YMCA L3 Anatomy - Energy Systems

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YMCA L3 Anatomy - Energy Systems - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which by-product of the energy systems can cause muscle fatigue?

    • A.

      Lactic acid

    • B.

      Oxaloacetic acid

    • C.

      Creatine phosphate

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    A. Lactic acid
    Explanation
    Lactic acid is the correct answer because it is a by-product of anaerobic metabolism, which occurs when the body's energy demand exceeds the oxygen supply. During intense exercise, the body breaks down glucose to produce energy, and lactic acid is produced as a result. Accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles can lead to muscle fatigue and soreness.

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  • 2. 

    Approximately how long is continuous exercise using the lactic acid energy system sustainable?  

    • A.

      2-3 minutes

    • B.

      Up to a minute

    • C.

      5 minutes +

    • D.

      3-4 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 2-3 minutes
    Explanation
    Continuous exercise using the lactic acid energy system is sustainable for approximately 2-3 minutes. This energy system relies on the breakdown of glucose without the presence of oxygen, resulting in the production of lactic acid. As lactic acid builds up in the muscles, fatigue sets in, limiting the duration of sustainable exercise. After about 2-3 minutes, the lactic acid levels become too high and the body is unable to continue exercising at the same intensity.

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  • 3. 

    What activities use predominantly the phosphocreatine (PC) energy system?

    • A.

      100m sprint

    • B.

      400m run

    • C.

      1.5 mile run

    • D.

      Canoeing against a current

    Correct Answer
    A. 100m sprint
    Explanation
    The phosphocreatine (PC) energy system is used for short bursts of high-intensity activities. The 100m sprint is a short-distance race that requires explosive power and speed, making it predominantly reliant on the PC energy system. This system provides immediate energy by breaking down stored phosphocreatine to create ATP, which is used as fuel for muscle contractions. In contrast, the 400m run and 1.5 mile run involve longer distances and require a combination of energy systems, including aerobic metabolism. Canoeing against a current also involves sustained effort over a longer duration, making it less reliant on the PC energy system.

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  • 4. 

    What activities use the highest proportion of fat as a fuel compared to glycogen?

    • A.

      Marathon running

    • B.

      Weight lifting

    • C.

      Box jumps

    • D.

      400m run

    Correct Answer
    A. Marathon running
    Explanation
    Marathon running utilizes the highest proportion of fat as a fuel compared to glycogen. During prolonged endurance activities like marathon running, the body relies heavily on fat as a source of energy. This is because the body's glycogen stores, which are the primary fuel source for high-intensity activities, can get depleted after a certain duration. As a result, the body switches to burning fat for energy, making marathon running an activity that predominantly utilizes fat as a fuel source.

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  • 5. 

    What is the body's fuel of choice?

    • A.

      Glucose

    • B.

      ADP

    • C.

      Glycogen

    • D.

      ATP

    Correct Answer
    A. Glucose
    Explanation
    Glucose is the body's fuel of choice because it is the primary source of energy for the body's cells. It is a simple sugar that is easily broken down and converted into ATP, which is the molecule that provides energy for cellular processes. Glucose is obtained from the digestion of carbohydrates in the diet and is transported to cells through the bloodstream. Once inside the cells, glucose can be used immediately for energy or stored as glycogen for later use.

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  • 6. 

    What is the body's energy currency?

    • A.

      ATP

    • B.

      ADP

    • C.

      Carbohydrates

    • D.

      Glucose

    Correct Answer
    A. ATP
    Explanation
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is known as the body's energy currency because it stores and transports chemical energy within cells. It is produced during cellular respiration and provides energy for various metabolic processes such as muscle contractions, active transport, and synthesis of molecules. When ATP is hydrolyzed, it releases energy by breaking the high-energy phosphate bond, which can be used by cells to perform work. ADP (adenosine diphosphate) is the precursor to ATP and can be converted back into ATP through cellular respiration. Carbohydrates and glucose are sources of energy for the body, but ATP is the immediate and direct provider of energy for cellular activities.

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  • 7. 

    Where does the energy come from to rebuild ADP to ATP?

    • A.

      Creatine phosphate

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Lactic Acid

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    A. Creatine phosphate
    Explanation
    Creatine phosphate is a high-energy molecule that is stored in muscle cells. When ATP is used up during intense exercise, creatine phosphate donates its phosphate group to ADP, converting it back into ATP. This process is known as phosphorylation and provides a quick and immediate source of energy for muscle contractions. Therefore, creatine phosphate is the source of energy used to rebuild ADP to ATP.

