NCCT Prep Law And Ethics

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Questions: 60 | Attempts: 1,528

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NCCT Quizzes & Trivia

Helps you prepare for the NCCT cetification test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Right and wrong conduct is known as what?

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Ethics

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics refers to the principles and values that guide individuals in determining right from wrong conduct. It involves making moral judgments and decisions based on fairness, honesty, and respect for others. Empathy, criminal law, and licensure are not synonymous with the concept of right and wrong conduct. Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of others, criminal law refers to the legal system that deals with crimes, and licensure refers to the granting of a license or permission to practice a certain profession.

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  • 2. 

    2.The most common type of medical tort liability is?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of contract

    • C.

      Breach of confidence

    • D.

      Fraud and deceit

    Correct Answer
    A. Negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence is the most common type of medical tort liability. In the context of medical malpractice, negligence refers to the failure of a healthcare professional to provide a standard level of care, resulting in harm or injury to the patient. This can include errors in diagnosis, treatment, or patient management. Negligence is a fundamental concept in medical tort law, as it establishes the duty of care owed by healthcare providers to their patients and forms the basis for legal claims and compensation for damages.

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  • 3. 

    3.A person being sued is called the?

    • A.

      Plaintiff

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Criminal law

    Correct Answer
    C. Defendant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is defendant. In a legal context, the defendant refers to the person who is being sued or accused in a civil or criminal case. They are the party against whom the plaintiff or prosecutor brings the legal action. The defendant is responsible for defending themselves and providing evidence to counter the claims made against them.

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  • 4. 

    4.The withdrawal of a physician from the care of a patient without reasonable notice of such discharge from the case by the patient is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Negligence

    • D.

      Abandonment

    Correct Answer
    D. Abandonment
    Explanation
    Abandonment refers to the withdrawal of a physician from the care of a patient without providing reasonable notice of such discharge. This act can be considered unethical and unprofessional as it leaves the patient without proper medical care and support. Abandonment can have serious consequences for the patient's health and well-being, and it is important for healthcare professionals to ensure that they provide adequate notice and arrange for alternative care before discontinuing their services.

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  • 5. 

    5.An unlawful threat or attempt to do bodily injury to another is?

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Assault

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      Libel

    Correct Answer
    B. Assault
    Explanation
    Assault is the correct answer because it refers to an unlawful threat or attempt to do bodily injury to another person. It involves the intention to cause harm or instill fear in someone through physical force or violence. Assault is a criminal offense and can lead to legal consequences. Litigation, crime, and libel are not directly related to bodily injury or physical threats, making them incorrect choices for this question.

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  • 6. 

    6.The health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted reasonable as compared with fellow workers. This is called?

    • A.

      Respondeat superior

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Duty of care

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasonable care
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "reasonable care." In this context, "reasonable care" refers to the standard of care that a health worker must meet in order to be protected by law. If it can be determined that the health worker acted reasonably, meaning that their actions were in line with what a reasonable health worker would do in similar circumstances, they will be protected by law. This standard is often compared with the actions of fellow workers to determine if the health worker's actions were reasonable or not.

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  • 7. 

    7.Negligence by a professional person is called?

    • A.

      Invasionof privacy

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      Malpractice

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    C. Malpractice
    Explanation
    Malpractice refers to the negligence or misconduct by a professional person, such as a doctor, lawyer, or accountant, in the course of their professional duties. It involves a breach of the standard of care expected from them, resulting in harm or injury to a client or patient. This term is commonly used in the context of medical malpractice, where a healthcare professional fails to provide the appropriate standard of care, leading to harm or injury to a patient.

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  • 8. 

    8.An act that violates criminallaw is called?

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Libel

    • D.

      Slander

    Correct Answer
    B. Crime
    Explanation
    An act that violates criminal law is called a crime. Criminal law encompasses a set of rules and regulations that define illegal activities and prescribe punishments for those who commit them. Crimes can range from minor offenses such as theft or vandalism to more serious offenses such as murder or robbery. The term "crime" is a broad and general term used to describe any act that is considered illegal and punishable under the law.

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  • 9. 

    9.The breaking of a law, promise, or duty is called?

    • A.

      Statute

    • B.

      Breach

    • C.

      Consent

    • D.

