AP Literary Terms Quiz Test: Trivia!

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AP Literary Terms Quiz Test: Trivia! - Quiz

Are you familiar with literary terms? Would you like to try this quiz? Literary terms relate to the technique, style, and formatting used by writers and speakers to communicate, embellish, or strengthen their work successfully. Literary terms also help convey messages or different words or phrases in a simple way to the readers. If you are contemplating brushing up on your literary terms, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

    • A.

      Assonance

    • B.

      Alliteration

    • C.

      Simile

    • D.

      Metaphor

    Correct Answer
    B. Alliteration
    Explanation
    Alliteration refers to the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds at the beginning of words. It is a literary device commonly used in poetry and prose to create rhythm and emphasis. This technique helps to draw attention to certain words or phrases, making them more memorable and impactful. By repeating consonant sounds, alliteration adds musicality and enhances the overall aesthetic appeal of the text.

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  • 2. 

    Art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse.

    • A.

      Rhetoric

    • B.

      Allusion

    • C.

      Style

    • D.

      Mood

    Correct Answer
    A. Rhetoric
    Explanation
    Rhetoric refers to the art of effective communication, particularly persuasive discourse. It involves the use of language and techniques to persuade, influence, or impress an audience. Rhetoric encompasses various strategies such as logical reasoning, emotional appeal, and the skillful use of language to convey a message effectively. In the context of the given question, the art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse, aligns with the concept of rhetoric.

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  • 3. 

    A “play on words” based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things.

    • A.

      Metonymy

    • B.

      Metaphor

    • C.

      Oxymoron

    • D.

      Pun

    Correct Answer
    D. Pun
    Explanation
    A pun is a type of wordplay that relies on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but have different meanings. It often involves a play on words to create humor or a clever twist in meaning.

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  • 4. 

    A statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth.

    • A.

      Paradox

    • B.

      Irony

    • C.

      Onomatopoeia

    • D.

      Simile

    Correct Answer
    A. Paradox
    Explanation
    A paradox is a statement that seems contradictory or absurd, but upon closer examination, it reveals a deeper truth or meaning. It challenges our understanding and forces us to think beyond the surface level. Paradoxes often highlight the complexities and contradictions of life and can be used to convey profound insights or philosophical concepts. They provoke thought and encourage us to question our assumptions and beliefs.

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  • 5. 

    A work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer’s style.

    • A.

      Satire

    • B.

      Farce

    • C.

      Parody

    • D.

      Fable

    Correct Answer
    C. Parody
    Explanation
    Parody is a type of work that imitates the style of another work in order to make fun of it. It often exaggerates or mocks the original work's elements, such as characters, plot, or themes, for comedic effect. Unlike satire, which criticizes society or individuals, parody specifically targets another work. Farce is a type of comedy that relies on exaggerated and improbable situations for humor, while fable is a short story that uses animals or objects to convey a moral lesson.

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  • 6. 

    A poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit.

    • A.

      Parallel structure

    • B.

      Rhetorical question

    • C.

      Simile

    • D.

      Juxtaposition

    Correct Answer
    D. Juxtaposition
    Explanation
    Juxtaposition is a poetic and rhetorical device that involves placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to each other. This creates an effect of surprise and wit. It is a technique used to highlight contrasts or to create a vivid and memorable image in the reader's mind. By juxtaposing different elements, the writer or poet can evoke strong emotions and engage the reader's attention.

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  • 7. 

    A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles.

    • A.

      Simile

    • B.

      Metaphor

    • C.

      Paradox

    • D.

      Juxtaposition

    Correct Answer
    B. Metaphor
    Explanation
    A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two unlike things without using specific words of comparison. It implies a similarity or resemblance between the two things being compared, but does not explicitly state it like a simile would. A metaphor creates a vivid and imaginative association between the two things, often by describing one thing in terms of another. It adds depth and meaning to the language by allowing us to see one thing in terms of another, highlighting their similarities and creating a new perspective.

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  • 8. 

    The author reveals to the reader what the character is like by describing how the character looks and dresses, by letting the reader hear what the character says, by revealing the character’s private thoughts and feelings, by revealing the effect of the character on other people (showing how other characters feel or behave toward the character), or by showing the character in action. Common in modern literature

    • A.

