Topic 2 - Keystone Sample Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Fogellh
F
Fogellh
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 6,427
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 833

SettingsSettingsSettings
Topic 2 - Keystone Sample Quiz - Quiz

Cells & Cell structure Content


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which sequence of terms represents a decrease from the greatest number of structures to the least number of structures present in a cell?

    • A.

      nucleus → gene → chromosome

    • B.

      gene → nucleus → chromosome

    • C.

      Gene → chromosome → nucleus

    • D.

      Chromosome → gene → nucleus

    Correct Answer
    C. Gene → chromosome → nucleus
    Explanation
    This sequence represents a decrease from the greatest number of structures to the least number of structures present in a cell. The gene is the smallest unit of genetic information and is present in every cell. The chromosome is made up of many genes and is present in the nucleus of a cell. The nucleus is the largest structure in a cell and contains the chromosomes and genes. Therefore, the sequence gene → chromosome → nucleus represents a decrease in the number of structures present in a cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Some human body cells are shown in the diagrams below. These groups of cells represent different

    • A.

      Tissues in which similar cells function together

    • B.

      Organs that help to carry out a specific life activity

    • C.

      Systems that are responsible for a specific life activity

    • D.

      organelles that carry out different functions

    Correct Answer
    A. Tissues in which similar cells function together
    Explanation
    The diagrams show groups of cells, which indicates that they are working together in a coordinated manner. This suggests that they are part of a larger structure or unit, rather than individual cells carrying out different functions. Therefore, the most appropriate explanation is that these groups of cells represent tissues in which similar cells function together. Tissues are collections of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Genes involved in the production of abnormal red blood cells have an abnormal sequence of

    • A.

      ATP molecules

    • B.

      Amino acids

    • C.

      Sugars

    • D.

      Bases

    Correct Answer
    D. Bases
    Explanation
    Genes involved in the production of abnormal red blood cells have an abnormal sequence of bases. The sequence of bases, which are adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G), determine the genetic code within a gene. Any alteration or abnormality in the sequence of bases can lead to changes in the structure or function of the protein encoded by that gene. In the context of abnormal red blood cells, a mutation or abnormal sequence of bases in the genes responsible for red blood cell production can result in the production of defective or dysfunctional red blood cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Research has shown that certain body cells, known as stem cells, can develop into a variety of specialized cells. Various factors can cause stem cells to develop into different types of mature cells. These different types of mature cells result from

    • A.

      Different antibodies and mitotic cell division

    • B.

      Identical genetic codes and meiotic cell division

    • C.

      Different environments of the cells and the functioning of different parts of the genetic code

    • D.

      Similar steps in the development of the cells and a reduction in the number of chromosomes in each cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Different environments of the cells and the functioning of different parts of the genetic code
    Explanation
    Stem cells have the ability to develop into different types of specialized cells due to the different environments they are exposed to and the functioning of different parts of their genetic code. This means that the specific conditions and signals in the cell's environment, as well as the activation or suppression of certain genes within the genetic code, play a role in determining the type of mature cell that the stem cell will differentiate into.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which statement is true of both mitosis and meiosis? Both are involved in asexual reproduction.

    • A.

      Both are involved in asexual reproduction.

    • B.

      Both occur only in reproductive cells.

    • C.

      The number of chromosomes is reduced by half.

    • D.

      DNA replication occurs before the division of the nucleus.

    Correct Answer
    D. DNA replication occurs before the division of the nucleus.
    Explanation
    Both mitosis and meiosis involve DNA replication before the division of the nucleus. In both processes, the DNA is duplicated during the interphase stage, which occurs before the actual division takes place. This ensures that each resulting cell receives a complete set of genetic information. Asexual reproduction is not a characteristic shared by both mitosis and meiosis, as mitosis can also occur in multicellular organisms for growth and tissue repair. The statement that both occur only in reproductive cells is incorrect, as mitosis can occur in various somatic cells throughout the body. The statement that the number of chromosomes is reduced by half is specific to meiosis, not mitosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome in the body cells of humans. This extra chromosome occurs in a gamete as a result of

    • A.

