Learning And Conditioning Practice Quiz

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Learning And Conditioning Practice Quiz - Quiz


This is a Learning And Conditioning Practice Quiz for college-level students and learners. This test will allow the students to review some basic concepts related to the theories of renowned psychologists like Ivan Pavlov, B. F. Skinner, Wolfgang Kohler, and Thorndike. So, get ready to have an estimation of your knowledge about the subject. Also, leave a comment after the quiz. Let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     After extinction training, which of these reflects the preservation of the original CS-UCS association?

    • A.

      Reinforcement

    • B.

      Spontaneous recovery

    • C.

      Generalization

    • D.

      Discrimination

    Correct Answer
    B. Spontaneous recovery
    Explanation
    Spontaneous recovery refers to the reappearance of a conditioned response after a period of extinction training. It suggests that the original association between the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is still intact, even though the response had previously been suppressed. This phenomenon demonstrates that extinction does not completely erase the learned association, but rather temporarily inhibits the conditioned response.

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  • 2. 

    What is considered an unconditioned response in Pavlov’s experiment?

    • A.

      Meat powder

    • B.

      Sleeping

    • C.

      Food

    • D.

      Salivation

    Correct Answer
    D. Salivation
    Explanation
    In Pavlov's experiment, an unconditioned response refers to a natural and automatic reaction that occurs without any prior learning. In this case, salivation is considered an unconditioned response because it is an innate reaction to the presentation of food or meat powder. The dog's salivation is not learned or conditioned; it is a reflexive response that is naturally elicited by the presence of food.

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  • 3. 

    Generalization is a reaction to _____.

    • A.

      Pairing

    • B.

      Similarities

    • C.

      Differences

    • D.

      Association

    Correct Answer
    C. Differences
    Explanation
    Generalization is a cognitive process that involves drawing conclusions or making assumptions based on similarities or patterns observed in a group or category of things. When faced with differences, individuals often generalize in order to make sense of the world and simplify complex information. By identifying commonalities or shared characteristics among different things, generalization allows individuals to categorize and understand them more easily. Therefore, differences can trigger the process of generalization as individuals try to find commonalities or patterns among disparate elements.

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  • 4. 

    If the doctor always tells a child that “it won’t hurt, when in fact it sometimes does, the child has no danger or safety signals and may become terribly anxious whenever in the doctor’s office. This implies...

    • A.

      Learning can be fearful

    • B.

      Children do not respond to motivation

    • C.

      Doctors are ineffective motivators

    • D.

      Predictability is also important for emotional reactions

    Correct Answer
    D. Predictability is also important for emotional reactions
    Explanation
    The given scenario suggests that when a doctor consistently tells a child that something won't hurt, even though it sometimes does, it creates a lack of predictability for the child. This lack of predictability can lead to the child becoming anxious whenever they are in the doctor's office, as they do not have reliable safety signals. Therefore, the correct answer is that predictability is also important for emotional reactions.

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  • 5. 

    Punishment is the _____ of reinforcement.

    • A.

      Opposite

    • B.

      Principle

    • C.

      Basis

    • D.

      Equivalent

    Correct Answer
    A. Opposite
    Explanation
    Punishment is the opposite of reinforcement because while reinforcement is used to increase the likelihood of a behavior occurring again, punishment is used to decrease the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. Reinforcement involves providing a reward or positive consequence for a desired behavior, while punishment involves providing a negative consequence or removing a positive consequence for an undesired behavior. Therefore, punishment and reinforcement have opposite effects on behavior.

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  • 6. 

    Skinner box is also known as...

    • A.

      Simple latch

    • B.

      Operant chamber

    • C.

      Omission training

    • D.

      Black box

    Correct Answer
    B. Operant chamber
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Operant chamber." An operant chamber, also known as a Skinner box, is a device used in operant conditioning experiments to study animal behavior. It typically consists of a small enclosure with a lever or button that an animal can press to receive a reward or reinforcement. The operant chamber allows researchers to observe and manipulate the consequences of an animal's behavior, providing valuable insights into learning and conditioning processes.

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  • 7. 

    A hungry cat is placed in a cage whose door is held fast by a simple latch, and a piece of fish is placed just outside the cage. If the cat has learned to open the latch to obtain food and repeats that behavior, it is known as..

    • A.

      Law of effect

    • B.

      Stimulus aversion

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Habituation

    Correct Answer
    A. Law of effect
    Explanation
    The law of effect explains that behavior that is followed by a satisfying consequence is more likely to be repeated in the future. In this scenario, the hungry cat learns to open the latch to obtain food, which is a behavior that is followed by the satisfying consequence of getting the fish. Therefore, the cat repeating this behavior is an example of the law of effect.

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  • 8. 

    Habituation involves learning about a _____.

    • A.

      Multiple stimuli

    • B.

      Single response

    • C.

      Single stimulus

    • D.

      Multiple responses

    Correct Answer
    C. Single stimulus
    Explanation
    Habituation is a form of learning where an organism becomes accustomed to a repeated or continuous stimulus over time, causing a decrease in response. In this context, the correct answer is "single stimulus" because habituation involves learning about and becoming less responsive to a specific, singular stimulus. It does not involve multiple stimuli or multiple responses.

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  • 9. 

    In the condition when UCS is subsequently omitted, what will the CR experience?

    • A.

      Reinforcement

    • B.

      Extinction

    • C.

      Learning

    • D.

      Association

    Correct Answer
    B. Extinction
    Explanation
    When UCS (Unconditioned Stimulus) is subsequently omitted, the CR (Conditioned Response) will experience extinction. Extinction refers to the gradual weakening and eventual disappearance of a learned response when the conditioned stimulus (CS) is no longer followed by the unconditioned stimulus (UCS). In this case, since the UCS is no longer present, the CR will gradually diminish and cease to occur.

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  • 10. 

    Learning by trial and error is called:

    • A.

      Classical conditioning

    • B.

      Operant conditioning

    • C.

      Positive reinforcement

    • D.

      Stimulus

    Correct Answer
    B. Operant conditioning
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is the Pavlovian route; positive reinforcement is the mechanism by which operant conditioning works.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 02, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Augusthau
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