      Irony

    • B.

      Dramatic irony

    • C.

      Indirect characterization

    • D.

      Direct characterization

    Correct Answer
    C. Indirect characterization
    Explanation
    Indirect characterization is the correct answer because it refers to the method in which the author reveals the character's traits through their actions, thoughts, and interactions with others. This method allows the reader to infer the character's personality and characteristics without explicitly stating them. It is commonly used in modern literature to create a more nuanced and complex portrayal of characters.

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  • 9. 

    In general, a story that ends with a happy resolution of the conflicts faced by the main character or characters.

    • A.

      Tragedy

    • B.

      Farce

    • C.

      Comedy

    • D.

      Satire

    Correct Answer
    C. Comedy
    Explanation
    A comedy is a genre of storytelling that typically ends with a happy resolution of the conflicts faced by the main character or characters. It often includes humorous and light-hearted elements, providing entertainment and amusement to the audience. Unlike a tragedy, which ends in sadness and often death, a comedy brings about a positive outcome, leaving the audience feeling uplifted and satisfied. Therefore, the answer to this question is comedy.

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  • 10. 

    A speaker or writer’s choice of words.

    • A.

      Diction

    • B.

      Tone

    • C.

      Mood

    • D.

      Style

    Correct Answer
    A. Diction
    Explanation
    Diction refers to the speaker or writer's choice of words. It encompasses the specific vocabulary, phrases, and language used to convey meaning and communicate ideas. The selection of words can greatly impact the overall tone, mood, and style of a piece of writing or a speech. Therefore, diction plays a crucial role in shaping the overall message and impact of the communication.

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  • 11. 

    A character who acts as a contrast to another character. Often a funny sidekick to the dashing hero, or a villain contrasting the hero.

    • A.

      Antihero

    • B.

      Protagonist

    • C.

      Antagonist

    • D.

      Foil

    Correct Answer
    D. Foil
    Explanation
    A foil is a character who is used to highlight or contrast the qualities of another character. They often serve as a counterpart to the main character, either by providing comic relief or by embodying opposing traits. In this context, a foil can be a funny sidekick to the hero or a villain who contrasts with the hero's virtues.

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  • 12. 

    A figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement, for effect. “If I told you once, I’ve told you a million times….”

    • A.

      Understatement

    • B.

      Tone

    • C.

      Satire

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    D. Hyperbole
    Explanation
    Hyperbole is a figure of speech that involves extreme exaggeration or overstatement for emphasis. In the given example, the statement "If I told you once, I've told you a million times" is an exaggerated statement to emphasize the speaker's frustration or annoyance. The use of "a million times" is not meant to be taken literally, but to emphasize the repetitive nature of the speaker's message. This is a clear example of hyperbole.

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  • 13. 

    a figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it. “We requested from the crown support for our petition.” The crown is used to represent the monarch.

    • A.

      Oxymoron

    • B.

      Metonymy

    • C.

      Metaphor

    • D.

      Simile

    Correct Answer
    B. Metonymy
    Explanation
    Metonymy is the correct answer because it refers to a figure of speech where one term is substituted for another term that is closely associated with it. In the given example, "the crown" is used to represent the monarch, highlighting the close association between the two. This is a clear example of metonymy, as the term "crown" is used to refer to the person holding the position of power.

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  • 14. 

    An atmosphere created by a writer’s diction and the details selected.

    • A.

      Tone

    • B.

      Setting

    • C.

      Mood

    • D.

      Style

    Correct Answer
    C. Mood
    Explanation
    Mood refers to the emotional atmosphere or feeling that a writer creates through their choice of words, details, and descriptions. It is the overall impression or vibe that the reader gets from the text. While tone refers to the writer's attitude or perspective towards the subject matter, mood focuses on the reader's emotional response. Setting, on the other hand, refers to the time, place, and environment in which the story takes place. Style, on the other hand, pertains to the writer's unique way of expressing themselves through language. Therefore, in this context, mood is the most appropriate answer as it specifically relates to the atmosphere created by the writer's diction and selected details.

