Constructivist Therapies/Insoo Kim Berg

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Constructivist Therapies/Insoo Kim Berg - Quiz


Henry David Thoreau
Insoo Kim Berg
Solution-Focused Therapies
Narrative Therapies


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Postmodern, constructivist perspectives take:

    • A.

      A very similar approach as empirical, scientific approach

    • B.

      A very different approach as empirical, scientific approach

    • C.

      An equivalent approach as empirical, scientific approach with different methods of assessment

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A very different approach as empirical, scientific approach
    Explanation
    Postmodern, constructivist perspectives take a very different approach than the empirical, scientific approach. While the empirical, scientific approach relies on objective data and evidence to understand phenomena, postmodern, constructivist perspectives emphasize subjectivity, multiple perspectives, and the role of language and social constructs in shaping our understanding of reality. These perspectives reject the idea of a single objective truth and instead focus on the diverse ways in which individuals interpret and construct meaning.

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  • 2. 

    Tenets of constructivist theory include which of the following tenets:

    • A.

      Reality constructed, doesn't exist internally, and how events are interpreted

    • B.

      Arbitrarily constructed, doesn't exist internally, and how event really happen

    • C.

      Reality constructed, does exist internally, and how events are interpreted

    Correct Answer
    A. Reality constructed, doesn't exist internally, and how events are interpreted
    Explanation
    Constructivist theory posits that reality is constructed by individuals based on their experiences and interpretations. According to this theory, reality is not an objective entity that exists independently of human perception. Instead, it is shaped by individuals' subjective interpretations of events and experiences. This perspective suggests that there is no inherent or fixed meaning to events, as they can be interpreted differently by different individuals. Therefore, the correct answer is "reality constructed, doesn't exist internally, and how events are interpreted."

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  • 3. 

    Henry David Thoreau a Constructivist theorist stated:

    • A.

      It's what you look at that matters, not what you see

    • B.

      It's what you see that matters, and that's it

    • C.

      It's not what you look at that matters, it's what you see

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. It's not what you look at that matters, it's what you see
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It's not what you look at that matters, it's what you see." This statement reflects the constructivist theory of Henry David Thoreau. According to constructivism, the meaning and understanding of reality are constructed by individuals based on their own perceptions and interpretations. In this context, Thoreau emphasizes that the significance lies in how we perceive and interpret what we see, rather than the mere act of looking. This aligns with the constructivist belief that knowledge is actively constructed by individuals through their experiences and interactions with the world.

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  • 4. 

    Solution-Focused Therapies became one of the most influential approaches since humanistic and cognitive therapies

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Solution-Focused Therapies have indeed become one of the most influential approaches since humanistic and cognitive therapies. This is because Solution-Focused Therapies focus on finding solutions and creating positive change in the present and future, rather than dwelling on the past. They emphasize the client's strengths and resources, and aim to empower them to make progress in their lives. This approach has gained popularity and recognition in the field of therapy, making it a true statement.

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  • 5. 

    Insoo Kim Berg, a Milwaukee based therapist and proponent of solution-focused therapies stated that:

    • A.

    Explanation
    Insoo Kim Berg, a therapist and advocate of solution-focused therapies, believed that focusing on solutions rather than problems can lead to more effective and efficient therapy. By directing attention towards desired outcomes and potential solutions, clients are empowered to take action and make positive changes in their lives. This approach emphasizes the client's strengths and resources, encouraging them to build on their existing abilities and find solutions that work for them. By shifting the focus away from the problem and towards the solution, therapy becomes a collaborative process that promotes growth and progress.

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  • 6. 

    Solution-focuse therapies hold which of the following assumptions:

    • A.

      People are basically unhealthy, incompetent, lacking capacities to construct solutions, and cannot enhance lives by focusing on solutions rather than problems

    • B.

      People are basically healthy, competent, have capacities to construct solutions, and can enhance lives by focusing on solutions rather than problems

    • C.

      People can be healthy if they become more competent by focusing on the reality of their problems

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. People are basically healthy, competent, have capacities to construct solutions, and can enhance lives by focusing on solutions rather than problems
    Explanation
    Solution-focused therapies hold the assumption that people are basically healthy, competent, have capacities to construct solutions, and can enhance their lives by focusing on solutions rather than problems. This means that instead of dwelling on their issues, individuals are encouraged to identify and build upon their existing strengths and resources to create positive change. This approach emphasizes the belief in individuals' ability to overcome challenges and improve their well-being.

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  • 7. 

    Solution-focused proponents contend that:

    • A.

      Problems must be discussed as thoroughly as solutions

    • B.

