Neuroanatomy Trivia Questions Quiz! Exam

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Neuroanatomy Trivia Questions Quiz! Exam - Quiz


Neuroanatomy trivia questions quiz exam. The nervous system is tasked with controlling movement and balance. It is made up of the spinal cord, brain and the nerves. The brain is made up of different parts which play a significant role when it comes to receiving and sending out messages from and to the rest of the body. By taking this quiz, you will get to have a deeper understanding of the brain and the functionality of different parts.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The lobe is responsible for short term memory.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Parietal
    Explanation
    The parietal lobe, located at the top of the brain, is responsible for processing sensory information and integrating it with other sensory inputs. It plays a crucial role in spatial awareness, perception of touch, and processing of information related to the body's position and movement. While the temporal lobe is involved in memory and the frontal lobe is responsible for various cognitive functions, the parietal lobe is not directly associated with short-term memory.

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  • 2. 

    The lobe is responsible for mood and aggression.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Frontal
    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is responsible for controlling various cognitive functions, including mood and aggression. It plays a crucial role in regulating emotions and behavior, as well as decision-making and problem-solving abilities. Damage to the frontal lobe can lead to changes in mood, personality, and impulse control. This makes the frontal lobe the most appropriate choice for being responsible for mood and aggression.

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  • 3. 

    The lobe is responsible for long term memory.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    C. Temporal
    Explanation
    The temporal lobe is responsible for long-term memory. This lobe is located on the sides of the brain, above the ears. It plays a crucial role in processing and storing information related to long-term memory, including facts, events, and personal experiences. Damage to the temporal lobe can result in memory loss or difficulties in forming new memories. The other lobes mentioned in the options (occipital, parietal, and frontal) have different functions and are not primarily responsible for long-term memory.

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  • 4. 

    The lobe responsible for visual information.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Temporal

    • C.

      Parietal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    A. Occipital
    Explanation
    The occipital lobe is responsible for processing visual information. It is located at the back of the brain and contains the primary visual cortex, which receives and interprets visual stimuli from the eyes. This lobe plays a crucial role in tasks such as object recognition, color perception, and spatial awareness. The other lobes mentioned in the options (temporal, parietal, frontal) have different functions, such as auditory processing, sensory perception, and higher cognitive functions, respectively.

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  • 5. 

    Broca's area

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Temporal

    • C.

      Parietal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Frontal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is frontal. Broca's area is a region located in the frontal lobe of the brain. It is responsible for the production of speech and language comprehension. The occipital lobe is primarily responsible for visual processing, while the temporal lobe is involved in auditory processing and memory. The parietal lobe plays a role in sensory perception and spatial awareness. Therefore, the frontal lobe is the most appropriate answer as it houses Broca's area.

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  • 6. 

    Wernick's area

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Temporal

    • C.

      Parietal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Temporal
    Explanation
    Wernicke's area is a region of the brain located in the temporal lobe. It is responsible for language comprehension and understanding. This area plays a crucial role in processing and interpreting spoken and written language.

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  • 7. 

    Voluntary motor function.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Frontal
    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is responsible for voluntary motor functions. It controls the execution of movements and coordination of different muscle groups. This lobe also plays a crucial role in decision-making, problem-solving, and social behavior. Therefore, the frontal lobe is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 8. 

    Primary motor cortex.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Temporal

    • C.

      Parietal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Frontal
    Explanation
    The primary motor cortex is responsible for the initiation and control of voluntary movements in the body. It is located in the frontal lobe of the brain. This area receives information from other parts of the brain and sends signals to the muscles to produce specific movements. Therefore, the correct answer is frontal.

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  • 9. 

    Primary sensory cortex.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Parietal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is parietal. The primary sensory cortex is responsible for processing sensory information from different parts of the body. The parietal lobe, specifically the postcentral gyrus, is the primary sensory cortex for touch and proprioception. It receives and interprets signals related to touch, pressure, temperature, and pain from various parts of the body. This region also plays a crucial role in spatial awareness, perception of objects, and body orientation.

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  • 10. 

    Primary auditory cortex.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    C. Temporal
    Explanation
    The primary auditory cortex is responsible for processing auditory information and is located in the temporal lobe of the brain. This region is specifically involved in receiving and interpreting sound signals from the ears. The occipital lobe is primarily associated with visual processing, the parietal lobe with sensory integration and spatial awareness, and the frontal lobe with higher cognitive functions such as decision-making and problem-solving. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is the temporal lobe.

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  • 11. 

    Primary visual cortex.

