You Are A Nurse, You Should Know Part 2

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| By Ces_nursesed
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 771
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 196

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Nurse Quizzes & Trivia

First aid may mean the difference between life and death,
between rapid recovery and long hospitalization,
between temporary disability and permanent injury.
First aid is not just for other people- it can be for yourself as well.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Did this on-line continuing education presentation contain valuable information? (Y/N)

  • 2. 

    Do you believe that you will be able to retain the information presented? (Y/N)

  • 3. 

    Do you believe that you will be able to retain the information presented? (Y/N)

  • 4. 

    Name 2 concepts that you learned from this online continuing education presentation:

  • 5. 

    A closed fracture is the same as a simple fracture.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A closed fracture is the same as a simple fracture because both terms refer to a fracture in which the bone does not break through the skin. In both cases, the bone is broken but remains contained within the body. The terms "closed fracture" and "simple fracture" are often used interchangeably to describe this type of fracture.

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  • 6. 

    An open fracture is the same as a compound fracture...

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An open fracture is indeed the same as a compound fracture. Both terms refer to a type of fracture where the broken bone pierces through the skin, resulting in an external wound. This is in contrast to a closed fracture, where the bone breaks but does not penetrate the skin. Therefore, the statement "An open fracture is the same as a compound fracture" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following interventions would you provide to a victim with a suspected fracture?

    • A.

      For a suspected arm or leg fracture, check blood flow.

    • B.

      Apply a cold compress on a suspected fracture.

    • C.

      Apply a splint to help stabilize the fracture.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above interventions would be provided to a victim with a suspected fracture. Checking blood flow is important to ensure that the fracture does not cause any circulation issues. Applying a cold compress can help reduce swelling and pain associated with the fracture. Finally, applying a splint can help stabilize the fracture and prevent further damage or movement. Therefore, all of these interventions are necessary for the management of a suspected fracture.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following interventions would you provide a victim with a suspected dislocation or sprain?

    • A.

      The letters RICE (rest-ice-compress-elevate) represent the treatment of choice.

    • B.

      When applying ice, place it directly on the skin.

    • C.

      Apply heat to the injury as soon as possible.

    Correct Answer
    A. The letters RICE (rest-ice-compress-elevate) represent the treatment of choice.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the letters RICE (rest-ice-compress-elevate) represent the treatment of choice. This acronym stands for the recommended interventions for a suspected dislocation or sprain. Rest refers to avoiding any further movement or stress on the injured area. Ice helps to reduce swelling and pain by constricting blood vessels. Compressing the area with a bandage or wrap helps to provide support and reduce swelling. Elevating the injured area above the heart helps to reduce swelling by promoting drainage. This combination of interventions is commonly recommended for initial treatment of dislocations or sprains.

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  • 9. 

    All wounds require deep cleaning and antibiotics to prevent infection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is true because deep cleaning is necessary to remove any dirt, debris, or bacteria from the wound, which helps to reduce the risk of infection. Additionally, antibiotics may be prescribed to further prevent or treat any potential infection that could occur. Therefore, both deep cleaning and antibiotics are essential for preventing infection in all wounds.

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  • 10. 

    The signs and symptoms of wound infection include which of the following?

    • A.

      Swelling and redness

    • B.

      Throbbing pain at the site of the wound

    • C.

      Red streaks leading from the wound toward the heart.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The signs and symptoms of wound infection include swelling and redness, throbbing pain at the site of the wound, and red streaks leading from the wound toward the heart. These symptoms indicate an inflammatory response and possible infection in the wound. Swelling and redness are common signs of infection, while throbbing pain suggests inflammation. Red streaks leading from the wound toward the heart may indicate the spread of infection through the lymphatic system. Therefore, all of the above options are correct signs and symptoms of wound infection.

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  • 11. 

    Tetanus vaccinations

    • A.

      Should be given every 2 years

    • B.

      Should be given to a victim who was once immunized but has not received a booster within the last 10 years.

    • C.

      Should be given within 4 hours of the injury to be effective.

    • D.

      Should be given to all victims of dirty wounds.

