Quiz: Take Pediatric Nursing NCLEX Questions

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2552

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Quiz: Take Pediatric Nursing NCLEX Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nurse Katriz is planning a client education program for sickle cell disease (SCD); what topics should be included in the plan of care?
    • A. 

      Aerobic exercise to improve oxygenation

    • B. 

      Fluid restraint to 1 qt (1 L)/day

    • C. 

      A high-iron. high-protein diet

    • D. 

      Proper hand washing and infection avoidance

  • 2. 
    Sickle cell disease (SCD) primarily affects:
    • A. 

      Children of African descent and Hispanics of Caribbean ancestry.

    • B. 

      Children of Middle-Eastern and Indian descent.

    • C. 

      Children of Asian descent.

    • D. 

      Both African descent and Hispanics of Caribbean ancestry and Middle-Eastern and Indian descent.

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Sickle cell anemia (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the hemoglobin in blood.

    • B. 

      Sickle cell anemia requires the inheritance of two sickle cell genes.

    • C. 

      Sickle cell trait. which is the inheritance of one sickle gene. almost never causes problems.

    • D. 

      Virtually all of the major symptoms of sickle cell anemia are the direct result of the abnormally shaped sickled red blood cells obstructing the flow of blood.

    • E. 

      The contemporary treatment of sickle cell anemia is focused primarily toward managing the individual features of the illness as they occur.

  • 4. 
    In children diagnosed with sickle cell disease (SCD). tissue damage results from which of the following?
    • A. 

      Air hunger and respiratory alkalosis due to deoxygenated red blood cells.

    • B. 

      Hypersensitivity of the central nervous system (CNS) due to elevated serum bilirubin levels

    • C. 

      A general inflammatory response due to an autoimmune reaction from hypoxia

    • D. 

      Local tissue damage with ischemia and necrosis due to obstructed circulation

  • 5. 
    Nurse Christine is planning a client education program for sickle cell disease (SCD) in children; which of the following interventions would be included in the care plan?
    • A. 

      Health teaching  to help reduce sickling crises

    • B. 

      Avoidance of the use of opioids

    • C. 

      Administration of an anticoagulant to prevent sickling

    • D. 

      Observation of the imposed fluid restriction

  • 6. 
    Mr. and Mrs. Smith’s child has hemophilia; which of the following actions would you instruct them to avoid?
    • A. 

      Immobilizing the joint

    • B. 

      Lowering the injured area

    • C. 

      Applying cold to the area

    • D. 

      Applying pressure

  • 7. 
    Which of the following tests is most effective in diagnosing hemophilia?
    • A. 

      Bleeding time

    • B. 

      Complete blood count (CBC)

    • C. 

      Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)

    • D. 

      Platelet count

  • 8. 
    Mrs. Baker was instructed by the nurse on foods to encourage her child’s diet concerning the latter’s iron deficiency anemia; which of the following if stated by the mother would indicate the need for further instruction?
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Lean meats

    • C. 

      Whole-grain breads

    • D. 

      Yellow vegetables

  • 9. 
    Nurse Olenna is performing community assessment; which of the following age-groups would be inappropriate for her to monitor iron deficiency anemia?
    • A. 

      Toddlers

    • B. 

      School-age children

    • C. 

      Adolescents

    • D. 

      Pregnant women

  • 10. 
     A child with thalassemia was given desferoxamine (Desferal); which of the following should alert the nurse to notify the physician?
    • A. 

      Decreased hearing

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Red urine

    • D. 

      Vomiting