Myc1: Classical Foundations Of Education Around The Globe Quiz

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Myc1: Classical Foundations Of Education Around The Globe Quiz - Quiz

Quiz on the unit: Classical Foundations of Education Around the Globe.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does the term "philosophy" mean?         

    • A.

      Love of Wisdom

    • B.

      Love of Knowledge

    • C.

      Love of Truth

    • D.

      Love of Thought

    Correct Answer
    A. Love of Wisdom
    Explanation
    The term "philosophy" refers to the love of wisdom. This means that philosophy is the pursuit and appreciation of knowledge, understanding, and insight into the fundamental questions about existence, reality, morality, and the nature of knowledge itself. It involves critical thinking, logical reasoning, and the exploration of different perspectives in order to gain a deeper understanding of the world and our place in it. Philosophy encourages individuals to question assumptions, challenge beliefs, and seek truth through rational inquiry.

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  • 2. 

    Philosophers thought of themselves as wise.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Early philosophers did not claim to be wise; rather, they viewed themselves as reflective thinkers
    in search of wisdom.

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  • 3. 

    Metaphysics deals with questions about what?   

    • A.

      The meaning of life

    • B.

      Nature and connecting with the earth

    • C.

      The nature of reality

    • D.

      Self indulgence

    Correct Answer
    C. The nature of reality
    Explanation
    Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, and potentiality and actuality. It seeks to understand the nature of existence, the essence of being, and the ultimate reality behind all phenomena. Therefore, the correct answer is "the nature of reality."

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  • 4. 

                             is a branch of philosophy that examines questions about how and what we know  

    • A.

      Epistemology

    • B.

      Archeology

    • C.

      Axiology

    Correct Answer
    A. Epistemology
    Explanation
    Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that examines questions about how and what we know. It focuses on the nature of knowledge, the justification of beliefs, and the methods of acquiring knowledge. This field explores concepts such as perception, reason, evidence, and the limits of knowledge. Archeology, on the other hand, is the study of human history through the excavation and analysis of artifacts and remains. Axiology is the study of values and ethics. Therefore, the correct answer is Epistemology.

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  • 5. 

    In Epistemology, a teacher's                   of how students learn influences how they will teach.   

    Correct Answer
    knowledge of how the student learns
    Explanation
    A teacher's knowledge of how students learn is crucial in determining their teaching approach. Understanding how students process information, acquire skills, and make meaning helps the teacher tailor their instruction to meet the students' needs. This knowledge enables the teacher to select appropriate teaching strategies, design effective learning activities, and provide necessary support to facilitate student learning. By being aware of different learning styles, cognitive processes, and individual differences, the teacher can create a conducive learning environment and optimize student engagement and achievement.

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  • 6. 

    Proxology is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of values.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Axiology is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of values.

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  • 7. 

    What study is divided into two parts: ethics and aesthetics?   

    • A.

      Axiology

    • B.

      Epistemology

    • C.

      Abstraction

    • D.

      Metaphysics

    Correct Answer
    A. Axiology
    Explanation
    Axiology is the study that is divided into two parts: ethics and aesthetics. Ethics deals with moral values and principles, while aesthetics focuses on the study of beauty and art. Axiology examines the nature of values and evaluates what is considered valuable or worthwhile in different aspects of life.

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  • 8. 

    Morals are the sets of principles designated by philosophy.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Logic is the set of principles designated by philosophy.

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  • 9. 

    Name steps of Analytical thinking (up to three)   

    • A.

      Abstraction

    • B.

      Ramification

    • C.

      Logic

    • D.

      Imagination and generalization

    • E.

      Hope

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Abstraction
    C. Logic
    D. Imagination and generalization
    Explanation
    Analytical thinking involves several steps to systematically analyze and solve problems. The first step is abstraction, which involves simplifying complex information by focusing on the most important aspects. The second step is logic, which involves using reasoning and critical thinking to draw conclusions based on evidence and facts. The third step is imagination and generalization, which involves thinking creatively and making connections between different ideas to generate new insights and solutions.