    Correct Answer
    B. Should be given to a victim who was once immunized but has not received a booster within the last 10 years.
    Explanation
    Tetanus vaccinations should be given to a victim who was once immunized but has not received a booster within the last 10 years. This is because the immunity provided by the initial vaccination gradually decreases over time, and a booster shot is required to maintain adequate protection against tetanus. If a person has not received a booster within the last 10 years, they may be at risk of contracting tetanus if exposed to the bacteria.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are the recommended guidelines for caring for a victim with an amputation?

    • A.

      Control the bleeding with direct pressure and elevate the extremity.

    • B.

      The amputated part may be rinsed to remove the debris but does not need to be cleaned

    • C.

      Put the wrapped amputated part in a plastic bag

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The recommended guidelines for caring for a victim with an amputation include controlling the bleeding with direct pressure and elevating the extremity to reduce blood flow. The amputated part may be rinsed to remove debris, but it does not need to be cleaned extensively. Additionally, it is advised to put the wrapped amputated part in a plastic bag to keep it safe and prevent further contamination. Therefore, all of the above options are correct guidelines for caring for a victim with an amputation.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following are the recommended steps for the victim with a painful blister?

    • A.

      Drain the fluid from a small puncture at the edge of the blister.

    • B.

      Leave the blister’s roof pm

    • C.

      Apply a sterile dressing.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The recommended steps for a victim with a painful blister are to drain the fluid from a small puncture at the edge of the blister, leave the blister's roof intact, and apply a sterile dressing. These steps help to relieve pain, prevent infection, and promote healing.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following are the recommended steps for the victim with an impaled object?

    • A.

      Remove or cut away clothing surrounding the injury

    • B.

      Straddle the impaled object with gauze.

    • C.

      Shorten the object only if necessary for transport

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The recommended steps for a victim with an impaled object include removing or cutting away clothing surrounding the injury, straddling the impaled object with gauze, and shortening the object only if necessary for transport. These steps are important to ensure that further injury is not caused and to provide immediate care and support to the victim.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following are the recommended steps for the relief of a collection of blood under the nail from a crushing blow?

    • A.

      Straighten a paper clip and heat the paper clip until it glows over a flame of a match or cigarette lighter.

    • B.

      Press the glowing end of the paper clip against the nail with a little pressure

    • C.

      Immediately the glowing paper clip creates a hole and the trapped blood rushes out.

    • D.

      All of the above. I have done this procedure and it works without pain to the victim

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above. I have done this procedure and it works without pain to the victim
    Explanation
    The recommended steps for the relief of a collection of blood under the nail from a crushing blow include straightening a paper clip and heating it until it glows, then pressing the glowing end of the paper clip against the nail with a little pressure. This creates a hole through which the trapped blood can rush out. The given answer states that all of the above steps are recommended and have been personally tried, without causing pain to the victim.

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  • 16. 

    To remove a strangulated ring from a victim’s fingers the following may be helpful.

    • A.

      Window or glass cleaner

    • B.

      Lubricant

    • C.

      Slender balloon

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the listed items can be helpful in removing a strangulated ring from a victim's fingers. Window or glass cleaner can be used to help lubricate the area around the ring, making it easier to remove. Lubricant can also be applied to the finger to reduce friction and allow the ring to slide off more easily. A slender balloon can be inflated and inserted under the ring, creating a cushion of air that can help loosen the ring and make it easier to remove. Therefore, all of the listed items can be useful in this situation.

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  • 17. 

    Which burn is the most serious and may not be painful?

    • A.

      First-degree

    • B.

      Second-degree

    • C.

      Third-degree

    Correct Answer
    C. Third-degree
    Explanation
    Third-degree burns are the most serious type of burns as they involve damage to all layers of the skin and underlying tissues. These burns are often characterized by a white or charred appearance and may not be painful due to nerve damage. The severity of third-degree burns requires immediate medical attention and may require skin grafting or other surgical interventions for proper healing.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following statements are true for the immediate response of a thermal burn?

    • A.

      If clothing has ignited, have the victim roll on the ground using the “stop, drop, and roll” method.

    • B.

