Educational Technology 1 - Learning The Concepts

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Educational Technology 1 - Learning The Concepts - Quiz

This is a 35 item quiz on the concepts of EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY. Click on the letter of correct answer. After completion of the test, your RESULT will appear in the form of a DIGITAL CERTIFICATE. Only a DIGITAL CERTIFICATE of 95% and above will be accepted as valid certificate. If you fail, retake the test. Then, submit your accomplished digital certificate of completion (passed score only) to the ADAMSON E-LEARNING SITE.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is the LEAST considered as a purpose of using technology in a teaching-learning situation?

    • A. 

      Motivate an interest

    • B. 

      Present information

    • C. 

      Provide instruction

    • D. 

      Gather data

    Correct Answer
    D. Gather data
    Explanation
    Using technology in a teaching-learning situation can serve various purposes such as motivating interest, presenting information, providing instruction, and gathering data. However, out of these options, gathering data is the least considered purpose. While technology can certainly be used to collect data and track student progress, it is not the primary focus when it comes to using technology in the classroom. The main emphasis is usually on engaging students, delivering content effectively, and facilitating instruction. Gathering data is important, but it is not the primary purpose of using technology in a teaching-learning situation.

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  • 2. 

    Which is always the main focus of any instructional planning and selection of instructional materials?

    • A. 

      Classroom

    • B. 

      Subject matter

    • C. 

      Teacher

    • D. 

      Learner

    Correct Answer
    D. Learner
    Explanation
    The main focus of any instructional planning and selection of instructional materials is the learner. This means that the needs, abilities, and interests of the learners should be taken into consideration when designing instruction and choosing materials. The goal is to create a learning experience that is engaging, meaningful, and effective for the learners. By focusing on the learner, instructional planning can be tailored to meet their specific needs and promote their learning and understanding of the subject matter.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following instructional media is more ABSTRACT for teaching and learning?

    • A. 

      Graphs and drawings

    • B. 

      Flat pictures

    • C. 

      Models

    • D. 

      Television

    Correct Answer
    A. Graphs and drawings
    Explanation
    Graphs and drawings are more abstract instructional media for teaching and learning because they represent information using symbols, lines, and shapes, which require interpretation and understanding of the underlying concepts. They often depict complex relationships and data, which may not be immediately obvious or easily grasped by learners. In contrast, flat pictures and models provide more concrete representations that are closer to reality and can be easily understood without extensive interpretation. Television, on the other hand, is a non-visual media that presents information in a more dynamic and engaging manner, but it is not inherently abstract like graphs and drawings.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following instructional media functions the MOST in terms of its degree of concreteness?

    • A. 

      Maps

    • B. 

      Flat pictures

    • C. 

      Models

    • D. 

      Radio

    Correct Answer
    D. Radio
    Explanation
    Radio is the most abstract instructional media out of the options given. Unlike maps, flat pictures, and models, radio does not provide a visual representation or physical object for learners to interact with. Instead, it relies solely on auditory cues and verbal descriptions to convey information. This lack of visual or physical elements makes radio the least concrete option, requiring learners to rely solely on their imagination and listening skills.

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  • 5. 

    By looking at the Dale's Cone of Experience diagram, teachers are guided which methods and instructional materials would best fit the teaching-learning situation.  How are experiences arranged in the Cone?

    • A. 

      Degree of difficulty

    • B. 

      Degree of abstraction

    Correct Answer
    B. Degree of abstraction
    Explanation
    The experiences in the Dale's Cone of Experience are arranged based on the degree of abstraction. This means that the experiences range from concrete and real-life situations at the bottom of the cone to more abstract and symbolic representations at the top. The cone suggests that learners should start with hands-on experiences and gradually move towards more abstract and conceptual understanding. This allows teachers to select appropriate methods and instructional materials based on the level of abstraction required for effective teaching and learning.

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  • 6. 

    Which band of experience is referred to in the situation: "If I want my students to learn how to focus a compound light microscope, I will let him focus one after i have shown him how."?

    • A. 

      Contrived experience

    • B. 

      Direct purposeful experience

    • C. 

      Dramatized experience

    • D. 

