# ** How Scientist Study The Earth ~ Quiz **

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| By Janell
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Janell
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 383
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 202

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• 1.

### I am a representation of earth or part of earth on a flat surface.

• A.

Thermometer

• B.

Anemometer

• C.

Map

• D.

Globe

C. Map
Explanation
A map is a representation of the earth or a part of the earth on a flat surface. It provides a visual depiction of geographical features, such as landforms, bodies of water, and political boundaries. Maps are commonly used for navigation, planning, and studying the Earth's surface. They allow us to understand and interpret spatial relationships and distances between different locations. Unlike a globe, which is a three-dimensional representation of the Earth, a map is a two-dimensional representation that can be easily carried and used for reference. Therefore, a map is the correct answer in this context.

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• 2.

### I am an instrument that measures wind speed and direction

• A.

Thermometer

• B.

Anemometer

• C.

Map

• D.

Globe

B. Anemometer
Explanation
An anemometer is a device used to measure wind speed and direction. It typically consists of a set of cups or blades that rotate when exposed to wind, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. By measuring the rotation speed, an anemometer can provide accurate readings of wind speed. Additionally, some anemometers also have a vane or windsock that allows for the measurement of wind direction. Therefore, an anemometer is the correct instrument for measuring wind speed and direction.

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• 3.

### I am an instrument that measures temperature.

• A.

Thermometer

• B.

Anemometer

• C.

Map

• D.

Globe

A. Thermometer
Explanation
A thermometer is an instrument specifically designed to measure temperature. It typically consists of a glass tube filled with a liquid, such as mercury or alcohol, that expands or contracts with changes in temperature. By observing the level of the liquid inside the tube, one can determine the temperature. Therefore, a thermometer is the correct answer as it is the instrument used to measure temperature accurately.

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• 4.

### I am a representation of earth on a sphere surface.

• A.

Thermometer

• B.

Anemometer

• C.

Map

• D.

Globe

D. Globe
Explanation
A globe is a representation of the earth on a sphere surface. It provides a three-dimensional view of the earth's landmasses, bodies of water, and geographical features. Unlike a map, which is a two-dimensional representation, a globe accurately depicts the shape and relative sizes of continents and oceans. A thermometer measures temperature, an anemometer measures wind speed, and while a map can also represent the earth, it does not provide the same level of accuracy and perspective as a globe.

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• 5.

### I am a weather satellite that orbits Earth taking photos and collecting measurements.

• A.

TIROS

• B.

POES

• C.

EOS

A. TIROS
Explanation
TIROS is the correct answer because it stands for Television Infrared Observation Satellite. TIROS satellites were the first weather satellites launched by NASA in the 1960s. They were designed to orbit Earth and capture images and data about the weather using television and infrared technology. These satellites played a crucial role in advancing weather forecasting and understanding Earth's climate.

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• 6.

### I collect information about land, ocean surfaces, clouds, and Earth's atmosphere.

• A.

TIROS

• B.

EOS

• C.

POES

B. EOS
Explanation
EOS stands for Earth Observing System. It is a series of satellites that collect information about land, ocean surfaces, clouds, and Earth's atmosphere. Therefore, the given statement aligns with the purpose and function of the EOS satellites.

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• 7.

### Use the word Bank:     observing                       orbiting                    system                     satellite                         polar                               planet           geology             geostationary                 Earth                         Environmental   GOES stand for __________      _________      _________      _________ 2 pts total

Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellite
Explanation
GOES stands for Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellite. This acronym represents a type of satellite that is placed in a geostationary orbit around the Earth. These satellites are specifically designed to monitor and study the Earth's environment, including weather patterns, climate changes, and other environmental factors. They provide valuable data and images that help in understanding and predicting weather conditions, as well as monitoring the health of the planet.

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• 8.

### Use the word Bank:     observing                     orbiting                    system                      satellite                          polar                                planet             geology                geostationary                 Earth                         Environmental POES stand for _________     _________    ____________  _________? 2 pts total

Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite
Explanation
POES stands for Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite. This acronym refers to a type of satellite that orbits the Earth in a polar orbit, collecting data on environmental conditions such as weather patterns, climate change, and atmospheric composition. These satellites provide valuable information for weather forecasting, climate monitoring, and environmental research.

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• 9.

### I view clouds and orbit from North to South Pole.

• A.

TIROS

• B.

POES

• C.

GOES

B. POES
Explanation
The correct answer is POES. POES stands for Polar Operational Environmental Satellites, which are designed to provide global observations of the Earth's atmosphere, land, and oceans. These satellites orbit the Earth from the North to South Pole, allowing them to capture images and data of clouds and other weather phenomena from a polar perspective.

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• 10.

### I view clouds and orbit in sync (same timing) with Earth's surface.

• A.

TIROS

• B.

GOES

• C.

EOS

B. GOES
Explanation
GOES stands for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. Geostationary satellites orbit the Earth at the same speed as the Earth's rotation, allowing them to remain fixed in one position relative to the Earth's surface. This means that the satellite and the surface below it will experience the same timing of events, such as cloud movements. Therefore, GOES is the most likely satellite to provide synchronized views of clouds and orbit with the Earth's surface.

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• 11.

### Name one other instrument that a meteorologist uses other than thermometer and anemometer.

Explanation
A meteorologist uses various instruments to study and predict weather conditions. One such instrument is a weather balloon, which is equipped with sensors to measure temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure as it ascends into the atmosphere. Satellites also play a crucial role in meteorology, providing valuable data on cloud cover, precipitation, and temperature patterns from space. Radars are used to detect and track precipitation, while computers aid in analyzing and modeling weather data. These instruments help meteorologists gather and analyze data, enabling them to make accurate weather forecasts and monitor atmospheric conditions.

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• 12.

### Use the word Bank:     observing                       orbiting                    system                    satellite                          polar                               planet           geology              geostationary                  Earth                         Environmental   EOS stands for _______________    _________________    _________________. 2 pts total

Earth Observing System
Explanation
EOS stands for Earth Observing System.

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• 13.

### Use the word Bank:     observing                       orbiting                    system                     satellite               infrared                    planet                     Traveling                       Television                                 Earth                           TIROS stands for ___________   ____________   ____________   _____________. 2 pts total

Television Infrared Observing Satellite
Explanation
The acronym TIROS stands for Television Infrared Observing Satellite.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Feb 24, 2014
Quiz Created by
Janell

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