      Smother flames with a blanket or douse the victim

    • C.

      Do not allow the victim to remain standing, because he or she is more apt to inhale flames.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the statements mentioned in the question are true for the immediate response of a thermal burn. The first statement advises having the victim roll on the ground using the "stop, drop, and roll" method if their clothing has ignited. The second statement suggests smothering flames with a blanket or dousing the victim. The third statement warns against allowing the victim to remain standing, as they are more likely to inhale flames. Therefore, all of these actions are recommended for the immediate response to a thermal burn.

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  • 19. 

    Once the fire is extinguished, what should be immediately done for the victim that may have their clothing catch of fire?

    • A.

      Remove all hot or smoldering clothing because the burning may continue if the clothing is left on.

    • B.

      Check the ABCs.

    • C.

      Determine the depth of the burn. It is difficult to asses the depth, however making an assessment of burn depth will help you to decide whether to seek medical care for the victim.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    After extinguishing the fire, it is important to immediately remove all hot or smoldering clothing from the victim to prevent the burning from continuing. Checking the ABCs (Airway, Breathing, Circulation) is crucial to assess the victim's vital signs and ensure they are stable. Additionally, determining the depth of the burn is important to determine the severity and decide whether medical care is necessary. Therefore, all of the mentioned actions should be taken for the victim who may have their clothing catch on fire.

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  • 20. 

    To determine the extent of the burn and estimating how much surface area the burn covers. The Rule of Nine may be used. Which of the following statements are true for the Rule of Nine?

    • A.

      The entire head is 9%,

    • B.

      One complete arm is 9%, and each leg is 18%

    • C.

      The front torso is 18%, the complete back is 18%,

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Rule of Nine is a method used to estimate the extent of a burn and determine the percentage of the body surface area that is affected by the burn. According to this rule, the entire head is considered to be 9% of the total body surface area. Similarly, one complete arm is also considered to be 9% of the total body surface area, while each leg is estimated to be 18%. The front torso and the complete back are both considered to be 18% of the total body surface area. Therefore, all of the statements mentioned in the options are true for the Rule of Nine.

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  • 21. 

    Which victim needs medical attention for a thermal burn?

    • A.

      The victim is under 5 or over 55

    • B.

      The victim has difficulty breathing

    • C.

      The surface area of a second-degree burn is greater tan 15% of the body surface area

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A thermal burn is a serious injury that requires medical attention. The victim being under 5 or over 55 makes them more vulnerable to burns and their bodies may not be able to heal as quickly. Difficulty breathing indicates that the burn may have affected the airway and respiratory system, which requires immediate medical attention. A second-degree burn covering more than 15% of the body surface area is considered a severe burn and needs medical treatment. Therefore, all of the given conditions indicate that the victim needs medical attention for a thermal burn.

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  • 22. 

    Burn care for first-degree burns includes which of the following?

    • A.

      Relieve pain by immersing the burned area in cold tap water or by applying a wet, cold cloth.

    • B.

      If cold water is unavailable use any cold, drinkable liquid to reduce a burned skin’s temperature.

    • C.

      Relieve pain and inflammation with aspirin (adults only) or ibuprofen. Acetaminophen relieves pain but not inflammation

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the options listed include all the recommended methods for treating first-degree burns. These methods include relieving pain by immersing the burned area in cold tap water or applying a wet, cold cloth, using any cold, drinkable liquid if cold water is unavailable, and relieving pain and inflammation with aspirin or ibuprofen (for adults only). Acetaminophen can also be used to relieve pain, but it does not address inflammation. Therefore, all of the provided options are valid methods for treating first-degree burns.

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  • 23. 

    Burn care for second-degree burns includes which of the following?

    • A.

      Seek medical attention for moderate burns covering 15% to 20% of the body surface area in adults or 10% to 20% in children or elderly victims.

    • B.

      Relieve pain by immersing the burned area in cold tap water or by applying a wet, cold cloth. Apply cold until the part is pain free both in and out of the water (usually 15-30 minutes).

    • C.

