Neurological And Physical Impairments Final Exam

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Neurological And Physical Impairments Final Exam - Quiz

Special Care counseling Program class offerd in Cegep ( Quebec , Canada Education system)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In class we have explored the clinical picture of delirium and dementia. Explain both delirum and dementia by stating two pertinent facts sbout each. 

  • 2. 

    True or false : A hemorragic stroke is caused by uncontrolled bleeding in the brain.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when there is uncontrolled bleeding in the brain. This can happen due to a ruptured blood vessel or an aneurysm. The bleeding puts pressure on the brain, causing damage to the surrounding tissues and cells. This type of stroke is less common than an ischemic stroke, which is caused by a blockage in a blood vessel. However, a hemorrhagic stroke can be more severe and have a higher risk of complications. Therefore, the statement "A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by uncontrolled bleeding in the brain" is true.

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  • 3. 

    What is the basic function of the Spinal Cord?

    • A. 

      Keeps you alive , gives you rapid reflexes and automatic neuromuscular actions

    • B. 

      The Spinal Cord is connected to the peripheral nervous system

    • C. 

      The spinal cord connects the spinal nerves to the brain and organizes reflexes and rhythmic movements.

    • D. 

      Prevents your head from falling off

    Correct Answer
    B. The Spinal Cord is connected to the peripheral nervous system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the spinal cord connects the spinal nerves to the brain and organizes reflexes and rhythmic movements. This is the basic function of the spinal cord, as it serves as a pathway for communication between the brain and the rest of the body. It also plays a crucial role in coordinating reflexes and controlling rhythmic movements such as walking or breathing.

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  • 4. 

    "žThe brain is divided into" _____________". that are connected by the "______________". The brain and the body are crisscrossed ž

    Correct Answer
    two hemispheres
    corpus callosum
    Explanation
    The brain is divided into two hemispheres that are connected by the corpus callosum. This means that the brain is separated into two halves, with each hemisphere having its own specialized functions. The corpus callosum acts as a bridge between the two hemispheres, allowing them to communicate and share information. This connection is crucial for the coordination and integration of different brain functions.

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  • 5. 

    Are all of these characterictics representitive of a Neuron's main function?
    • Fire at Various Rates
    • Are building blocks for the nervous system
    • žreceive different  types of stimulation, most often from signals  from other neurons

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given characteristics are representative of a neuron's main function. Neurons have the ability to fire at various rates, which allows them to transmit information and signals throughout the nervous system. They are the building blocks of the nervous system, forming the network that allows for communication and coordination within the body. Neurons also receive different types of stimulation, primarily from signals sent by other neurons. These characteristics collectively describe the main functions of a neuron.

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  • 6. 

    Fill in the blank. Parts of a neuron have been associated with other word to help characterise them. What best describes these parts of a neuron? a) Dendrites ___________ b) Soma ____________ c) Axon _____________ d) Myelin ____________

    Correct Answer
    branch-like structures and receives signals
    all the information collected by the dendrites converge in the soma, which processes this information
    the signal fired travels through the axon. The axons talk to 3 different targets
    Axons are covered by a myelin sheet. Myelin insulate the axon, thereby improving the strengths and speed of the signal
    Explanation
    The parts of a neuron are described as follows:
    a) Dendrites are branch-like structures that receive signals.
    b) Soma (also known as the cell body) processes the information collected by the dendrites.
    c) Axon is responsible for transmitting the signal fired by the neuron and can communicate with multiple targets.
    d) Myelin is a sheet that covers the axon, providing insulation and enhancing the strength and speed of the signal.

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  • 7. 

    In class , we have examined various lobes and thier function. Which lobes are related to these fuctions? a) Concern with vision b) Concerin with the reception and processing sensory information from the body c) Concerned with memory , emotions , hearing and language 

    Correct Answer
    Occipital Lobe
    Partiel Lobe
    Temporal Lobe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Occipital Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Temporal Lobe. The occipital lobe is responsible for vision, the parietal lobe is involved in receiving and processing sensory information from the body, and the temporal lobe is responsible for memory, emotions, hearing, and language.

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  • 8. 

    What are the correct treatments for Delirium?

    • A. 

      A mixture of pharmacological drugs , Night Lights

    • B. 

      Listening to Metal Music

    • C. 

      Eating Ice cream all day

    • D. 

