NCLEX Test: Foundation Of Practice Part III

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1298

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NCLEX Test: Foundation Of Practice Part III

Below are 25 items NCLEX Test about Foundation of Practice For Answers and Rationales visit: Answers and Rationales: Foundation of Practice Part III For more NCLEX Review Test visit: www. NURSETOPIC. Com. Adslot-overlay {position: absolute; font-family: arial, sans-serif; background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0. 65); border: 2px solid rgba(0,0,0,0. 65); color: white !important; margin: 0; z-index: 2147483647; text-decoration: none; box-sizing: border-box; text-align: left;}. Adslot-overlay-iframed {top: 0; left: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0;}. Slotname {position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; right: 0; font-size: 13px; font-weight: bold; padding: 3px 0 3px 6px; vertical-align: middle; background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0. 45); text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap; overflow


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When evaluating the appropriateness of response by the family member in the developing awareness stage of grief, the nurse must be aware of the family’s:
    • A. 

      Personality traits

    • B. 

      Education levels

    • C. 

      Cultural background

    • D. 

      Past experience with death

  • 2. 
    Groups are important in the emotional development of the individual because they:
    • A. 

      Always protect their members

    • B. 

      Are easily identified by their members

    • C. 

      Go through the same developmental phases

    • D. 

      Identified acceptable behavior for their members

  • 3. 
    For emotional balance the individual always needs:
    • A. 

      Family, work, and play

    • B. 

      Security and social recognition

    • C. 

      Biologic satisfaction and social acceptance

    • D. 

      Individual recognition and group acceptance

  • 4. 
    To help parents cope with the behavior of young school-aged children, the nurse suggests that it would help if they:
    • A. 

      Avoid asking specific questions

    • B. 

      Give the child a detailed list of expectations

    • C. 

      Be consistent and firm about established rules

    • D. 

      Allow the child to set up his or her own routines

  • 5. 
    The family is most important in the emotional development of the individual because it:
    • A. 

      Provides support for the young

    • B. 

      Gives rewards and punishment

    • C. 

      Helps one to learn identify and roles

    • D. 

      Reflects the mores of a larger society

  • 6. 
    The nurse is aware that clients attending Alcoholics Anonymous meetings will be required to:
    • A. 

      Attend weekly meetings and speak aloud

    • B. 

      Maintain controlled drinking after six months

    • C. 

      Promise to attend at least 12 meetings yearly

    • D. 

      Acknowledgement their alcoholism and their inability to control it

  • 7. 
    Self-help groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous are successful because they meet the client’s need to:
    • A. 

      Grow

    • B. 

      Belong

    • C. 

      Be trusted

    • D. 

      Be independent

  • 8. 
    When providing group therapy, the nurse must focus on:
    • A. 

      Jointly experienced stress

    • B. 

      Behavior of individual members

    • C. 

      Confrontation between members

    • D. 

      Personal feelings affecting behavior

  • 9. 
    Communication ties people to their:
    • A. 

      Social surroundings

    • B. 

      Physical surroundings

    • C. 

      Materialistic surrounding

    • D. 

      Environmental surrounding

  • 10. 
    The effectiveness of nurse-client communication is best validated by:
    • A. 

      Client feedback

    • B. 

      Medical assessments

    • C. 

      Health team conferences

    • D. 

      Client’s physiologic adaptations

  • 11. 
    A client becomes openly hostile when learning that amputation of a gangrenous toe is being considered. The best indication that the nurse’s interaction has been therapeutic would be:
    • A. 

      An increase in physical activity

    • B. 

      A relaxation of tensed muscles

    • C. 

      An absence of further outbursts

    • D. 

      A denial that further discussion is necessary

  • 12. 
    During a group therapy session, a female client interrupts a male client. When the female client finishes talking, the male client is sitting rigidly, looks angry, and says, “I’m so glad that you feel like talking today.” It would be most therapeutic for the nurse to:
    • A. 

      State that it appears that two clients are not getting along

    • B. 

      Agree with the male client that it is good to have the female client talk

    • C. 

      Comment on the male client’s angry behavior and his use of pleasant words

    • D. 

      Ignore the male client’s comments and speak with him privately about his hostility

  • 13. 
    Mentally healthy individuals can be defined as those who:
    • A. 

      Have insight into their own problems

    • B. 

      Do not exhibit pathological symptoms

    • C. 

