Clinical Chapter 4 Quiz 6

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Clinical Chapter 4 Quiz 6

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This refers to compounds that contain carbon or anything that is derived from vegetable or animal forms of life.
    • A. 

      Organelle

    • B. 

      Inorganic

    • C. 

      Organ

    • D. 

      Organic

  • 2. 
    This means "to lose or be deprived of water from the body; to become dry."
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Dehydrate

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Perfusion

  • 3. 
    This means "the process of pouring through."
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Dehydrate

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Perfusion

  • 4. 
    This process consists of straining particles from a solution.
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Dehydrate

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Perfusion

  • 5. 
    This is when the molecules of a substance move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration.
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Dehydrate

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Homeostasis

  • 6. 
    The state of equilibrium maintained in the body’s internal environment is referred to as ___.
    • A. 

      Perfusion

    • B. 

      Biology

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Homeostasis

  • 7. 
    Which term means to resemble a man?
    • A. 

      Steroid

    • B. 

      Android

    • C. 

      Gynecoid

    • D. 

      Organic

  • 8. 
    This refers to the essential matter of a living cell.
    • A. 

      Protoplasm

    • B. 

      Phenotype

    • C. 

      Chromosome

    • D. 

      Cilia

  • 9. 
    This refers to the formation of a cell’s nucleus.
    • A. 

      Protoplasm

    • B. 

      Genome

    • C. 

      Chromosome

    • D. 

      Karyogenesis

  • 10. 
    The primary difference beteween endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph is ___.
    • A. 

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned

    • B. 

      The layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed

    • C. 

      The amount of stimulated body growth

    • D. 

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed

    • E. 

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the amount of stimulated body growth

    • F. 

      The layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed AND the amount of stimulated body growth

    • G. 

      The shape, which can be round, slender, or well-proportioned AND the layer of embryonic cells from which the body is formed AND the amount of stimulated body growth

  • 11. 
    The term that refers to stimulation of body growth is ___.
    • A. 

      Mesomorph

    • B. 

      Somatotrophic

    • C. 

      Endomorph

    • D. 

      Ectomorph

  • 12. 
    What is the correct order of organization of all living things from simplest to most complex?
    • A. 

      Atom -> cell -> organ -> organelle-> organ system-> organism-> molecule-> tissue

    • B. 

      Atom -> molecule -> organelle -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism

    • C. 

      Atom -> molecule -> cell -> tissue -> organelle -> organ -> organism -> organ system

    • D. 

      Organelle -> atom -> molecule -> cell -> tissue -> organ -> organ system -> organism

  • 13. 
    Which sequence is in order from the simplest level of organization to the most complex?
    • A. 

      Muscle -> erythrocyte -> lipid -> mitochondrion -> carbon

    • B. 

      Carbon -> lipid -> erythrocyte -> mitochondrion -> muscle

    • C. 

      Muscle -> mitochondrion -> lipid -> erythrocyte -> carbon

    • D. 

      Carbon -> lipid -> mitochondrion -> erythrocyte -> muscle

  • 14. 
    Tissue that is specialized to cover the inner and outer surfaces of the internal organs is called
    • A. 

      Epithelial tissue.

    • B. 

      Connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Muscle tissue.

    • D. 

      Nervous tissue.

  • 15. 
    Blood, bone, and cartilage are examples of
    • A. 

      Three different tissue types.

    • B. 

      Connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Epithelial tissue.

    • D. 

      Organs of the body.

  • 16. 
    Connective tissues include
    • A. 

      Tendons that connect muscle to bone.

    • B. 

      The layer beneath your skin that connects the skin to muscle.

    • C. 

      Fat.

    • D. 

      All of the answer choices are correct

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a function of BOTH the excretory system and the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Regulating metabolism

    • B. 

      Eliminating wastes

    • C. 

      Regulating other organ systems

    • D. 

      Maintaining homeostasis

  • 18. 
    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following?
    • A. 

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B. 

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Detoxification of poisonous molecules within the cell

    • D. 

      Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles

  • 19. 
    A muscle cell would typically contain more mitochondria than a liver cell. Why?
    • A. 

      The mitochondria provides energy for muscle contraction.

    • B. 

      The mitochondria generates harmful byproducts that would be toxic to the liver.

    • C. 

      The mitochondria breaks down large molecules and invading bacteria inside the liver.

    • D. 

      The mitochondria provides structure and stability needed for muscle contraction.

  • 20. 
    Which physiological system includes the lungs, trachea, and pharynx?
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Nervous

    • C. 

      Circulatory

    • D. 

      Reproductive

    • E. 

      Respiratory

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