      Exhibit

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct purposeful experience
    Explanation
    In the given situation, the teacher wants the students to learn how to focus a compound light microscope. To achieve this, the teacher plans to let the students practice focusing the microscope themselves after demonstrating the process. This type of hands-on learning, where the students directly engage with the task and have a specific purpose, is referred to as direct purposeful experience.

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  • 7. 

    Teachers make use of models or mock ups (human body, atom, molecules, etc) to make real-life accessible to students' perception and understanding.  Which band of experience would apply to this particular scenario?

    • A. 

      Dramatized experienced

    • B. 

      Direct purposeful experience

    • C. 

      Contrived experience

    Correct Answer
    C. Contrived experience
    Explanation
    Teachers use models or mock-ups to create a contrived experience for students. This means that they are intentionally creating an artificial or simulated experience that allows students to interact with and understand real-life concepts such as the human body, atoms, or molecules. By using these contrived experiences, teachers can make complex or abstract ideas more accessible and tangible for students to perceive and understand.

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  • 8. 

    In learning about a historical event, students participate in a reconstructed experience, even though the original event had happened many years back.  Which band of experience in the cone diagram is this?

    • A. 

      Dramatized experienced

    • B. 

      Direct purposeful experience

    • C. 

      Contrived experience

    Correct Answer
    A. Dramatized experienced
    Explanation
    This is a dramatized experience because the students are participating in a reconstructed version of the historical event. They are not directly experiencing the original event, but rather engaging in a dramatization or reenactment of it. This allows them to gain a deeper understanding and connection to the event, even though it occurred many years ago.

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  • 9. 

    Learners can immediately understand a lesson concept by skipping abstract experiences.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that learners can understand a lesson concept immediately by skipping abstract experiences. However, this is not true. Abstract experiences play a crucial role in the learning process as they help learners make connections, develop critical thinking skills, and apply concepts to real-life situations. Skipping abstract experiences can hinder a learner's understanding and limit their ability to fully grasp and apply the lesson concept. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 10. 

    Technology is purely about computers and other high techs gadgets.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because technology is not solely limited to computers and high-tech gadgets. Technology encompasses a wide range of tools, techniques, and systems that are used to solve problems and accomplish tasks. It includes everything from simple tools like a wheel or a hammer to complex systems like electricity grids or space shuttles. Therefore, technology is not exclusively about computers and high-tech gadgets.

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  • 11. 

    Mr. Cruz is planning to use handouts in providing computation activities in his Mathematics class.  Under what instructional media category are handouts?

    • A. 

      Audio Visual Materials

    • B. 

      Authentic Materials and Other Resources

    • C. 

      Books and Duplicated Materials

    Correct Answer
    B. Authentic Materials and Other Resources
    Explanation
    Handouts are categorized under "Authentic Materials and Other Resources" in instructional media. Handouts are considered authentic materials because they are original and real-world resources that provide relevant information or activities. They are created specifically for the purpose of supporting instruction and can be used as supplementary materials in the classroom. Handouts are not classified as audiovisual materials or books and duplicated materials, as they do not fall under those categories.

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  • 12. 

    Mrs. Castro sought the services of a Philippine Red Cross representative to lecture and demonstrate basics of Emergency Procedures for her MAPEH class. The Red Cross representative falls under what type of resource media?

    • A. 

      School Material

    • B. 

      Free and Inexpensive Material

    • C. 

      Community Resource

    • D. 

      Classroom Resource

    Correct Answer
    C. Community Resource
    Explanation
    The Red Cross representative is considered a community resource because they are an external person who is brought in to provide expertise and knowledge on emergency procedures. They are not a part of the school or classroom itself, but rather a resource from the wider community that can contribute valuable information to the students.

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  • 13. 

    Study the following media: Maps, Globes, Charts, Blackboard, Flipchart.  To what group of visuals are they grouped?

    • A. 

      Projected Visuals

    • B. 

      Non-Projected Visuals

    • C. 

      Multimedia

    • D. 

      Electronic Distribution System

    Correct Answer
    B. Non-Projected Visuals
    Explanation
    The given visuals, such as maps, globes, charts, blackboard, and flipchart, are all examples of non-projected visuals. Non-projected visuals are those that do not require any electronic or digital means to display information. They are physical objects or surfaces that can be directly observed and used for visual communication. In contrast, projected visuals require the use of electronic devices or systems to project images or information onto a screen or surface. Therefore, the correct group for these visuals is non-projected visuals.