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  • 10. 

                          is the most important component of prophetic thinking.   

    Correct Answer(s)
    hope
    Explanation
    Hope is the most important component of prophetic thinking because it allows individuals to envision a better future and believe in the possibility of positive change. It provides motivation, inspiration, and resilience in the face of challenges and adversity. Hope allows prophets to see beyond current circumstances and envision a better world, which in turn drives them to take action and work towards creating that future. Without hope, prophetic thinking would lack the optimism and determination necessary to bring about meaningful change.

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  • 11. 

    What philosopher believed technology provided the greatest danger, yet the greatest possibility for mankind?   

    • A.

      Luther Schwartz

    • B.

      Arnold Heimman

    • C.

      Martin Heidegger

    • D.

      Liam West

    Correct Answer
    C. Martin Heidegger
    Explanation
    Martin Heidegger believed that technology posed the greatest danger to mankind because it could lead to the loss of our authentic existence and connection with the world. However, he also saw technology as having the greatest possibility for mankind, as it could potentially help us reveal new ways of being and understanding the world.

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  • 12. 

    Aristotle considered technology a natural component of the changing world.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    John Dewey considered technology a natural component of the changing world.

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  • 13. 

    Idealism's roots are found in the writings of Socrates.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Idealism's roots are found in the writings of Plato.

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  • 14. 

    What school of philosophy says ideas and concepts are the essence of all that is worth knowing?   

    • A.

      Rationalism

    • B.

      Idealism

    • C.

      Fascism

    • D.

      Realism

    Correct Answer
    B. Idealism
    Explanation
    Idealism is a school of philosophy that believes ideas and concepts are the essence of all that is worth knowing. According to idealism, the physical world is not as important as the world of ideas and concepts. It emphasizes the importance of the mind and consciousness in understanding reality. Idealists argue that knowledge and understanding come from the mind's ability to reason and think abstractly, rather than relying solely on sensory experience. Therefore, idealism suggests that the true nature of reality is found in the realm of ideas and concepts.

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  • 15. 

    Educational philosophy is equally centered around ideas, subjects, and children.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The educational philosophy of the idealist is subject centered.

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  • 16. 

                    emphasizes the study of ideas.   

    Correct Answer
    idealism
    Explanation
    Idealism emphasizes the study of ideas. Idealism is a philosophical belief that emphasizes the importance of ideas and the mind in understanding reality. It suggests that reality is ultimately a product of our thoughts and perceptions. Idealism focuses on the study of ideas, concepts, and the mind as the primary sources of knowledge and understanding. It suggests that the nature of reality is subjective and dependent on our thoughts and consciousness.

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  • 17. 

    Idealist teachers emphasize the methods of lecture, discussion and ________.   

    Correct Answer
    imitation
    Explanation
    Idealist teachers emphasize the methods of lecture, discussion, and imitation. Imitation is an important aspect of idealist teaching as it allows students to observe and learn from the actions and behaviors of others. By imitating others, students can develop their skills, knowledge, and understanding in a practical and experiential manner. Imitation also helps in fostering creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities as students can analyze and adapt the behaviors they observe to suit their own unique needs and circumstances.

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  • 18. 

    Plato believed what was the central reality?   

    • A.

      Ideas

    • B.

      Truth

    • C.

      Love

    • D.

      Peace

    Correct Answer
    B. Truth
    Explanation
    Plato believed that truth was the central reality. He argued that the physical world we perceive with our senses is merely a reflection or imitation of the true reality, which consists of eternal and unchanging ideas or forms. These ideas are the ultimate truth and the source of knowledge. Plato believed that by seeking and understanding these timeless truths, one could achieve wisdom and enlightenment. Therefore, truth was considered to be the fundamental and central aspect of reality according to Plato's philosophy.

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  • 19. 

    Plato believed knowledge is created, not discovered.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Plato believed that knowledge is created, not discovered. This means that knowledge is not something that exists independently in the world, waiting to be found. Instead, knowledge is something that is constructed or formed by individuals through their own thinking and reasoning processes. Plato's philosophy emphasizes the importance of critical thinking and the active engagement of the mind in order to acquire knowledge. Therefore, the statement "Plato believed knowledge is created, not discovered" is true.

