Water Treatment Plant Operation Volume 2 Chapter 15

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Water Treatment Plant Operation Volume 2 Chapter 15 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A methane is involved in the THM reaction 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement "A methane is involved in the THM reaction" is false. THM stands for Trihalomethane, which is a group of chemical compounds that contain three halogen atoms (chlorine, bromine, or iodine) and a carbon atom. Methane, on the other hand, is a simple hydrocarbon compound consisting of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms. Therefore, methane is not involved in the THM reaction.

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  • 2. 

    THM Samples should be sent to the laboratory immediately after they are collected 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Samples should be sent to the laboratory immediately after they are collected because the longer the samples are left unattended, the greater the chance of them becoming contaminated or degraded. Sending the samples to the laboratory immediately ensures that they are preserved properly and that accurate results can be obtained. Delaying the transportation of samples may lead to inaccurate test results and could potentially impact the overall quality of the analysis.

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  • 3. 

    And understanding of the chemistry of THM formation is crucial if a water solution is to solve the THM problem 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Understanding the chemistry of THM formation is crucial in order to effectively solve the THM problem in a water solution. By comprehending the chemical reactions and processes involved in the formation of THMs, appropriate measures can be taken to prevent or reduce their formation. This knowledge can help in designing and implementing effective treatment strategies to mitigate the presence of THMs in water, ensuring its safety for consumption.

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  • 4. 

    The higher the concentrations of free chlorine and natural organics and the water, the more THMs will be produced 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When there are higher concentrations of free chlorine and natural organics in water, they react together to form disinfection byproducts called trihalomethanes (THMs). THMs are known to be carcinogenic and can pose health risks when consumed. Therefore, it is true that the higher the concentrations of free chlorine and natural organics in water, the more THMs will be produced.

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  • 5. 

    Aeration is not effective in removing the more volatile chemicals 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Aeration is effective in removing volatile chemicals. This process involves exposing the contaminated water or air to oxygen, which helps to break down and remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and other volatile chemicals. Aeration increases the surface area of the water or air, allowing for more efficient transfer of chemicals from the liquid or gas phase to the atmosphere. Therefore, the statement that aeration is not effective in removing volatile chemicals is false.

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  • 6. 

    Chloromines are weaker disinfectants them free chlorine, but the residuals remain much longer than free chlorine 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chloramines, which are formed when chlorine reacts with ammonia, are indeed weaker disinfectants compared to free chlorine. However, the residuals of chloramines remain in the water for a longer period of time compared to free chlorine. This means that chloramines provide a longer-lasting disinfecting effect in water systems.

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  • 7. 

    Ingestion of very high levels of arsenic can cause acute (short term) adverse health effects 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ingesting high levels of arsenic can indeed cause acute adverse health effects. Arsenic is a toxic substance that can be found in water, food, and air. Short-term exposure to high levels of arsenic can lead to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even death in severe cases. It is important to be cautious and avoid exposure to high levels of arsenic to prevent these acute health effects.

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  • 8. 

    The pH of the water is important in determining the arsenic speciation (arsenic (three) or arsenic (V) form ) 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The pH of water plays a crucial role in determining the speciation of arsenic, specifically whether it exists in the arsenic (III) or arsenic (V) form. Arsenic speciation refers to the chemical form in which arsenic is present in water. The pH of the water affects the oxidation state of arsenic, with lower pH values favoring the presence of arsenic (III) and higher pH values favoring arsenic (V). Therefore, the pH of water is indeed important in determining the arsenic speciation.

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  • 9. 

    Before a blending operation can be implemented, theoretical calculations must be made to determine if blending is feasible and will be an effective solution 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Before implementing a blending operation, it is necessary to conduct theoretical calculations to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of blending. This is because blending involves mixing different substances or components, and it is important to ensure that the desired outcome can be achieved through blending. Without proper calculations, there is a risk of ineffective blending or even potential harm to the substances being blended. Therefore, it is crucial to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of blending through theoretical calculations before proceeding with the operation.

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  • 10. 

    The activated alumina  adsorption process for removal of arsenic from drinking water Is not dependent on pH 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The activated alumina adsorption process for removing arsenic from drinking water is not dependent on pH because activated alumina has a high affinity for arsenic and can effectively remove it from water regardless of the pH level. The adsorption process works by attracting and binding arsenic molecules to the surface of the activated alumina, allowing for its removal from the water. This process is not affected by changes in pH, making it a reliable method for arsenic removal.

