Aerobic exercise to improve oxygenation
Fluid restraint to 1 qt (1 L)/day
A high-iron. high-protein diet
Proper hand washing and infection avoidance
Children of African descent and Hispanics of Caribbean ancestry.
Children of Middle-Eastern and Indian descent.
Children of Asian descent.
Both African descent and Hispanics of Caribbean ancestry and Middle-Eastern and Indian descent.
Sickle cell anemia (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the hemoglobin in blood.
Sickle cell anemia requires the inheritance of two sickle cell genes.
Sickle cell trait. which is the inheritance of one sickle gene. almost never causes problems.
Virtually all of the major symptoms of sickle cell anemia are the direct result of the abnormally shaped sickled red blood cells obstructing the flow of blood.
The contemporary treatment of sickle cell anemia is focused primarily toward managing the individual features of the illness as they occur.
Air hunger and respiratory alkalosis due to deoxygenated red blood cells.
Hypersensitivity of the central nervous system (CNS) due to elevated serum bilirubin levels
A general inflammatory response due to an autoimmune reaction from hypoxia
Local tissue damage with ischemia and necrosis due to obstructed circulation
Health teaching to help reduce sickling crises
Avoidance of the use of opioids
Administration of an anticoagulant to prevent sickling
Observation of the imposed fluid restriction
Immobilizing the joint
Lowering the injured area
Applying cold to the area
Complete blood count (CBC)
Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)