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  • 15. 

    one of the characters tells the story.

    • A.

      Third person point of view

    • B.

      First pierson point of view

    • C.

      Omniscient point of view

    • D.

      Objective point of view

    Correct Answer
    B. First pierson point of view
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "first person point of view". This means that the story is narrated by one of the characters involved in the events. The narrator uses pronouns like "I" and "me" to describe their own experiences and thoughts. This perspective provides a personal and subjective account of the story, allowing the reader to see events through the eyes of the narrator.

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  • 16. 

    an unknown narrator, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.

    • A.

      Third person point of view

    • B.

      First person point of view

    • C.

      Omniscient point of view

    • D.

      Objective point of view

    Correct Answer
    A. Third person point of view
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is third person point of view. In this point of view, an unknown narrator tells the story but focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character. This means that the narrator is not a character in the story and is able to provide insight into the thoughts and emotions of the character being focused on. This allows the reader to have a more objective understanding of the character's perspective while still maintaining a sense of distance from the events of the story.

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  • 17. 

    an all knowing narrator tells the story, also using the third person pronouns. This narrator, instead of focusing on one character only, often tells us everything about many characters.

    • A.

      Third person point of view

    • B.

      First person point of view

    • C.

      Omniscient point of view

    • D.

      Objective point of view

    Correct Answer
    C. Omniscient point of view
    Explanation
    The correct answer is omniscient point of view. In this type of narration, the narrator has knowledge of all the thoughts, feelings, and actions of multiple characters. They are able to provide insight into the minds of different characters and give a comprehensive view of the story. This is different from a first person point of view where the narrator is a character in the story and can only provide their own perspective. Similarly, an objective point of view would only present the facts without any insight into the characters' thoughts and feelings.

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  • 18. 

    a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story, with no comment on any characters or events.

    • A.

      Third person point of view

    • B.

      First person point of view

    • C.

      Omniscient point of view

    • D.

      Objective point of view

    Correct Answer
    D. Objective point of view
    Explanation
    In an objective point of view, the narrator remains detached and unbiased, presenting the story without any personal opinions or judgments. They simply report the events and actions of the characters without providing any insight into their thoughts or feelings. This perspective allows readers to form their own interpretations and conclusions about the story and its characters.

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  • 19. 

    a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.

    • A.

      Personification

    • B.

      Metonymy

    • C.

      Polysyndeton

    • D.

      Metaphor

    Correct Answer
    A. Personification
    Explanation
    Personification is a figure of speech that attributes human characteristics or emotions to inanimate objects or animals. This allows the reader to better understand or relate to the object or animal being described. It adds depth and meaning to the text by giving non-human entities human qualities, making them more relatable and engaging for the reader.

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  • 20. 

    a poem consisting of four lines, or four lines of a poem that can be considered as a unit.

    • A.

      Couplet

    • B.

      Quatrain

    • C.

      Lyric poem

    • D.

      Confessional poetry

    Correct Answer
    B. Quatrain
    Explanation
    A quatrain is a type of poem consisting of four lines. Each line in a quatrain can have a specific rhyme scheme, such as AABB or ABAB. Quatrains can also be considered as a unit within a longer poem, as they often contain a complete thought or idea. This form of poetry allows for concise and structured expression, making it a popular choice for many poets.

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  • 21. 

    a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself.

    • A.

      Simile

    • B.

      Theme

    • C.

      Symbol

    • D.

      Metonymy

    Correct Answer
    C. Symbol
    Explanation
    A symbol is a person, place, thing, or event that not only has its own meaning but also represents or stands for something beyond its literal interpretation. Symbols are used to convey deeper ideas, emotions, or concepts, often in a more abstract or metaphorical way. They can be found in literature, art, and various forms of communication, and they help to add layers of meaning and depth to the subject matter.

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  • 22. 

    the attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.

    • A.

      Mood

    • B.

      Style

    • C.

      Tone

    • D.

