Nervous System | Neurological Disorders NCLEX Quiz 54

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1614

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Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client. age 22. is admitted with bacterial meningitis. Which hospital room would be the best choice for this client?
    • A. 

      A private room down the hall from the nurses’ station

    • B. 

      An isolation room three doors from the nurses’ station

    • C. 

      A semi private room with a 32-year-old client who has viral meningitis

    • D. 

      A two-bed room with a client who previously had bacterial meningitis

  • 2. 
    A physician diagnoses a client with myasthenia gravis. prescribing pyridostigmine (Mestinon). 60 mg P.O. every 3 hours. Before administering this anticholinesterase agent. the nurse reviews the client’s history. Which preexisting condition would contraindicate the use of pyridostigmine?
    • A. 

      Ulcerative colitis

    • B. 

      Blood dyscrasia

    • C. 

      Intestinal obstruction

    • D. 

      Spinal cord injury

  • 3. 
    A female client is admitted to the facility for investigation of balance and coordination problems. including possible Ménière’s disease. When assessing this client. the nurse expects to note:
    • A. 

      Vertigo. tinnitus. and hearing loss.

    • B. 

      Vertigo. vomiting. and nystagmus

    • C. 

      Vertigo. pain. and hearing impairment.

    • D. 

      Vertigo. blurred vision. and fever.

  • 4. 
    A male client with a conductive hearing disorder caused by ankylosis of the stapes in the oval window undergoes a stapedectomy to remove the stapes and replace the impaired bone with a prosthesis. After the stapedectomy. the nurse should provide which client instruction?
    • A. 

      “Lie in bed with your head elevated. and refrain from blowing your nose for 24 hours.”

    • B. 

      “Try to ambulate independently after about 24 hours.”

    • C. 

      “Shampoo your hair every day for ten (10) days to help prevent ear infection.”

    • D. 

      “Don’t fly in an airplane. climb to high altitudes. make sudden movements. or expose yourself to loud sounds for 30 days.”

  • 5. 
    Nurse Marty is monitoring a client for adverse reactions to dantrolene (Dantrium). Which adverse reaction is most common?
    • A. 

      Excessive tearing

    • B. 

      Urine retention

    • C. 

      Muscle weakness

    • D. 

      Slurred speech

  • 6. 
    The nurse is monitoring a male client for adverse reactions to atropine sulfate (Atropine Care) eyedrops. Systemic absorption of atropine sulfate through the conjunctiva can cause which adverse reaction?
    • A. 

      Tachycardia

    • B. 

      Increased salivation

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Apnea

  • 7. 
    A male client is admitted with a cervical spine injury sustained during a diving accident. When planning this client’s care. the nurse should assign the highest priority to which nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Impaired physical mobility

    • B. 

      Ineffective breathing pattern

    • C. 

      Disturbed sensory perception (tactile)

    • D. 

      Self-care deficit: Dressing/grooming

  • 8. 
    A male client has a history of painful. continuous muscle spasms. He has taken several skeletal muscle relaxants without experiencing relief. His physician prescribes diazepam (Valium). two (2) mg P.O. twice daily. In addition to being used to relieve painful muscle spasms. Diazepam also is recommended for:
    • A. 

      Long-term treatment of epilepsy.

    • B. 

      Postoperative pain management of laminectomy clients.

    • C. 

      Postoperative pain management of diskectomy clients

    • D. 

      Treatment of spasticity associated with spinal cord lesions.

  • 9. 
    A female client who was found unconscious at home is brought to the hospital by a rescue squaD. In the intensive care unit. the nurse checks the client’s oculocephalic (doll’s eye) response by:
    • A. 

      Introducing ice water into the external auditory canal.

    • B. 

      Touching the cornea with a wisp of cotton.

    • C. 

      Turning the client’s head suddenly while holding the eyelids open.

    • D. 

      Shining a bright light into the pupil.

  • 10. 
    While reviewing a client’s chart. the nurse notices that the female client has myasthenia gravis. Which of the following statements about neuromuscular blocking agents is true for a client with this condition?
    • A. 

      The client may be less sensitive to the effects of a neuromuscular blocking agent.

    • B. 

      Succinylcholine shouldn’t be used; pancuronium may be used in a lower dosage.

    • C. 

      Pancuronium shouldn’t be used; succinylcholine may be used in a lower dosage.

    • D. 

      Pancuronium and succinylcholine both require cautious administration.

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