Psyc 3390 - Quiz # 3

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to the behavioral approach, personality is
    • A. 

      The result if inherited predispositions to behave in certain ways

    • B. 

      A function of how we feel about conditions in the environment

    • C. 

      The combination of environmental circumstances and unconscious impulses

    • D. 

      The consistent patterns of behavior we engage in

  • 2. 
    The process used in Pavlov's famous demonstrations of learning became known to the scientific community as
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Instrumental conditioning

    • D. 

      Behaviorisim

  • 3. 
    According to Skinner, when someone says she is talkative whenever happy, then
    • A. 

      Happiness is the cause of the person's talkativeness

    • B. 

      The person has only put a label on her talkativeness

    • C. 

      The person has given an explanation for her talkativeness

    • D. 

      Talkativeness is the real cause of the person's happiness

  • 4. 
    From his observation of cats escaping from a "puzzle box" to obtain a piece of fish, Thorndike developed a theory that is known as
    • A. 

      The law of operant conditioning

    • B. 

      The law of effect

    • C. 

      The law of consequences

    • D. 

      The law of association

  • 5. 
    George is stopped by a police officer for running a red light.  After checking on George's driving record, the officer suspends his driving privileges.  The officer is using ____________ to modify George's behavior.
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Punishment

    • D. 

      Extinction

  • 6. 
    A baseball trainer works with a player to improve his hitting with successive attempts to produce more hits each week of the season.  The trainer is using
    • A. 

      Stimulus generalization

    • B. 

      Discrimination

    • C. 

      Punishment

    • D. 

      Shaping

  • 7. 
    With respect to the locus of control continuum, Sally has an external orientation.  Which of the following statements would she least likely make?
    • A. 

      Hard work and perseverance pay off

    • B. 

      If my luck doesn't change, I will never get married

    • C. 

      I failed my psychology final because the professor doesn't like me

    • D. 

      If I die in a car crash it was my time

  • 8. 
    From Bandura's research on observational learning in children we can conclude that whether a child performs an aggressive act depends on
    • A. 

      The amount of social encouragement the child has received to be aggressive

    • B. 

      How extremely aggressive the behavior is

    • C. 

      Whether the model's behavior is reinforced or punished

    • D. 

      Whether the model is the child's parent

  • 9. 
    One of the assumptions of self-efficacy theory is that there is a difference between believing that something can happen and believing that you can make it happen.  The extent of people's beliefs that they can bring about outcomes is referred to as
    • A. 

      Reinforcement value

    • B. 

      Efficacy expectation

    • C. 

      Outcome expectation

    • D. 

      Performance accomplishments

  • 10. 
    A criticism of the behavioral / social learning approach to personality is that
    • A. 

      Behaviorists rejected free will as a determinant behavior

    • B. 

      The role of heredity is not given adequate attention

    • C. 

      Behavior therapists distort the real therapy issues in their narrow focus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    By which of the following processes does gender-role socialization take place?
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Biological sex differentiation

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Sam and Sally are in a debate about gender roles.  Sam says "I think men should be masculine, and women should be feminine."  Sally disagrees and argues that the best adjusted people in society have the ability to respond with feminine or masculine behaviors depending on the situation.  Sally agrees with which model?
    • A. 

      The congruence model

    • B. 

      The androgyny model

    • C. 

      The masculinity model

    • D. 

      The femininity model

  • 13. 
    Under which of the following categories would a person fall who scores low on both masculine and feminine scales of gender-role inventory?
    • A. 

      Androgynous

    • B. 

      Masculine

    • C. 

      Feminine

    • D. 

      Undifferentiated

  • 14. 
    According to Bandura, if a person pays attention to a model's aggressive act and its consequences, and the person has the ability to enact what he or she has seen, then
    • A. 

      It is highly possible that the person will engage the act

    • B. 

      The person must also be able to remember the act to imitate it

    • C. 

      Outcome expectations matter little

    • D. 

      Performance has taken place but not learning

  • 15. 
    Investigators who measured how much TV was watched by a group of 8 year old children found that 22 years later, at age 30, children who had watched high amounts of television
    • A. 

      Were more chronically depressed than adults

    • B. 

      Were more likely to have been convicted for crimes as adults

    • C. 

      Were less likely to engage in serious crimes as adults

    • D. 

      Did not appreciate the impact of violent television on their own children

  • 16. 
    Dogs exposed to aversive stimuli from which they could not escape were found to
    • A. 

      Learn through observation how to be helpless

    • B. 

      Avoid the stimulus on every trial

    • C. 

      Stop moving when placed in a shuttle-box situation

    • D. 

      Suffer from neurological damage

  • 17. 
    Which of the following are ways in which humans can learn to be helpless?
    • A. 

      By being told they are helpless

    • B. 

      By observational learning

    • C. 

      By classical conditioning

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    Animals exposed to inescapable shock and depressed humans are similar in that both
    • A. 

      Show evidence for internal locus of control

    • B. 

      Continue to try to escape adversity until exhaustion

    • C. 

      Become highly agitated and aggressive

    • D. 

      Have similar changes in neurotransmitters and receptors

  • 19. 
    People with an internal locus of control may be healthier than people with an external locus of control because
    • A. 

      Internals do not concern themselves with the nature of illnesses

    • B. 

      Externals consume less healthy food and possess poor eating habits

    • C. 

      Internals tend to perform more preventative behaviors

    • D. 

      Externals cooperate with physicians more than internals

  • 20. 
    Which would you expect a person would do who is extreme in their gender-role?
    • A. 

      Emphasize the usefulness of objects to accomplish tasks

    • B. 

      Ignore information on gender related lines

    • C. 

      Identify certain kinds of cars as masculine

    • D. 

      Behave according to the gender roles of either gender

  • 21. 
    Violent video game players, when given the opportunity, gave _____________ to someone who had insulted them than participants who played a nonviolent game.
    • A. 

      Louder and longer blasts of noise

    • B. 

      Longer and more intense electric shocks

    • C. 

      More intense electric shocks

    • D. 

      More aggressive stares

  • 22. 
    To obtain a sense of predictability, Kelly suggests that we engage in
    • A. 

      Template matching

    • B. 

      Scientific discovery

    • C. 

      Theory construction

    • D. 

      Hypothesis testing

  • 23. 
    According to Kelly we use personal constructs to
    • A. 

      Assess potential compatibility for mate selection

    • B. 

      Understand our own personalities

    • C. 

      Interpret and predict events

    • D. 

      Form first impressions of others

  • 24. 
    According to Kelly, when constructs fail us as we try to predict events,
    • A. 

      Old constructs are selected out of the system

    • B. 

      Failure to consider new information increases one's ability to make better predictions

    • C. 

      New constructs are constantly generated to replace the old ones

    • D. 

      We seldom accept it

  • 25. 
    Within personal construct theory, anxiety occurs when
    • A. 

      One's construct system does not match the ideal system

    • B. 

      One's constructs fail to become impermeable

    • C. 

      One cannot predict future events

    • D. 

      It becomes impossible to modify one's construct system

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