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  • 8. 

    Which energy system will fast twitch muscle fibres use for energy production?

    • A.

      Phosphocreatine

    • B.

      Aerobic

    • C.

      Anaerobic

    • D.

      Lactic Acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Phosphocreatine
    Explanation
    Fast twitch muscle fibers primarily rely on the phosphocreatine energy system for energy production. Phosphocreatine is a high-energy compound that can be rapidly broken down to produce ATP, the main source of energy for muscle contractions. This energy system is anaerobic, meaning it does not require oxygen, and is well-suited for short bursts of intense activity, such as weightlifting or sprinting. The phosphocreatine system allows fast twitch muscle fibers to generate energy quickly and efficiently, enabling them to produce powerful and explosive movements.

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  • 9. 

    Complete the sentence: Glycolysis is the breakdown of 

    • A.

      Glycogen into pyruvic acid

    • B.

      ATP to ADP

    • C.

      Adenosine to creatine phosphate

    • D.

      Oxygen to carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    A. Glycogen into pyruvic acid
    Explanation
    Glycolysis is the process in which glycogen, a storage form of glucose in the body, is broken down into pyruvic acid. This process occurs in the cytoplasm of cells and is the first step in cellular respiration. Through a series of enzymatic reactions, glycogen is converted into glucose, which is then further metabolized to produce ATP and pyruvic acid. Pyruvic acid is an important intermediate in various metabolic pathways and can be further oxidized to produce more ATP or converted into other molecules depending on the energy needs of the cell.

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  • 10. 

    What does the term ‘onset of blood lactate accumulation’ (OBLA) mean?

    • A.

      The point at which lactic acid accumulates faster than it can be removed

    • B.

      The point at which citric acid accumulates faster than it can be removed

    • C.

      The point at which pyruvic acid accumulates faster than it can be removed

    • D.

      The point at which lactic phosphate accumulates faster than it can be removed

    Correct Answer
    A. The point at which lactic acid accumulates faster than it can be removed
    Explanation
    The term 'onset of blood lactate accumulation' (OBLA) refers to the point at which lactic acid accumulates faster than it can be removed from the blood. Lactic acid is a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism and its accumulation can lead to fatigue and muscle soreness. OBLA is often used as a marker to determine an individual's lactate threshold, which is the exercise intensity at which lactate production exceeds its removal. This threshold is important for athletes as it can help optimize training and performance.

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  • 11. 

    Which energy system works in the presence of oxygen?

    • A.

      Aerobic

    • B.

      Anaerobic

    • C.

      Lactic acid

    • D.

      Phosphocreatine

    Correct Answer
    A. Aerobic
    Explanation
    The energy system that works in the presence of oxygen is the aerobic energy system. This system uses oxygen to break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in order to produce ATP, the body's main source of energy. It is a more efficient and sustainable energy system compared to anaerobic systems, which do not require oxygen but produce energy at a faster rate. The aerobic energy system is commonly used during endurance activities such as long-distance running or cycling.

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  • 12. 

    Which energy system produces large amounts of ATP?

    • A.

      Aerobic

    • B.

      Anaerobic

    • C.

      Lactic acid

    • D.

      Phosphocreatine

    Correct Answer
    A. Aerobic
    Explanation
    The aerobic energy system produces large amounts of ATP. This system utilizes oxygen to break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, releasing energy in the process. This energy is then used to produce ATP, which is the primary source of energy for cellular activities. The aerobic energy system is efficient and can produce a large amount of ATP over an extended period of time, making it ideal for activities that require endurance and sustained effort.

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  • 13. 

    What is the main by-product of the aerobic system?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Lactic acid

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      ADP

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    The main by-product of the aerobic system is carbon dioxide. During aerobic respiration, oxygen is used to break down glucose and produce energy. As a result of this process, carbon dioxide is released as a waste product. This waste gas is then transported to the lungs and exhaled from the body. Lactic acid is produced during anaerobic respiration, not aerobic respiration. Oxygen is not a by-product of the aerobic system, but rather a necessary component for the process to occur. ADP (adenosine diphosphate) is a molecule involved in energy transfer, but it is not a by-product of the aerobic system.

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  • 14. 

    At which point is OBLA or anaerobic threshold met?

    • A.

      4mmol

    • B.

      3mmol

    • C.

      6mmol

    • D.