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  • 20. 

    From which philosopher's writing did the world learn of Socrates?   

    • A.

      Plato

    • B.

      Aristotle

    • C.

      Immanueal Kant

    • D.

      Jane Roland Martin

    Correct Answer
    A. Plato
    Explanation
    Plato is the correct answer because he was a student of Socrates and wrote extensively about him in his dialogues. Plato's writings provide the most detailed and influential accounts of Socrates' philosophy and teachings, making him the primary source of information about Socrates for the world.

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  • 21. 

    The Doctrine of Reminiscence speaks directly to the role of the educator .   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Doctrine of Reminiscence is a philosophical concept that suggests that learning is actually the process of recollecting knowledge that the soul already possesses. According to this doctrine, the role of the educator is to facilitate this process by helping students remember what they already know. Therefore, the statement "The Doctrine of Reminiscence speaks directly to the role of the educator" is true.

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  • 22. 

    Plato believed the only way humankind can know things is through the process of reason  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Immanuel Kant believed the only way humankind can know things is through the process of reason

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  • 23. 

    Which feminist scholar is a modern disciple of Plato?   

    • A.

      Joan of Arc

    • B.

      Virginia Wolfe

    • C.

      Jane Roland Martin

    • D.

      Madame Curry

    Correct Answer
    C. Jane Roland Martin
    Explanation
    Jane Roland Martin is a feminist scholar who can be considered a modern disciple of Plato. This is because Martin's work in education philosophy aligns with Plato's ideas on education and the role of women in society. Like Plato, Martin believes in the importance of education in shaping individuals and society, and she advocates for an inclusive and equitable education system that empowers women. This connection between Martin and Plato's philosophies makes her a fitting choice as a modern disciple of Plato in the context of feminism.

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  • 24. 

    What did the Kor et al. study prove about the Socratic dialogue as a teaching method?   

  • 25. 

    Socrates developed the Realism.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Realism's roots lie in the thinking of Aristotle

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  • 26. 

    Realists accept the idealistic idea that ideas are the ultimate reality.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In contrast to the idealist, the
    realist contends that physical entities
    exist in their own right

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  • 27. 

    Contemporary realists emphasize the importance of what?   

    • A.

      The Scientific Method

    • B.

      Logic and Reasoning

    • C.

      Scientific research and development

    • D.

      Inner peace and tranquility

    Correct Answer
    C. Scientific research and development
    Explanation
    Contemporary realists emphasize the importance of scientific research and development because it is through these processes that they believe we can gain a better understanding of the world and make progress in various fields. They argue that relying on empirical evidence and objective observations is crucial for acquiring knowledge and advancing society. By prioritizing scientific research and development, contemporary realists aim to promote evidence-based decision-making and foster innovation and growth.

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  • 28. 

    In a realists' mind, the ultimate goal of education is ___________  

    Correct Answer
    the advancement of human rationality.
    Explanation
    Realists believe that the ultimate goal of education is to advance human rationality. They believe that education should focus on developing critical thinking skills, logical reasoning, and objective knowledge. By promoting rationality, realists argue that individuals can better understand and navigate the world around them, make informed decisions, and contribute to society. This goal aligns with the realist perspective, which emphasizes the importance of objective truth, reason, and logic in education.

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  • 29. 

    What is the difference between a realist and a idealist?   

  • 30. 

    Describe what an independent reality is?   

  • 31. 

    Which philosopher believed in the "Tabula Rasa" or "Blank Tablet" view of the mind?   

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      John Locke

    • D.

      Alfred North Whitehead

    Correct Answer
    C. John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke believed in the "Tabula Rasa" or "Blank Tablet" view of the mind. This concept suggests that the mind is a blank slate at birth and that all knowledge and ideas are acquired through sensory experiences and perception. According to Locke, individuals are not born with innate ideas or knowledge, but rather, they develop their understanding of the world through their interactions and experiences. This view contrasts with the beliefs of philosophers like Aristotle and Plato, who believed in the existence of innate knowledge and ideas. Alfred North Whitehead is not associated with the concept of "Tabula Rasa."

