PSYC 342 Quiz 3

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 423

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

10 Multiple choice questions. Choose the best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A rat is given 20 exposures to a red light cue. Then, the red light is presented paired with food delivery. Compared to a rat that did not receive the initial 20 exposures, this rat took a long time to develop a CR to the red light. The slower learning is due to
    • A. 

      The US-preexposure effect.

    • B. 

      The latent-inhibition effect.

    • C. 

      The latent-excitation effect.

    • D. 

      The latent-excitation effect.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a function of preexposure to the CS or the US?
    • A. 

      Has little effect on later associative learning

    • B. 

      Facilitates later associative learning

    • C. 

      Retards later associative learning

    • D. 

      CS-preexposure facilitates later associative learning; US preexposure retards later learning.

  • 3. 
    Higher-order conditioning demonstrates which of the following?
    • A. 

      After training, a CS can function as a US.

    • B. 

      After training, a US can function as a CS.

    • C. 

      CSs cannot function as USs.

    • D. 

      USs cannot function as CSs.

  • 4. 
    According to the stimulus-substitution model, with training which of the following happens?
    • A. 

      The CS comes to activate the UR directly.

    • B. 

      The CR comes to activate the UR directly.

    • C. 

      The CS activates the UR via excitation of US centers.

    • D. 

      The CR activates the US via excitation of the UR centers.

  • 5. 
    Research into the role of the US in determining the nature of the CR suggests which of the following is true? (Hint: see page 113 in the Domjan text.)
    • A. 

      The US is important to the form of the CR only if different CSs are used.

    • B. 

      The US only determines if the CR is an approach or avoidance response.

    • C. 

      The US only determines if the CR is vigorous or weak.

    • D. 

      The US determines many aspects of the CR, including very specific aspects of mouth and tongue movements.

  • 6. 
    In a study with cocaine-using human subjects in the text, which of the following was found to be true?
    • A. 

      Cues associated with heroin use elicited heart-rate increases and positive changes in mood; cues associated with cocaine use elicited heart rate decreases and positive changes in mood.

    • B. 

      Cues associated with heroin use elicited heart-rate decreases and positive changes in mood; cues associated with cocaine use elicited heart rate increases and negative changes in mood.

    • C. 

      Cues associated with heroin use had little effect; cues associated with cocaine use elicited heart rate increases and positive changes in mood.

    • D. 

      Cues associated with heroin use had little effect; cues associated with cocaine use elicited heart rate increases and negative changes in mood.

  • 7. 
    Studies that have used live rats as the CS paired with a food-US on trials presented to other rats demonstrate which of the following?
    • A. 

      The shape of the CR can be determined by the UR.

    • B. 

      The shape of the CR can be determined by the US.

    • C. 

      The shape of the CR can be determined by the CS.

    • D. 

      The shape of the CR can be independent of other stimuli.

  • 8. 
    The blocking effect demonstrates which of the following?
    • A. 

      That temporal contiguity is sufficient for associative learning

    • B. 

      That CS-US pairings are sufficient for associative learning

    • C. 

      That contiguity and CS-US pairings, when they occur together, are sufficient for associative learning

    • D. 

      That CS-US pairings are insufficient for associative learning

  • 9. 
    Each of two stimuli fully predicts the presentation of a food pellet when presented alone. When the two stimuli are presented together followed by a food pellet, the associative value
    • A. 

      Of both stimuli increases.

    • B. 

      Of both stimuli decreases.

    • C. 

      Of both stimuli remains the same.

    • D. 

      Of one stimulus decreases while the other decreases.

  • 10. 
    According to the Rescorla-Wagner model, extinction is which of the following? (Hint: see page 131 of the Domjan text).
    • A. 

      Learning a new association

    • B. 

      Imposing an inhibitory stimulus on an excitatory stimulus

    • C. 

      Undoing a conditioned association

    • D. 

      A process of habituation

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