Earth Science Lp#5 2014

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Earth Science LP#5 2014


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The smallest particle of an element; the basic building block of matter
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 2. 
    Distance in degrees east and west of the prime meridian is called
    • A. 

      GPS

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      SI

  • 3. 
    In Earth Science, exfoliation is the stripping away of a rocks outer layers, much like the peels of an onion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Tiny atomic particle that has no electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 5. 
    The International Measurement System is affectionately called
    • A. 

      GPS

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      SI

  • 6. 
    Distance in degrees north or south of the equator is known as
    • A. 

      GPS

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      SI

  • 7. 
    What is the chemical reaction of oxygen with other substances called?
    • A. 

      Precipitation

    • B. 

      Hydrolysis

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Humidity

  • 8. 
    Tiny atomic particle that has a positive electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 9. 
    A mixture refers to
    • A. 

      The smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics of that element

    • B. 

      A combination of substances in which individual parts retain their own properties

    • C. 

      The movement of particles from area of high concentration to lower concentration

    • D. 

      A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance

  • 10. 
    A solution is
    • A. 

      A combination of substances in which individual parts retain their own properties

    • B. 

      The movement of particles from area of high concentration to lower concentration

    • C. 

      A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance

    • D. 

      The smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics

  • 11. 
    What is the underlying force of all agents of erosion?
    • A. 

      Magnetism

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Friction

    • D. 

      Light

  • 12. 
    What type of soil has the most humus?
    • A. 

      Polar

    • B. 

      Temperate

    • C. 

      Tropical

    • D. 

      Desert

  • 13. 
    Which is not an agent of chemical weathering?
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Wind

  • 14. 
    Soils are being formed in all ecosystems at rapid rates, thus they are a very renewable resource.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Erosion is the opposite of deposition, these processes complement each other in our Earth system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Sedimentary rocks are formed when existing rocks are subjected to high temperatures and pressure, causing compositional changes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 18. 
    A Karst formation consists of
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 19. 
    Greater surface area speeds the process of weathering.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    An aquifer is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 21. 
    Soil is composed entirely of abiotic factors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Chemical weathering is the process of rocks breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces, and even different shapes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The earth revolves once every
    • A. 

      Day

    • B. 

      Month

    • C. 

      Season

    • D. 

      Year

  • 24. 
    When rock cools slowly beneath Earth's surface small crystals form.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    A flood plain is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

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