Music Therapy Exam Preparation Quiz

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 2145

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Music Therapy Exam Preparation Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A music therapist is playing a CD with lively music that contains a driving beat. A young client who has never been known by the therapist to have a seizure experiences one during this intervention. Which of the following is the BEST course of action for the music therapist in response to this occurrence?
    • A. 

      Continue with the intervention and let the teacher know that the client had a seizure during music therapy.

    • B. 

      Conclude that the seizure was caused by the music and discontinue music therapy.

    • C. 

      Discontinue music therapy until the child is evaluated by a neurologist.

    • D. 

      Continue music therapy and recommend that the client see a doctor for medication.

  • 2. 
    While completing an assessment on a patient who is 10-days post stroke, the music therapist interviews the spouse to get more information. The spouse reports that the patient does not enjoy music and is not a good candidate for music therapy. The music therapist should
    • A. 

      Discontinue the music therapy assessment and make recommendations to another type of therapy.

    • B. 

      Use only non-musical assessment tools to avoid agitating the patient.

    • C. 

      Seek guidance from medical staff to determine procedures and protocol for moving forward.

    • D. 

      Continue the assessment to determine if music can be used effectively with the patient.

  • 3. 
    A 7-year-old girl with a severe developmental disability is receiving music therapy in a residential setting. She is nonverbal and prone to be fearful and anxious in new situations. When brought into the therapy room for her first session, she actively resists and begins to cry. The music therapist, working in an improvisational model, might do which of the following? 1.  Meet the child by playing music to express the intensity of her crying.2.  Reflect the child's sound and breathing with careful musical phrasing.3.  Comfort the child by holding and rocking her while singing soothing lyrics.4.  Sing without words so the child hears another voice that corresponds to how she is feeling.
    • A. 

      2, 3, and 4 only

    • B. 

      1, 2, and 3 only 1, 2, and 3 only

    • C. 

      1, 3, and 4 only

    • D. 

      1, 2, and 4 only

  • 4. 
    In order to stay current with information on autism and best practices, the MOST reliable resource is
    • A. 

      Peer-reviewed publications.

    • B. 

      Workshops.

    • C. 

      Magazine articles.

    • D. 

      The Internet.

  • 5. 
    A music therapist working with a group of clients who are depressed has chosen a songwriting experience. To establish trust within the group, the therapist should
    • A. 

      Compose a song using input from group members who participate.

    • B. 

      emphasize proper use of rhyme schemes and musical form to provide structure.

    • C. 

      Encourage each client to contribute a personal thought for use in the lyrics.

    • D. 

      Instruct each client to write and sing a solo verse for the song.

  • 6. 
    A premature infant is in the neonatal intensive care unit with multiple developmental complications and failure to thrive. Music therapy is being considered as a possible treatment. To structure an appropriate assessment, which of the following is the MOST important piece of information for the therapist to keep in mind?
    • A. 

      Birth weight of the infant

    • B. 

      Current stage of the infant's neurological development

    • C. 

      Preferred music of the mother

    • D. 

      Music the infant heard while in the womb

  • 7. 
    A new music therapist with specialized training moves into a community which has only three music therapists, each of whom has a large waiting list. These music therapists are only available to provide services on a weekly basis, but many of the clients would like to receive services more than once a week. After the new music therapist runs an advertisement in the local newspaper about opening his private clinic, several of these clients contact him about services. The new music therapist should
    • A. 

      Offer suggestions to the clients about how to approach their current therapists to obtain referrals for provision of specialized music therapy services.

    • B. 

      Schedule these new clients and then notify their other music therapists that he is able to help them serve the community and will be working with their clients.

    • C. 

      Accept these clients only after speaking with their current music therapists about the situation.

    • D. 

      Suggest that the clients switch from their current therapists to him to allow continuity of service provision across the week from the same provider.

  • 8. 
    A music therapist is improvising in the key of G major. Which of the following secondary dominant-seventh chords should be chosen for the MOST direct transition to the new key of D major?
    • A. 

      C7

    • B. 

      A7

    • C. 

      E7

    • D. 

      B7

  • 9. 
    A music therapist in an outpatient clinic leads a group of four adult clients with mental health issues such as schizophrenia and mood disorders. Each session includes instrumental improvisation with an opportunity for verbal processing afterwards. In one session the music begins softly, out of tempo, and gradually becomes more rhythmic and dissonant. The intensity of the music builds as both the tempo and volume increase, with everyone joining in, and gradually dies down before coming to an end. Afterwards, client A says the music was frightening. Client B states she had an image of being on the beach, listening to the waves. Client C comments that the music made him feel anxious. Client D says she found the music peaceful and calming. The BEST conclusion that the music therapist can draw from this discussion is that
    • A. 

      The group members did not listen to one another's playing.

    • B. 

      The improvisation did not enhance group cohesion.

    • C. 

      The clients needed more direction in the improvisation.

    • D. 

      Each person had his or her own subjective experience.

  • 10. 
    An adult with dementia screams and hits when a nursing assistant attempts to help her to the shower. Since the nursing staff know that the client responds positively in music therapy, the music therapist is asked to assist. Which of the following is the MOST useful type of music for this situation?
    • A. 

      A slow movement from a classical sonata a slow movement from a classical sonata

    • B. 

      New-age relaxation music

    • C. 

      Music from the client's young-adult years

    • D. 

      Lively, energetic music

    • E. 

      Appalachian folk music

  • 11. 
    A music therapist has recently started to work in a forensic setting. The music therapist was given very clear instructions concerning safety of the clients: no instruments can be brought onto the unit, including guitar, keyboard, and percussion instruments. Which of the following is the BEST action for the therapist to take?
    • A. 

      Request permission to bring in small instruments.

    • B. 

      Adhere to the instructions.

    • C. 

      Bring in small instruments based on best professional judgement.

    • D. 

      Question the administration about the severe restrictions.

  • 12. 
    An objective reads: "Within 6 weeks, the client will demonstrate on-task behavior by playing the drum for 2 consecutive minutes in three of four trials." Which of the following data collection procedures will BEST document the client's progress toward this objective?
    • A. 

      Record the amount of time the client engages in drum playing for each trial.

    • B. 

      Count the number of beats per minute the client plays on a drum for each trial.

    • C. 

      Count the number of times the client engages in drum playing during each session.

    • D. 

      Record the amount of time the client is off-task during each session.

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