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Parietal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    A. Occipital
    Explanation
    The correct answer is occipital. The primary visual cortex is located in the occipital lobe of the brain. This region is responsible for processing visual information received from the eyes. It plays a crucial role in tasks such as object recognition, color perception, and motion detection. The occipital lobe is primarily dedicated to visual processing, making it the most appropriate choice for the primary visual cortex.

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  • 12. 

    All of the following are impairments of LEFT hemispheric functions except

    • A.

      Compulsiveness

    • B.

      Perservation

    • C.

      Poor judgement

    • D.

      Distractibility

    Correct Answer
    C. Poor judgement
    Explanation
    The given question asks for an exception among impairments of LEFT hemispheric functions. Poor judgment is not considered an impairment of left hemispheric functions. Impairments typically associated with the left hemisphere include compulsiveness, perseveration, and distractibility. Poor judgment is more commonly associated with impairments of the right hemisphere.

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  • 13. 

    All of the following are impairments of RIGHT hemispheric functions except

    • A.

      Lethargy

    • B.

      Apraxia

    • C.

      Denial of disabilities

    • D.

      Irritability

    Correct Answer
    B. Apraxia
    Explanation
    Apraxia refers to the inability to perform purposeful movements, despite having the physical ability to do so. This impairment is commonly associated with damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, rather than the right hemisphere. Therefore, apraxia is not considered an impairment of right hemispheric functions. The other options, including lethargy, denial of disabilities, and irritability, can all be associated with impairments of right hemispheric functions.

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  • 14. 

    The hypothalamus is a structure in the brain that acts as a central relay station for sensation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is a structure in the brain that regulates various bodily functions such as temperature, hunger, thirst, and hormone production. It is not primarily involved in the relay of sensations. Sensory information is processed in other regions of the brain such as the thalamus and sensory cortex. Therefore, the statement that the hypothalamus acts as a central relay station for sensation is false.

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  • 15. 

    Structure of the brain responsible for homeostasis.

    Correct Answer
    hypothalamus
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is a structure in the brain that plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis. It acts as a control center, regulating various bodily functions such as body temperature, hunger, thirst, and sleep. The hypothalamus receives signals from the body and initiates appropriate responses to maintain a stable internal environment. It also controls the release of hormones from the pituitary gland, which further regulates physiological processes. Overall, the hypothalamus is responsible for monitoring and adjusting the body's internal conditions to ensure optimal functioning.

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  • 16. 

    Part of the brain stem responsible for breathing rate.

    • A.

      Midbrain

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Medulla

    Correct Answer
    B. Pons
    Explanation
    The pons is a part of the brain stem that is responsible for regulating the breathing rate. It contains respiratory centers that help control the muscles involved in breathing. The pons also plays a role in other vital functions such as sleep, bladder control, and posture.

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  • 17. 

    Part of the brain stem responsible for reflexes such as vomiting, sneezing and swallowing.

    • A.

      Midbrain

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Medulla

    Correct Answer
    C. Medulla
    Explanation
    The medulla is the correct answer because it is a part of the brain stem that is responsible for various reflexes, including vomiting, sneezing, and swallowing. The medulla controls these automatic actions through its connection with the nerves and muscles involved in these processes. It plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and regulating vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.

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  • 18. 

    Part of the brain stem that involves visual, auditory, and tactile responses.

    • A.

      Midbrain

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Medulla

    Correct Answer
    A. Midbrain
    Explanation
    The midbrain is the part of the brain stem that is responsible for processing visual, auditory, and tactile responses. It plays a crucial role in relaying sensory information from the body to the higher brain regions. The midbrain also contains various nuclei that are involved in controlling eye movements, reflexes, and coordination. Therefore, the midbrain is the correct answer as it accurately describes the part of the brain stem that is associated with visual, auditory, and tactile responses.

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  • 19. 

    Part of the brain stem involving cranial nerves V-VIII.

    • A.

      Midbain

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Medulla

    Correct Answer
    B. Pons
    Explanation
    The pons is the part of the brain stem that is responsible for transmitting signals between the cerebrum and the cerebellum. It contains several cranial nerves, including cranial nerves V-VIII. The midbrain is responsible for relaying sensory and motor information and does not specifically involve cranial nerves V-VIII. The medulla is responsible for regulating vital functions such as breathing and heart rate, and it does not specifically involve cranial nerves V-VIII. Therefore, the correct answer is pons.

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  • 20. 

    The cranial nerves are considered part of the CNS.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The cranial nerves are not considered part of the central nervous system (CNS). While they originate from the brain, they extend beyond the brain and into the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The PNS includes all the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, while the CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, the statement that the cranial nerves are part of the CNS is false.

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  • 21. 

