Clinical Chapter 4 Quiz 6

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Quizzes Created: 42 | Total Attempts: 13,507
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Medical Science Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This refers to compounds that contain carbon or anything that is derived from vegetable or animal forms of life.

    • A.

      Organelle

    • B.

      Inorganic

    • C.

      Organ

    • D.

      Organic

    Correct Answer
    D. Organic
    Explanation
    Organic refers to compounds that contain carbon or anything that is derived from vegetable or animal forms of life. In contrast, inorganic refers to compounds that do not contain carbon and are not derived from living organisms. Organelle refers to a specialized structure within a cell that performs a specific function, while an organ refers to a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function in an organism.

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  • 2. 

    This means "to lose or be deprived of water from the body; to become dry."

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Dehydrate

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Perfusion

    Correct Answer
    B. Dehydrate
    Explanation
    Dehydration refers to the process of losing or being deprived of water from the body, resulting in becoming dry.

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  • 3. 

    This means "the process of pouring through."

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Dehydrate

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Perfusion

    Correct Answer
    D. Perfusion
    Explanation
    Perfusion refers to the process of pouring through. It typically refers to the passage of fluid through the circulatory system to supply oxygen and nutrients to the body's tissues. In this context, perfusion can be seen as the process of pouring blood through the blood vessels, ensuring that all cells receive the necessary substances for their function.

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  • 4. 

    This process consists of straining particles from a solution.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Dehydrate

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Perfusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Filtration
    Explanation
    Filtration is the correct answer because it involves the separation of particles from a solution by passing it through a filter. This process is commonly used in various industries and laboratories to remove solid particles or impurities from liquids or gases. By using a filter, larger particles are trapped while the filtered liquid or gas passes through, resulting in a purified solution.

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  • 5. 

    This is when the molecules of a substance move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Dehydrate

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    A. Diffusion
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the process in which molecules of a substance move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration. It occurs due to the random motion of molecules and does not require any external energy input. This movement of molecules helps to equalize the concentration of the substance throughout the medium.

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  • 6. 

    The state of equilibrium maintained in the body’s internal environment is referred to as ___.

    • A.

      Perfusion

    • B.

      Biology

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the state of balance or stability maintained in the body's internal environment. It involves various physiological processes that work together to regulate body temperature, pH levels, blood pressure, and other vital parameters within a narrow range. This ensures that the body functions optimally and is able to respond to changes in the external environment. Homeostasis is crucial for the overall health and well-being of an organism.

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  • 7. 

    Which term means to resemble a man?

    • A.

      Steroid

    • B.

      Android

    • C.

      Gynecoid

    • D.

      Organic

    Correct Answer
    B. Android
    Explanation
    The term "android" means to resemble a man. It is derived from the Greek words "andr-" meaning man and "-oid" meaning resembling or having the form of. An android refers to a robot or machine that resembles a human in appearance and behavior.

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  • 8. 

    This refers to the essential matter of a living cell.

    • A.

      Protoplasm

    • B.

      Phenotype

    • C.

      Chromosome

    • D.

      Cilia

    Correct Answer
    A. Protoplasm
    Explanation
    Protoplasm refers to the essential matter of a living cell. It is the living substance that encompasses the cytoplasm and nucleus of a cell. Protoplasm contains various organelles and is responsible for carrying out the cell's functions. It is essential for the cell's survival and plays a crucial role in maintaining its structure and carrying out metabolic processes. The other options, phenotype, chromosome, and cilia, do not specifically refer to the essential matter of a living cell, making them incorrect answers.

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  • 9. 

    This refers to the formation of a cell’s nucleus.

    • A.

      Protoplasm

    • B.

      Genome

    • C.

      Chromosome

    • D.

      Karyogenesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Karyogenesis
    Explanation
    Karyogenesis refers to the formation of a cell's nucleus. It is the process by which a cell's nucleus is formed during cell division. This involves the replication and condensation of the cell's chromosomes, which contain the genetic material in the form of DNA. Karyogenesis is a crucial step in the cell cycle and is essential for the proper functioning and development of an organism.

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  • 10. 

    The primary difference beteween endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph is ___.

    • A.

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned

    • B.

      The layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed

    • C.

      The amount of stimulated body growth

    • D.

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed

    • E.

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the amount of stimulated body growth

    • F.

      The layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed AND the amount of stimulated body growth

    • G.

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed AND the amount of stimulated body growth

    Correct Answer
    D. The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed
    Explanation
    The primary difference between endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph is their shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned. Additionally, the difference also lies in the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed.

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  • 11. 

    The term that refers to stimulation of body growth is ___.

    • A.

      Mesomorph

    • B.

      Somatotrophic

    • C.

      Endomorph

    • D.

      Ectomorph

    Correct Answer
    B. Somatotrophic
    Explanation
    The term "somatotrophic" refers to the stimulation of body growth. This term is derived from "soma," which means body, and "trophic," which means nourishment or stimulation. Therefore, somatotrophic is the correct answer as it specifically relates to the stimulation of body growth.

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  • 12. 

    What is the correct order of organization of all living things from simplest to most complex?

    • A.

      Atom -> cell -> organ -> organelle-> organ system-> organism-> molecule-> tissue

    • B.

      Atom -> molecule -> organelle -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism

    • C.

