Psychotherapy MCQs Quiz Questions And Answers

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Farah Naz, MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
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Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.
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Psychotherapy MCQs Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

To see how much you know about psychotherapy, check out our MCQ quiz which consists of well-researched questions and answers. A therapist is a person who receives training to help treat mental or physical health problems. In the context of psychology, a therapist is a person who is trained and licensed to practice psychotherapy.
Whether you're studying for an exam, looking to refresh your knowledge, or simply curious about psychotherapy, this quiz offers a comprehensive and interactive way to explore the field. Get ready to challenge your understanding, identify areas for further learning, and perhaps even discover a newfound Read moreinterest in psychotherapy. Start the Psychotherapy Quiz today and embark on a journey of learning and self-discovery! Are you ready to be a therapist? Take this quiz and find out today! Good luck.


Psychotherapy Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Helping people overcome phobias, clients are taught to associate relaxation techniques with fearful stimuli that replace previous learned harmful responses. This method is referred to as?

    • A.

      Aversive conditioning

    • B.

      Free association

    • C.

      Dream analysis

    • D.

      Systematic desensitization

    • E.

      Flooding

    Correct Answer
    D. Systematic desensitization
    Explanation
    Systematic desensitization is a therapeutic technique used to help individuals overcome phobias. It involves gradually exposing the person to their fear-inducing stimuli while teaching them relaxation techniques. By repeatedly pairing relaxation with the feared stimulus, the individual learns to associate relaxation with the previously fear-inducing stimuli. Over time, this helps to replace the previous learned harmful responses with a more relaxed and calm reaction. This method is effective in reducing anxiety and fear associated with specific phobias.

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  • 2. 

    An approach that examines the client's problems and then uses a variety of techniques that could help the client are referred to as

    • A.

      Psychiatry

    • B.

      Eclecticism approach

    • C.

      Resistance approach

    • D.

      Transference approach

    • E.

      Unconscious application

    Correct Answer
    B. Eclecticism approach
    Explanation
    The eclecticism approach refers to a therapeutic approach that involves examining the client's problems and utilizing a variety of techniques that could be helpful for the client. This approach does not limit itself to one specific theoretical framework or set of techniques, but instead draws from multiple theories and interventions to tailor the treatment to the individual's needs. It emphasizes flexibility and customization in therapy, allowing the therapist to adapt their approach based on the client's unique circumstances and goals.

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  • 3. 

    During rehabilitation, a patient receives a coupon each time he or she performs a desired behavior. These coupons can later be used to purchase appealing items. This describes the use of a

    • A.

      Systematic desensitization

    • B.

      Phobia treatment

    • C.

      Resistance

    • D.

      Token economy

    • E.

      Extinction

    Correct Answer
    D. Token economy
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the patient is being rewarded with coupons for performing a desired behavior during rehabilitation. These coupons can then be used to purchase appealing items. This is a clear example of a token economy, which is a behavioral intervention that uses tokens or rewards to reinforce positive behaviors and encourage desired outcomes.

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  • 4. 

    Jimmy does not seem to think that he is rude and treats people poorly, which in fact he has become an insensitive person according to his friends. A humanistic therapist would suggest that Jimmy is experiencing ___________, where his self-concept does not match his behavior or reality.

    • A.

      Congruence

    • B.

      Transference

    • C.

      Conditional positive regard

    • D.

      Resistance

    • E.

      Incongruence

    Correct Answer
    E. Incongruence
    Explanation
    Incongruence refers to a mismatch or inconsistency between a person's self-concept (how they see themselves) and their behavior or reality. In this case, Jimmy does not perceive himself as rude or treating people poorly, but his friends perceive him as insensitive. This indicates a lack of congruence between Jimmy's self-concept and his behavior, suggesting that he is experiencing incongruence.

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  • 5. 

    Lithium has long been used to treat bipolar disorder, but recently                   , has provided fewer side effects and is not being prescribed for people with bipolar.

    • A.

      SSRI's

    • B.

      Prozac

    • C.

      Depakote

    • D.

      Thorazine

    • E.

      Zoloft

    Correct Answer
    C. Depakote
    Explanation
    Depakote is the correct answer because it is mentioned in the question as a medication used to treat bipolar disorder. The question states that lithium has long been used for this purpose, but recently Depakote has provided fewer side effects and is being prescribed instead. This suggests that Depakote is a newer and potentially more effective treatment option for bipolar disorder.

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  • 6. 

    A side effect of taking the antipsychotic drug - Thorazine, which is characterized by twitching of the muscles, similar to Parkinston's disease, a disease that is the result of a lack of dopamine is called?

    • A.

      Tardive dyskinesia

    • B.

      Drooling

    • C.

      Memory loss

    • D.

      Blindness

    • E.

      Deafness

    Correct Answer
    A. Tardive dyskinesia
    Explanation
    Tardive dyskinesia is a side effect of taking the antipsychotic drug thorazine. It is characterized by muscle twitching, which is similar to the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. This side effect is believed to be caused by a disruption in the dopamine system, similar to the lack of dopamine that causes Parkinson's disease.

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  • 7. 