      8mmol

    Correct Answer
    A. 4mmol
    Explanation
    The OBLA or anaerobic threshold is the point at which lactate production exceeds lactate clearance in the muscles. This occurs when the body is unable to supply enough oxygen to meet the demands of exercise, resulting in the accumulation of lactate. The correct answer is 4mmol because it represents the lactate threshold at which the body switches from primarily aerobic energy production to anaerobic energy production. At this point, fatigue and muscle soreness may increase due to the accumulation of lactate.

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  • 15. 

    What is a common physiological adaptation when training the ATP-PC system?

    • A.

      Hypertrophy of the muscles

    • B.

      Increased capiliarisation

    • C.

      Better utilisation of oxygen

    • D.

      Increased myoglobin stores

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertrophy of the muscles
    Explanation
    A common physiological adaptation when training the ATP-PC system is hypertrophy of the muscles. This refers to an increase in the size and strength of the muscle fibers. Training the ATP-PC system involves short, intense bursts of activity, such as weightlifting or sprinting, which require a high amount of energy from the ATP-PC system. As a result, the muscles adapt by becoming larger and stronger to meet the increased demand for energy production. This adaptation allows for improved performance and power output during activities that rely on the ATP-PC system.

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  • 16. 

    What is a common physiological adaptation when training the lactic acid system?

    • A.

      Improved muscular strength

    • B.

      Increased cardiovascular strength

    • C.

      Increased ability to mobilise fat as fuel

    • D.

      Improved motor unit recruitment

    Correct Answer
    A. Improved muscular strength
    Explanation
    When training the lactic acid system, a common physiological adaptation is improved muscular strength. This is because the lactic acid system is responsible for providing energy during high-intensity exercises that require a burst of power and strength. By training this system, the muscles are subjected to repeated intense contractions, leading to increased muscle fiber recruitment and ultimately improved muscular strength.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not a common physiological adaptation when training the aerobic system?

    • A.

      Delayed onset blood lactate accumulation

    • B.

      Increased mitochondria

    • C.

      Increase in blood volume

    • D.

      Increased ability to work at a higher VO2 max

    Correct Answer
    A. Delayed onset blood lactate accumulation
    Explanation
    Delayed onset blood lactate accumulation is not a common physiological adaptation when training the aerobic system. This is because lactate accumulation typically occurs during anaerobic exercise, not aerobic exercise. During aerobic training, the body increases its ability to utilize oxygen efficiently, leading to increased mitochondria, increased blood volume, and an increased ability to work at a higher VO2 max.

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  • 18. 

    From which of the following is glucose easily accessed from

    • A.

      Simple carbohydrates

    • B.

      Complex carbohydrates

    • C.

      Protein

    • D.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple carbohydrates
    Explanation
    Glucose is easily accessed from simple carbohydrates because they are broken down quickly by the body into glucose, which is the main source of energy for our cells. Simple carbohydrates include foods like sugar, honey, and fruits, which are digested and absorbed rapidly, leading to a rapid increase in blood sugar levels. This quick release of glucose provides immediate energy to the body. In contrast, complex carbohydrates, proteins, and fats require more time and energy to be broken down into glucose, making them less easily accessible sources of glucose.

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  • 19. 

    How long does the ATP-PC system last?

    • A.

      3-4 seconds

    • B.

      10 seconds

    • C.

      7-8 seconds

    • D.

      12-15 seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. 3-4 seconds
    Explanation
    The ATP-PC system refers to the energy system in the body that utilizes adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and phosphocreatine (PC) to produce energy for short bursts of high-intensity exercise. This system relies on the immediate availability of ATP and PC stored in the muscles. Since ATP and PC stores are limited, the ATP-PC system can only provide energy for a short duration, typically lasting around 3-4 seconds. After this time, other energy systems, such as anaerobic glycolysis or aerobic metabolism, take over to continue supplying energy to the muscles.

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  • 20. 

    How long does ATP take to resynthesise?

    • A.

      3-5 minutes

    • B.

      10 minutes

    • C.

      1-2 minutes

    • D.

      6-8 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 3-5 minutes
    Explanation
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the primary source of energy for cellular processes. During intense exercise, ATP is rapidly depleted and needs to be resynthesized. The correct answer of 3-5 minutes suggests that it takes this amount of time for ATP to be replenished after intense exercise. This is because ATP is regenerated through processes like aerobic respiration and the breakdown of creatine phosphate, which require a certain amount of time to occur.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 13, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Hodgesd
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