      Incompetent

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach
    Explanation
    The term "breach" refers to the act of breaking or violating a law, promise, or duty. It implies the failure to fulfill an obligation or to adhere to a legal or moral requirement. In this context, "breach" is the most appropriate term as it directly relates to the breaking of a law, promise, or duty. The other options, such as "statute" (a written law), "consent" (permission or agreement), and "incompetent" (lacking the necessary skills or abilities), do not accurately capture the concept of breaking a law, promise, or duty.

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  • 10. 

    10.The ability to see things from another person's point of view is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Empathy

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Empathy
    Explanation
    Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. It involves putting oneself in someone else's shoes and seeing things from their perspective. This skill allows individuals to connect with others on a deeper level, fostering understanding, compassion, and effective communication. It is an important quality in building relationships, resolving conflicts, and promoting empathy and kindness in society.

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  • 11. 

    11.The time established for filing law suits is?

    • A.

      Civil law

    • B.

      Statute of limitations

    • C.

      Contract

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Statute of limitations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "statute of limitations." In civil law, there is a specific time limit, known as the statute of limitations, within which a lawsuit must be filed. Once this time period has expired, the plaintiff can no longer bring a legal action against the defendant. The statute of limitations varies depending on the type of lawsuit and jurisdiction, and it is important for individuals to be aware of these time limits to protect their legal rights.

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  • 12. 

    12.A writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony is a(n)?

    • A.

      Habeas corpus

    • B.

      Tort of apperance

    • C.

      Subpoena

    • D.

      Tort et a travers

    Correct Answer
    C. Subpoena
    Explanation
    A subpoena is a writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding and to give testimony. It is a legal document issued by a court that compels a person to testify or produce evidence. This is different from a habeas corpus, which is a writ used to bring a person who has been unlawfully detained before a court. The other options, tort of appearance and tort et a travers, are not relevant to the concept of a writ commanding a witness to appear and give testimony.

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  • 13. 

    13.A wrong committed against another person or the person's property is a?

    • A.

      Defamation

    • B.

      Libel

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Plaintiff

    Correct Answer
    C. Tort
    Explanation
    A tort refers to a wrongful act or infringement of someone's rights that causes harm or injury to another person or their property. It includes a wide range of actions such as negligence, assault, battery, and trespassing. Defamation and libel are specific types of torts that involve making false statements about someone that harm their reputation. A plaintiff, on the other hand, is the person who brings a lawsuit against another party in a civil case. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is tort, as it encompasses all kinds of wrongs committed against others or their property.

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  • 14. 

    14. Holding or detaining a person against his will is?

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Crime

    • C.

      Incompetent

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. False imprisonment
    Explanation
    False imprisonment refers to the act of unlawfully restraining or confining a person against their will, without their consent or legal justification. It is considered a crime and a violation of an individual's rights. This can include physical restraints, such as locking someone in a room, as well as psychological restraints, such as threats or intimidation. False imprisonment can result in legal consequences for the person responsible for the act.

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  • 15. 

    15.A violation of a person's right not to have his or her name, photograph, or private affairs exposed of made public without giving consent is?

    • A.

      False imprisonment

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Statute

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Invasion of privacy refers to the act of violating someone's right to keep their personal information, such as their name, photograph, or private affairs, confidential and not made public without their consent. This can include unauthorized disclosure of personal information, intrusion into someone's personal space or private matters, and publicizing someone's private details without their permission. False imprisonment refers to the unlawful confinement of a person, malpractice refers to negligence or improper conduct by a professional, and a statute is a law or legislation.

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  • 16. 

    16. a major crime for which greater punishment is imposed other than a misdemeanor is?

    • A.

      Licensure

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Tort

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    D. Felony
    Explanation
    A major crime for which greater punishment is imposed other than a misdemeanor is a felony. Felonies are serious offenses that typically involve violence or significant harm to others, and they are punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or even death in some cases. This category of crime is considered more severe than misdemeanors, which are less serious offenses. Felonies often include crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, and burglary.

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  • 17. 

    17.One who institutes a lawsuit is?

    • A.

      Defendant

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Litigation

    • D.

      Respondeat superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Plaintiff
    Explanation
    A plaintiff is the correct answer because they are the person who initiates or institutes a lawsuit. In a legal case, the plaintiff is the party who brings a complaint against another party, known as the defendant, seeking a legal remedy or resolution. The plaintiff is responsible for presenting their case and providing evidence to support their claims in court.

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  • 18. 