    During Jimmy's psychoanalysis therapy session, he hysterically started yelling at the therapist accusing him of never being there for him as a little boy. This demonstrates an example of

    • A.

      Resistance

    • B.

      Freudian slip

    • C.

      Transference

    • D.

      Eclecticism

    • E.

      Free association

    Correct Answer
    C. Transference
    Explanation
    Transference is a psychological phenomenon where a person redirects their feelings and emotions from one person to another, often unconsciously. In this scenario, Jimmy is projecting his unresolved emotions and issues from his past onto the therapist, accusing him of not being there for him as a child. This is a classic example of transference, as Jimmy is transferring his feelings towards a significant figure from his past onto the therapist in the present therapy session.

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  • 8. 

    A person who has been recently diagnosed with depression was encouraged by her doctor to seek support from others. However, he or she does not have much money to seek certain types of therapy. Which therapy would be suitable for this person's needs?

    • A.

      Group therapy

    • B.

      Behavior therapy

    • C.

      Rational- emotive therapy

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    • E.

      Client- centered

    Correct Answer
    A. Group therapy
    Explanation
    Group therapy could be suitable for this person's needs because it is a form of therapy where individuals with similar issues come together to share their experiences, provide support, and learn coping strategies. It is often more affordable than individual therapy sessions and can provide a sense of belonging and understanding from others who are going through similar struggles. This can be particularly beneficial for someone with limited financial resources who still needs emotional support and guidance in managing their depression.

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  • 9. 

    Seasonal affective disorder, which is depression associated with certain types of weather seasons, seems to be managed or treated with                   , therapy

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      Psychoanalysis

    • C.

      Behavior

    • D.

      Cognitive

    • E.

      Light- exposure

    Correct Answer
    E. Light- exposure
    Explanation
    Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that is associated with certain seasons, typically winter. Light exposure therapy is a commonly used treatment for this disorder. It involves using a special light box that emits a bright light, similar to natural sunlight, to help regulate mood and reduce symptoms of depression. The light exposure helps to stimulate the brain and regulate the body's internal clock, which can help alleviate the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder.

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  • 10. 

    A type of psychoanalysis that focuses on current problems and requires a few sessions in comparison to traditional psychoanalysis is called

    • A.

      Humanistic

    • B.

      Client- centered

    • C.

      Psychodynamic

    • D.

      Behavioral

    • E.

      Social- cultured

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychodynamic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is psychodynamic. Psychodynamic psychoanalysis focuses on current problems and requires fewer sessions compared to traditional psychoanalysis. It aims to uncover unconscious conflicts and unresolved issues from the past that may be influencing present behavior and emotions. This approach emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind and the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping personality. By exploring these underlying factors, psychodynamic therapy aims to bring about lasting change and improve mental well-being.

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  • 11. 

    In Albert Ellis's Rational Emotive Therapy ABC model, Ellis believed that a person's                      , are responsible for depression or other psychological disorders.

    • A.

      Activating events

    • B.

      Beliefs

    • C.

      Consequences

    • D.

      Dreams

    • E.

      Unconscious forces

    Correct Answer
    B. Beliefs
    Explanation
    In Albert Ellis's Rational Emotive Therapy ABC model, he believed that a person's beliefs are responsible for depression or other psychological disorders. According to Ellis, it is not the activating events themselves that cause emotional distress, but rather the individual's beliefs and interpretations of those events. These beliefs can be irrational or unrealistic, leading to negative consequences and emotional disturbances. By identifying and challenging these negative beliefs, individuals can work towards healthier thought patterns and emotional well-being.

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  • 12. 

    During systematic desensitization, the first step is to have the client list anxiety-provoking thoughts associated with a fearful object or situation. The client's list is referred to as a

    • A.

      Progressive relaxation bill

    • B.

      Unconscious influence

    • C.

      Desenitization hierarchy

    • D.

      Free association

    • E.

      Resistance

    Correct Answer
    C. Desenitization hierarchy
    Explanation
    During systematic desensitization, the first step is to have the client list anxiety-provoking thoughts associated with a fearful object or situation. This list is referred to as a desensitization hierarchy. A desensitization hierarchy is a list that ranks the fear-inducing stimuli or situations from least to most anxiety-provoking. This hierarchy helps the therapist and client to systematically work through each item on the list, starting with the least anxiety-provoking and gradually progressing to the most anxiety-provoking. This gradual exposure to feared stimuli allows the client to gradually reduce their anxiety response and become desensitized to the feared object or situation.

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  • 13. 

    In client centered therapy the aim is for the patient to discover the problem and solution on their own. Therapists try to accomplish this through changing the way patient acceptance in terms of what he or she states. This is an example of

    • A.

      Resistance

    • B.

      Transference

    • C.

      Empathy

    • D.

      Reflection

    • E.

      Unconditional positive regard

    Correct Answer
    E. Unconditional positive regard
    Explanation
    In client-centered therapy, therapists aim to create a supportive and non-judgmental environment for the patient. Unconditional positive regard refers to the therapist's acceptance and support of the patient without any conditions or judgment. By providing unconditional positive regard, therapists encourage patients to explore their problems and find their own solutions. This approach helps to build trust and fosters the patient's self-discovery and growth.