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  • 14. 

    Study the image.  Under what type of media materials are they grouped?

    • A. 

      Resource materials

    • B. 

      Reference materials

    • C. 

      Duplicated materials

    • D. 

      Textbooks

    Correct Answer
    B. Reference materials
    Explanation
    The image shows a collection of books, dictionaries, and encyclopedias. These types of materials are commonly known as reference materials because they provide information that can be referred to for research or general knowledge purposes. They are often used to find specific facts, definitions, or explanations on various topics.

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  • 15. 

    Study the image.  What are resource materials shown?

    • A. 

      Reference materials

    • B. 

      Classroom materials

    • C. 

      Community resource

    • D. 

      Classroom helpers

    Correct Answer
    D. Classroom helpers
    Explanation
    The resource materials shown in the image are referred to as "classroom helpers". These materials are typically used in the classroom to assist students and teachers with various tasks and activities. They may include items such as charts, posters, teaching aids, manipulatives, and other tools that aid in the learning process.

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  • 16. 

    What media system is shown in the image?

    • A. 

      Satellite and Cable TV

    • B. 

      Interactive Video

    • C. 

      Audio-Video Conference

    • D. 

      Teleconference

    Correct Answer
    C. Audio-Video Conference
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Audio-Video Conference. The image most likely depicts a setup where participants can communicate and see each other through audio and video technology. This system is commonly used for remote meetings, presentations, or collaborations, allowing individuals in different locations to interact in real-time. The other options, such as Satellite and Cable TV, Interactive Video, and Teleconference, do not accurately describe the media system shown in the image.

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  • 17. 

    What type of media is shown in the image? 

    • A. 

      Sound Cards

    • B. 

      Electronic Distribution System

    • C. 

      Audio - Media

    • D. 

      Multimedia

    Correct Answer
    C. Audio - Media
    Explanation
    The image is most likely showing a representation of audio media, such as a CD, cassette tape, or vinyl record. This type of media is used for storing and playing audio content. It is different from other options like sound cards, electronic distribution systems, or multimedia, which are related to the processing, distribution, or combination of different types of media.

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  • 18. 

    What type of media is presented in the image? 

    • A. 

      Interactive Video

    • B. 

      Videoconference

    • C. 

      Multimedia

    • D. 

      AudioConference

    Correct Answer
    A. Interactive Video
    Explanation
    The image is most likely presenting an interactive video because it allows the user to actively engage with the content by interacting with the video through various means such as clicking, dragging, or selecting options. This type of media combines the elements of traditional video with interactive features, making it an engaging and immersive experience for the viewer.

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  • 19. 

    What media are shown in the image?

    • A. 

      Display board and exhibit

    • B. 

      Diorama

    • C. 

      Flipchart and diorama

    • D. 

      Exhibit and blackboards

    Correct Answer
    A. Display board and exhibit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is display board and exhibit. The image likely shows a display board, which is a flat surface used to display information or images, and an exhibit, which refers to a collection of objects or information presented for public viewing. Both the display board and exhibit are common media used to convey information or showcase items in a visually appealing manner.

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  • 20. 

    What media are shown in the image?

    • A. 

      Multi purpose board and still pictures

    • B. 

      Display board and flipchart

    • C. 

      Display board and flipchart

    • D. 

      Flipchart and graphic organizer

    Correct Answer
    D. Flipchart and graphic organizer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is flipchart and graphic organizer. This can be inferred from the given options, where the other choices mention different media such as multi-purpose board, still pictures, and display board. The correct answer aligns with the options provided and indicates that the media shown in the image are a flipchart and a graphic organizer.

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  • 21. 

    Which band of experience displays a representation of real experience?

    • A. 

      Field trips

    • B. 

      Motion pictures

    • C. 

      Visual symbols

    • D. 

      Verbal symbols

    Correct Answer
    B. Motion pictures
    Explanation
    Motion pictures are a form of media that uses moving images to depict real experiences. Unlike visual and verbal symbols, which are more abstract and open to interpretation, motion pictures provide a direct visual representation of real experiences. Field trips can also provide real experiences, but they are limited to specific locations and may not be accessible to everyone. Therefore, motion pictures are the best option for displaying a representation of real experience.

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  • 22. 