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  • 11. 

    No treatment systems that have been used successfully for removing iron and manganese may provide for call removal of arsenic 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is stating that treatment systems used for removing iron and manganese may not effectively remove arsenic. This means that even if a treatment system has been successful in removing iron and manganese, it does not guarantee the removal of arsenic. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 12. 

    Most ion exchange are cynical removal plants are fully automated, but must be designed to permit Manual override upon demand 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ion exchange water treatment plants are typically fully automated, meaning that they operate without the need for manual intervention. However, it is important to design these plants in a way that allows for manual override when necessary. This is because there may be situations where manual intervention is required, such as during emergencies or maintenance activities. Allowing for manual override ensures that operators have the ability to take control of the system and make necessary adjustments or shut it down if needed. Therefore, the statement that most ion exchange water treatment plants are fully automated but designed to permit manual override is true.

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  • 13. 

    Currently, there are no readily available continuous, online arsenic measuring systems to monitor arsenic removal treatment processes 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there are no continuous, online arsenic measuring systems currently available to monitor arsenic removal treatment processes. This means that there is a lack of readily accessible systems that can continuously measure the levels of arsenic in real-time during the treatment process. Therefore, the answer "True" indicates that the statement is correct.

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  • 14. 

    If a water utilities sources exceeded the arsenic MCL, the water utility to remove arsenic or too bland waters to meet the MCL 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a water utility's sources exceeded the arsenic Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), it means that the concentration of arsenic in the water is higher than what is considered safe for consumption. In order to meet the MCL, the water utility would need to take action to remove the arsenic from the water or blend it with other water sources to dilute the arsenic concentration. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 15. 

    What are THM precursors 

    • A.

      Disinfection byproducts

    • B.

      Natural organic compounds found after preliminary treatment

    • C.

      Natural organic compounds found in all surface and ground walkers

    • D.

      Organic compounds found in drinking water after chlorination

    Correct Answer
    C. Natural organic compounds found in all surface and ground walkers
    Explanation
    THM precursors are natural organic compounds that are found in all surface and ground waters. These compounds can react with chlorine during the disinfection process to form disinfection byproducts. Therefore, the correct answer is "Natural organic compounds found in all surface and ground walkers."

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  • 16. 

    On what basis is the maximum contaminant level TTHM's established 

    • A.

      A feasible level for compliance

    • B.

      Epidemiological studies

    • C.

      Results from current research studies

    • D.

      The health effects data

    Correct Answer
    A. A feasible level for compliance
    Explanation
    The maximum contaminant level for TTHM's is established on the basis of a feasible level for compliance. This means that the level is set at a point that is achievable and realistic for water systems to meet. It takes into consideration factors such as the capabilities of treatment technologies and the costs associated with implementing them. By setting a feasible level for compliance, it ensures that water systems can effectively manage and reduce the presence of TTHM's in drinking water to protect public health.

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  • 17. 

    Why do some THM sample bottles contain a small amount of chemical reducing agent (usually sodium thiosulfate or sodium sulfite) 

    • A.

      To facilitate the chemical reaction that occurs between chlorine and the THM precursors

    • B.

      To provide the chlorine essential for the formation of THMs

    • C.

      To provide the Natural organics essential for the formation of THMs

    • D.

      To stop the chemical reaction that occurs between chlorine in the THM precursors

    Correct Answer
    D. To stop the chemical reaction that occurs between chlorine in the THM precursors
    Explanation
    The small amount of chemical reducing agent, usually sodium thiosulfate or sodium sulfite, is added to THM sample bottles to stop the chemical reaction that occurs between chlorine and the THM precursors. This is done in order to preserve the sample and prevent further formation of THMs during transportation and storage.

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  • 18. 

    When collecting water sample for THM analysis, why is it good practice to collect two samples at each location 

    • A.

      To allow the lap to double check test results and it's a bottle breaks and other sample is available for testing

    • B.

      To compare the rates of THM formation

    • C.

      To keep the sample storage box properly balanced

    • D.

      To provide sample collected as an opportunity to compare procedures

    Correct Answer
    A. To allow the lap to double check test results and it's a bottle breaks and other sample is available for testing
    Explanation
    It is good practice to collect two samples at each location when collecting water samples for THM analysis because it allows the lab to double check test results. Additionally, if one of the bottles breaks or gets contaminated, there is another sample available for testing. This ensures the accuracy and reliability of the analysis.