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  • 14. 

    Community psychology is a

    • A.

      Type of psychology that involves fewer sessions

    • B.

      Type of phobia treatment through the associations of new responses

    • C.

      Movement to minimize psychological disorders through changing the way a patient seeks and are given therapy

    • D.

      Surgical procedure that destroys tissue in the frontal lobe

    • E.

      A type of SSRI used to increase neural communication

    Correct Answer
    C. Movement to minimize psychological disorders through changing the way a patient seeks and are given therapy
    Explanation
    Community psychology is a movement that aims to reduce psychological disorders by changing the approach to therapy. It focuses on addressing social and environmental factors that contribute to mental health issues, rather than solely focusing on individual treatment. This approach emphasizes community involvement, prevention, and empowerment, aiming to create a supportive and inclusive environment that promotes psychological well-being.

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  • 15. 

    During aversive conditioning, a person learns to associate an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. If a person were to take a drug that would naturally cause him to vomit each time he drank alcohol, then the drug in this example would be referred to as a

    • A.

      CS

    • B.

      CR

    • C.

      UCS

    • D.

      UCR

    • E.

      NS

    Correct Answer
    C. UCS
    Explanation
    In aversive conditioning, a person learns to associate an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. In this example, the drug that naturally causes vomiting when alcohol is consumed would be referred to as the Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS). The UCS is a stimulus that naturally elicits a response without any prior conditioning. In this case, the drug naturally causes vomiting, which is an unconditioned response (UCR). The person learns to associate the UCS (drug) with the behavior (drinking alcohol), leading to aversive conditioning.

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  • 16. 

    Which type of therapy actually had clients go out and test certain thoughts or beliefs in real situations.

    • A.

      Group therapy

    • B.

      Psychoanalysis

    • C.

      Client-centered

    • D.

      Cognitive therapy (CT)

    • E.

      Biomedical

    Correct Answer
    D. Cognitive therapy (CT)
    Explanation
    Cognitive therapy (CT) is the type of therapy that actually has clients go out and test certain thoughts or beliefs in real situations. This therapy focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and beliefs that contribute to emotional distress. By actively testing these thoughts and beliefs in real-life situations, clients can gain a better understanding of their impact and challenge them with more realistic and positive alternatives. This approach helps individuals develop healthier cognitive processes and improve their overall well-being.

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  • 17. 

    SSRI's

    • A.

      Increase the quantity and quality of serotonin

    • B.

      Decrease the quality and quantity of serotonin

    • C.

      Keep the neurotransmitter serotonin in the synapse for a longer period of time making it more likely to be used and effective

    • D.

      Prevent the neurotransmitter serotonin from crossing the synapse making it less effective

    • E.

      Increase and decrease the quantity of serotonin

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep the neurotransmitter serotonin in the synapse for a longer period of time making it more likely to be used and effective
    Explanation
    SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, work by keeping the neurotransmitter serotonin in the synapse for a longer period of time. This means that serotonin is more likely to be used and effective in transmitting signals between neurons. By preventing the reuptake of serotonin, SSRIs increase the availability of serotonin in the brain, which can help alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety.

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  • 18. 

    Medical doctors who are able to prescribe medication are called

    • A.

      Group therapist

    • B.

      Psychiatrists

    • C.

      School counselors

    • D.

      Family therapists

    • E.

      Psychologists

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychiatrists
    Explanation
    Psychiatrists are medical doctors who are able to prescribe medication. Unlike psychologists, who cannot prescribe medication, psychiatrists have completed medical school and specialized in psychiatry. They are trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses using a combination of therapy and medication. Group therapists, family therapists, and school counselors may provide counseling and therapy, but they do not have the authority to prescribe medication. Therefore, the correct answer is psychiatrists.

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  • 19. 

    During psychoanalysis, when a patient refuses unconsciously to address to talk about an issue, then this reaction would be referred to as the patient showing

    • A.

      Transference

    • B.

      Resistance

    • C.

      Free association

    • D.

      Dream interpretation

    • E.

      Fun time

    Correct Answer
    B. Resistance
    Explanation
    Resistance refers to the patient's unconscious refusal to address or talk about a particular issue during psychoanalysis. It is a defense mechanism that prevents the patient from confronting painful or uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, or memories. The patient may resist discussing certain topics or avoid exploring deeper emotions, which can hinder the progress of therapy. By recognizing and working through resistance, the therapist and patient can uncover underlying issues and promote psychological growth.

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  • 20. 

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is commonly used to treat

    • A.

      Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Depression

    • C.

      Personality disorders

    • D.

      Phobias

    • E.

      Conversion disorder

    Correct Answer
    B. Depression
    Explanation
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is commonly used to treat depression. This treatment involves passing electric currents through the brain to induce controlled seizures, which can help alleviate symptoms of severe depression. ECT is typically used when other treatments, such as medication or therapy, have not been effective. It is considered a safe and effective treatment option for individuals with severe depression who have not responded to other interventions.

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Farah Naz |MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Farah Naz
  • May 20, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mmclane
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