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  • 32. 

                        proposed "process" to be the central aspect of Realism?   

    Correct Answer
    Alfred North Whitehead proposed "process" to be the central aspect of Realism?
    Explanation
    Alfred North Whitehead proposed "process" to be the central aspect of Realism because he believed that reality is not static and unchanging, but rather a dynamic and evolving process. According to Whitehead, everything in the universe is in a constant state of becoming and is interconnected through ongoing processes of change. This perspective challenges the traditional view of reality as fixed and independent of human experience, and instead emphasizes the importance of understanding the world in terms of its ongoing processes and relationships.

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  • 33. 

    Like Locke, Alfred Whitehead saw objective reality and subjective mind as one.     

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Locke and Alfred Whitehead both believed that there is an objective reality that exists independently of our subjective perception of it. They saw the external world and our internal thoughts as interconnected and inseparable. Therefore, the statement that they both viewed objective reality and subjective mind as one is true.

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  • 34. 

    _______ came from the thoughts of Charles Pierce, William James and John Dewey.   

    Correct Answer
    Pragmatism
    Explanation
    Pragmatism came from the thoughts of Charles Pierce, William James, and John Dewey. Pragmatism is a philosophical approach that emphasizes practical consequences and the usefulness of ideas. Charles Pierce, William James, and John Dewey were influential figures in the development of pragmatism, each contributing their own ideas and perspectives to the philosophy. Their thoughts and writings laid the foundation for the pragmatic movement and shaped its core principles and beliefs.

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  • 35. 

    Pragmatists place emphasis on what importance?   

    • A.

      Knowing

    • B.

      Thinking

    • C.

      Feeling

    • D.

      Questioning

    Correct Answer
    A. Knowing
    Explanation
    Pragmatists place emphasis on knowing because they prioritize practical knowledge and the application of that knowledge in real-life situations. They believe that knowledge should be useful and relevant, and they value the ability to apply knowledge to solve problems and make informed decisions. Pragmatists focus on acquiring knowledge that is practical and can be used to achieve desired outcomes.

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  • 36. 

    How does the pragmatist differ from realists? How are the similar?   

  • 37. 

    What kind of approach do pragmatist's prefer in education?   

    • A.

      Interdisciplinary

    • B.

      Singular

    • C.

      Pragmatic

    • D.

      Philosophical

    Correct Answer
    A. Interdisciplinary
    Explanation
    Pragmatists prefer an interdisciplinary approach in education. This means that they believe in integrating various disciplines and subjects in order to provide a well-rounded and practical education. They believe that learning should not be limited to just one subject or area of study, but should instead incorporate multiple perspectives and fields of knowledge. By taking an interdisciplinary approach, pragmatists aim to prepare students for the real world by equipping them with a diverse set of skills and knowledge that can be applied in various contexts.

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  • 38. 

    Pragmatist's believe the most important thing to know is how to keep what we know from matching the changing world and not to question it.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    . For pragmatists the most important thing to know is how to question what we know and how to reconstruct what we know to match the changing world.

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  • 39. 

    What do Pragmatists believe is a high priority to teach students?  

    • A.

      Democratic learning approaches

    • B.

      How to work in a learning community

    • C.

      How to use methods of scientific inquiry

    • D.

      Why the world is forever changing

    Correct Answer
    C. How to use methods of scientific inquiry
    Explanation
    Pragmatists believe that teaching students how to use methods of scientific inquiry is a high priority. This is because pragmatism emphasizes practicality and the importance of learning through experience. By teaching students how to use scientific inquiry methods, they are equipped with the skills to critically analyze and solve problems in a systematic and evidence-based manner. This aligns with the pragmatist belief that knowledge should be applicable and useful in real-life situations.

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  • 40. 

    Pragmatists believe schools should use what kind of teaching and learning approaches?   

