Cells, Types And Transport Trivia Quiz

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Steve Early
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 453
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Cells, Types And Transport Trivia Quiz - Quiz

CELLS, ORGANELLES


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The four types of cells are:

    • A.

      Animal, plant, membrane, and wall

    • B.

      Animal, plant, bacterial, specialized

    • C.

      Animal, plant, bacterial, membrane

    • D.

      Nucleus, animal, plant, specialized

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal, plant, bacterial, specialized
    Explanation
    The correct answer is animal, plant, bacterial, specialized. This answer accurately identifies the four types of cells. Animal cells and plant cells are two distinct types of eukaryotic cells, while bacterial cells are prokaryotic cells. The term "specialized" refers to cells that have specific functions and characteristics, such as muscle cells or nerve cells. This answer provides a comprehensive and accurate representation of the different types of cells.

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  • 2. 

    The tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within the cell are called

    • A.

      Organs

    • B.

      Tissue

    • C.

      Organelles

    • D.

      Jobs

    Correct Answer
    C. Organelles
    Explanation
    Organelles are the tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within the cell. They are like the organs of a cell, each with its own specialized task. Examples of organelles include the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus. These organelles work together to ensure the proper functioning of the cell and are essential for its survival and overall health.

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  • 3. 

    The hierarchy in our bodies (from smallest to largest) is...

    • A.

      Cell, tissue, organ, organ system

    • B.

      Cell, organ, tissue, organ system

    • C.

      Organ, organ system, tissue cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cell, tissue, organ, organ system. This is the correct hierarchy in our bodies because cells are the basic building blocks of life, tissues are groups of cells that work together to perform a specific function, organs are made up of different types of tissues and perform specific functions, and organ systems are groups of organs that work together to carry out a particular function in the body.

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  • 4. 

    Examples of specialized cells are NOT

    • A.

      Bone cells

    • B.

      Plant cells

    • C.

      Red blood cells

    • D.

      Nerve cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Plant cells
    Explanation
    The given answer is "plant cells" because plant cells are not considered specialized cells. Specialized cells refer to cells that have specific structures and functions for performing specialized tasks in the body. Examples of specialized cells include bone cells, red blood cells, and nerve cells, as they have distinct features and functions related to their respective roles in the body. Plant cells, on the other hand, are not specialized cells as they have a more generalized structure and function, serving various purposes in plant tissues.

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  • 5. 

    Bacterial cells are different from plant & animal cells because...

    • A.

      They are larger and do not have a nucleus

    • B.

      They are smaller and do not have a nucleus

    • C.

      They are larger

    • D.

      They are smaller

    Correct Answer
    B. They are smaller and do not have a nucleus
    Explanation
    Bacterial cells are smaller and do not have a nucleus. Unlike plant and animal cells, bacterial cells are prokaryotic, meaning they lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Instead, their genetic material is located in the cytoplasm. Additionally, bacterial cells are typically smaller in size compared to plant and animal cells. This difference in size and absence of a nucleus distinguishes bacterial cells from other types of cells.

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  • 6. 

    Plant cells are different than animal cells because

    • A.

      They contain a cell wall

    • B.

      They contain a cell wall and chloroplasts

    • C.

      They are generally smaller

    • D.

      They are usually larger

    Correct Answer
    B. They contain a cell wall and chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Plant cells are different from animal cells because they contain a cell wall and chloroplasts. The cell wall provides structural support and protection for the plant cell, while chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. Animal cells do not have a cell wall and do not contain chloroplasts, making this the key characteristic that distinguishes plant cells from animal cells.

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  • 7. 

    This organelle protects and supports the cell.

    • A.

      Nuclear envelope

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells, bacteria, and fungi. It provides support and protection to the cell, helping to maintain its shape and prevent it from bursting under osmotic pressure. The cell wall also acts as a barrier, regulating the movement of substances in and out of the cell. In contrast, the nuclear envelope is a double membrane structure that surrounds the nucleus, the cytoplasm is the fluid-filled region between the cell membrane and the nucleus, and the cell membrane is a semi-permeable membrane that controls the entry and exit of substances into the cell.

