Pathology Exam 1 Review.

117 Questions | Total Attempts: 1322

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Pathology Exam 1 Review. - Quiz

Most questions taken from Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease 7th ed.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which watershed area is most sensitive to infarction?
    • A. 

      Between Anterior and Middle cerebral arteries

    • B. 

      Between Middle and Posterior cerebral arteries

    • C. 

      Between left and right Anterior cerebral arteries

    • D. 

      Between Medial and Lateral cerebreal arteries

  • 2. 
    What is the 11th cranial nerve?
  • 3. 
    What cells are most sensitive to hypoxia?
    • A. 

      Astrocytes

    • B. 

      Neurons

    • C. 

      Ependymal

    • D. 

      Oligodendroglial

  • 4. 
    Which cells/areas are most sensitive to hypoxia? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Sommer's sector of Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Purkinje cells of cerebellum

    • C. 

      Pyramidal neurons in the neocortex

    • D. 

      Basal ganglia neurons of the claustrum

  • 5. 
    What regions are examined for herniation when there is an increased cranial pressure? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Cingulate gyrus

    • B. 

      Uncus

    • C. 

      Cerebellar Tonsils

    • D. 

      Pons

    • E. 

      Medulla

  • 6. 
    Psammoma Bodies are seen in which neoplasm?
    • A. 

      Astrocytoma

    • B. 

      Chordoma

    • C. 

      Meningioma

    • D. 

      Craniopharyngioma

    • E. 

      Glioblastoma Multiforme

  • 7. 
    If a skull is fractured, what artery is potentially severed?
    • A. 

      External Carotid

    • B. 

      Lingual

    • C. 

      Facial

    • D. 

      Occipital

    • E. 

      Middle Meningeal

  • 8. 
    If the Middle Meningeal Artery is lacerated with a skull fracture, what kind of hematoma will occur?
    • A. 

      Epidural

    • B. 

      Subdural

    • C. 

      Subarachnoid

  • 9. 
    What is the usual source for a Subdural Hematoma? 
    • A. 

      Bridging veins

    • B. 

      Berry Aneurysms

    • C. 

      Superior Sagittal sinus

  • 10. 
    What congenital anomaly is: The defective development of both lungs resulting in decreased weight, volume, and acini compared to the body and gestational age?
    • A. 

      Agenesis

    • B. 

      Pulmonary Sequestration

    • C. 

      Pulmonary Hypoplasia

    • D. 

      Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM)

    • E. 

      Atresia

  • 11. 
    Pulmonary sequestration is:
    • A. 

      A hamartomatous lesion of the lung

    • B. 

      Presence of a discrete mass of lung tissue without any normal connection to the airway system

    • C. 

      Abnormal detachment of primitive foregut and most often located in the hilum or middle mediastinum.

  • 12. 
    What is the most common pleural tumor?
    • A. 

      Metastatic from lung, breast, or ovary

    • B. 

      Mesothelioma

    • C. 

      Squamous Cell CA

  • 13. 
    Which type of Atelectasis is irreversible?
    • A. 

      Resorption(aka obstruction)

    • B. 

      Compression

    • C. 

      Contraction

  • 14. 
    What is the most common cause of hemodynamic (aka cardiogenic) pulmonary edema?
    • A. 

      Right Sided CHF

    • B. 

      Left Sided CHF

    • C. 

      Cor Bovinum

    • D. 

      Pulmonary valve insufficiency

    • E. 

      Tricuspid valve stenosis

  • 15. 
    What is the most common cause of pneumothorax?
    • A. 

      Ruptured blebs

    • B. 

      Trauma

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Smoking

  • 16. 
    Viral infection typically causes _____ pneumonia.
    • A. 

      Golden

    • B. 

      Hemorrhagic

    • C. 

      Abscess

    • D. 

      Interstitial

    • E. 

      Lobar

  • 17. 
    Golden pneumonia occurs due to?
    • A. 

      Lipofuschin inclusions

    • B. 

      Staphylococcus

    • C. 

      Obstruction

    • D. 

      Viral

  • 18. 
    Which one does not work to fill in the blanks:   _______ pneumonia is caused by ______.
    • A. 

      Golden; Obstruction

    • B. 

      Abscess; Staph

    • C. 

      Hemorrhagic; pseudomonas

    • D. 

      Community acquired; viral

    • E. 

      Broncho; Staph

  • 19. 
    Which disease presents radiographically as "White-out"?
    • A. 

      TB

    • B. 

      Lobar Pneumonia

    • C. 

      ARDS

    • D. 

      Pancoast tumors

    • E. 

      Pleuritis

  • 20. 
    What is the commonest infection?
    • A. 

      Cold

    • B. 

      UTI

  • 21. 
    Nasal polyps are?
    • A. 

      Neoplastic

    • B. 

      Inflammatory response to allergy

  • 22. 
    What type of epithelium does the false cord have in adults?
    • A. 

      Pseudostratified columnar

    • B. 

      Simple squamous

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous non-keratinized

    • D. 

      Stratified squamous keratinized

  • 23. 
    What type of epithelium do the ventricles (of glottis) have?
    • A. 

      Psuedostratified columnar

    • B. 

      Stratified squamous

  • 24. 
    Histologically, at what level glands (goblet cells) no longer present?
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Bronchi

    • C. 

      Large Bronchioles

    • D. 

      Terminal Bronchioles

    • E. 

      Alveoli

  • 25. 
    At what level do Clara Cells first appear?
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Bronchi

    • C. 

      Bronchioles

    • D. 

      Alveoli

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