  • 41. 

    Who is one of the earliest Pragmatist thinkers?   

    • A.

      John Pierce

    • B.

      Marshall Dewey

    • C.

      Charles Sanders Pierce

    • D.

      Leviticus

    Correct Answer
    C. Charles Sanders Pierce
    Explanation
    Charles Sanders Pierce is considered one of the earliest Pragmatist thinkers. He was an American philosopher, logician, and scientist who developed the philosophical concept of pragmatism. Pierce believed that the meaning of an idea or belief should be determined by its practical consequences and its usefulness in solving problems. He also emphasized the importance of empirical evidence and experimentation in the pursuit of knowledge. Pierce's contributions to pragmatism laid the foundation for later thinkers such as William James and John Dewey.

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  • 42. 

    John Dewey related pragmatism to what early historical idea?   

    • A.

      Recreation

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Atheism

    • D.

      Evolution

    Correct Answer
    D. Evolution
    Explanation
    John Dewey related pragmatism to the early historical idea of evolution. This is because pragmatism emphasizes the practical consequences and outcomes of beliefs and ideas, and evolution is a concept that focuses on the gradual development and adaptation of organisms over time. Dewey saw pragmatism as a way to understand and navigate the changing world, much like how evolution explains the changes and adaptations in living beings.

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  • 43. 

                       reinvented the original work of John Dewey.   

    Correct Answer
    Richard Rorty
    Explanation
    Richard Rorty is the correct answer because he reinvented the original work of John Dewey. Rorty was an American philosopher who was heavily influenced by Dewey's pragmatism. He expanded on Dewey's ideas and applied them to contemporary issues, particularly in the fields of philosophy of language and social theory. Rorty argued for a more liberal and democratic society, emphasizing the importance of language and conversation in shaping our understanding of the world. His work helped to revitalize and reinterpret Dewey's ideas for a new generation of thinkers.

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  • 44. 

    How did Rorty's ideas affect the world of teaching?   

  • 45. 

    Existentialists believe they have no control over their own destiny.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    contends that reality is nothing more than lived existence, and the final reality resides within each individual.

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  • 46. 

    Existentialists teachers believe education ought to be a conformed process not centered around the feelings of students.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to the existentialist, education ought to be a process of developing a free, self-actualizing person—a process centered on the feelings of the student.

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  • 47. 

    Which philosopher began modern existentialism in WWII, believing there is no difference between being free and human?   

    • A.

      John Locke

    • B.

      Friedrich Neitzsche

    • C.

      Jean-Paul Sartre

    • D.

      Maxine Greene

    Correct Answer
    C. Jean-Paul Sartre
    Explanation
    Jean-Paul Sartre is the correct answer because he is widely regarded as the philosopher who began modern existentialism during World War II. He believed that there is no difference between being free and human, emphasizing the concept of individual freedom and responsibility. Sartre's ideas had a significant impact on the development of existentialist philosophy and continue to be influential in contemporary thought.

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  • 48. 

    The point toward the end of youth when people realize their independence is called the _________.   

    Correct Answer
    existential moment
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "existential moment". This term refers to a specific point in a person's life when they become aware of their independence and the choices they have to make. It is a moment of self-realization and reflection on the meaning and purpose of one's existence. This term is often associated with existentialist philosophy, which emphasizes individual freedom and responsibility.

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  • 49. 

    ____________ stressed the importance of individuality.   

    Correct Answer
    Friedrich Nietzsche
    Explanation
    Friedrich Nietzsche stressed the importance of individuality. Nietzsche believed that individuals should embrace their unique qualities and strive to become their own true selves. He argued against conformity and the herd mentality, encouraging people to think independently and live according to their own values and desires. Nietzsche's philosophy emphasized the importance of self-discovery and self-expression, highlighting the value of individuality in the pursuit of personal growth and fulfillment.

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  • 50. 

    Maxine Greene believes all students should be uniform and follow strict rules.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Maxine Green states that schools are a place where diverse human beings can appear before others
    as they authentically see themselves.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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