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  • 8. 

    This organelle directs all of the cell's activities.

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Chromatin

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the control center of the cell and directs all of the cell's activities. It contains the cell's DNA and is responsible for regulating gene expression and coordinating cellular functions. The nucleus also plays a crucial role in cell division and reproduction. Therefore, the nucleus is the correct answer as it is the organelle that controls and directs all of the cell's activities.

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  • 9. 

    This organelle acts as a highway, carrying materials from one part of a cell to another.

    • A.

      Golgi bodies

    • B.

      Vacuoles

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    D. Endoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes that extends throughout the cytoplasm of a cell. It is responsible for the transport of proteins and lipids from one part of the cell to another. It acts as a highway, facilitating the movement of these materials to different organelles or to the cell membrane for secretion. The endoplasmic reticulum also plays a role in protein synthesis and lipid metabolism. Therefore, it is the correct answer for the organelle that acts as a highway for material transport within a cell.

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  • 10. 

    These rod-shaped organelles produce energy.

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Chloroplasts

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through a process called cellular respiration. They have their own DNA and are capable of self-replication. The rod-shaped structure of mitochondria allows for a large surface area, which enhances their ability to produce energy efficiently. Ribosomes, on the other hand, are involved in protein synthesis, not energy production. Chloroplasts are found in plant cells and are responsible for photosynthesis, while the nucleus contains genetic material and controls cell activities.

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  • 11. 

    This organelle captures energy from the sun and helps produce food for the cell.

    • A.

      Chloroplasts

    • B.

      Chlorophyll

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are responsible for capturing energy from the sun through a process called photosynthesis. They contain a pigment called chlorophyll that absorbs sunlight and converts it into chemical energy. This energy is then used to produce food, in the form of glucose, for the cell. Chloroplasts are found in plant cells and some algae, and their presence allows these organisms to generate their own food through photosynthesis. The other options, such as cell wall and cytoplasm, are not directly involved in capturing energy from the sun and producing food for the cell.

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  • 12. 

    This is the gel-like material that holds all of the organelles.

    • A.

      Chromatin

    • B.

      Chlorophyll

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytoplasm
    Explanation
    Cytoplasm is the gel-like material that holds all of the organelles. It is a semi-fluid substance that fills the cell and provides a medium for the organelles to move and carry out their functions. It contains various molecules, such as proteins, enzymes, and nutrients, that are necessary for cellular processes. The cytoplasm also helps maintain the shape and structure of the cell.

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  • 13. 

    One large organelle that takes care of storing waste, water, and food.

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Cell wall

    Correct Answer
    C. Vacuole
    Explanation
    The vacuole is a large organelle that performs multiple functions in a cell. It acts as a storage compartment for waste products, water, and nutrients such as food. It helps maintain the osmotic balance of the cell by regulating the water content. Additionally, vacuoles can also store pigments and toxins. Therefore, the vacuole is the correct answer as it is responsible for storing waste, water, and food in a cell.

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  • 14. 

    These small organelles produce protein.

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Ribosomes

    • C.

      Golgi bodies

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are small organelles that are responsible for protein synthesis. They are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Ribosomes can be free-floating in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. They receive instructions from the DNA and use these instructions to assemble amino acids into proteins. This process is essential for the growth, repair, and functioning of cells. Therefore, ribosomes are the correct answer as they are directly involved in protein production.

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  • 15. 

    This organelle regulates what comes in and out of the cell.

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is responsible for regulating what enters and exits the cell. It acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of molecules and ions in and out of the cell. This selective permeability allows the cell to maintain homeostasis by controlling the concentration of substances inside and outside the cell. The cell membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that facilitate the transport of specific molecules. It also plays a role in cell communication and recognition.

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  • 16. 

    These organelles receive materials from the ER and transfer them to other parts of the cell.

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Lysosomes

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Golgi bodies

    Correct Answer
    D. Golgi bodies
    Explanation
    The Golgi bodies, also known as the Golgi apparatus, receive materials from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transfer them to other parts of the cell. They play a crucial role in processing, sorting, and modifying proteins and lipids before they are transported to their final destinations within the cell or outside of it. The Golgi bodies consist of a series of stacked membrane-bound sacs called cisternae, which allow for the efficient sorting and packaging of molecules. This makes them essential for maintaining the proper functioning of the cell and ensuring that molecules are delivered to their intended locations.