      Cover the burn with a dry, non-sticking, clean dressing or a clean cloth. Covering the burn reduces the amount of pain by keeping air from reaching the exposed nerve endings.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the given options include seeking medical attention for moderate burns, relieving pain by immersing the burned area in cold water or applying a cold cloth, and covering the burn with a clean dressing or cloth. All of these actions are recommended for treating second-degree burns. Seeking medical attention is important to assess the severity of the burn and provide appropriate treatment. Immersing the burn in cold water or applying a cold cloth helps to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Covering the burn with a clean dressing or cloth helps protect the area from infection and promotes healing.

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  • 24. 

    Later burn care includes which of the following?

    • A.

      Change dressings once or twice a day or as the doctor instructed

    • B.

      Report any signs of infection to a doctor: redness, pain, tenderness, swelling, pus, or fever.

    • C.

      Keep the area and dressing clean and dry

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the options listed in the question are included in later burn care. This includes changing dressings once or twice a day or as instructed by the doctor, reporting any signs of infection to a doctor, and keeping the area and dressing clean and dry.

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  • 25. 

    Burn Care for third-degree burns includes which of the following?

    • A.

      Seek medical attention immediately

    • B.

      Cover the burn with a dry, non-sticking, clean dressing or a clean cloth

    • C.

      Treat the victim for shock by elevating and legs keeping the victim warm with a clean sheet or blanket.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all three options are recommended for the care of third-degree burns. Seeking immediate medical attention is crucial as third-degree burns are severe and require professional treatment. Covering the burn with a dry, non-sticking, clean dressing or cloth helps to protect the burn from infection and further damage. Treating the victim for shock by elevating their legs and keeping them warm with a clean sheet or blanket is important for their overall well-being and to prevent complications. Therefore, all of these actions should be taken for proper burn care.

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  • 26. 

    To change dressings for a bruin victim, which of the following guidelines are recommended?

    • A.

      If the old dressing sticks when removed, soak it off with cool, clean water.

    • B.

      Pat the area dry with a clean cloth.

    • C.

      Apply a thin layer of antibiotic (bacitracin) ointment to the burn.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the guidelines mentioned in the question are recommended when changing dressings for a burn victim. These guidelines include soaking off the old dressing with cool, clean water if it sticks, patting the area dry with a clean cloth, and applying a thin layer of antibiotic ointment to the burn.

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  • 27. 

    Care for a chemical burn includes which of the following guidelines?

    • A.

      Immediately remove the chemical by flushing with water.

    • B.

      Remove the victim’s contaminated clothing while flushing with water.

    • C.

      Flush for 20 minutes or longer. Let the victim wash with a mild soap before a final rinse. Dilution with large amounts of water decreases the chemical concentration and washes it away.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all of the given guidelines are important for caring for a chemical burn. It is crucial to immediately remove the chemical by flushing with water to minimize further damage. Removing the victim's contaminated clothing while flushing helps to prevent the chemical from continuing to contact the skin. Flushing for 20 minutes or longer is necessary to thoroughly clean the affected area. Allowing the victim to wash with a mild soap before a final rinse can help remove any remaining chemical residue. Dilution with large amounts of water is important as it decreases the chemical concentration and washes it away.

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  • 28. 

    The three types of electric shocks are which of the following?

    • A.

      Arc (flash)

    • B.

      Thermal Flame

    • C.

      True electrical current injury (contact)

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the question asks for the three types of electric shocks, and all three options listed (arc flash, thermal flame, and true electrical current injury) are indeed types of electric shocks. Therefore, selecting "All of the above" encompasses all three types mentioned in the question.

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  • 29. 

    Care of the victim with electrocution includes which of the following:

    • A.

      Cool the victim with cold packs

    • B.

      Cover the burn areas with sterile dressings.

    • C.

      Seek medical attention immediately

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." When caring for a victim with electrocution, it is important to cool the victim with cold packs to help reduce pain and swelling. Covering the burn areas with sterile dressings helps protect the wounds from infection and further damage. Seeking medical attention immediately is crucial as electrocution can cause internal injuries that may not be immediately apparent. Therefore, all of these steps are necessary in providing proper care to a victim with electrocution.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following are signs and symptoms of a person with an asthma attack?