      Validating the client's feelings

    Correct Answer
    A. A mixture of pharmacological drugs , Night Lights
    Explanation
    The correct treatments for Delirium include a mixture of pharmacological drugs and night lights. Delirium is a state of mental confusion that is often caused by underlying medical conditions or medications. Pharmacological drugs can help manage the symptoms and address the underlying cause of delirium. Night lights can provide a soothing environment and reduce disorientation during nighttime. These treatments aim to alleviate the confusion and improve the overall well-being of individuals experiencing delirium.

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  • 9. 

    Name an impairment that we have learnt in class that includes difficulties in such areas ;  learning , comprehension , judgement. Discribe the impairment

  • 10. 

    Selecting and displaying symbols.  Depending on the person`s level of cognition for PDD there might be different symbols that can be taken. Choose 2 symbols and explain them. 

  • 11. 

    Mr. Mottron from the University of Montreal says that individuals with PDD are often exceptional workers. 

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Mr. Mottron from the University of Montreal says that individuals with PDD are often exceptional workers." The correct answer is False. This means that Mr. Mottron did not say that individuals with PDD (Pervasive Developmental Disorder) are often exceptional workers. The statement contradicts the claim made by Mr. Mottron, suggesting that individuals with PDD may not necessarily be exceptional workers.

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  • 12. 

    What the is the correct intervention strategy for a college student with Asperger ?

    • A. 

      Giving them enough time to complete their work

    • B. 

      Being a Part time student and having the appropriate accomodations

    • C. 

      Moving out of parents house

    • D. 

      Letting them chose their own career paths

    Correct Answer
    B. Being a Part time student and having the appropriate accomodations
    Explanation
    The correct intervention strategy for a college student with Asperger's is to be a part-time student and provide them with appropriate accommodations. Asperger's is a developmental disorder that affects social interaction and communication skills. Being a part-time student can help reduce the stress and overwhelm that may come with a full course load. Additionally, providing accommodations such as extra time for assignments and exams, preferential seating, or access to support services can help the student succeed academically and navigate the challenges associated with their condition.

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  • 13. 

    How do I tell an adult that they might have Asperger?

    • A. 

      You tell them the truth rapidly! It's better not to hide anything!

    • B. 

      You send them a letter explaining the situation so they don't run after you

    • C. 

      You lead them with their strong points and areas of difficulty

    • D. 

      You don't tell them anything! One day they will realize it themselves.

    Correct Answer
    C. You lead them with their strong points and areas of difficulty
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that when telling an adult that they might have Asperger's, it is best to approach the situation by highlighting their strengths and areas of difficulty. This approach can help the individual understand and accept their potential diagnosis in a more positive and constructive way. By focusing on their strengths, it can also provide them with a sense of empowerment and self-awareness, which can be beneficial in seeking appropriate support and resources.

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  • 14. 

    What is the process of Task Analysis?

  • 15. 

    Traumatic Brain Injuries have many different treatments. Are the treatments divided in several steps? 

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because the question asks if the treatments for traumatic brain injuries are divided into several steps. This implies that there are multiple steps involved in the treatment process, indicating that the treatments are indeed divided into several steps.

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  • 16. 

    Is the need for individuals who have Spina Bifida  to develop motor and cognitive development?

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Individuals with Spina Bifida often experience challenges in both motor and cognitive development. Spina Bifida is a condition that affects the spinal cord and can lead to difficulties in movement and coordination. Additionally, some individuals with Spina Bifida may also have learning disabilities or cognitive impairments. Therefore, it is important for individuals with Spina Bifida to engage in interventions and therapies that promote the development of both motor and cognitive skills.

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  • 17. 

    What is the appropriate psychosocial intervention for an individual who has Muscular Dystrophy?

  • 18. 

    What are the developmental consequences for an Individual who suffers from a visual , motor or social emotional impairment?

  • 19. 

    What are the developmental consequences for an Individual who suffers from a hearing , communication or social emotional impairment?

  • 20. 

    Individuals with a Spinal Cord injury have many goals that they need to work on in thier lives such as ; Psychological , Sexual , Vocational and Avocational goals. Explain 1 goal for each of the given areas. 

  • 21. 

    People who suffer from a spinal cord injury have 3 requirements for independence ; knowledge , ability and attitude. Explain these 3 factors in greater detail. 

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