What Do You Know About Quaternary Science?

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What Do You Know About Quaternary Science? - Quiz

Quaternary science is an inter-disciplinary field of study focusing on the Quaternary period, which encompasses the last 2.6 million years. The field studies the current ice age and the recent interstadial, between numerous glaciations, the Holocene, and uses proxy evidence to reconstruct the past environments during this period to infer the climatic and environmental changes that have occurred.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Cenozoic Era has how many periods?

    • A.

      Three

    • B.

      One

    • C.

      Four

    • D.

      Five

    Correct Answer
    A. Three
    Explanation
    The Cenozoic Era is divided into three periods: the Paleogene, the Neogene, and the Quaternary. These periods represent different stages of geological time and are characterized by significant changes in climate, biodiversity, and the evolution of mammals. Each period within the Cenozoic Era has its own distinct characteristics and is marked by important events in Earth's history.

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  • 2. 

    The Quaternary Period is divided into how many epoch?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    The Quaternary Period is divided into two epochs. This division is based on significant changes in climate, ice ages, and the appearance of modern humans. The two epochs are the Pleistocene, which lasted from about 2.6 million years ago to around 11,700 years ago, and the Holocene, which began after the last major ice age and continues to the present day. The division into two epochs helps scientists to better understand the geological and environmental changes that have occurred during this period.

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  • 3. 

    The term Quaternary was proposed by .....

    • A.

      Jules Desnoyers

    • B.

      Giovanni Arduino

    • C.

      Seine Basin

    • D.

      Ignaz Venetz

    Correct Answer
    B. Giovanni Arduino
    Explanation
    Giovanni Arduino is the correct answer because he was the one who proposed the term "Quaternary" in the field of geology. He divided the Earth's history into four major periods: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary. This classification system is still widely used today, making Arduino a significant figure in the development of geological science.

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  • 4. 

    The term Quaternary was proposed by Giovanni Arduino in ....?

    • A.

      1997

    • B.

      1564

    • C.

      1888

    • D.

      1759

    Correct Answer
    D. 1759
  • 5. 

    The term Quaternary was proposed by Giovanni Arduino in 1759 for alluvial deposits in the ....?

    • A.

      Fassa valley

    • B.

      Po River valley

    • C.

      Brenta valley

    • D.

      Itria valley

    Correct Answer
    B. Po River valley
    Explanation
    The term Quaternary was proposed by Giovanni Arduino in 1759 for alluvial deposits in the Po River valley.

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  • 6. 

    The term Quaternary was proposed by Giovanni Arduino in 1759 for alluvial deposits in the Po River valley in .....?

    • A.

      Northern Italy

    • B.

      Eastern Italy

    • C.

      Western Italy

    • D.

      Southern Italy

    Correct Answer
    A. Northern Italy
    Explanation
    The term Quaternary was proposed by Giovanni Arduino in 1759 for alluvial deposits in the Po River valley in Northern Italy.

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  • 7. 

    Quaternary was introduced by .....?

    • A.

      Jules Desnoyers

    • B.

      James McCaffrey

    • C.

      Albert Einstein

    • D.

      Isaac Newton

    Correct Answer
    A. Jules Desnoyers
    Explanation
    Quaternary was introduced by Jules Desnoyers.

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  • 8. 

    It was introduced by Jules Desnoyers in ...?

    • A.

      1888

    • B.

      1854

    • C.

      1983

    • D.

      1829

    Correct Answer
    D. 1829
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1829. This suggests that Jules Desnoyers introduced something in that year. However, without further context, it is not clear what exactly was introduced by Jules Desnoyers in 1829.

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  • 9. 

    In ...., a Swiss engineer, presented an article in which he suggested the presence of traces of the passage of a glacier at a considerable distance from the Alps.

    • A.

      1560

    • B.

      1888

    • C.

      1954

    • D.

      1821

    Correct Answer
    D. 1821
    Explanation
    In 1821, a Swiss engineer presented an article suggesting the presence of traces of a glacier far away from the Alps. This indicates that the engineer observed evidence of glacial activity in a location that was not traditionally associated with glaciers, challenging the prevailing understanding of glacial movement. This discovery likely contributed to a deeper understanding of glaciology and the impact of glaciers on the Earth's landscape.

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  • 10. 

    In 1821, a Swiss engineer named, presented an article in which he suggested the presence of traces of the passage of a glacier at a considerable distance from the Alps.

    • A.

      James McCaffrey

    • B.

      Jules Desnoyers

    • C.

      Ignaz Venetz

    • D.

      Albert Einstein

    Correct Answer
    C. Ignaz Venetz
    Explanation
    Ignaz Venetz is the correct answer because he was the Swiss engineer who presented an article in 1821 suggesting the presence of traces of a glacier at a considerable distance from the Alps. This indicates that Venetz was the one who first proposed the idea of glaciers leaving evidence of their movement far beyond their original location.

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