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  • 19. 

    What is a concern when using the ozone as a disinfectant 

    • A.

      Ozone creates THM precursors

    • B.

      Ozone does not leave a residual and the treated water

    • C.

      Ozone generates disinfection byproducts

    • D.

      Ozone is relatively inexpensive

    Correct Answer
    B. Ozone does not leave a residual and the treated water
    Explanation
    When using ozone as a disinfectant, a concern is that it does not leave a residual in the treated water. This means that once the ozone treatment is complete, there is no residual disinfectant left to continue protecting the water from any potential recontamination. This can be problematic as it may allow for the growth of bacteria or other harmful microorganisms in the treated water over time. Therefore, additional measures may be needed to ensure the ongoing safety and quality of the water after ozone disinfection.

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  • 20. 

    What term describes those treatment technologies used to remove arsenic that are considered technically and economically feasible

    • A.

      Best available technology (B.A.T)

    • B.

      Best management practices (BMP)

    • C.

      Economically feasible technology (EFT)

    • D.

      Maximum extent practical(MVP)

    Correct Answer
    A. Best available technology (B.A.T)
    Explanation
    The term that describes treatment technologies used to remove arsenic that are considered technically and economically feasible is Best available technology (B.A.T). This means that these technologies are the most advanced and effective options currently available for removing arsenic, while also being economically viable for implementation.

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  • 21. 

    What is required for blending to be an acceptable arsenic treatment option 

    • A.

      Appropriate monitoring and testing to ensure acceptable levels of arsenic

    • B.

      Desirable an acceptable to the consumers

    • C.

      Proper engineering, operation, and control

    • D.

      Thorough mixing before entering distribution system

    Correct Answer
    C. Proper engineering, operation, and control
    Explanation
    Proper engineering, operation, and control are required for blending to be an acceptable arsenic treatment option. This means that the system needs to be designed and implemented correctly, with the right equipment and processes in place. It also requires proper operation and maintenance of the system to ensure that it is functioning effectively. Additionally, control measures need to be in place to monitor and adjust the blending process as needed to maintain acceptable levels of arsenic in the water.

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  • 22. 

    What is the operators responsibility regarding a water treatment plants approved operating plan 

    • A.

      To ensure that the plan is followed at all times

    • B.

      To modify the plan routinely, as needed, to reflect " real world " conditions

    • C.

      To prepare and keep up to date appropriate recordkeeping forms

    • D.

      The train all other operators in the effective use of the plan

    Correct Answer
    B. To modify the plan routinely, as needed, to reflect " real world " conditions
    Explanation
    The operator's responsibility regarding a water treatment plant's approved operating plan is to modify the plan routinely, as needed, to reflect "real world" conditions. This means that the operator must regularly assess the plan and make necessary adjustments to ensure that it remains effective and relevant in response to changing conditions. By doing so, the operator can optimize the plant's performance and ensure that it continues to meet the required standards for water treatment.

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  • 23. 

    What is the purpose of the arsenic sampling/monitoring for process control 

    • A.

      To calculate conformance with the maximum contaminant level

    • B.

      To troubleshoot one investigate problems

    • C.

      To verify proper operation of arsenic removal treatment plant

    • D.

      To verify settings on process controls

    Correct Answer
    A. To calculate conformance with the maximum contaminant level
    Explanation
    The purpose of arsenic sampling/monitoring for process control is to calculate conformance with the maximum contaminant level. This means that the sampling and monitoring is done to ensure that the level of arsenic in the process is within the acceptable limits set by the maximum contaminant level. By monitoring the arsenic levels, any deviations from the acceptable limits can be identified and appropriate actions can be taken to maintain the quality and safety of the process.

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  • 24. 

    Which items are example of organic compounds 

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Fats

    • C.

      Proteins

    • D.

      Salts

    • E.

      Vitamins

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Carbohydrates
    B. Fats
    C. Proteins
    E. Vitamins
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and vitamins are examples of organic compounds because they all contain carbon atoms. Organic compounds are compounds that contain carbon bonded to hydrogen, and these four items fulfill this criterion. Salts, on the other hand, do not contain carbon and are therefore not considered organic compounds.

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  • 25. 

    If arsenic treatment residual is deemed hazardous, the cost of treating the hazardous wastes may be prohibitive 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If the arsenic treatment residual is considered hazardous, it means that it poses a potential risk to human health or the environment. Treating hazardous wastes requires special handling and disposal methods, which can be expensive. Therefore, if the arsenic treatment residual is deemed hazardous, the cost of treating it would likely be high and could potentially be so prohibitive that it becomes impractical or unaffordable.