      Are able to meet their own basic needs

    • D. 

      Are free from both physical and emotional

  • 14. 
    Since people need some gratifying communication to learn, to grow, and to function in a group, all events that significant curtail communication will eventually produce:
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Severe disturbances

    • C. 

      Some degree of mental deficiency

    • D. 

      Further attempts to increase communication

  • 15. 
    The stage of sleep associated with psychologic rest is:
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 4

    • C. 

      REM sleep

    • D. 

      NREM sleep

  • 16. 
    While talking with the nurse about the problem of not being able to make friends, a teenager begins to cry. At this time it would be most therapeutic for the nurse to:
    • A. 

      Sit quietly with the client

    • B. 

      Point out how the client can change this

    • C. 

      Tell the client that crying isn’t helping

    • D. 

      Suggest that they play a game of Scrabble

  • 17. 
    A client with history of hypertension is hospitalized with a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The client has been told to stop smoking. The nurse discovers a pack of cigarettes in the client’s bathrobe. The best course of action to take at this time is to:
    • A. 

      Let the client know they were found

    • B. 

      Discard them without making comments

    • C. 

      Report the situation to the head nurse

    • D. 

      Call the physician and request directions

  • 18. 
    When planning care for the parents of a newborn with abnormalities the nurse should be aware that the parents are better able to cope with this problem if informed:
    • A. 

      When bringing the baby to the mother for the first time

    • B. 

      When the parents ask if something is wrong with their baby

    • C. 

      Right after delivery while the mother is still in the delivery room

    • D. 

      After the first 24 hours, when the mother’s strength has returned

  • 19. 
    A condyloma has been identified during a yearly gynecological examination. While awaiting the biopsy report prior to its removal, the client indicates to the nurse that she is fearful of cervical cancer. The best response by the nurse would be:
    • A. 

      “Worrying today is not going to help the situation”

    • B. 

      “It is very upsetting to have to wait for a biopsy report”

    • C. 

      “Of course you don’t have cancer; a condyloma is always benign”

    • D. 

      “No operation is done without specimens being sent to the laboratory first”

  • 20. 
    A female client is admitted for surgery. Although not physically distressed, the client appears apprehensive and alienated. A nursing action that may help the client to feel more at ease includes:
    • A. 

      Telling her that everything is all right

    • B. 

      Giving her a copy of hospital regulations

    • C. 

      Orienting her to the environment and unit personnel

    • D. 

      Reassuring her staff will be available if she becomes upset

  • 21. 
    An obstetric client with a history of three spontaneous abortion is now 16 weeks pregnant and attending the high-risk clinic. The client expresses concerns about remaining at home during this pregnancy. The nurse should question the client to determine her knowledge of:
    • A. 

      Causes of spontaneous abortion

    • B. 

      Sign and symptoms of spontaneous abortion

    • C. 

      Interrelationship among rest, normal delivery, and diet

    • D. 

      Current status of pregnancy and availability of support

  • 22. 
    A client with preeclampsia with two preschool children is prescribed bed rest at home. To help stimulate compliance, plans for the client’s care should include:
    • A. 

      A suggestion to find a housekeeper

    • B. 

      An explanation as to why bed rest is necessary

    • C. 

      A warning of the risks involved in noncompliance

    • D. 

      A contract that 4 hours of nap time will meet the requirement

  • 23. 
    A nurse is assigned to introduce a client who has a PhD to the other clients. The client tells the nurse, “I wish to be called Doctor.” The nurse could best respond:
    • A. 

      “Why do you insist on being called Doctor?”

    • B. 

      “That’s fine; that is how I will introduce you them.”

    • C. 

      “All the clients here call one another by their first names.”

    • D. 

      “I can’t do that. It’s better if the other clients do not know you are a doctor.”

  • 24. 
    “But you don’t understand” is a common statement associated with adolescents. The best response by the nurse when communication with an adolescent would be to say:
    • A. 

      “I understand….”

    • B. 

      “I would like to understand; let’s talk.”

    • C. 

      “I guess you’re right; tell me what’s going on from your perspective.”

    • D. 

      “I’m not sure I have to. I believe it’s you who has to understand and comply.”

  • 25. 
    The emotional responses of the client with a left CVA would be most influenced by the:
    • A. 

      Cause of the CVA

    • B. 

      Care the client is receiving

    • C. 

      Client’s premorbid personality

    • D. 

      Ability of the client to understand the illness

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