      Setting

    Correct Answer
    C. Tone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tone. Tone refers to the attitude or emotional disposition of the writer towards the subject, characters, or audience. It is conveyed through the writer's choice of words, figurative language, and the overall structure and organization of the work. The tone can be formal, informal, serious, humorous, sarcastic, or any other emotion that the writer wants to convey. It helps to establish the overall atmosphere or mood of the piece and influences how the reader perceives the content.

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  • 23. 

    the insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work.

    • A.

      Motif

    • B.

      Theme

    • C.

      Justaposition

    • D.

      Diction

    Correct Answer
    B. Theme
    Explanation
    The correct answer is theme. In literature, the theme refers to the central idea or message that the author wants to convey about human life. It is the underlying concept or insight about human existence that is revealed throughout the literary work. The theme can be expressed through various elements such as character development, plot events, and symbolism. It is a broader concept compared to a motif, which refers to a recurring symbol or image, and juxtaposition, which is the placement of two contrasting ideas side by side. Diction, on the other hand, pertains to the author's choice of words.

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  • 24. 

    story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities.

    • A.

      Parable

    • B.

      Satire

    • C.

      Allegory

    • D.

      Farce

    Correct Answer
    C. Allegory
    Explanation
    An allegory is a story or poem in which characters, settings, and events represent other people, events, or abstract ideas. It uses symbolism to convey a deeper meaning or moral lesson. Unlike a parable, which typically focuses on a single moral lesson, an allegory can have multiple layers of meaning and can be interpreted in different ways. Satire, on the other hand, uses humor and irony to criticize or mock individuals or society. A farce is a comedic play or performance that involves exaggerated and absurd situations. Therefore, the best fit for the given description is allegory.

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  • 25. 

    Opponent who struggles against or blocks the hero in a story.

    • A.

      Antagonist

    • B.

      Protagonist

    • C.

      Epithet

    • D.

      Foil

    Correct Answer
    A. Antagonist
    Explanation
    An antagonist is the character who opposes or creates obstacles for the hero or protagonist in a story. They may have conflicting goals or beliefs, and their actions often drive the plot forward. The antagonist is typically portrayed as the villain or the source of conflict in the narrative.

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  • 26. 

    attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object

    • A.

      Hyperbole

    • B.

      Aphorism

    • C.

      Anthropomorphism

    • D.

      Characterization

    Correct Answer
    C. Anthropomorphism
    Explanation
    Anthropomorphism refers to the act of attributing human characteristics or behavior to animals or inanimate objects. This can involve giving them human-like emotions, thoughts, or actions. It is a literary device commonly used to make non-human characters more relatable and engaging to the audience. In this context, hyperbole refers to exaggeration, aphorism refers to a concise statement of truth or principle, and characterization refers to the process of creating and developing a character in a story. None of these options capture the concept of attributing human characteristics to non-human entities, making anthropomorphism the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    the author tells us explicitly what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and so on. Romantic style literature relied more heavily on this form.

    • A.

      Direct characterization

    • B.

      Indirect characterization

    • C.

      Static character

    • D.

      Dynamic character

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct characterization
    Explanation
    Direct characterization refers to when the author directly tells the reader about the traits and qualities of a character. In this case, the author explicitly states the characteristics of the character, such as being sneaky, generous, and mean to pets. This form of characterization is often used in romantic style literature, where the author relies heavily on explicitly describing the character's traits.

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  • 28. 

    the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase, in addition to its strict dictionary definition.

    • A.

      Diction

    • B.

      Tone

    • C.

      Connotation

    • D.

      Mood

    Correct Answer
    C. Connotation
    Explanation
    Connotation refers to the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase, beyond its literal or dictionary definition. It involves the implied meanings or feelings that a word carries, which can vary depending on the context or personal experiences of individuals. Connotation plays a significant role in shaping the overall tone and mood of a piece of writing or communication.

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  • 29. 

    is one who changes in some important way as a result of the story’s action.

    • A.

      Foil

    • B.

      Static character

    • C.

      Dynamic character

    • D.

      Protagonist

    Correct Answer
    C. Dynamic character
    Explanation
    A dynamic character is one who undergoes significant changes or development throughout the story as a result of the actions and events that take place. This character is not stagnant or unchanging but rather evolves and grows as the narrative progresses. They may experience personal growth, overcome obstacles, or have a shift in their beliefs or values. These changes often contribute to the overall theme or message of the story.