    18. A legal statement of how an individual's property is to be distributed after death is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Tort

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Judgment

    Correct Answer
    C. Will
    Explanation
    A will is a legal statement that outlines how an individual's property should be distributed after their death. It is a document that allows a person to specify their wishes regarding the distribution of their assets, including money, property, and personal belongings. A will is an important legal document that ensures that a person's estate is distributed according to their wishes and can help avoid disputes among family members or other beneficiaries.

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  • 19. 

    19. Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be discloed without consent of the person who gave it is?

    • A.

      Duty of care

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    D. Privileged communication
    Explanation
    Privileged communication refers to the confidential information shared by a patient with medical personnel, which cannot be disclosed without the patient's consent. This concept is based on the principle of maintaining patient confidentiality and privacy, allowing individuals to freely share their personal information with healthcare providers without fear of it being revealed to others. This ensures that patients feel safe and secure while seeking medical assistance, promoting trust and open communication between patients and healthcare professionals.

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  • 20. 

    20. A rule of conduct mad by a government body is?

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Law

    • C.

      Will

    • D.

      Contract

    Correct Answer
    B. Law
    Explanation
    A rule of conduct made by a government body is referred to as law. Laws are regulations established by a governing authority to maintain order, enforce justice, and protect the rights and well-being of individuals within a society. They are binding and enforceable, and failure to comply with them may result in legal consequences. Laws cover various aspects of human behavior and are designed to ensure fairness, promote social harmony, and provide a framework for resolving disputes and maintaining order in society.

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  • 21. 

    21. Failure to do something that a reasonable person would do under ordinary circumstances tat ends up causing harm to another person or a person's property is?

    • A.

      Malpractice

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Defamation

    Correct Answer
    B. Negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence refers to the failure to take reasonable care or precaution that a reasonable person would have taken in similar circumstances, resulting in harm to another person or their property. It involves a lack of attention or carelessness that leads to unintended consequences. Unlike malpractice, which specifically refers to negligence by a professional such as a doctor or lawyer, negligence can be committed by anyone. Slander and defamation, on the other hand, involve making false statements about someone that harm their reputation, which is not directly related to the question's context.

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  • 22. 

    22. Permission granted by a person voluntarily and in his right mind is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Breach

    • D.

      Duty of care

    Correct Answer
    A. Consent
    Explanation
    Consent refers to the permission given by an individual willingly and in a sound state of mind. It implies that the person has agreed to something willingly, without any coercion or force. In legal terms, consent is often required in various situations such as medical procedures, contracts, or sexual activities, where the voluntary agreement of all parties involved is necessary. It is an important concept in determining the legality and ethicality of certain actions.

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  • 23. 

    23. Injuring the name and reputation of another person by making false statements to a third person is?

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    C. Defamation
    Explanation
    Defamation refers to the act of harming someone's name and reputation by spreading false statements to a third party. It involves making false claims about someone that can negatively impact their public image and cause harm to their personal and professional life. This can include both written (libel) and spoken (slander) statements. Defamation is a legal offense and can result in civil lawsuits and damages awarded to the victim.

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  • 24. 

    24. an agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of some definite thing is?

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Statute

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract
    Explanation
    A contract is an agreement between two or more parties where they agree to do or not do a specific thing. It is a legally binding agreement that outlines the rights and obligations of each party involved. Contracts can be verbal or written and are enforceable by law. They are commonly used in various situations such as business transactions, employment agreements, and real estate deals.

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  • 25. 

    25. Lack of physical or mental fitness is known as?

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Abandonment

    • C.

      Competence

    • D.

      Incompetence

    Correct Answer
    D. Incompetence
    Explanation
    Incompetence refers to the lack of physical or mental fitness. It means not having the necessary skills, knowledge, or abilities to perform a task or job effectively. This term is commonly used to describe someone who is unable to meet the required standards or expectations due to their lack of competence. It can apply to various areas such as work, sports, or any other activity where proficiency is required.

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  • 26. 

    26. The final decision of a court in an action or suit is?

    • A.

      Consent

    • B.

      Contract

    • C.

      Judgment

    • D.

      Licensure

    Correct Answer
    C. Judgment
    Explanation
    The final decision of a court in an action or suit is called a judgment. This is the ruling or decision made by the judge or jury after considering all the evidence and arguments presented in the case. A judgment determines the rights and obligations of the parties involved and concludes the legal proceedings. It is the final resolution of the dispute and may include orders for damages, injunctions, or other remedies depending on the nature of the case.

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  • 27. 

    27. Responsibility of an employer for the acts of an employee is?

    • A.

      Libel

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Respondeat superior

    • D.