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  • 26. 

    What factor influences the determination of whether or not a waste stream is hazardous 

    • A.

      Whether Federal procedures are local procedures are used to make the hazardous waste determination

    • B.

      Whether the bio-assay test organisms are local or acclimated to the conditions

    • C.

      Whether the laboratory is located onsite or a distance away from the site

    • D.

      Whether the procedures have been approved by the regulatory agency

    Correct Answer
    A. Whether Federal procedures are local procedures are used to make the hazardous waste determination
    Explanation
    The correct answer is whether Federal procedures or local procedures are used to make the hazardous waste determination. This factor influences the determination of whether or not a waste stream is hazardous because different procedures may have different criteria and thresholds for classifying waste as hazardous. Federal procedures may have stricter regulations and standards compared to local procedures, leading to a different classification outcome. Therefore, the choice between using Federal or local procedures can significantly impact the determination of hazardous waste.

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  • 27. 

    When a water utility wishes to investigate the possibility of changing the source of our water supply to solve a THM problem, which items are potential sources of supply 

    • A.

      Abandoning a surface water supply altogether during part of the year

    • B.

      Option2

    • C.

      Drawing water from different levels in a reservoir

    • D.

      Installing new treatment processes

    • E.

      Shifting between Wells of different water quality

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Abandoning a surface water supply altogether during part of the year
    C. Drawing water from different levels in a reservoir
    E. Shifting between Wells of different water quality
  • 28. 

    Which existing water treatment process can be used to control THMs 

    • A.

      Aeration

    • B.

      Chlorine dioxide oxidation

    • C.

      Coagulation sedimentation and filtration

    • D.

      Permanganate oxidation

    • E.

      Powdered and granular activated carbon

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Aeration
    B. Chlorine dioxide oxidation
    C. Coagulation sedimentation and filtration
    D. Permanganate oxidation
    E. Powdered and granular activated carbon
  • 29. 

    Which treatment processes have been investigated as possible means to remove THM precursors before they come in contact with chlorine 

    • A.

      Activated sludge

    • B.

      Adsorption

    • C.

      Clarification

    • D.

      Ion exchange

    • E.

      Oxidation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Adsorption
    C. Clarification
    D. Ion exchange
    E. Oxidation
    Explanation
    Adsorption, clarification, ion exchange, and oxidation have been investigated as possible treatment processes to remove THM (trihalomethane) precursors before they come in contact with chlorine. These processes aim to remove or reduce the organic matter present in the water, which can react with chlorine to form THMs. Adsorption involves the attachment of organic molecules to a solid surface, clarification removes suspended particles through sedimentation or filtration, ion exchange involves the exchange of ions to remove organic compounds, and oxidation refers to the process of chemically transforming organic matter into less harmful substances. These treatment processes can help mitigate the formation of THMs in water.

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  • 30. 

    Implementation of a THM control strategy requires a witch steps 

    • A.

      Construction

    • B.

      Full scale design

    • C.

      Operation

    • D.

      Public education

    • E.

      Startup

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Construction
    B. Full scale design
    C. Operation
    E. Startup
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sequential order in which the steps of implementing a THM control strategy should be carried out. The construction phase involves physically building the necessary infrastructure for the control strategy. Full scale design refers to creating a detailed plan for the implementation of the strategy. Operation involves the actual execution and monitoring of the control strategy. Startup refers to the initial implementation and testing of the strategy. Public education may be an important step to raise awareness and ensure compliance with the control strategy, but it is not directly related to the implementation process.

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  • 31. 

    Where the possible sources of arsenic in drinking water 

    • A.

      Erosion of rock

    • B.

      Manufactured products

    • C.

      The natural leaching from soils

    • D.

      Result of forest fires

    • E.

      Wood preservatives

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Erosion of rock
    B. Manufactured products
    C. The natural leaching from soils
    D. Result of forest fires
    E. Wood preservatives
    Explanation
    The possible sources of arsenic in drinking water include erosion of rock, manufactured products, natural leaching from soils, result of forest fires, and wood preservatives. Arsenic can be released into water sources through the erosion of rocks containing arsenic minerals. It can also come from manufactured products such as pesticides, herbicides, and industrial waste. Natural leaching from soils can occur when arsenic-containing minerals dissolve into the groundwater. Forest fires can release arsenic from vegetation and soil into nearby water sources. Lastly, wood preservatives containing arsenic, such as those used in treated lumber, can contaminate water if not properly handled or disposed of.