    A Babinski test is performed by the foot from the heel to the ball on the medial side causing the toes to flex.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Babinski test is performed by stroking the sole of the foot from the heel to the ball, but on the lateral side, not the medial side. This causes the toes to extend or fan out, not flex.

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  • 22. 

    Cranial nerves responsible for swallowing, salivation, and taste.

    • A.

      Hypoglossal

    • B.

      Glossopharyngeal

    • C.

      Accessory

    • D.

      Vagus

    Correct Answer
    B. Glossopharyngeal
    Explanation
    The glossopharyngeal nerve is responsible for swallowing, salivation, and taste. It innervates the muscles involved in swallowing and controls the secretion of saliva in the mouth. Additionally, it carries taste sensations from the back of the tongue. Therefore, the glossopharyngeal nerve is the cranial nerve that is responsible for these functions.

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  • 23. 

    Cranial nerves responsible for eye movement medially and down only.

    • A.

      Trochlear

    • B.

      Facial

    • C.

      Olfactory

    • D.

      Trigeminal

    Correct Answer
    A. Trochlear
    Explanation
    The trochlear nerve is responsible for eye movement medially and down only. This nerve controls the superior oblique muscle, which is responsible for moving the eye downward and inward. The other cranial nerves mentioned in the options (facial, olfactory, and trigeminal) are not specifically responsible for eye movement in this direction. Therefore, the trochlear nerve is the correct answer.

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  • 24. 

    Cranial nerve that involves facial sensation,chewing and sensation from temporomandibular joint.

    • A.

      Accessory

    • B.

      Abducens

    • C.

      Trigeminal

    • D.

      Vagus

    Correct Answer
    C. Trigeminal
    Explanation
    The trigeminal nerve is the cranial nerve responsible for facial sensation, chewing, and sensation from the temporomandibular joint. It is the largest cranial nerve and has three main branches: ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular. The ophthalmic branch provides sensation to the forehead, scalp, and upper eyelid. The maxillary branch supplies sensation to the middle part of the face, including the cheeks and upper lip. The mandibular branch is responsible for sensation in the lower part of the face, including the jaw and lower lip. Additionally, the trigeminal nerve controls the muscles involved in chewing.

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  • 25. 

    Sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers are of the Autonomic nervous system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers are both part of the autonomic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary bodily functions such as heart rate, digestion, and breathing. The sympathetic fibers are responsible for the "fight or flight" response, while the parasympathetic fibers promote relaxation and restoration. Together, they work to maintain balance and regulate the body's internal processes.

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  • 26. 

    Fight or flight  (of the ANS)

    Correct Answer
    Sympathetic
    sympathetic fibers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sympathetic, sympathetic fibers." The term "fight or flight" refers to the body's response to stress or danger, which is regulated by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The sympathetic division of the ANS is responsible for activating the body's fight or flight response. It releases adrenaline, increases heart rate, dilates blood vessels, and prepares the body for physical action. Sympathetic fibers are the nerve fibers that carry signals from the sympathetic division to various organs and tissues in the body, enabling the fight or flight response.

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  • 27. 

    "Artery of Stroke"

    • A.

      Posterior Cerebral Artery

    • B.

      Anterior Cerebral Artery

    • C.

      Middle Cerebral Artery

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle Cerebral Artery
    Explanation
    The middle cerebral artery is often referred to as the "artery of stroke" because it is the most commonly affected artery in cases of stroke. It supplies blood to a large portion of the brain, including areas responsible for motor function, speech, and sensory perception. When a blockage or rupture occurs in this artery, it can lead to significant neurological deficits, making it a critical artery to consider in cases of stroke.

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  • 28. 

    Polio attacks the

    • A.

      Basal Root Ganglion

    • B.

      Anterior horn

    • C.

      Golgi Tendon Organ

    Correct Answer
    B. Anterior horn
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the anterior horn. Polio is a viral infection that primarily affects the anterior horn of the spinal cord. The virus attacks and destroys the nerve cells in this region, leading to muscle weakness and paralysis. The anterior horn is responsible for transmitting nerve signals from the spinal cord to the muscles, so damage to this area can result in the loss of muscle control and function.

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  • 29. 

    Carotid and Basilar systems join in the upper brain stem region to form

    Correct Answer
    Circle of Willis
    Explanation
    The carotid and basilar systems join in the upper brain stem region to form the Circle of Willis. The Circle of Willis is a network of blood vessels located at the base of the brain that provides collateral circulation to ensure a constant blood supply to the brain. It acts as a safety mechanism, allowing blood to flow from one side of the brain to the other in case of blockage or narrowing of any of the main arteries. This helps to prevent brain damage and maintain brain function.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Melissa_mccrory
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