      Civil aw

    Correct Answer
    C. Respondeat superior
    Explanation
    Respondeat superior is a legal doctrine that holds an employer responsible for the actions of their employees, as long as those actions were performed within the scope of their employment. This means that if an employee causes harm or commits a wrongful act while carrying out their job duties, the employer can be held liable for any resulting damages. Respondeat superior is based on the idea that employers have a duty to ensure their employees act responsibly and within the bounds of the law while performing their job responsibilities.

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  • 28. 

    28. Alatin term signifying that a person is not sound mind is?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Non compos mentis

    • C.

      Res judicata

    • D.

      Tecum

    Correct Answer
    B. Non compos mentis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "non compos mentis". This Latin term is used to describe a person who is not of sound mind or mentally incompetent. It is often used in legal contexts to determine a person's capacity to make decisions or be held accountable for their actions.

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  • 29. 

    29. A person who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent is called a(n)?

    • A.

      Emancipated minor

    • B.

      Plaintiff

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    A. Emancipated minor
    Explanation
    An emancipated minor refers to a person who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent. This typically occurs when a minor is legally granted independence and is considered an adult in terms of their rights and responsibilities. Therefore, an emancipated minor is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 30. 

    30.An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patient's complaints about medical care or excessive fees is called a _______ committee?

    • A.

      Medical ethics

    • B.

      Medical grievance

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Medical grievance
    Explanation
    A medical grievance committee is a panel that is set up to address and investigate complaints made by patients regarding medical care or excessive fees. This committee serves as an impartial body that listens to the concerns of patients and conducts investigations to determine the validity of the complaints. The purpose of this committee is to ensure that patients' rights are protected and that any issues related to medical care or fees are addressed and resolved appropriately.

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  • 31. 

    31. Latin for "things done; deeds"; the facts and circumstances attendant to the act in question would be called?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Locum tenems

    • C.

      Tecum

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. Res gestae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "res gestae". Res gestae is a Latin term that translates to "things done" or "deeds". It refers to the facts and circumstances that are directly related to the act or event in question. This term is often used in legal contexts to describe the immediate surrounding circumstances that help to understand and interpret an action or event.

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  • 32. 

    32. Testimony of a witness under oath and written down before trial for possible use when the case comes to trial is?

    • A.

      Deposition

    • B.

      Citation

    • C.

      Warrent

    • D.

      Expert testimony

    Correct Answer
    A. Deposition
    Explanation
    A deposition is a testimony given by a witness under oath, which is recorded in writing before a trial for potential use during the trial. It is a formal process where the witness provides information and answers questions from attorneys from both sides. Depositions are commonly used to gather evidence, preserve witness testimony, and assess the credibility of the witness. They are often used in court proceedings to present the witness's statement when they are unable to attend the trial or their testimony is needed for further examination.

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  • 33. 

    33.A statute that enforces private right and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law is called a ?

    • A.

      Statute of limitations

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil law
    Explanation
    A statute that enforces private rights and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law, is called civil law. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or organizations, focusing on resolving conflicts and providing compensation for damages, rather than punishing criminal behavior. This type of law governs various areas such as contracts, property, torts, and family law. It is separate from criminal law, which deals with offenses against society and is enforced by the government. Therefore, civil law is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 34. 

    34. Violation or omission of a legal or moral duty is called?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Breach of duty

    • C.

      Defamation

    • D.

      Malpractice

    Correct Answer
    B. Breach of duty
    Explanation
    Breach of duty refers to the violation or omission of a legal or moral obligation. It occurs when someone fails to fulfill their duty or obligation, whether it is a legal obligation such as a contractual duty or a moral obligation such as a duty of care. This term is commonly used in legal contexts to describe situations where someone has failed to meet their responsibilities, resulting in harm or damage to another party.

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  • 35. 

    35. A deliberate physical attack upon a person is called?

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Battery

    • C.

      Slander

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    B. Battery
    Explanation
    Battery refers to a deliberate physical attack upon a person. It involves the intentional and unlawful touching or striking of another person without their consent, resulting in physical harm or offensive contact. Assault, on the other hand, refers to the act of intentionally causing apprehension of harmful or offensive contact, while slander refers to making false spoken statements that damage a person's reputation. Contributory negligence is a legal concept that involves the partial responsibility of the victim for their own injuries.

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  • 36. 

    36.Latin for " he who acts through another acts for himself" is called?

    • A.

      Res gestae

    • B.

