Nervous System | Neurological Disorders NCLEX Quiz 50

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1254

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Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client admitted to the hospital with a subarachnoid hemorrhage has complaints of severe headache. nuchal rigidity. and projectile vomiting. The nurse knows lumbar puncture (LP) would be contraindicated in this client in which of the following circumstances?
    • A. 

      Vomiting continues

    • B. 

      Intracranial pressure (ICP) is increased

    • C. 

      The client needs mechanical ventilation

    • D. 

      Blood is anticipated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

  • 2. 
    A client with a subdural hematoma becomes restless and confused. with dilation of the ipsilateral pupil. The physician orders mannitol for which of the following reasons?
    • A. 

      To reduce intraocular pressure

    • B. 

      To prevent acute tubular necrosis

    • C. 

      To promote osmotic diuresis to decrease ICP

    • D. 

      To draw water into the vascular system to increase blood pressure

  • 3. 
    A client with subdural hematoma was given mannitol to decrease intracranial pressure (ICP). Which of the following results would best show the mannitol was effective?
    • A. 

      Urine output increases

    • B. 

      Pupils are 8 mm and nonreactive

    • C. 

      Systolic blood pressure remains at 150 mm Hg

    • D. 

      BUN and creatinine levels return to normal

  • 4. 
    Which of the following values is considered normal for ICP?
    • A. 

      0 to 15 mm Hg

    • B. 

      25 mm Hg

    • C. 

      35 to 45 mm Hg

    • D. 

      120/80 mm Hg

  • 5. 
    Which of the following symptoms may occur with a phenytoin level of 32 mg/dl?
    • A. 

      Ataxia and confusion

    • B. 

      Sodium depletion

    • C. 

      Tonic-clonic seizure

    • D. 

      Urinary incontinence

  • 6. 
    Which of the following signs and symptoms of increased ICP after head trauma would appear first?
    • A. 

      Bradycardia

    • B. 

      Large amounts of very dilute urine

    • C. 

      Restlessness and confusion

    • D. 

      Widened pulse pressure

  • 7. 
    Problems with memory and learning would relate to which of the following lobes?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Occipital

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 8. 
    While cooking. your client couldn’t feel the temperature of a hot oven. Which lobe could be dysfunctional?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Occipital

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 9. 
    The nurse is assessing the motor function of an unconscious client. The nurse would plan to use which of the following to test the client’s peripheral response to pain?
    • A. 

      Sternal rub

    • B. 

      Pressure on the orbital rim

    • C. 

      Squeezing the sternocleidomastoid muscle

    • D. 

      Nail bed pressure

  • 10. 
    The client is having a lumbar puncture performed. The nurse would plan to place the client in which position for the procedure?
    • A. 

      Side-lying. with legs pulled up and head bent down onto the chest

    • B. 

      Side-lying. with a pillow under the hip

    • C. 

      Prone. in a slight Trendelenburg’s position

    • D. 

      Prone. with a pillow under the abdomen.

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