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  • 32. 

    What are the general treatment categories used to classify the treatment methods used to remove arsenic from drinking water sources 

    • A.

      Adsorption

    • B.

      Biological

    • C.

      Co-precipitation

    • D.

      PH adjustment

    • E.

      Physical separation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Adsorption
    C. Co-precipitation
    E. Physical separation
    Explanation
    The general treatment categories used to classify the treatment methods used to remove arsenic from drinking water sources are adsorption, co-precipitation, and physical separation. Adsorption involves the attachment of arsenic molecules to the surface of a solid material, such as activated carbon. Co-precipitation refers to the process of forming solid particles with arsenic through the addition of chemicals. Physical separation involves the removal of arsenic through filtration or sedimentation processes. These treatment methods are commonly employed to effectively remove arsenic from drinking water sources.

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  • 33. 

    When investigating the feasibility of blending, which issues require consideration 

    • A.

      Consumers changing tolerance for arsenic

    • B.

      Deterioration of arsenic treatment technologies

    • C.

      Potential for water quality changes over time

    • D.

      The blending process may be complex

    • E.

      Well failure and maintenance failure will affect the availability of low arsenic sources

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Potential for water quality changes over time
    D. The blending process may be complex
    E. Well failure and maintenance failure will affect the availability of low arsenic sources
    Explanation
    Blending water from different sources involves considering several factors. One such factor is the potential for water quality changes over time. Water quality can vary due to natural processes, such as changes in rainfall patterns or seasonal variations. Another consideration is the complexity of the blending process itself. Blending water from different sources requires careful planning and monitoring to ensure that the desired water quality is achieved. Additionally, the availability of low arsenic sources can be affected by well failure and maintenance failure, which further emphasizes the need to consider these issues when investigating the feasibility of blending.

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  • 34. 

    Which factors influence the procedure used to operate in ion exchange unit and the efficiency of the arsenic removal process 

    • A.

      Brine concentration and contact time

    • B.

      Characteristics of the ion exchange resin

    • C.

      Quality of the source water

    • D.

      Rate flow applied to the ion exchange unit

    • E.

      Salt dosage during regeneration

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Brine concentration and contact time
    B. Characteristics of the ion exchange resin
    C. Quality of the source water
    D. Rate flow applied to the ion exchange unit
    E. Salt dosage during regeneration
    Explanation
    The factors that influence the procedure used to operate in an ion exchange unit and the efficiency of the arsenic removal process include brine concentration and contact time, characteristics of the ion exchange resin, quality of the source water, rate flow applied to the ion exchange unit, and salt dosage during regeneration. These factors play a crucial role in determining the effectiveness of the ion exchange process and the removal of arsenic from the water. The brine concentration and contact time affect the ion exchange capacity, while the characteristics of the resin determine its selectivity and durability. The quality of the source water and the rate flow applied to the unit also impact the efficiency of the process, and the salt dosage during regeneration affects the resin's ability to remove arsenic effectively.

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  • 35. 

    Which items are the common stages for operation for an ion exchange unit 

    • A.

      Backlash

    • B.

      Brine

    • C.

      Recordkeeping

    • D.

      Rinse

    • E.

      Service

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Backlash
    B. Brine
    D. Rinse
    E. Service
    Explanation
    An ion exchange unit typically goes through several stages during its operation. The first stage is backlash, which involves the removal of any accumulated debris or solids from the resin bed. The next stage is brine, where a concentrated salt solution is used to regenerate the resin and remove any unwanted ions. After brine, the unit goes through a rinse stage to remove any residual brine and ensure the resin bed is clean. Finally, the unit goes into service, where it is ready to remove unwanted ions from the water.

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  • 36. 

    Which items are specific concerns related to the use of ion exchange to remove arsenic 

    • A.

      Configuration of ion exchange columns or vessels

    • B.

      Effects of arsenic concentration

    • C.

      Effect of competing ions

    • D.

      Effect of PH

    • E.