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  • 30. 

    is one who does not change much in the course of a story.

    • A.

      Foil

    • B.

      Static character

    • C.

      Dynamic character

    • D.

      Protagonist

    Correct Answer
    B. Static character
    Explanation
    A static character is one who does not undergo significant changes or growth throughout the course of a story. They remain consistent in their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors from the beginning to the end. Unlike dynamic characters who experience personal development or transformation, static characters serve as a contrast or backdrop to highlight the changes and growth of other characters. They often play supporting roles and provide stability or a sense of familiarity in the narrative.

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  • 31. 

    Two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry.

    • A.

      Couplet

    • B.

      Quatrain

    • C.

      Meter

    • D.

      Sextet

    Correct Answer
    A. Couplet
    Explanation
    A couplet is a pair of two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry. It is a form commonly used in various types of poetry, including sonnets and ballads. The two lines in a couplet often share a similar meter and can stand alone as a complete thought or idea. In this case, the correct answer is couplet because it accurately describes the given definition.

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  • 32. 

    Deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way- this is done on purpose by the author, when it is not done on purpose, it is vagueness, and detracts from the work.

    • A.

      Situational irony

    • B.

      Ambiguity

    • C.

      Juxtaposition

    • D.

      Anthropomorphism

    Correct Answer
    B. Ambiguity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ambiguity. Ambiguity refers to deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. It is when an event or situation can be interpreted in more than one way, and this is done on purpose by the author. When ambiguity is not intentional, it is considered vagueness and detracts from the work.

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  • 33. 

    An adjective or adjective phrase applied to a person or thing that is frequentlyused to emphasize a characteristic quality. “Father of our country” and “the great Emancipator” are examples.

    • A.

      Epithet

    • B.

      Foil

    • C.

      Analogy

    • D.

      Allegory

    Correct Answer
    A. Epithet
    Explanation
    An epithet is an adjective or adjective phrase that is used to emphasize a characteristic quality of a person or thing. In this case, "Father of our country" and "the great Emancipator" are examples of epithets because they are used to highlight the qualities of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln respectively.

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  • 34. 

    A type of comedy in which ridiculous and often stereotyped characters are involved in silly, far-fetched situations.

    • A.

      Farce

    • B.

      Parable

    • C.

      Satire

    • D.

      Allegory

    Correct Answer
    A. Farce
    Explanation
    A farce is a type of comedy that involves ridiculous and often stereotyped characters in silly and far-fetched situations. In a farce, the humor is derived from exaggerated and absurd situations, often leading to misunderstandings, mistaken identities, and chaotic events. The emphasis is on physical comedy, slapstick humor, and fast-paced dialogue. Unlike a satire or allegory, a farce does not aim to criticize or comment on society or human behavior, but rather to entertain and amuse the audience through its exaggerated and ludicrous situations.

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  • 35. 

    The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, a thing, a place, or an experience.

    • A.

      Symbol

    • B.

      Imagery

    • C.

      Simile

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    B. Imagery
    Explanation
    Imagery refers to the use of language that creates a vivid mental picture or sensation in the reader's mind. It helps to evoke a sensory experience by appealing to the reader's senses of sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. Through the use of descriptive words and phrases, imagery adds depth and richness to a piece of writing, allowing the reader to form a clear and detailed mental image. It helps to make the writing more engaging and memorable, as it appeals to the reader's imagination and emotions.

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  • 36. 

    Occurs when someone says one thing but really means something else.

    • A.

      Verbal irony

    • B.

      Situational irony

    • C.

      Dramatic irony

    • D.

      Satire

    Correct Answer
    A. Verbal irony
    Explanation
    Verbal irony refers to a situation when someone says something but actually means the opposite. It involves using words to convey a different meaning or to express sarcasm or mockery. This form of irony is often used to create humor or emphasize a point. It is different from situational irony, which involves a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs, and dramatic irony, which occurs when the audience knows something that the characters do not. Satire, on the other hand, is a literary technique that uses humor, irony, and exaggeration to criticize or mock societal issues.