      Problems talk is a way to a solution

    • C.

      Problem talk maintains a problem focus, so need to shift to solution talk

    • D.

      Problems need to be talked about to obtain a clearer view of solutions

    Correct Answer
    C. Problem talk maintains a problem focus, so need to shift to solution talk
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that problem talk tends to keep the focus on the problem rather than on finding a solution. Therefore, it is necessary to shift the conversation towards solution talk in order to effectively address the problem and find potential solutions. By shifting the focus to solutions, individuals can gain a clearer perspective and work towards resolving the problem at hand.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following are important therapeutic processes in solution-focused therapies?

    • A.

      Consciousness raising, miracle question (exceptions to the problem), and having a short term assessment of problems

    • B.

      Consciousness raising, open-chair technique, and having a short term assessment of problems

    • C.

      Consciousness raising, miracle question, and having a moderate term assessment of problems

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Consciousness raising, miracle question (exceptions to the problem), and having a short term assessment of problems
    Explanation
    The important therapeutic processes in solution-focused therapies include consciousness raising, which involves increasing awareness and understanding of the problem; the miracle question, which helps clients envision a future where the problem no longer exists; and having a short term assessment of problems, which involves identifying and evaluating immediate issues. These processes are crucial in helping clients gain insight, explore possibilities, and work towards positive change.

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  • 9. 

    Narrative therapy contends that:

    • A.

      The past can change through our retelling of it as new perspectives are added, bringing more information to viewing it

    • B.

      The past cannot change through our retelling of it, but can bring more problems up for the client

    • C.

      The past doesn't actually change through our retelling of it, it changes as new perspectives added bring more information to viewing it

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The past doesn't actually change through our retelling of it, it changes as new perspectives added bring more information to viewing it
    Explanation
    Narrative therapy suggests that the past itself does not change when we retell it, but rather, it changes our understanding of the past as new perspectives and information are added. This means that by retelling our stories and gaining new insights, we can alter our perception and interpretation of the past, leading to a different understanding and potentially new possibilities for the future.

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  • 10. 

    Some of the techniques used in Narrative Therapies includes:

    • A.

      Choosing new narratives (letter writing) and choosing new lifestyles

    • B.

      Choosing new narratives to add to current lifestyle

    • C.

      Choosing new lifestyles and keeping the same narratives

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Choosing new narratives (letter writing) and choosing new lifestyles
    Explanation
    Narrative therapy involves the process of creating new narratives or stories about one's life and experiences. This can be done through techniques such as letter writing, where individuals can express their thoughts and emotions. By choosing new narratives, individuals can reframe their experiences and create a new understanding of themselves and their lives. Additionally, choosing new lifestyles can also be a part of narrative therapy, as individuals can make conscious decisions to change their behaviors and actions in order to align with their new narratives.

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  • 11. 

    A motto of Narrative therapy is

    • A.

      Make history take this

    • B.

      Make history rather than take history

    • C.

      Take history and make more history

    • D.

      Make history, history

    Correct Answer
    B. Make history rather than take history
    Explanation
    The correct answer, "Make history rather than take history," aligns with the core principles of Narrative therapy. This approach emphasizes the importance of individuals actively creating their own stories and shaping their own lives, rather than being passive recipients of their past experiences. By focusing on the power of agency and personal choice, Narrative therapy encourages individuals to take control of their narratives and create positive change in their lives.

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  • 12. 

    The relationship of a narrative therapist can be described as

    • A.

      Gently transformative in guiding clients to make new narratives

    • B.

      Harshly transformative in guiding clients to relive old narratives

    • C.

      Gently transformative in guiding clients to change past narratives

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      V

    Correct Answer
    A. Gently transformative in guiding clients to make new narratives
    Explanation
    The relationship of a narrative therapist can be described as gently transformative in guiding clients to make new narratives. This means that the therapist helps clients to create new stories and perspectives about their lives, which can lead to positive change and personal growth. The therapist supports the client in exploring alternative narratives and challenging the dominant narratives that may be causing distress or limiting their potential. Through this process, clients are empowered to reframe their experiences and find new meaning and possibilities in their lives.

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  • 13. 

    Empirical findings on narrative therapy show:

    • A.

      Very little controlled research

    • B.

      A lot of controlled research

    • C.

      Some controlled research

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Very little controlled research
    Explanation
    The empirical findings on narrative therapy indicate that there is very little controlled research available. This suggests that there is a lack of scientific studies conducted under controlled conditions to evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of narrative therapy. Without sufficient controlled research, it becomes challenging to draw definitive conclusions about the efficacy and benefits of this therapeutic approach.

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