      Qui facit per alium facit per se

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Qui facit per alium facit per se
    Explanation
    The correct answer, "qui facit per alium facit per se," is a Latin phrase that translates to "he who acts through another acts for himself." This phrase highlights the principle that when someone acts on behalf of another person, they are ultimately acting in their own interest. It emphasizes the idea that the actions and consequences of an agent are attributed to the principal.

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  • 37. 

    37.The branch of study of moral issues, questions, and problems arising in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research is called?

    • A.

      Bioethics

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Philosophy

    • D.

      Privileged communication

    Correct Answer
    A. Bioethics
    Explanation
    Bioethics is the branch of study that deals with moral issues, questions, and problems that arise in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research. It involves examining the ethical implications of medical decisions, research practices, and policies. Bioethics helps to guide healthcare professionals, researchers, and policymakers in making morally sound choices and ensuring the well-being and autonomy of patients. It combines principles from various fields such as medicine, philosophy, law, and social sciences to address the complex ethical dilemmas that arise in healthcare.

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  • 38. 

    38.A statement given concerning some scientific, technical, or professinal matter by an expert, such as a physician is called?

    • A.

      Litigation

    • B.

      Expert testimony

    • C.

      Medical arbitration

    • D.

      Burden of proof

    Correct Answer
    B. Expert testimony
    Explanation
    Expert testimony refers to a statement given by an expert in a specific field, such as a physician, regarding scientific, technical, or professional matters. This testimony is often presented in legal proceedings to provide specialized knowledge and opinions that can assist the court or jury in making informed decisions. It is a crucial form of evidence that helps to establish facts or clarify complex issues, particularly in cases involving medical or technical expertise.

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  • 39. 

    39. A patient's failure to act prudently and reasonably, or doing that which a reasonable person would not do under similar circumstances is called?

    • A.

      Breach of duty

    • B.

      Assumption of risk

    • C.

      Contributory negligence

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    C. Contributory negligence
    Explanation
    Contributory negligence refers to a situation where a patient fails to exercise reasonable care or acts in a way that a reasonable person would not under similar circumstances. This term is commonly used in legal contexts, particularly in cases where the patient's own actions or negligence contribute to their own injury or harm. It implies that the patient is partially responsible for the consequences of their actions, and this can affect their ability to seek compensation or hold others accountable for their injuries.

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  • 40. 

    40. Consent to treatment based on a full understanding of all possible risks of unpreventable results of that treatment is called?

    • A.

      Contributory negligence

    • B.

      Fraud

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Proximate cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Assumption of risk
    Explanation
    Assumption of risk refers to the consent given by a patient to undergo a medical treatment, fully aware of all the potential risks and unpreventable outcomes associated with it. This implies that the patient acknowledges and accepts the possibility of adverse effects or complications that may arise from the treatment. It is important for healthcare professionals to ensure that patients are well-informed about the risks involved in order to obtain their informed consent before proceeding with the treatment.

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  • 41. 

    41. Conduct,courtesy, and manners that are customarily used in a medical office by medical professionals are known as?

    • A.

      Ethics

    • B.

      Moral therapy

    • C.

      Precocity

    • D.

      Medical etiquette

    Correct Answer
    D. Medical etiquette
    Explanation
    Medical etiquette refers to the conduct, courtesy, and manners that are commonly practiced in a medical office by healthcare professionals. It encompasses the professional behavior and communication skills that are expected in the healthcare setting, such as maintaining patient privacy, showing respect and empathy towards patients, and effectively communicating with colleagues and staff. Medical etiquette plays a crucial role in establishing trust and maintaining a positive patient-provider relationship, as well as promoting a harmonious and efficient work environment in the medical office.

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  • 42. 

    42.An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of including another in reliance upon it to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right is called?

    • A.

      Fraud

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Contributory negligence

    Correct Answer
    A. Fraud
    Explanation
    Fraud is the intentional perversion of truth with the aim of deceiving someone into giving up something valuable or surrendering a legal right. It involves deliberate dishonesty and manipulation, often for personal gain. This can include actions such as making false statements, concealing important information, or misrepresenting facts. In the context of the given question, fraud is the most appropriate answer as it aligns with the description provided.

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  • 43. 

    43. To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention or resumption at a later date, or to ask for a continuance is called a?

    • A.

      Suspension

    • B.

      Judgment

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspension
    Explanation
    To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with the intention of resuming it at a later date, or to ask for a continuance, is referred to as "suspension". This term is commonly used in legal proceedings when a case is put on hold or postponed for various reasons, such as the need for additional evidence or the unavailability of key individuals involved. It allows for flexibility in the legal process and ensures that justice is served effectively.