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  • 37. 

    Takes place when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen, or what would be appropriate to happen, and what really does happen.

    • A.

      Verbal irony

    • B.

      Situational irony

    • C.

      Dramatic irony

    • D.

      Satire

    Correct Answer
    B. Situational irony
    Explanation
    Situational irony occurs when there is a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. This can create a sense of surprise or humor for the audience. In this case, the correct answer is situational irony because it best fits the given definition. Verbal irony refers to saying something that is the opposite of what is meant, dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that the characters do not, and satire is a form of humor that criticizes or mocks something.

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  • 38. 

    Is so-called because it is often used on stage. A character in the play or story thinks one thing is true, but the audience or reader knows better.

    • A.

      Verbal irony

    • B.

      Situational irony

    • C.

      Dramatic irony

    • D.

      Satire

    Correct Answer
    C. Dramatic irony
    Explanation
    Dramatic irony is the correct answer because it is a type of irony that occurs when the audience or reader knows something that the character in the play or story does not. In this case, the character believes something to be true, but the audience or reader is aware of the actual truth. This creates a sense of tension and suspense as the audience anticipates the character's eventual realization of the truth.

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  • 39. 

    A recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work (or in several works by one author), unifying the work by tying the current situation to previous ones, or new ideas to the theme.

    • A.

      Theme

    • B.

      Motif

    • C.

      Symbol

    • D.

      Foreshadowing

    Correct Answer
    B. Motif
    Explanation
    A motif is a recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work or by one author in multiple works. It serves to unify the work by connecting the current situation to previous ones or by linking new ideas to the theme. A motif can be seen as a pattern or a symbol that adds depth and meaning to the overall work. It helps to reinforce the themes and messages that the author wants to convey.

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  • 40. 

    The repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures.

    • A.

      Motif

    • B.

      Metonymy

    • C.

      Rhetoric

    • D.

      Parallel structure

    Correct Answer
    D. Parallel structure
    Explanation
    Parallel structure refers to the repetition of words or phrases with similar grammatical structures. This technique is used to create balance and rhythm in writing or speech. By using parallel structure, the writer or speaker can emphasize certain ideas and make their message more impactful. In this context, the correct answer is parallel structure because it perfectly describes the repetition of words or phrases with similar grammatical structures.

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  • 41. 

    the reasons for a character’s behavior.

    • A.

      Foreshadowing

    • B.

      Characterization

    • C.

      Irony

    • D.

      Motivation

    Correct Answer
    D. Motivation
    Explanation
    Motivation refers to the underlying reasons or driving forces behind a character's behavior. It helps to explain why a character acts or reacts in a certain way, based on their desires, goals, or needs. Understanding a character's motivation can provide insight into their actions and choices throughout a story. It helps to create a sense of realism and depth in a character, allowing readers to connect and empathize with them.

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  • 42. 

    A type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change.

    • A.

      Parable

    • B.

      Satire

    • C.

      Parody

    • D.

      Elegy

    Correct Answer
    B. Satire
    Explanation
    Satire is a type of writing that uses humor, irony, and sarcasm to criticize and expose the flaws and shortcomings of individuals or institutions. It aims to bring about change by highlighting these shortcomings in a satirical manner, often using exaggeration or ridicule to make a point. Satire is known for its social and political commentary, and it is often used to challenge and provoke thought in society.

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  • 43. 

    A statement that says less than what is meant. Example: During the second war with Iraq, American troops complained of a fierce sand storm that made even the night-vision equipment useless. A British commando commented about the storm: “It’s a bit breezy.”

    • A.

      Ambiguity

    • B.

      Oxymoron

    • C.

      Understatement

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    C. Understatement
    Explanation
    The given example showcases an understatement, where the British commando downplays the severity of the sand storm by describing it as "a bit breezy." This statement intentionally minimizes the impact of the storm, emphasizing its mildness and implying that it is not a significant issue. This use of understatement creates a contrast between the actual intensity of the storm and the casual, nonchalant tone of the comment.

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  • 44. 

    Reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature, etc.).

    • A.

      Theme

    • B.

      Solioquy

    • C.

      Refrain

    • D.

      Allusion

    Correct Answer
    D. Allusion
    Explanation
    An allusion is a reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. It is an indirect reference to something, usually from literature or other artistic works. In the context of the given options, allusion stands out as the most appropriate term that fits the definition provided. Both theme and soliloquy refer to specific concepts or literary devices, while refrain refers to a repeated line or phrase in a poem or song. Therefore, allusion is the correct answer.

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  • 45. 

    Calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. If the character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration it is called an invocation.

    • A.

      Personification

    • B.

      Soliloquy

    • C.

      Apostrophe

    • D.

      Monologue

    Correct Answer
    C. Apostrophe
    Explanation
    Apostrophe is the correct answer because it refers to the act of calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. It is often used in literature and poetry to give voice to emotions or thoughts directed at someone or something that is not physically present. In this context, if the character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration, it is specifically called an invocation.

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  • 46. 

    Conflicts can exist between two people, between a person and nature or a machine or between a person a whole society.

    • A.

      Foil

    • B.

      Internal conflict

    • C.

      External conflict

    • D.

      Ambiguity

    Correct Answer
    C. External conflict
    Explanation
    External conflict refers to a struggle or problem that occurs between a person and an external force, such as another person, nature, or a machine. This type of conflict involves a clash of opposing interests or forces that creates tension and drives the plot forward. In contrast to internal conflict, which occurs within a character's mind or emotions, external conflict is visible and tangible. It often serves as a major source of drama and obstacles for the protagonist to overcome in a story.

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  • 47. 

    A conflict involving opposing forces within a person’s mind.

    • A.

      Internal conflict

    • B.

      External conflict

    • C.

      Antagonist

    • D.

      Metonymy

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal conflict
    Explanation
    Internal conflict refers to a struggle or disagreement that occurs within a person's mind. It involves opposing forces or emotions that create tension and turmoil within an individual. This can manifest as a moral dilemma, a decision between two conflicting desires, or a battle between different aspects of one's personality. Internal conflicts often play a significant role in character development and can drive the plot forward in a story.

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  • 48. 

    A long narrative poem, written in heightened language , which recounts the deeds of a heroic character who embodies the values of a particular society.

    • A.

      Epic

    • B.

      Soliloquy

    • C.

      Monologue

    • D.

      Lyric poem

    Correct Answer
    A. Epic
    Explanation
    An epic is a long narrative poem that is written in a heightened language. It recounts the deeds of a heroic character who represents the values of a specific society. This form of poetry often tells a grand and adventurous story, portraying the hero's journey and their struggles. The epic is characterized by its length, elevated language, and its focus on a larger-than-life protagonist who embodies the ideals and beliefs of their culture.

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  • 49. 

    A statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth.

    • A.

      Situational irony

    • B.

      Metaphor

    • C.

      Analogy

    • D.

      Paradox

    Correct Answer
    D. Paradox
    Explanation
    A paradox is a statement that may seem contradictory at first, but upon closer examination, it reveals a deeper truth or meaning. It often challenges our understanding and expectations, forcing us to think beyond conventional logic. Unlike situational irony, which involves a contradiction between what is expected and what actually happens, a paradox is more focused on the inherent contradiction within the statement itself. Metaphor and analogy, on the other hand, are figures of speech used to make comparisons, while a paradox is a type of statement. Therefore, the correct answer is paradox.

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  • 50. 

    A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles.

    • A.

      Metaphor

    • B.

      Simile

    • C.

      Analogy

    • D.

      Allegory

    Correct Answer
    B. Simile
    Explanation
    A simile is a figure of speech that compares two unlike things using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. It is a direct comparison that helps the reader or listener understand one thing in terms of another by highlighting their similarities. Unlike a metaphor, which implies a comparison without using these specific words, a simile makes the comparison more explicit and easier to identify. An analogy, on the other hand, is a more extended comparison that explains a complex idea by comparing it to something more familiar. An allegory is a story or narrative that uses symbolic characters and events to convey a deeper meaning.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Waymere
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