    To make a topic understandable to the learners, a teacher cannot just rely on involving concrete experiences for learner comprehension; the process must also be followed up by abstraction.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that in order to make a topic understandable to learners, a teacher cannot solely rely on concrete experiences. While concrete experiences are important for learner comprehension, they must be followed up by abstraction. Abstraction helps learners to generalize and apply their knowledge to different situations. By moving from concrete experiences to abstract concepts, teachers can deepen understanding and promote higher-level thinking skills. Therefore, the statement "To make a topic understandable to the learners, a teacher cannot just rely on involving concrete experiences for learner comprehension; the process must also be followed up by abstraction" is true.

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  • 23. 

    For abstract experiences, words, laws, principles, charts, and objects are applied in instruction not only for presenting information but to draw out critical thinking among learners.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that in instruction, abstract experiences, such as words, laws, principles, charts, and objects, are used not only to present information but also to stimulate critical thinking among learners. This implies that these abstract concepts are utilized as tools to encourage learners to analyze, evaluate, and apply their knowledge, rather than simply memorizing information. Therefore, the answer "True" aligns with the given explanation.

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  • 24. 

    Study the image.  Is one kind of sensory experience more useful educationally than another?

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The question asks whether one kind of sensory experience is more useful educationally than another. The answer is "False" because all sensory experiences, such as visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic, play a crucial role in the educational process. Each sensory experience provides unique opportunities for learning and understanding, and educators often incorporate multiple sensory modalities to enhance learning outcomes. Therefore, no one kind of sensory experience can be considered more useful educationally than another.

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  • 25. 

    Study the image.  How are the bands of experience arranged?

    • A. 

      Each experience are applied one after another band of experience is used.

    • B. 

      Each experience can be combined with bands of experience.

    Correct Answer
    B. Each experience can be combined with bands of experience.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that each experience can be combined with bands of experience. This means that the bands of experience are not mutually exclusive and can be used together to enhance and enrich an individual's overall experience. This implies a flexible and adaptable approach to incorporating different experiences, allowing for a more diverse and comprehensive range of experiences to be integrated.

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  • 26. 

    Hoban and company (1937) created a diagram to provide a perspective on the importance of instructional media in student learning; they stated that the value of audiovisual materials is a function of their degree of realism or concreteness. Which statement expresses a contradicting view about the diagram?

    • A. 

      The diagram is only an explanation of audiovisual materials in terms of their degree of realism.

    • B. 

      It is a measuring stick for the degree of difficulty.

    • C. 

      The appropriateness in the use of any methods or materials depends on age, period of time of use, and topic.

    • D. 

      There is nothing absolute about which material or method is the best and most effective.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is a measuring stick for the degree of difficulty.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that the diagram is a measuring stick for the degree of difficulty. This contradicts the original statement that the diagram is an explanation of audiovisual materials in terms of their degree of realism or concreteness. The diagram is not meant to measure difficulty but rather to provide a perspective on the importance of instructional media in student learning.

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  • 27. 

    The following closely relates to the definitions EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY except for:

    • A. 

      It is an instructional and curricular design.

    • B. 

      It is about processes, procedures and activities

    • C. 

      It is limited to tools, equipments, and gadgets.

    • D. 

      It is a learning environment and systems.

    Correct Answer
    C. It is limited to tools, equipments, and gadgets.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It is limited to tools, equipments, and gadgets." This option does not accurately describe educational technology as it is not solely focused on physical tools and equipment. Educational technology encompasses instructional and curricular design, processes, procedures, activities, as well as learning environments and systems. It includes the integration of technology in education to enhance teaching and learning experiences, and goes beyond just the use of tools and gadgets.

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  • 28. 

    It refers to audiovisual materials, books, and duplicated materials that serve instructional functions in education; these are carriers of information between the source and the receiver.

    • A. 

      Educational Media

    • B. 

      Educational Technology

    • C. 

      Instructional Media

    • D. 

      Technology in Education

    Correct Answer
    C. Instructional Media
    Explanation
    Instructional media refers to various materials, such as audiovisual materials, books, and duplicated materials, that are used in education to serve instructional functions. These materials act as carriers of information between the source (such as a teacher or educational institution) and the receiver (such as students or learners). Instructional media play a crucial role in enhancing the learning experience by providing visual and auditory aids, interactive content, and other resources that facilitate effective teaching and learning.