    • A.

      Coughing and cyanosis (bluish skin color)

    • B.

      Inability to speak in complete sentences without pausing for breath

    • C.

      Difficulty breathing with high-pitched wheezing sounds.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the symptoms mentioned in the options (coughing and cyanosis, inability to speak without pausing for breath, difficulty breathing with high-pitched wheezing sounds) are signs and symptoms commonly associated with an asthma attack. Coughing and cyanosis can occur due to the constriction of airways and lack of oxygen, while the inability to speak without pausing for breath indicates shortness of breath. Difficulty breathing with high-pitched wheezing sounds is a classic symptom of an asthma attack caused by the narrowing of the airways. Therefore, all of the above options are signs and symptoms of a person experiencing an asthma attack.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following are interventions for the care of the victim with an asthma attack?

    • A.

      Keep the victim in a comfortable position that makes it easier to breathe

    • B.

      Ask the victim about asthma medications he or she may be using. Most asthma suffers will have some form of asthma medication prescribed through a physician.

    • C.

      If the victim does not respond well after using the inhalers, seek medical attention immediately.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the interventions listed - keeping the victim in a comfortable position, asking about asthma medications, and seeking medical attention if inhalers do not work - are appropriate actions to take when caring for a victim with an asthma attack.

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  • 32. 

    To determine how much medicine is left in the canisters the following is recommended:

    • A.

      If the canister is new, it is full

    • B.

      Place used canisters in a container of water and observe the position it takes in the water. If the canister is full it will sink to the bottom.

    • C.

      If the canister is ¾ - ½ full it will remain upside down submerged in the water

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the statement includes all the recommended methods to determine how much medicine is left in the canisters. The first statement states that if the canister is new, it is full. The second statement suggests placing used canisters in water and observing their position. If the canister is full, it will sink to the bottom. The third statement states that if the canister is ¾ - ½ full, it will remain upside down submerged in the water. Therefore, all three statements provide different ways to determine the amount of medicine left in the canisters.

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  • 33. 

     Which of the following are the interventions for the victim that   may be seizing?

    • A.

      Give the victim something to eat and drink

    • B.

      Wedge something between his/her teeth to prevent chocking

    • C.

      Hold the victim down to prevent the victim from further trauma

    • D.

      Place the patient on his or her left side at the end of the seizure.

    Correct Answer
    D. Place the patient on his or her left side at the end of the seizure.
    Explanation
    Placing the patient on their left side at the end of a seizure is a recommended intervention to ensure their safety and prevent aspiration. This position helps to maintain an open airway and allows any saliva or fluids to drain out of the mouth, reducing the risk of choking or respiratory distress. It also helps to prevent the patient from rolling onto their back, which could potentially obstruct their airway. This intervention is important for the well-being of the victim and should be followed after a seizure episode.

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  • 34. 

    If you are uncertain whether the victim has a high or low blood-sugar, you should you give the victim some sugar-containing food or drink and wait 15 minutes.  if there is no improvement take the victim to the hospital.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If you are uncertain about the blood sugar level of the victim, giving them some sugar-containing food or drink can help in case their blood sugar is low. This can provide a quick source of glucose and potentially improve their condition. Waiting for 15 minutes allows time for the sugar to be absorbed and for any improvement to occur. If there is no improvement after this time, it is advisable to take the victim to the hospital for further medical attention.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following interventions would you provide a victim with a suspected dislocation or sprain?

    • A.

      Give salt tablets to a person who is suffering from muscle cramps

    • B.

      Apply heat initially to a muscle injury

    • C.

      An elastic bandage, if correctly placed can help prevent swelling.

    Correct Answer
    C. An elastic bandage, if correctly placed can help prevent swelling.
    Explanation
    An elastic bandage, if correctly placed, can help prevent swelling in a victim with a suspected dislocation or sprain. It provides compression to the injured area, which helps reduce the flow of fluids and prevents excessive swelling. The bandage also provides support to the injured joint or muscle, helping to stabilize it and reduce pain.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Ces_nursesed
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