      An error in the process of cloning

    • B.

      An error in meiotic cell division

    • C.

      A gene mutation

    • D.

      Replication of a single chromosome during mitosis

    Correct Answer
    B. An error in meiotic cell division
    Explanation
    Down syndrome is caused by an error in meiotic cell division. Meiosis is the process by which gametes (sperm and egg cells) are formed. During meiosis, the chromosomes are supposed to separate properly, with each gamete receiving one copy of each chromosome. However, in the case of Down syndrome, an error occurs during meiotic cell division, leading to the presence of an extra chromosome (specifically, an extra copy of chromosome 21) in the resulting gamete. When this gamete combines with another gamete during fertilization, the resulting individual will have three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual two, leading to the characteristics and symptoms of Down syndrome.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Part of embryonic development in a species is illustrated in the diagram below. Which set of factors plays the most direct role in controlling the events shown in the diagram?

    • A.

      Genes, hormones, and cell location

    • B.

      Antibodies, insulin, and starch

    • C.

      ATP, amino acids, and inorganic compounds

    • D.

      Abiotic resources, homeostasis, and selective breeding

    Correct Answer
    A. Genes, hormones, and cell location
    Explanation
    Genes, hormones, and cell location play the most direct role in controlling the events shown in the diagram because genes provide the instructions for the development and differentiation of cells, hormones regulate various physiological processes and can influence cell behavior, and cell location determines the interactions between cells and their surrounding environment, which can influence their development and function. These factors collectively determine the specific events and processes that occur during embryonic development.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Although all of the cells of a human develop from one fertilized egg, the human is born with many different types of cells. Which statement best explains this observation?

    • A.

      Developing cells may express different parts of their identical genetic instructions.

    • B.

      Mutations occur during development as a result of environmental conditions.

    • C.

      All cells have different genetic material.

    • D.

      Some cells develop before other cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. Developing cells may express different parts of their identical genetic instructions.
    Explanation
    During development, cells go through a process called differentiation, where they specialize and express different parts of their identical genetic instructions. This allows them to perform specific functions and form different types of cells in the human body. Mutations can occur during development, but they are not the main explanation for the observation mentioned. Additionally, while cells may have different genetic material, this is not the primary reason for the variety of cell types in a human. Lastly, the statement that some cells develop before others is true, but it does not fully explain the observation of different cell types at birth.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What is the function of the cell membrane?

    • A.

      Packages what is made in the cell.

    • B.

      controls cell activities or contains the genetic codes.

    • C.

      Respiration or energy release or production of ATP

    • D.

      Regulates what enters and leaves the cell.

    Correct Answer
    D. Regulates what enters and leaves the cell.
    Explanation
    The cell membrane acts as a barrier and selectively regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It allows essential molecules, such as nutrients and oxygen, to enter the cell while preventing the entry of harmful substances. Similarly, waste products and excess molecules are expelled from the cell through the membrane. This regulation of substance movement helps maintain the internal environment of the cell and ensures its proper functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Name the cellular organelle labelled C.

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Cell/plasma membrane

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    The cellular organelle labelled C is the mitochondria. The mitochondria are double-membraned organelles found in most eukaryotic cells. They are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they generate most of the cell's energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. The mitochondria have their own DNA and can replicate independently of the cell. They are involved in various metabolic processes, including the breakdown of carbohydrates and fatty acids to produce energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What is the main function of a vacuole in a cell?

    • A.

      Storage

    • B.

      Coordination

    • C.

      Synthesis of molecules

    • D.

      Release of energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Storage
    Explanation
    The main function of a vacuole in a cell is storage. Vacuoles are membrane-bound organelles that store various substances such as water, ions, nutrients, and waste products. They help maintain the cell's shape and provide support. In plant cells, vacuoles are particularly large and play a crucial role in maintaining turgor pressure, which helps the plant stand upright. Additionally, vacuoles can also store pigments, toxins, and defense compounds to protect the cell from external threats. Overall, the storage function of vacuoles is essential for maintaining the cell's homeostasis and carrying out various metabolic processes.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 21, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Fogellh
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.