      Resin type

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Configuration of ion exchange columns or vessels
    B. Effects of arsenic concentration
    C. Effect of competing ions
    D. Effect of PH
    E. Resin type
    Explanation
    The items listed are specific concerns related to the use of ion exchange to remove arsenic. The configuration of ion exchange columns or vessels is important as it affects the efficiency of the process. The effects of arsenic concentration need to be considered to determine the appropriate treatment method. The presence of competing ions can interfere with the removal of arsenic. The pH of the water also plays a role in the effectiveness of ion exchange. Lastly, the type of resin used in the ion exchange process can impact the removal of arsenic.

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  • 37. 

    Which items are typical daily operation tasks at an arsenic removal water treatment plant 

    • A.

      Checking all valve control positions by computer, visually, or both

    • B.

      Checking salt system and brine levels and verifying flow rates and salt usage

    • C.

      Collecting grab samples of raw and treated water as required and performing analysis or arranging shipment to one approved laboratory

    • D.

      Logging all data and records

    • E.

      Reading and recording all flow meter values and recording instantaneous rate of flow and cumulative volumes

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Checking all valve control positions by computer, visually, or both
    B. Checking salt system and brine levels and verifying flow rates and salt usage
    C. Collecting grab samples of raw and treated water as required and performing analysis or arranging shipment to one approved laboratory
    D. Logging all data and records
    E. Reading and recording all flow meter values and recording instantaneous rate of flow and cumulative volumes
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes a list of typical daily operation tasks at an arsenic removal water treatment plant. These tasks include checking valve control positions, checking salt system and brine levels, collecting grab samples of water for analysis, logging data and records, and reading and recording flow meter values. These tasks are essential for ensuring the proper functioning and monitoring of the water treatment plant.

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  • 38. 

    What are some aspects of ion exchange and other arsenic removal treatment systems that generate safety concerns 

    • A.

      Electrical systems

    • B.

      Mechanical equipment

    • C.

      Radioactive waves

    • D.

      Storage and handling of chemicals

    • E.

      Storage and handling of water

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Electrical systems
    B. Mechanical equipment
    D. Storage and handling of chemicals
    E. Storage and handling of water
    Explanation
    Ion exchange and other arsenic removal treatment systems involve various processes that can generate safety concerns. Electrical systems are one aspect that can pose a risk, as they involve the use of electricity and can lead to electrical hazards if not properly managed. Mechanical equipment used in these systems can also be a safety concern if not operated and maintained correctly. Storage and handling of chemicals is another aspect that requires careful attention, as some of the chemicals used in these treatment systems can be hazardous if mishandled. Similarly, proper storage and handling of water is important to prevent contamination and ensure safe operation of the treatment systems.

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  • 39. 

    Operators of arsenic removal treatment plants must have facilities capable of handling which type of liquids, sludges, and solids 

    • A.

      Backwash water

    • B.

      Regenerated solutions

    • C.

      Sludge from coagulation/precipitation

    • D.

      Spent filter/adsorption media

    • E.

      Supernatant from digestion unit

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Backwash water
    B. Regenerated solutions
    C. Sludge from coagulation/precipitation
    D. Spent filter/adsorption media
    Explanation
    Operators of arsenic removal treatment plants must have facilities capable of handling backwash water, regenerated solutions, sludge from coagulation/precipitation, and spent filter/adsorption media because these are all byproducts or waste materials generated during the treatment process. Backwash water is used to clean the filters and may contain arsenic and other contaminants. Regenerated solutions are used to recharge the adsorption media and may also contain arsenic. Sludge from coagulation/precipitation and spent filter/adsorption media both contain concentrated levels of arsenic and need to be properly managed and disposed of to prevent contamination. Supernatant from digestion units is not mentioned in the question and therefore is not included in the list of liquids, sludges, and solids that the facilities must handle.

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  • 40. 

    Which items should be included on a water treatment plants daily inspection form 

    • A.

      Lab results

    • B.

      Meter readings

    • C.

      Notations of valve operation

    • D.

      Overview for management

    • E.

      Tank levels

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lab results
    B. Meter readings
    C. Notations of valve operation
    E. Tank levels
    Explanation
    The items that should be included on a water treatment plant's daily inspection form are lab results, meter readings, notations of valve operation, and tank levels. These items are essential for monitoring and maintaining the proper functioning of the water treatment plant. Lab results provide information about the quality of the water being treated, meter readings help track the flow and usage of water, notations of valve operation ensure that valves are functioning correctly, and tank levels indicate the amount of water available for treatment. Including these items on the inspection form allows for comprehensive monitoring and efficient management of the water treatment plant.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 22, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Poghosyanvahagn
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