      Atom -> molecule -> cell -> tissue -> organelle -> organ -> organism -> organ system

    • D.

      Organelle -> atom -> molecule -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism

    Correct Answer
    B. Atom -> molecule -> organelle -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism
    Explanation
    The correct order of organization of all living things from simplest to most complex is as follows: Atom -> molecule -> organelle -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism. This order starts with the basic building block of matter, the atom, and progresses to more complex structures such as molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and finally, the complete organism.

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  • 13. 

    Which sequence is in order from the simplest level of organization to the most complex?

    • A.

      Muscle -> erythrocyte -> lipid -> mitochondrion -> carbon

    • B.

      Carbon -> lipid -> erythrocyte -> mitochondrion -> muscle

    • C.

      Muscle -> mitochondrion -> lipid -> erythrocyte -> carbon

    • D.

      Carbon -> lipid -> mitochondrion -> erythrocyte -> muscle

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbon -> lipid -> mitochondrion -> erythrocyte -> muscle
  • 14. 

    Tissue that is specialized to cover the inner and outer surfaces of the internal organs is called

    • A.

      Epithelial tissue.

    • B.

      Connective tissue.

    • C.

      Muscle tissue.

    • D.

      Nervous tissue.

    Correct Answer
    A. Epithelial tissue.
    Explanation
    Epithelial tissue is specialized to cover the inner and outer surfaces of the internal organs. It forms a protective barrier that helps to prevent damage and infection. Epithelial tissue is made up of tightly packed cells that are arranged in layers and can be found in various forms such as squamous, cuboidal, and columnar. It also has the ability to secrete and absorb substances, making it essential for the proper functioning of organs and maintaining homeostasis within the body. Connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue have different functions and are not specialized for covering surfaces like epithelial tissue.

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  • 15. 

    Blood, bone, and cartilage are examples of

    • A.

      Three different tissue types.

    • B.

      Connective tissue.

    • C.

      Epithelial tissue.

    • D.

      Organs of the body.

    Correct Answer
    B. Connective tissue.
    Explanation
    Blood, bone, and cartilage are examples of connective tissue because connective tissue is a type of biological tissue that provides support, structure, and protection to the body. It connects and binds different organs and tissues together. Blood is a fluid connective tissue, bone is a specialized connective tissue that provides structural support, and cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in various parts of the body. Therefore, all three examples mentioned are types of connective tissue.

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  • 16. 

    Connective tissues include

    • A.

      Tendons that connect muscle to bone.

    • B.

      The layer beneath your skin that connects the skin to muscle.

    • C.

      Fat.

    • D.

      All of the answer choices are correct

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendons that connect muscle to bone.
    Explanation
    Connective tissues include tendons that connect muscle to bone. Tendons are strong, fibrous tissues that attach muscles to bones, allowing for movement and stability. They are responsible for transmitting the force generated by muscles to the bones, enabling us to perform various physical activities. Other connective tissues mentioned, such as the layer beneath the skin that connects it to muscle and fat, are not specifically responsible for connecting muscle to bone. Therefore, the correct answer is tendons that connect muscle to bone.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is a function of BOTH the excretory system and the digestive system?

    • A.

      Regulating metabolism

    • B.

      Eliminating wastes

    • C.

      Regulating other organ systems

    • D.

      Maintaining homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Eliminating wastes
    Explanation
    The excretory system and the digestive system both play a role in eliminating wastes from the body. The excretory system removes metabolic waste products, such as urea, from the blood and eliminates them through urine. The digestive system breaks down food and absorbs nutrients, while also eliminating indigestible waste material through feces. Therefore, eliminating wastes is a function that is performed by both systems.

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  • 18. 

    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following?

    • A.

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B.

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C.

      Detoxification of poisonous molecules within the cell

    • D.

      Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles

    Correct Answer
    D. Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles". Lysosomes are responsible for breaking down and digesting macromolecules and old organelles within the cell. They contain enzymes that can break down various types of molecules, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. This process helps to recycle and reuse cellular components, as well as eliminate waste materials. Therefore, if an organelle found in a liver cell is primarily involved in the digestion of macromolecules and old organelles, it would be best identified as a lysosome.

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  • 19. 

    A muscle cell would typically contain more mitochondria than a liver cell. Why?

    • A.

      The mitochondria provides energy for muscle contraction.

    • B.

      The mitochondria generates harmful byproducts that would be toxic to the liver.

    • C.

      The mitochondria breaks down large molecules and invading bacteria inside the liver.

    • D.

      The mitochondria provides structure and stability needed for muscle contraction.

    Correct Answer
    A. The mitochondria provides energy for muscle contraction.
    Explanation
    Muscle cells require a large amount of energy for contraction. Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell and are responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. Therefore, muscle cells would typically contain more mitochondria to meet their high energy demands compared to liver cells, which have different functions and do not require as much energy for their activities.

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  • 20. 

    Which physiological system includes the lungs, trachea, and pharynx?

    • A.

      Endocrine

    • B.

      Nervous

    • C.

      Circulatory

    • D.

      Reproductive

    • E.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    E. Respiratory
    Explanation
    The physiological system that includes the lungs, trachea, and pharynx is the respiratory system. This system is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body, allowing for breathing and the delivery of oxygen to the cells. The lungs are the main organs of this system, while the trachea and pharynx help to transport air to and from the lungs.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 20, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Awest
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