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  • 44. 

    44. Latin for "things decided" that is, a matter already decided by judicial authority is called?

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      No current answers

    Correct Answer
    A. Res judicata
    Explanation
    Res judicata is a Latin term that refers to a matter that has already been decided by a judicial authority. It is a legal principle that prevents the same case from being re-litigated once a final judgment has been reached. This doctrine ensures that once a dispute has been resolved, it cannot be brought back to court again. The term res judicata is commonly used in legal systems to provide finality and certainty to legal proceedings.

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  • 45. 

    45. That which is natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any new independent cause, produces an event, and without which the injury would not have occured is called?

    • A.

      Negligence

    • B.

      Proximate cause

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Assault

    Correct Answer
    B. Proximate cause
    Explanation
    A proximate cause refers to a natural and continuous sequence of events that directly leads to an injury or harm, without the involvement of any new independent cause. It is the primary factor that, if removed, would prevent the injury from occurring. In this context, negligence refers to a failure to exercise reasonable care, assumption of risk refers to voluntarily accepting a known risk, and assault refers to intentionally causing apprehension of harmful or offensive contact. However, proximate cause specifically relates to the direct and uninterrupted chain of events leading to an injury.

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  • 46. 

    46. The presumption or inference of negligence when an accident is otherwise unable to be explained in terms of ordinary and known experience is called?

    • A.

      Res judicata

    • B.

      Res ipsa loquitur

    • C.

      Locum tenems

    • D.

      Res gestae

    Correct Answer
    B. Res ipsa loquitur
    Explanation
    Res ipsa loquitur is a legal doctrine that allows a court to infer negligence based on the circumstances of an accident. It applies when the accident is of a type that would not normally occur without negligence, the defendant had control over the situation, and the plaintiff did not contribute to the accident. In such cases, the court can presume that the defendant was negligent, as the accident speaks for itself. This doctrine is used when there is a lack of direct evidence to prove negligence, but the circumstances strongly suggest it.

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  • 47. 

    47. Failure to achieve an agreed upon result, even when the highest degree of skill has been used, is called?

    • A.

      Breach of contract

    • B.

      Negligence

    • C.

      Proximate cause

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    A. Breach of contract
    Explanation
    Breach of contract refers to the failure to fulfill the terms and conditions of a legally binding agreement. It occurs when one party fails to perform their obligations as stated in the contract, even if they have used their highest level of skill. This can lead to legal consequences and potential damages for the party who breached the contract. Negligence, proximate cause, and ethics do not specifically address the failure to achieve an agreed-upon result in a contractual context.

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  • 48. 

    48. What license must a physician have to dispense, prescribe or administer controlled substances?

    • A.

      Lawyers

    • B.

      Narcotic

    • C.

      Business

    • D.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer
    B. Narcotic
    Explanation
    A physician must have a narcotic license in order to dispense, prescribe, or administer controlled substances. This license allows them to handle and distribute medications that are classified as narcotics, which are drugs that have a high potential for abuse and addiction. It ensures that physicians are knowledgeable and qualified to handle these substances safely and responsibly, while also monitoring their use to prevent misuse or diversion.

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  • 49. 

    49. Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in?

    • A.

      Civil law liability

    • B.

      Medical liability

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Defamation of character

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Unauthorized disclosure of information regarding any patient to a third party may result in invasion of privacy. This is because invasion of privacy refers to the intrusion upon one's personal life or private affairs without consent. Disclosing sensitive and confidential patient information without proper authorization violates their right to privacy and can have legal consequences. This breach can lead to legal actions and potential liability for the party responsible for the unauthorized disclosure. Medical professionals and institutions have a duty to protect patient privacy and maintain confidentiality to avoid such legal implications.

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  • 50. 

    50. medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as?

    • A.

      Professional review

    • B.

      Hospital review

    • C.

      Peer review

    • D.

      Promethium review

    Correct Answer
    C. Peer review
    Explanation
    Medical research is often published in medical journals that are evaluated by members of the medical community through a process known as peer review. This means that the research is reviewed by experts in the field who assess the quality, validity, and significance of the study. Peer review helps to ensure that the research is accurate, reliable, and meets the standards of the scientific community. It also helps to identify any flaws or limitations in the research and provides constructive feedback for improvement. This rigorous evaluation process is crucial in maintaining the integrity and credibility of medical research.

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