we can deduce that X likes Table Tennis and does not study in standard VI. The person who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as W and T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Therefore, U must like Badminton.

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  • 24. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Which of the following is true regarding B?

    • A.

      B sits to the immediate left of C

    • B.

      B faces Q

    • C.

      B sits fourth from the extreme left end of the line

    • D.

      D and F are immediate neighbours of B

    Correct Answer
    D. D and F are immediate neighbours of B
    Explanation
    B sits fourth from the extreme left end of the line. Since B does not sit at the extreme ends of the line and D sits third to the right of C, it can be inferred that B sits fourth from the extreme left end of the line.

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  • 25. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    • A.

      B – T

    • B.

      A – Q

    • C.

      C – S

    • D.

      D – R

    Correct Answer
    D. D – R
    Explanation
    In the given seating arrangement, members of the first row face members of the second row. However, in the case of D and R, they do not face each other. Therefore, D - R is the one that does not belong to the group formed by the other options.

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  • 26. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following faces D?

    • A.

      T

    • B.

      P

    • C.

      Q

    • D.

      R

    Correct Answer
    A. T
    Explanation
    T faces D. In the given seating arrangement, it is mentioned that R faces C and D sits third to the right of C. Since R faces C, and T is not an immediate neighbor of V, it can be inferred that T faces D.

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  • 27. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      S

    • C.

      V

    • D.

      T

    Correct Answer
    B. S
    Explanation
    In the given seating arrangement, V sits third to the right of S. This means that there are two people sitting between V and S. However, there is no such information given about the positions of D, V, and T. Therefore, S does not belong to the group of D, V, and T, as there is no specific relationship mentioned between them.

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  • 28. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. How many persons are seated between R and T?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    R faces C and D sits third to the right of C. This means that R and D are sitting next to each other in row-2. The one facing E sits third to the right of P, and B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. Since R and D are sitting next to each other and T is not an immediate neighbour of V, the only possible arrangement is R, D, T. Therefore, there are two persons seated between R and T.

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  • 29. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following faces?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      E

    • D.

      A

    Correct Answer
    C. E
    Explanation
    E faces R.

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  • 30. 

    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following represent the people sitting at extreme ends of the rows?

    • A.

      R, F

    • B.

      T, A

    • C.

      D, R

    • D.

      C, Q

    Correct Answer
    B. T, A
    Explanation
    T and A represent the people sitting at extreme ends of the rows. This can be deduced from the given information that T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Since there are only two people left to be placed at the extreme ends, it can be concluded that T and A must be sitting there.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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