Foundation Of Nursing Chapter IV: Vital Signs! Quiz

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 16457

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Foundation Of Nursing Chapter IV: Vital Signs! Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Signs and symptoms of a disease

    • B. 

      An indication of basic body functioning

    • C. 

      A part of human composition

    • D. 

      Physiology and anatomy

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Learn about human behavior

    • B. 

      Help evaluate improvement of patient condition

    • C. 

      Implement planned interventions

    • D. 

      Identify nursing diagnosis

  • 3. 
    An adult blood pressure reading of 120/80 mm Hg is:
    • A. 

      Prehypertension

    • B. 

      Hypotensive

    • C. 

      Normal

    • D. 

      Hypertensive

  • 4. 
    The following traits are typical among the older: Check all that apply:
    • A. 

      Infection is often afebrile

    • B. 

      Heart sounds are muffled

    • C. 

      Skin is more fragile

    • D. 

      Decreased heart rate at rest

    • E. 

      Libido is normally heightened

  • 5. 
    Regulator of body temperature:
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Sebaceous glands

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Wernicke's area

  • 6. 
    A rise of 1-degree Fahrenheit of temperature will increase the pulse rate by how many beats per minute?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      6

  • 7. 
    Surface and Core:
    • A. 

      Pulse

    • B. 

      Temperature

    • C. 

      Blood pressure

    • D. 

      Pain

  • 8. 
    Decreased efficiency of respiratory muscles results in breathlessness at low exercise levels: 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Factors affecting body temperatures: (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Stress

    • B. 

      Age

    • C. 

      Hormones

    • D. 

      Smoking

    • E. 

      Height

  • 10. 
    Constant, remittent and intermittent are classifications of:
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Fever

    • C. 

      Headache

    • D. 

      Anxiety

  • 11. 
    A sudden drop in blood pressure because of positional changes is called ____________ ____________(two words)
  • 12. 
    Upon admission, the most appropriate person to check on a patient's vital signs would be:
    • A. 

      RN

    • B. 

      LPN

    • C. 

      PCT

    • D. 

      CNA

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about Fever is not true?
    • A. 

      Fever is a sign of illness

    • B. 

      It is the same as pyrexia or hyperthermia

    • C. 

      It is reflected through an increase of body temperature

    • D. 

      It does not do anything to defend the body

  • 14. 
    96.0 to 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the normal temperature range of which age group?
    • A. 

      Toddler

    • B. 

      Adolescent

    • C. 

      Neonate

    • D. 

      Middle adult

  • 15. 
    When obtaining an oral temperature, after requesting the patient to open the mouth, the probe is gently inserted into:
    • A. 

      Anterior sublingual cavity

    • B. 

      Lateral sublingual density

    • C. 

      Superior lingual mucosity

    • D. 

      Posterior sublingual pocket

  • 16. 
    The most appropriate position in obtaining a rectal temperature for an adult would be:
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Fowler's

    • C. 

      Sim's

    • D. 

      Lateral

  • 17. 
    The colored probes of an electronic thermometer are indicative of:
    • A. 

      Blue and red are both for oral

    • B. 

      Blue is for rectal and red is for oral

    • C. 

      Blue is for oral and red is for rectal

    • D. 

      Blue and red are both for rectal

  • 18. 
    Resting in a supine position could cause to decrease the heart rate. What cardiac condition does the same thing? _____ ______ (2 words)
  • 19. 
    When body temperature falls below 93.2 degrees Fahrenheit, the person is suffering from the extreme: 
    • A. 

      Hyperthermia

    • B. 

      Hypothermia

    • C. 

      Orthopnea

    • D. 

      Dypsnea

  • 20. 
    Considered the 5th vital sign:
    • A. 

      Height and weight

    • B. 

      Respiration

    • C. 

      Body mass index

    • D. 

      Pain

  • 21. 
    Older adults have an increase in systolic pressure related to what? 
    • A. 

      Increased vessel flexibility

    • B. 

      Decreased vessel elasticity

    • C. 

      Enlarged vessel dexterity

    • D. 

      Diminished vessel porosity

  • 22. 
    Which time of day would we have the lowest temperature reading? 
    • A. 

      4 pm to 6 pm

    • B. 

      4 am to 6 am

    • C. 

      8 pm to 12 midnight

    • D. 

      1 am to 4 am

  • 23. 
    A student nurse taking care of a patient with an abnormal body temperature needs more training when he/she does what? 
    • A. 

      Monitor patient's temperature at least every 4 hours or PRN

    • B. 

      Discourages a patient from drinking fluids to avoid excessive activity

    • C. 

      Cover patient with more blankets, close room doors or windows

    • D. 

      Further assess for possible site of localized infection

  • 24. 
    This condition may produce a subnormal temperature:
    • A. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      A plastic probe covers the tip of the thermometer

    • B. 

      The patient has been outdoor for more than 30 minutes

    • C. 

      The pinna is pulled backwards and up

    • D. 

      The lens and the probe of the device are clean and intact