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  • 29. 

    Too often educators are choosing e-learning to get their message across simply because it's there and is seen as the fashionable to do. Even where the electronic medium offers no educational benefits, and might even be detrimental to learning. If the end-result offers nothing that couldn't as easily be achieved on paper, then you're probably better off doing it on paper - even if that paper is delivered as a PDF file.

    • A. 

      E-learning is the best approach.

    • B. 

      E-learning cannot guarantee good instruction.

    • C. 

      E-learning should be taken as a step; with careful consideration.

    Correct Answer
    C. E-learning should be taken as a step; with careful consideration.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that e-learning should be approached with careful consideration. The explanation implies that educators should not choose e-learning simply because it is fashionable or readily available. It states that e-learning may not always offer educational benefits and could even be detrimental to learning. The answer suggests that if the same results can be achieved on paper, it might be better to choose that option, even if it is delivered as a PDF file. Therefore, the answer emphasizes the importance of considering the effectiveness and appropriateness of e-learning before implementing it.

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  • 30. 

    Identify the following experiences: field trips, demonstrations, exhibits

    • A. 

      Symbolic

    • B. 

      Iconic

    • C. 

      Enactive

    Correct Answer
    C. Enactive
    Explanation
    Enactive experiences refer to learning through direct hands-on activities and personal involvement. Field trips, demonstrations, and exhibits all involve active participation and engagement with the environment, making them examples of enactive experiences. These experiences allow individuals to interact with the subject matter, explore and manipulate objects, and gain a deeper understanding through direct experience.

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  • 31. 

    Identify the following experiences: words, drawings, diagrams

    • A. 

      Enactive

    • B. 

      Iconic

    • C. 

      Symbolic

    Correct Answer
    C. Symbolic
    Explanation
    Symbolic experiences refer to those that involve the use of symbols or abstract representations to convey meaning. In this context, words, drawings, and diagrams are all examples of symbolic experiences as they rely on the use of symbols to represent ideas or concepts. These symbols have arbitrary meanings assigned to them and can be understood by individuals who share the same cultural or linguistic background. Enactive experiences, on the other hand, involve learning through actions and interactions with the environment, while iconic experiences involve visual or sensory representations that closely resemble the object or concept being represented.

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  • 32. 

    Identify the following experiences: still pictures, radio, and recordings.

    • A. 

      Enactive

    • B. 

      Iconic

    • C. 

      Symbolic

    Correct Answer
    B. Iconic
    Explanation
    The term "iconic" refers to experiences that involve visual representations or images. Still pictures, radio, and recordings are all examples of iconic experiences because they rely on visual elements or visual cues to convey information. In contrast, enactive experiences involve physical actions or movements, while symbolic experiences involve the use of symbols or abstract representations.

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  • 33. 

    The following statements were written by Edgar Dale concerning the intentions of the Cone of Learning. Which is an exception?

    • A. 

      The Cone may lead to a more useful way of thinking about audio visual materials and their application in the classroom.

    • B. 

      As one moves up the Cone, there is not necessarily an increase in difficulty but an increase in abstract thought.

    • C. 

      The Cone represents a degree of retention in learning.

    • D. 

      The levels of the Cone are interactive.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Cone represents a degree of retention in learning.
    Explanation
    The Cone represents a degree of retention in learning.

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  • 34. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
    Explanation
    This question is asking for personal preference, so the correct answer will vary from person to person. Since the correct answer is not provided, it is not possible to determine the reason for choosing Option 1.

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  • 35. 

    Study the diagram.  What teaching principle is explained (Peztalozzi Principles)?

    • A. 

      Begin with the abstract before introducing the concrete concepts.

    • B. 

      Begin with the concrete before introducing the abstract concepts.

    • C. 

      Begin with any of the two types of learning.

    Correct Answer
    B. Begin with the concrete before introducing the abstract concepts.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Begin with the concrete before introducing the abstract concepts." This teaching principle, also known as the Peztalozzi Principles, suggests that learners should first be introduced to tangible and real-life examples or experiences before moving on to more abstract and theoretical concepts. By starting with concrete concepts, learners can build a solid foundation of understanding before delving into more complex ideas. This approach promotes active engagement and helps learners make connections between the concrete and abstract, facilitating deeper comprehension and retention of knowledge.

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