Hypovolemia

7 Questions | Total Attempts: 878

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Body Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Hypovolemic shock is an inability to meet the cell demands for oxygen and nutrients due to:
    • A. 

      Loss of circulating volume

    • B. 

      V/Q mismatch

    • C. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • D. 

      Arrhythmia

  • 2. 
    How much fluid does the body have to lose to cause hypovolemic shock?
    • A. 

      Over 80%

    • B. 

      Over 30%

    • C. 

      Over 10%

    • D. 

      Over 3%

  • 3. 
    Which factors affect the fluid balance of our patient group causing them to become hypovolemic?
    • A. 

      Nil by mouth from midnight

    • B. 

      Blood loss from drains

    • C. 

      Bypass

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Which processes usually regulate the urine output when blood pressure drops?
    • A. 

      Valsalva manoeuvre and CPR

    • B. 

      Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and anti-diuretic hormone

    • C. 

      Anti-diuretic hormone and insulin

    • D. 

      Insulin and growth hormone

  • 5. 
    Name four signs of hypovolemia.
  • 6. 
    What is the immediate treatment for hypovolemia?
    • A. 

      1 litre of gelofusin over 2 hours

    • B. 

      2 ml bolus of albumin over 30 minutes

    • C. 

      250 -500ml bolus of Hartmann’s or sodium chloride over 15 minutes.

  • 7. 
    Which two of the below are risks of fluid mismanagement?
    • A. 

      Compartment syndrome and hyperkalaemia

    • B. 

      Pulmonary oedema and hyperkalaemia

    • C. 

      Alopecia and pulmonary oedema

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