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  • 17. 

    These organelles break down food and other particles.

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Lysosomes

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Lysosomes
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes responsible for breaking down food and other particles. They function as the cell's recycling center, breaking down waste materials, cellular debris, and invading bacteria. Lysosomes play a crucial role in maintaining cellular health and are involved in various physiological processes such as autophagy, which is the process of removing damaged organelles and proteins. Therefore, lysosomes are the correct answer as they specifically carry out the function of breaking down food and other particles within the cell.

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  • 18. 

    The genetic material in the nucleus that has instructions is called

    • A.

      Nuclear envelope

    • B.

      Chromatin

    • C.

      Chlorophyll

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromatin
    Explanation
    Chromatin is the genetic material in the nucleus that contains instructions for the functioning and development of an organism. It is made up of DNA and proteins, and it condenses to form chromosomes during cell division. The nuclear envelope, on the other hand, is a membrane that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from the rest of the cell. Chlorophyll is a pigment found in plants and algae that is involved in photosynthesis, but it is not the genetic material in the nucleus.

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  • 19. 

    A bacterial cell has

    • A.

      All of the same parts as an animal or plant cell

    • B.

      Cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell wall

    • C.

      Cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell wall, cell membrane

    • D.

      Nucleus, cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell wall, cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell wall, cell membrane
    Explanation
    A bacterial cell has cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell wall, and cell membrane. These are the basic components found in a bacterial cell. The cytoplasm is the gel-like substance that fills the cell and contains various molecules and organelles. Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis. The cell wall provides structural support and protection to the cell. The cell membrane controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell. Unlike animal or plant cells, bacterial cells do not have a nucleus.

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  • 20. 

    E-coli (escherichia coli) is an example of a

    • A.

      Specialized cell

    • B.

      Plant cell

    • C.

      Bacterial cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterial cell
    Explanation
    E. coli, also known as Escherichia coli, is a type of bacteria. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that are prokaryotic, meaning they lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. E. coli is commonly found in the intestines of humans and animals and can be both beneficial and harmful. It plays a crucial role in digestion but can also cause infections. Therefore, it is an example of a bacterial cell.

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  • 21. 

    A cell part found in an animal cell and NOT a plant cell is

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    B. Lysosome
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are cell organelles that are found in animal cells but not in plant cells. They contain enzymes that help in breaking down waste materials and cellular debris. Lysosomes are responsible for the digestion and recycling of cellular components. In contrast, plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a large central vacuole, which are not present in animal cells. The cell wall provides structural support, chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, and the vacuole stores water and nutrients.

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  • 22. 

    This is a _________________________ cell.

    • A.

      Animal

    • B.

      Plant

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Bacterial

    Correct Answer
    D. Bacterial
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the type of cell being described. The word "bacterial" suggests that the cell being described is related to bacteria. Therefore, the correct answer is bacterial.

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  • 23. 

    This is a __________________ cell.

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    A. Plant
    Explanation
    This is a plant cell. The answer is plant because the question is asking for the type of cell being described. Among the options given, plant is the only one that represents a type of cell. Animal, specialized, and bacteria are not specific types of cells, but rather describe different characteristics or categories. Therefore, the correct answer is plant.

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  • 24. 

    This is a ___________________ cell.

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Bacterial

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal
    Explanation
    This is a cell that belongs to the animal kingdom.

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  • 25. 

    This is a ___________________ cell.

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Bacterial

    Correct Answer
    C. Specialized
    Explanation
    This is a specialized cell. The term "specialized" refers to a cell that has a specific structure and function that allows it to perform a particular task within an organism. Specialized cells are found in both plants and animals, and they are adapted to carry out specific functions such as transporting nutrients, conducting electrical impulses, or producing hormones. These cells have unique features and characteristics that enable them to fulfill their specialized roles effectively.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 09, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Steve Early
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